Nossa Senhora do Carmo (Taipa)
Our Lady of Carmel
Freguesia de Nossa Senhora do Carmo in Macau
|Region||Macau Municipality of das Ilhas|
|o Total||7.6 km2 (2.9 sq mi)|
|o Density||12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (Macau Standard)|
|Portuguese||Ilha da Taipa|
|Freguesia de Nossa Senhora do Carmo|
|Portuguese||Freguesia de Nossa Senhora do Carmo|
Taipa (Chinese: , Cantonese: [tm.t?si?]; Portuguese: Taipa, pronounced ['tajp?]) is an island in Macau, presently united by an artificial landfill to the island of Coloane. Administratively, Taipa constitutes a freguesia (civil parish) named Freguesia de Nossa Senhora do Carmo.
Taipa is 2.5 kilometres (1.6 miles) from Macau Peninsula and east of the Lesser Hengqin Island of Zhuhai, Guangdong Province. Macau International Airport, University of Macau, Macau Jockey Club and Macau Stadium are situated in Taipa.
Most Chinese settlement of Taipa occurred during the Southern Song Dynasty, while the Portuguese occupied the island in 1851. Prior to land reclamation, Taipa consisted of two islands: Greater Taipa and Lesser Taipa.
The 159.1-metre (522.0-foot) Taipa Grande Hill () is to the east, and Taipa Pequena Hill () to the west. Central Taipa is a plain as a result of siltation and land reclamation. Initially Taipa was connected to Coloane Island only by the Estrada do Istmo (); but the area called Cotai, built on reclaimed land from 2004 and which is home to mega-resorts, casinos, and convention and exhibition centres, has now connected the two islands into one piece of land. Taipa is connected to peninsular Macau by Governador Nobre de Carvalho Bridge, Friendship Bridge and the Sai Van Bridge.
The Portuguese and English name "Taipa" comes from the Chinese pronunciation of in Min Nan /tiap-á/ (similar to "tiamp-a") then became "Taipa". The putonghua pinyin for is dàngz?i, and this is how the island is referred to in Mandarin. Both the character ? and the alternative form ? mean cesspit, but are obsolete in modern Chinese, and only used in relation to Taipa and the Macau-Taipa Bridge (? àodàng dàqiáo). The character ?, or ? (often used in Mainland Chinese texts), is often missing from mobile phone and computer input systems.
Another version according to legend, comes from an exchange between early Portuguese settlers on Taipa and local Chinese settlers. The Portuguese asked the Chinese the name (nome in Portuguese) of the place. The Chinese settlers were local grocery shopkeepers and spoke no Portuguese, but took the Portuguese nome for the Chinese , "sticky rice", which is pronounced similar to nome in Cantonese. Thinking the Portuguese settlers were asking if they sold sticky rice, the Chinese responded with "," pronounced "daai ba" in Cantonese, meaning "a lot." The Portuguese, hearing the response, took this to be the name of the place. There is, however, no historical evidence to support this story. "Taipa" is also what the Portuguese call the clay-mud, rammed into moulds, used to build mud houses in Portugal in times gone by, in recent times referred to as Rammed Earth.
It is also worth noting that, as the great majority of the population in Taipa and Macau is Chinese; however, there is a growing community of expatriates living in Taipa who work at the casinos on the Cotai Strip or at the schools and universities. Most people refer to this island by its Cantonese name, "Tamzai", and most taxi drivers and bus drivers will not understand if asked how to go to "Taipa."
Public preschool and primary school:
Private tuition-free primary and secondary schools:
Private non-free primary and secondary schools:
Macau University of Science and Technology (MUST), Institute for Tourism Studies, and City University of Macau are located in Taipa.University of Macau (UM), on Hengqin Island, which is part of Taipa (Nossa Senhora do Carmo), but geographically separate from Taipa.
The parish has two public libraries operated by the Macao Public Library system. Taipa Library (Biblioteca da Taipa; ), which began trial operations on 15 April 2015 and opened officially on 1 September of that year, occupies 2,200 square feet (200 m2) of space in the basement of Taipa Central Park (Parque Central da Taipa; ). Wong Ieng Kuan Library in Taipa (Biblioteca de Wong Ieng Kuan da Taipa; ) occupies 1,080 square metres (11,600 sq ft) of space on the second and third floors of Hei Loi Tang Plaza (). The library, which had its construction funded with donations from the Wong Ieng Kuan Foundation (Fundação Wong Ieng Kuan; ), opened on January 2005.
Health centres operated by the Macau government in Taipa include Centro de Saúde dos Jardins do Oceano (), Centro de Saúde Nossa Senhora do Carmo-Lago (), and Posto de Saúde para os Idosos Taipa (?).
Other healthcare services include: