Teme%C5%9Fvar Eyalet
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Teme%C5%9Fvar Eyalet
Eyalet of Teme?var
Eyâlet-i T?mvar
Pa?alâcul Timi?oarei
Temi?varski ejalet
Temesvári vilajet
Ey?let-i T?mvar
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire
1552-1716
Central europe 1683.png
The Teme?var Eyalet in 1683
CapitalT?mvar[1] (Romanian: Timi?oara) and Yanova[2] (Romanian: Ineu)
Area
 o Coordinates45°45?N 21°13?E / 45.750°N 21.217°E / 45.750; 21.217Coordinates: 45°45?N 21°13?E / 45.750°N 21.217°E / 45.750; 21.217
History 
o Established
1552
o Austro-Turkish War of 1716-1718
1716
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Today part of Romania
 Serbia
 Hungary
Ottoman Teme?var (Timi?oara) in 1602
Famous mosques in the city of Timi?oara, Romania in the year 1656
Ottoman Beçkerek (Be?kerek) in 1697/98

The Eyalet of Teme?var (Ottoman Turkish: ; Ey?let-i T?mv?r‎),[3] known as Eyalet of Yanova after 1658,[4] was a first-level administrative unit (eyalet) of the Ottoman Empire located in the Banat region of Central Europe.

Besides Banat, the province also included area north of the Mure? River, part of the Cri?ana region. Its territory is now divided between Hungary, Romania, and Serbia. Its capital was Teme?var (Romanian: Timi?oara).

Names

The name of the province in Ottoman Turkish was Eyâlet-i Teme?var or Eyâlet-i T?mvar (in Modern Turkish: Teme?var Eyaleti or Tamvar Eyaleti), in Hungarian was Temesvári vilajet, in Romanian was Eialetul Timi?oarei or Pa?alâcul Timi?oara, in Serbian was or Temi?varski ejalet. The province was named after its administrative seat, Teme?var. The Turkish name Teme?var is given after the Hungarian one, Temesvár meaning "Castle on the Temes" (River).

History

The Eyalet of Teme?var was formed in 1552, when the Hungarian castle of Temesvár defended by the troop of István Losonczy was captured by the Ottoman troops led by Kara Ahmed Pasha on July 26, 1552[5] and existed until 1716, when it was conquered by the Habsburg Monarchy. The Eyalet was led by a vali (governor) or beylerbey (sometimes with position of pasha or vizir), whose residence was at the former Hunyadi Castle in Teme?var. In 1718, the Habsburgs formed a new province in this region, named the Banat of Temeswar.

Administrative divisions

Before the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699, the province was divided into following sanjaks:[6]
  1. Sanjak of T?mvar (Timi?oara)
  2. Sanjak of Arad
  3. Sanjak of Çanad (Cenad)
  4. Sanjak of Lipva (Lipova)
  5. Sanjak of Yanova (Ineu)
  6. Sanjak of Küle (Gyula)
  7. Sanjak of Fenlak (Felnac)
  8. Sanjak of Beçkerek (Be?kerek/Zrenjanin)
  9. Sanjak of Çakova (Ciacova)
  10. Sanjak of Pançova (Pan?evo)
  11. Sanjak of Modava (Moldova Nou?)
  12. Sanjak of Or?ova (Or?ova)

Sanjaks of Arad, Küle, Yanova, Fenlak and northern parts of the Çanad and Lipva sanjaks were transferred to Habsburg Monarchy after signing of the Treaty of Karlowitz.

The eyalet consisted of five sanjaks between 1700 and 1701:[7]
  1. Sanjak of T?mvar (Pa?a Sanca, Timi?oara)
  2. Sanjak of Çanad (Cenad)
  3. Sanjak of Modava (Moldova Veche)
  4. Sanjak of Segedin (Szeged)
  5. Sanjak of Lipova (Lipova)

Note: Before the Treaty of Karlowitz, Sanjak of Segedin was part of the E?ri Eyalet. Most of this sanjak (including its administrative center, Segedin) was transferred to the Habsburg Monarchy in 1699. Small eastern part of the sanjak on the left bank of the river Tisa remained within Ottoman Empire.

According to Sancak Tevcih Defteri, the eyalet consisted of six sanjaks between 1701 and 1702:[7][8]
  1. Sanjak of T?mvar (Pa?a Sanca, Timi?oara)
  2. Sanjak of Çanad (Cenad)
  3. Sanjak of ?ebe? and Lago? (Caransebe?, Lugoj)
  4. Sanjak of Modava (Moldova Veche)
  5. Sanjak of ?r?ora or Or?ova[5] (Or?ova)
  6. Sanjak of Lipova (Lipova)
The eyalet consisted of three sanjaks between 1707 and 1713:[7]
  1. Sanjak of T?mvar (Pa?a Sanca, Timi?oara)
  2. Sanjak of Sirem (Syrmia)
  3. Sanjak of Semendire (Smederevo)

Governors

See also

References

  1. ^ Halil Inald?ik, Osmansko carstvo, Beograd, 2003, page 166.
  2. ^ Narrative of travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa in the ..., Volume 1, p. 92, at Google Books By Evliya Çelebi, Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall
  3. ^ "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Geonames.de. Retrieved 2013.
  4. ^ Osman Okyar; Hali?l ?nalc?k (1980). Türkiye'nin Sosyal Ve Ekonomik Tarihi, 1071-1920: Birinci Uluslararas? Türkiye'nin Sosyal Ve Ekonomik Tarihi Kongresi Tebli?leri. Meteksan. p. 68. Retrieved 2013. eyalet d'Ineu (Yanova) --nom donné après 1658 à l'eyalet de Temesvar
  5. ^ a b Sad?k Müfit Bilge, "Macaristan'da Osmanl? Hakimiyetinin ve ?darî Te?kilat?n?n Kurulu?u ve Geli?mesi", Ankara Üniversitesi Osmanl? Tarihi Ara?t?rma ve Uygulama Merkezi Dergisi (OTAM), Say?: 11 Sayfa: 033-081, 2000, p. 59. (in Turkish)
  6. ^ Dr Du?an J. Popovi?, Srbi u Vojvodini, knjiga I, Novi Sad, 1990, p. 201.
  7. ^ a b c Orhan K?l?ç, XVII. Yüzy?l?n ?lk Yar?s?nda Osmanl? Devleti'nin Eyalet ve Sancak Te?kilatlanmas?, Osmanl?, Cilt 6: Te?kilât, Yeni Türkiye Yay?nlar?, Ankara, 1999, ISBN 975-6782-09-9, p. 92. (in Turkish)
  8. ^ Orhan K?l?ç, XVII. Yüzy?l?n ?lk Yar?s?nda Osmanl? Devleti'nin Eyalet ve Sancak Te?kilatlanmas?, Osmanl?, Cilt 6: Te?kilât, Yeni Türkiye Yay?nlar?, Ankara, 1999, ISBN 975-6782-09-9, p. 91. (in Turkish)
  9. ^ Milan Tutorov, Banatska rapsodija, Novi Sad, 2001, page 151.
  10. ^ Milan Tutorov, Banatska rapsodija, Novi Sad, 2001, page 194.
  11. ^ Milan Tutorov, Banatska rapsodija, Novi Sad, 2001, page 195.
  12. ^ Milan Tutorov, Banatska rapsodija, Novi Sad, 2001, page 198.
  13. ^ Milan Tutorov, Banatska rapsodija, Novi Sad, 2001, page 232.
  14. ^ Milan Tutorov, Banatska rapsodija, Novi Sad, 2001, page 249.

Further reading

  • Dr. Du?an J. Popovi?, Srbi u Vojvodini, knjiga 1, Novi Sad, 1990.
  • Milan Tutorov, Banatska rapsodija, Novi Sad, 2001.

External links


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