|Leader||N. Chandrababu Naidu|
|Chairperson||N. Chandrababu Naidu|
|Lok Sabha leader||Ram Mohan Naidu Kinjarapu|
|Rajya Sabha leader||Thota Seetharama Lakshmi|
|Founder||N. T. Rama Rao|
|Founded||29 March 1982|
|Headquarters||NTR Bhavan, Road No. 2, Hyderabad, Telangana, India|
|Student wing||Telugu Nadu Students Federation (TNSF)|
|Youth wing||Telugu Yuvata|
|Women's wing||Telugu Mahila|
|Labour wing||Telugu Nadu Trade Union Council (TNTUC)|
|Peasant's wing||Telugu Raithu|
|Political position||Centre to centre-right|
|ECI Status||State Party|
|Alliance||NDA (1999-2005; 2014-2018)|
National Front (1989-1996)
United Front (1996-1998)
United Progressive Alliance
|National convener||Chandrababu Naidu|
|Seats in Lok Sabha|
|Seats in Rajya Sabha|
|Seats in Andhra Pradesh|
|Seats in Telangana|
Telugu Desam Party (translation: Party of the Telugu Land), abbreviated as TDP, is a regional political party active in the southern states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The party was founded by N.T. Ramarao on 29 March 1982. After 1995, the party is headed by N. Chandrababu Naidu, former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. The party's headquarters is located at NTR Bhavan in Hyderabad.
N. T. Rama Rao became the 10th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh in 1983, within nine months of the party's formation, thus forming the first non-Congress government in Andhra Pradesh. TDP was the first regional party to become the main opposition party in 8th Lok Sabha from 1984 to 1989.
After the party's electoral defeat in the Lok Sabha and Assembly polls held on 11th April 2019, the TDP's legislature party in the Rajya Sabha merged with that of the BJP.
Telugu Desam Party follows a pro-Telugu ideology. It was founded as an alternative to the Congress hegemony, by emphasizing on the Telugu regional pride and a party for farmers, backward castes and middle class people. Since the 1990s, it has followed an economically liberal policy that has been seen as pro-business and pro-development party. The TDP uses yellow as the background colour for the flag with a hut, wheel and plough symbol in the foreground. A bicycle is used as the official party symbol.
The total number of Lok Sabha seats in (previously undivided) Andhra Pradesh (1956-2014) was 42. After the 2014 bifurcation, there are 25 Lok Sabha seats in Andhra Pradesh and 17 Lok Sabha seats in Telangana. The National United Front was formed with N. T. Rama Rao as chairperson. Under the leadership of Chandrababu Naidu the NDA government was formed with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the Prime Minister of India. The TDP had G. M. C. Balayogi as the 12th Speaker of the Lok Sabha. TDP was the second largest party in 1984 Indian General Elections, winning 30 seats with 4.31% of votes, thus achieving the distinction of becoming the first regional party to become a national opposition party. But in the next election they were just limited to 2 seats out of 42, which remains till date as the biggest defeat for the party.
|Year||General Election||Seats won||Change of Seats||Vote %||Change of Vote %|
|1984||8th Lok Sabha||30||-||4.31%||-|
|1989||9th Lok Sabha||2||28||3.29%||1.02%|
|1991||10th Lok Sabha||13||11||2.96%||0.33%|
|1996||11th Lok Sabha||16||3||2.97%||0.01%|
|1998||12th Lok Sabha||12||4||2.77%||0.20%|
|1999||13th Lok Sabha||29||17||3.65%||0.83%|
|2004||14th Lok Sabha||5||24||3.04%||0.61%|
|2009||15th Lok Sabha||6||1||2.51%||0.53%|
|2014||16th Lok Sabha||17||11||2.52%||0.01%|
|2019||17th Lok Sabha||03||14||2.04%||0.48%|
Currently, there are 4 National General Secretaries, youngest person in the history of TDP to hold this position is Ram Mohan Naidu Kinjarapu, followed by Nara Lokesh, E. Peddireddy and M. A. Sharif.
The Telugu Desam Party has a centre-left political position and operates on the political ideologies of Populism, Regionalism and Social Liberalism.