Taipa
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Taipa
Nossa Senhora do Carmo (Taipa)

?()

Our Lady of Carmel
Macau International Airport
Freguesia de Nossa Senhora do Carmo in Macau
Freguesia de Nossa Senhora do Carmo in Macau
Coordinates: 22°9?35?N 113°33?34?E / 22.15972°N 113.55944°E / 22.15972; 113.55944Coordinates: 22°9?35?N 113°33?34?E / 22.15972°N 113.55944°E / 22.15972; 113.55944
CountryChina
RegionMacau Municipality of das Ilhas
Area
 o Total7.6 km2 (2.9 sq mi)
Population
(2013)
 o Total92,200
 o Density12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (Macau Standard)
Area code(s)0
Taipa Island
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
JyutpingTam5zai2 Dou2
Portuguese name
PortugueseIlha da Taipa
Freguesia de Nossa Senhora do Carmo
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese?
Simplified Chinese?
JyutpingGaa1mou4tong4 Koei1
Portuguese name
PortugueseFreguesia de Nossa Senhora do Carmo
Ponte de Amizade (Friendship Bridge) from the Macau Peninsula (left) to the Taipa Island (right), Macau

Taipa (Chinese: , Cantonese: [tm.t?si?]; Portuguese: Taipa, pronounced ['tajp?]) is an island in Macau, presently united by an artificial landfill to the island of Coloane. Administratively, Taipa constitutes a freguesia (civil parish) named Freguesia de Nossa Senhora do Carmo.

Geography

Taipa is 2.5 kilometres (1.6 miles) from Macau Peninsula and east of the Lesser Hengqin Island of Zhuhai, Guangdong Province. Macau International Airport, University of Macau, Macau Jockey Club and Macau Stadium are situated in Taipa.

Most Chinese settlement of Taipa occurred during the Southern Song Dynasty, while the Portuguese occupied the island in 1851. Prior to land reclamation, Taipa consisted of two islands: Greater Taipa and Lesser Taipa.

The 159.1-metre (522.0-foot) Taipa Grande Hill [zh] () is to the east, and Taipa Pequena Hill [zh] () to the west. Central Taipa is a plain as a result of siltation and land reclamation. Initially Taipa was connected to Coloane Island only by the Estrada do Istmo [zh] (); but the area called Cotai, built on reclaimed land from 2004 and which is home to mega-resorts, casinos, and convention and exhibition centres, has now connected the two islands into one piece of land. Taipa is connected to peninsular Macau by Governador Nobre de Carvalho Bridge, Friendship Bridge and the Sai Van Bridge.

Taipa is predominantly a growing residential area with many new apartment complexes, mostly up-scale, under construction as of 2006. As a new town of Macau, Taipa has better city planning than Macau Peninsula; however, many people choose to live in Macau Peninsula since most of the famous schools are located there.[]

The names of Taipa

In Cantonese, Taipa has been known by many names over time, including (Lung Waan, meaning "Dragon Ring"), (Gai Geng, "Chicken's neck"), (Taam Jai, "Pool"), and (Lung Tau Waan, "Dragon's-Head Ring").

The Portuguese and English name "Taipa" comes from the Chinese pronunciation of in Min Nan /tiap-á/ (similar to "tiamp-a") then became "Taipa"[]. The putonghua pinyin for is dàngz?i, and this is how the island is referred to in Mandarin. Both the character ? and the alternative form ? mean cesspit, but are obsolete in modern Chinese, and only used in relation to Taipa and the Macau-Taipa Bridge (? àodàng dàqiáo). The character ?, or ? (often used in Mainland Chinese texts), is often missing from mobile phone and computer input systems.

Another version according to legend, comes from an exchange between early Portuguese settlers on Taipa and local Chinese settlers. The Portuguese asked the Chinese the name (nome in Portuguese) of the place. The Chinese settlers were local grocery shopkeepers and spoke no Portuguese, but took the Portuguese nome for the Chinese , "sticky rice", which is pronounced similar to nome in Cantonese. Thinking the Portuguese settlers were asking if they sold sticky rice, the Chinese responded with "," pronounced "daai ba" in Cantonese, meaning "a lot." The Portuguese, hearing the response, took this to be the name of the place. There is, however, no historical evidence to support this story. "Taipa" is also what the Portuguese call the clay-mud, rammed into moulds, used to build mud houses in Portugal in times gone by, in recent times referred to as Rammed Earth.

It is also worth noting that, as the great majority of the population in Taipa and Macau is Chinese; however, there is a growing community of expatriates living in Taipa who work at the casinos on the Cotai Strip or at the schools and universities. Most people refer to this island by its Cantonese name, "Tamzai", and most taxi drivers and bus drivers will not understand if asked how to go to "Taipa."

Education

Escola Luso-Chinesa da Taipa ()

Primary and secondary schools

Public preschool and primary school:

  • Escola Luso-Chinesa da Taipa () - Preschool and primary school[1]

Private tuition-free primary and secondary schools:

Private non-free primary and secondary schools:

Colleges and universities

Macau University of Science and Technology (MUST), Institute for Tourism Studies, and City University of Macau are located in Taipa.[15][16]University of Macau (UM), on Hengqin Island, which is part of Taipa (Nossa Senhora do Carmo), but geographically separate from Taipa.

Public libraries

The parish has two public libraries operated by the Macao Public Library system. Taipa Library (Biblioteca da Taipa; ), which began trial operations on 15 April 2015 and opened officially on 1 September of that year, occupies 2,200 square feet (200 m2) of space in the basement of Taipa Central Park (Parque Central da Taipa; ). Wong Ieng Kuan Library in Taipa (Biblioteca de Wong Ieng Kuan da Taipa; ) occupies 1,080 square metres (11,600 sq ft) of space on the second and third floors of Hei Loi Tang Plaza (). The library, which had its construction funded with donations from the Wong Ieng Kuan Foundation (Fundação Wong Ieng Kuan; ), opened on January 2005.[17]

Infrastructures

Transport

Healthcare

Health centres operated by the Macau government in Taipa include Centro de Saúde dos Jardins do Oceano (), Centro de Saúde Nossa Senhora do Carmo-Lago (), and Posto de Saúde para os Idosos Taipa (?).[18]

Tourism

Night view of the Old bridge
Ponte de Amizade and the HK-Macau Ferry Terminal

Religious

Other healthcare services include:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Escola Luso-Chinesa da Taipa." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Largo Governador Tagmanini Barbosa, S/N, Taipa" - Chinese profile: ""
  2. ^ "Colégio Anglicano de Macau." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Avenida Padre Tomás Pereira, No,109-117, Taipa" - Chinese profile: "?: 109-117?"
  3. ^ "Escola Cáritas de Macau." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Rua Cidade de Lisboa, n. os 299, 371 e 387, Taipa" - Chinese profile: "?: 299?371?387?"
  4. ^ "Escola Dom João Paulino." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Avenida de Carlos da Maia, s/n, Taipa" - Chinese profile: ""
  5. ^ Home. Fong Chong School of Taipa. Retrieved on April 11, 2017.
  6. ^ "Escola Fong Chong da Taipa." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Rua da Chaves" - Chinese profile: "?"
  7. ^ "." Hou Kong Middle School Macau. Retrieved on April 11, 2017. "? :"
  8. ^ Home. Macau Pooi To Middle School [zh] Taipa Elementary School Branch (). Retrieved on April 11, 2017.
  9. ^ Home. Pui Va Middle School. Retrieved on April 11, 2017.
  10. ^ "Escola Secundária Pui Va." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Rua Dois do Oceano Garden, no. 90, Edifício Oceano Garden, Taipa" - Chinese profile: "?90?"
  11. ^ "Escola Secundária Sam Yuk de Macau." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Rua do Colegio, Taipa" - Chinese profile: ""
  12. ^ "Escola de Aplicação Anexa à Universidade de Macau." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Ru de Tai Lin, Taipa" - Chinese profile: "?BT-34"
  13. ^ "Escola Internacional de Macau." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "AVENIDA WAI LONG, TAIPA, UNIVERSIDADE DE CIÊNCIA E TECNOLOGIA DE MACAU, BLOCO K" - Chinese profile: "?K?"
  14. ^ "Escola das Nações." Education and Youth Affairs Bureau (Macau). Retrieved on April 9, 2017. "Endereço : Rua do Minho, Taipa" - Chinese profile: "?"
  15. ^ Home. Macau University of Science and Technology. Retrieved on January 17, 2017. Click "Contact" which reveals: "Address: Avenida Wai Long,Taipa,Macau"
  16. ^ Home. City University of Macau. Retrieved on January 17, 2017. "Avenida Padre Tomás Pereira Taipa, Macau"
  17. ^ "Branch Libraries." Macao Public Library. Retrieved on April 16, 2017. Portuguese, Traditional Chinese, Simplified Chinese
  18. ^ "Contacte-Nos." Macau Health Bureau. Retrieved on April 21, 2018. Chinese version
  19. ^ https://www.gcs.gov.mo/showNews.php?DataUcn=57185&PageLang=C

External links

Media related to Taipa at Wikimedia Commons Taipa travel guide from Wikivoyage


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Taipa
 



 



 
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