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Taishi (, Taishi-ch?) is a town located in Ibo District, Hy?go Prefecture, Japan.
As of May 1, 2017, the town has an estimated population of 34,336. The total area is 22.62 km².
Originally the Ibo District was divided into three towns (Ibogawa, Shing?, Mitsu). In October 2005 the three towns along with the town of Tatsuno merged into a single city bearing the name of Tatsuno. The merger left Taishi as the sole remaining independent town of the Ibo District. Separate plans have been laid out respectively for the merger Taishi and Tatsuno, and the merger of Taishi and Himeji into a single municipal district.
The city is enveloped to the west by the city of Tatsuno, and to the east by the city of Himeji.
- Dantoku Hill (Dantoku Yama)
- Tatsuoka Hill (also known as Tatsuoka Yama)
- ?tsumo River
- 1931 - The town of Ikaruga was incorporated on present grounds of Taishi.
- 1951 - The villages (mura) of Sekkai and ?da were merged with Ikaruga to form Taishi.
- 1955 - The village of Tatsuda was incorporated into Taishi.
Places of Commerce
- Toshiba factory - production of semiconductors and related products.
Cultural and Historical Landmarks
Three-storied pagoda, located on the grounds of Ikaruga Temple.
- Ikaruga-dera - A Buddhist temple of the Tendai sect that is connected to Prince Sh?toku and given a construction date of A.D. 606 in historical writings.
- The City Museum of History (Minzoku Shiryou kan; ) consists of a single historical building arrayed with artifacts dating from 1860-1863.
- The D51-345 is a locomotive dating from 1941, manufactured in Yamaguchi and on display near Tatsuoka Hill.
Places of Cultural Interest
- Asuka Hall - Built in 1993, a culture and arts center where music and other performances are held. Seats an audience of 800.
- Miyamoto Musashi (1584-1645) - Influential nobleman known for both swordplay and penmanship; born in Taishi; noted in the collection of writings known as the Harimakagami. The fact is possibly apocryphal as many cities lay claim to his birthplace.
- Noguchi S?ichi (1965-) - Astronaut and engineer; attended elementary school in Taishi starting from 3 years of age until completing the 5th grade.
- Yamada Etai (1895-1994) - Buddhist monk, head of the Tendai sect.
- Yasuda Seif? (1895-1979) - Poet who spearheaded the publication of the Tanka periodical Shiratama; known also for writing the poems Harutori and Tatsuokayama.