Takeo Fukuda
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Takeo Fukuda

Takeo Fukuda
Takeo Fukuda cropped 1 Takeo Fukuda 19761224.jpg
Takeo Fukuda
Prime Minister of Japan

24 December 1976 - 7 December 1978
MonarchSh?wa
Takeo Miki
Masayoshi ?hira
Member of the House of Representatives
for Gunma 3rd District

1 October 1952 - 18 February 1990
Yasuo Fukuda
Personal details
Born(1905-01-14)14 January 1905
Takasaki, Gunma, Japan
Died5 July 1995(1995-07-05) (aged 90)
Tokyo, Japan
Political partyLiberal Democratic Party
Spouse(s)Mie Fukuda
Children5 (inc. Yasuo)
Alma materTokyo Imperial University
Signature

Takeo Fukuda ( , Fukuda Takeo, 14 January 1905 - 5 July 1995) was a Japanese politician who was Prime Minister of Japan from 1976 to 1978.[1]

Early life and education

Fukuda was born in Gunma, capital of the Gunma Prefecture on 14 January 1905.[1] He hailed from a former Samurai family and his father was mayor of Gunma.[2] He held a law degree from University of Tokyo.[3]

Career

with Jimmy Carter (March 21, 1977)

Before and during World War II, Fukuda served as a bureaucrat in the Finance Ministry and as Chief Cabinet Secretary. After the war, he became director of Japan's banking bureau from 1946 to 1947 and of budget bureau from 1947 to 1950.[2]

In 1952, Fukuda was elected to the House of Representatives representing the third district of Gunma. Fukuda's political mentor was Nobusuke Kishi, who was detained as a Class A war criminal after World War II and later became prime minister.

Fukuda was elected party secretary in 1957 and served as Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries (1959-69), Minister of Finance (1969-71), Minister of Foreign Affairs (1971-73), and Director of the Economic Planning Agency (1974-76). He was a candidate for prime minister in 1972 but lost to Kakuei Tanaka.

He took over the presidency of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) from Takeo Miki after the party's poor showing in the 1976 election. It remained in office until 1978,[3] but relied on the support of minor parties to maintain a parliamentary majority. Although he was regarded as a conservative and a hawk on foreign policies, Fukuda drew international criticism when he caved in to the demands of a group of terrorists who hijacked Japan Airlines Flight 472, saying "Jinmei wa chiky? yori omoi (The value of a human life outweighs the Earth)."

In an effort to end the LDP's faction system, Fukuda introduced primary elections within the party. In the first primary towards the end of 1978, he was beaten by Masayoshi ?hira for the presidency of the LDP, and forced to resign as Prime Minister. Fukuda was later instrumental in the formation of the Inter Action Council. He retired from politics in 1990.[2]

Personal life

Fukuda was married and had five children: three sons and two daughters.[3] His eldest son, Yasuo Fukuda, after the sudden resignation of Shinz? Abe, became Prime Minister in September 2007, and remained in that office for one year, making him the first son of a Japanese prime minister to become a prime minister himself.[4] In addition, Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi began his political career as a secretary to Fukuda, and the two were very close in their political and personal lives from the 1970s onward (Fukuda was the best man at Koizumi's wedding).

Death

Fukuda died of chronic emphysema in the hospital of Tokyo Women's Medical College on 5 July 1995 at the age of 90.[3]

Honours

References

  1. ^ a b "List of prime ministers". Kantei. Retrieved 2013.
  2. ^ a b c Sayle, Murray (8 July 1996). "Obituary: Takeo Fukuda". The Independent. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d Pace, Eric (6 July 1995). "Takeo Fukuda, 90, Ex-Premier And Backer of China Pact, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013.
  4. ^ Parry, Richard (21 September 2007). "The reluctant Prime Minister prepares to step up to the plate". The Times Online. News International Group.
  5. ^ From the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia
  6. ^ reinanzaka-sc.o.oo7.jp/kiroku/documents/20140523-3-kiji-list.pdf
Party political offices
Preceded by
Takeo Miki
Chairman of the Policy Research Council, Liberal Democratic Party
1958-1959
Succeeded by
Umekichi Nakamura
Preceded by
Shojiro Kawashima
Secretary General of the Liberal Democratic Party
1959
Succeeded by
Shojiro Kawashima
Preceded by
Shiina Etsusaburo
Chairman of the Policy Research Council, Liberal Democratic Party
1960-1961
Succeeded by
Kakuei Tanaka
Preceded by
Kakuei Tanaka
Secretary General of the Liberal Democratic Party
1966-1968
Succeeded by
Kakuei Tanaka
Preceded by
Takeo Miki
President of the Liberal Democratic Party
1976-1978
Succeeded by
Masayoshi ?hira
New title Head of Seiwa Seisaku Kenky?kai
1979–1986
Succeeded by
Shintaro Abe
Political offices
Preceded by
Kunio Miuchi
Minister of Agriculture and Forestry
1959-1960
Succeeded by
Tokuo Nanj?
Preceded by
Kakuei Tanaka
Minister of Finance
1965-1966
Succeeded by
Mikio Mizuta
Preceded by
Mikio Mizuta
Minister of Finance
1968-1971
Preceded by
Kiichi Aichi

1971-1972
Succeeded by
Masayoshi ?hira
Preceded by
Seigo Hamano
Head of the Administrative Management Agency
1972-1973
Succeeded by
Shigeru Hori
Preceded by
Kakuei Tanaka Interim
Minister of Finance
1973-1974
Succeeded by
Masayoshi ?hira
Preceded by
Tadashi Kuranari
Director of the Economic Planning Agency
1974-1976
Succeeded by
Uichi Noda
Preceded by
Takeo Miki
Deputy Prime Minister of Japan
1974-1976
Succeeded by
Masayoshi It?
Prime Minister of Japan
1976-1978
Succeeded by
Masayoshi ?hira

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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