Takakusu Junjiro
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Takakusu Junjiro
TAKAKUSU Junjiro
Junjiro Takakusu.jpg
Born(1866-06-29)June 29, 1866
DiedJune 28, 1945(1945-06-28) (aged 78)
Other names
OccupationBuddhist scholar

Takakusu Junjir? ( , June 29, 1866 - June 28, 1945), who often published as J. Takakusu, was a Japanese academic, an advocate for expanding higher education opportunities, and an internationally known Buddhist scholar.[1] He was an active Esperantist.

Early life

Takakusu was born in Hiroshima Prefecture, adopted by the Takakusu family of Kobe, and sent to England to study Sanskrit at Oxford University (1890). After receiving his doctorate, he continued his studies in France and Germany.

Academic career

Upon his return to Japan in 1894, he was appointed Professor at the Tokyo Imperial University and Director of Tokyo School of Foreign Languages.

He founded the Musashino Girls' School in 1924. The institution evolved on the principle of "Buddhist-based human education," moving in 1929 to its present location in Nishit?ky?, Tokyo and becoming Musashino Women's University. The institution Takakusu founded is now known as Musashino University (, Musashino Daigaku).[1]

From 1924 to 1934, Takakusu and others established the Tokyo Taisho Tripitaka Publication Association (?), later known as the Daizo Shuppansha (, Daizo shuppansha), which collected, edited, and published the Taish? Shinsh? Daiz?ky?. This massive compendium is now available online as the Chinese Buddhist Electronic Text Association (CBETA) Tripitaka.

In 1930, he was named President of the Tokyo Imperial University. He was a member of the Imperial Academy of Japan and a Fellow of the British Academy. He was a recipient of Asahi Cultural Prize and the Japanese government's Order of Culture. He was awarded an honorary degree by Tokyo Imperial University; and he was similarly honored by the universities at Oxford, Leipzig, and Heidelberg.

At the time of his death in June 1945, he was Professor Emeritus of Sanskrit at the Tokyo Imperial University.

Devotion to Esperanto

In 1906, he was one of the founder member of the Japanese Esperantists Association (JEA), and its head in the Tokyo section. When in 1919, a new organization, the Japanese Esperanto Institute (JEI) was founded, he became a member of the director board.

Honors

Selected works

  • The Amitâyur dhyâna-sûtra, trans J. Takakusu, in Buddhist Mahâyâna Texts, Part 2, published in Sacred Books of the East, vol. 49, pp. 161-201, Oxford University Press, 1894.
  • A Record of the Buddhist Religion as Practised in India and the Malay Archipelago, London: Clarendon Press, 1896.
  • Dai Nihon Bukky? zensho, ed. Takakusu Junjir? et al., 150 volumes, Tokyo: Dai Nihon Bukky? zensho kank?kai, 1913-1921. (Re-edited, 100 volumes, Suzuki gakujutsu zaidan, Tokyo: K?dansha, 1970-1973.)
  • Taish? shinsh? Daiz?ky? ?, Takakusu Junjir?, Watanabe Kaigyoku. 100 volumes, Tokyo: Taisho Issaikyo Kankokai, 1924-1934.
  • Nanden daiz?ky? (The Mah?tripi?aka of the Southern Tradition) [Japanese translation of the P?li Canon], ed. Takakusu Junjir?. 65 volumes, Tokyo: Daizokyo shuppansha, 1935-1941.
  • The Essentials of Buddhist Philosophy, ed. Wing-tsit Chan and Charles Moors. Greenwood Press, Westport, CT. 1976

Bibliography

See also

References


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