Te Awamutu
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Te Awamutu

Te Awamutu
Nickname(s): 
T.A., "The Rose Town of New Zealand"
Coordinates: 38°01?S 175°19?E / 38.017°S 175.317°E / -38.017; 175.317Coordinates: 38°01?S 175°19?E / 38.017°S 175.317°E / -38.017; 175.317
CountryNew Zealand
RegionWaikato
Territorial authorityWaipa District
Government
 o MayorJim Mylchreest
Population
(June 2020)[1]
 o Total13,100
Time zoneUTC+12 (NZST)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+13 (NZDT)
WebsiteCity: teawamutu.co.nz
Region: http://www.ew.govt.nz

Te Awamutu is a town in the Waikato region in the North Island of New Zealand. It is the council seat of the Waipa District and serves as a service town for the farming communities which surround it. Te Awamutu is located some 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of Hamilton on State Highway 3, one of the two main routes south from Auckland and Hamilton.

The town is often referred to as "The Rose Town of New Zealand" because of its elaborate rose gardens in the centre of the town.[2] Many local businesses use "Rosetown" in their name, and the symbol of the rose is widely used on local signs and billboards. The local paper, Te Awamutu Courier, has a symbol of a rose in the masthead on its front page.

History and culture

Te Awamutu war memorials

Tainui Maori first settled in the area in about 1450, according to noted Tainui historian Te Hurinui-Jones. Te Awamutu means "the river cut short", as it marked the end of the navigable section of the Mangapiko Stream.[3]

Te Awamutu was the birthplace of the first Maori King, P?tatau Te Wherowhero (died 1860).

The first European missionaries visited the area in 1834. A missionary settlement was set up by Benjamin Yate Ashwell of the Church Missionary Society (CMS).[4][5][6] and M?ori Christians in July 1839 after they observed Tainui warriors, who had been fighting at Rotorua, return with 60 backpacks of human remains and proceed to cook and eat them in the Otawhao Pa.[7] In 1842 the Rev. John Morgan moved to the Otawhao Mission Station.[8]

The CMS missionaries established a flourishing trade school that focused on developing agricultural skills. The missionaries introduced European crops such as wheat, potatoes and peaches. In 1846 Morgan provided advice and some capital to help local M?ori to construct eight water mills to grind wheat into flour.[9] Morgan assisted in finding a suitable miller to operate the mills and to train Maori in this skill.[10]

St John's church built 1853

The oldest surviving building in the Waikato is St John's church, built in 1853 as part of the mission station. It is in Gothic Revival style.[11]

Te Awamutu
Designated28 June 1984
Reference no.28

During the 1850s the wider area prospered on the back of sending surplus farm produce to Auckland. For a brief period wheat was even sent overseas. By the late 1850s prices dropped as cheaper flour and other foodstuffs were imported from Australia. This caused huge resentment among local M?ori who had grown use to the wealth provided by trade. Some of the more warlike M?ori such as Rewi Maniapoto blamed the missionaries for having a negative influence on M?ori tikanga (cultural practices). He attempted to kill the local missionary and burnt down the trade school and other mission buildings. Some Christian M?ori warned Europeans to leave the Waikato as their lives were in danger. Te Awamutu was a major site during the New Zealand Wars of the 19th century, serving as a garrison town for the colonial settlers from 1864. European settlement began at the conclusion of the Waikato Wars (1863-1865).[12]

The local Mangatoatoa Marae and Te Maru o Ihowa meeting house is a meeting place for the Maniapoto hap? of Ngutu, Pare te Kawa and Parewaeono, and the Waikato Tainui hap? of Ng?ti Ngutu and Ng?ti Paretekawa.[13][14]

Geography

Te Awamutu literally means in English "The River's End".[15] The town is on gently undulating land close to the banks of a tributary of the Waipa River. The Waikato Plains lie to the north and east, and the promontory of Mount Pirongia, 20 kilometres to the west, is easily visible. Inside the township are two streams called the Mangapiko Stream and the Mangaohoi Stream. The Mangaohoi ends and becomes the Tributary of the Mangapiko near Memorial park.

The town is close to the extinct Kakepuku and Pirongia volcanoes (and other volcanoes of the Alexandra Volcanic Group). Maungatautari, another extinct volcanic cone, now the site of New Zealand's largest ecological restoration project, is also nearby.

Other towns surrounding Te Awamutu include Cambridge, 25 kilometres to the northeast, Otorohanga, 30 kilometres to the southwest, and Raglan 50 kilometres to the northwest. The small town of Kihikihi lies just to the south of Te Awamutu.

The main thoroughfare is Alexandra Street, so named because it was once the main road to the town of Alexandra (since renamed to Pirongia to avoid confusion with the town of Alexandra in the South Island).

Demographics

Te Awamutu, comprising the statistical areas of Te Awamutu North, Te Awamutu West, Goodfellow Park, Te Awamutu Stadium, Te Awamutu Central, Pekerau, Fraser Street and Sherwin Park, had a population of 12,198 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 1,578 people (14.9%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 2,052 people (20.2%) since the 2006 census. There were 4,656 households. There were 5,787 males and 6,414 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.9 males per female, with 2,421 people (19.8%) aged under 15 years, 2,208 (18.1%) aged 15 to 29, 4,944 (40.5%) aged 30 to 64, and 2,631 (21.6%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 81.8% European/P?keh?, 23.2% M?ori, 2.7% Pacific peoples, 4.5% Asian, and 1.7% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

The proportion of people born overseas was 14.7%, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 50.4% had no religion, 37.1% were Christian, 0.8% were Hindu, 0.2% were Muslim, 0.5% were Buddhist and 3.0% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 1,317 (13.5%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 2,442 (25.0%) people had no formal qualifications. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 4,587 (46.9%) people were employed full-time, 1,308 (13.4%) were part-time, and 393 (4.0%) were unemployed.[16]

Individual statistical areas
Name Population Median age Median income
Te Awamutu North 1,101 39.1 years $33,000
Te Awamutu West 1,320 37.5 years $32,400
Goodfellow Park 1,788 37.8 years $25,900
Te Awamutu Stadium 1,749 42 years $34,700
Te Awamutu Central 402 48.1 years $27,300
Pekerau 2,442 39.4 years $29,100
Fraser Street 1,416 47.6 years $30,400
Sherwin Park 1,980 40.9 years $25,800
New Zealand 37.4 years $31,800

For earlier censuses, Te Awamutu was divided into four area units, central, east, south and west, as in this table.[17] M?ori formed 19.7% of the population in central, 22.8% in east, 23.2% in south and 25.7% in west.[18]

Year Population Households Median age Median income National median
Te Awamutu total 2001 9,180 3,531 $18,500
2006 9,819 3,828 $24,400
2013 10,308 4,125 $28,500
Central 2001 2,892 1,179 40.5 $16,900
2006 3,153 1,281 42.1 $21,800
2013 3,321 1,368 41.6 $26,700
East 2001 2,301 849 34.9 $17,200
2006 2,511 975 38.9 $23,500
2013 2,769 1,107 42.0 $27,400
South 2001 2,862 1,098 38.7 $16,800
2006 2,928 1,131 39.8 $21,300
2013 2,913 1,176 41.8 $25,100
West 2001 1,125 405 33.6 $18,100
2006 1,227 441 35.4 $25,400
2013 1,305 474 36.4 $28,500

Facilities and attractions

Te Awamutu Museum was established in 1935. The museum has a number of permanent exhibitions focusing on the history of Te Awamutu and the surrounding area.[19] There is also an exhibition, 'Everyone is here' focusing on Tim and Neil Finn, brothers and Te Awamutu natives, of the bands Split Enz and later Crowded House.

The museum contains one of the most famous early M?ori artifacts, a large carved post known simply as Te Uenuku. This impressive carving has caused much controversy because its style is markedly different from any other early M?ori work, yet it is clearly of a M?ori design.

Te Awamutu itself is located on SH3, one of the major routes used when touring the North Island of New Zealand.

The town has three large supermarkets, electronics retailers, a well equipped sports / leisure centre and The Kihikihi Trail cycleway,[20] which opened in 2017.[21]

The town has a large dairy factory, and serves as an important centre in the local dairy industry.

Education

Te Awamutu has two co-educational state primary schools: Te Awamutu Primary School, with a roll of 489[22][23] and Pekerau School with a roll of 201.[24][25]

Many of these students then progress on to Te Awamutu Intermediate, with a roll of 489,[26][27] and Te Awamutu College, with a roll of 1289.[28][29]

There are also three other schools in the town:

  • St Patrick's Catholic School is a co-educational Year 1-8 state integrated Catholic primary school,[30] with a roll of 251.[31]
  • Waipa Christian School is a co-educational Year 1-8 state integrated Christian primary school,[32] with a roll of 76.[33]
  • Te Wharekura o Nga Purapura o te Aroha is a co-educational Year 1-15 state school,[34] with a roll of 105 as of March 2020[35]

Notable residents

The town's best known residents are the Finn Brothers, Tim and Neil, whose musical careers have stretched from Split Enz through the internationally successful Crowded House to their current solo and collaborative works. The town is mentioned in Split Enz's song "Haul Away", and also in Crowded House's 1986 song "Mean to Me", the debut single from their self-titled debut album. Musician Spencer P. Jones (The Beasts of Bourbon, Paul Kelly and The Coloured Girls) was also born in Te Awamutu. Filmmaker and Bilbo double in Peter Jackson's The Hobbit series Hayden J. Weal was also born and raised here.[36]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population estimate tables - NZ.Stat". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ "New Zealand North Island Things To See And Do". Retrieved 2011.
  3. ^ "Te Awamutu". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. 1966.
  4. ^ Rogers, Lawrence M. (1973). Te Wiremu: A Biography of Henry Williams. Pegasus Press.
  5. ^ "The Church Missionary Atlas (Church Missionary Society)". Adam Matthew Digital. 1896. pp. 210-219. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ Bernard John Foster; edited by A. H. McLintock (1966). "'ASHWELL, Benjamin Yates'". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 2019.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ A Lone Hand in Cannibal Land James Cowan The New Zealand Railways Magazine, Volume 9, Issue 6 (1 September 1934) NZETC
  8. ^ "The Church Missionary Gleaner, December 1846". The Station of Otawao, New Zealand. Adam Matthew Digital. Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ "The Church Missionary Gleaner, August 1847". Advancement of New Zealanders in Civilization. Adam Matthew Digitals. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ Petrie, Hazel (2006). Chiefs of Industry: Maori Tribal Enterprise in Early Colonial New Zealand. Auckland University Press. ISBN 9781869403768.
  11. ^ "St John's Church (Anglican)". www.heritage.org.nz. Retrieved 2020.
  12. ^ Keenan, Danny. "Story: New Zealand wars". The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ "Te K?hui M?ngai directory". tkm.govt.nz. Te Puni K?kiri.
  14. ^ "M?ori Maps". maorimaps.com. Te Potiki National Trust.
  15. ^ "1000 M?ori place names". New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 6 August 2019.
  16. ^ a b "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Te Awamutu North (183300), Te Awamutu West (183400), Goodfellow Park (183600), Te Awamutu Stadium (184000), Te Awamutu Central (184100), Pekerau (184200), Fraser Street (184300) and Sherwin Park (184400).2018 Census place summary: Te Awamutu North 2018 Census place summary: Te Awamutu West 2018 Census place summary: Goodfellow Park 2018 Census place summary: Te Awamutu Stadium 2018 Census place summary: Te Awamutu Central 2018 Census place summary: Pekerau 2018 Census place summary: Fraser Street 2018 Census place summary: Sherwin Park
  17. ^ "2013 Census map - QuickStats about a place". www.stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ "2013 Census QuickStats about a place". Retrieved 2017.
  19. ^ "Te Awamutu Museum". Retrieved 2011.
  20. ^ "New trail route confirmed - Waipa District Council". www.waipadc.govt.nz. Retrieved 2017.
  21. ^ "Kihikihi trail - Waipa District Council". www.waipadc.govt.nz. Retrieved 2017.
  22. ^ "Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  23. ^ "Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  24. ^ "Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  25. ^ "Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  26. ^ "Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  27. ^ "Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  28. ^ "Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  29. ^ "Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  30. ^ "Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  31. ^ "Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  32. ^ "Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  33. ^ "Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  34. ^ "Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  35. ^ "Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  36. ^ "Hayden J. Weal". IMDb.

External links


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