Template Talk:Infobox Lead Isotopes
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Template Talk:Infobox Lead Isotopes
WikiProject Elements / Isotopes  (Rated List-class, Low-importance)
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This article is part of popflock.com Resource: Wikiproject Isotopes. Please keep style and phrasings consistent across the set of pages. For later reference and improved reliability, data from all considered multiple sources is collected here. References are denoted by these letters:

  • (A) G. Audi, O. Bersillon, J. Blachot, A.H. Wapstra. The Nubase2003 evaluation of nuclear and decay properties, Nuc. Phys. A 729, pp. 3-128 (2003). — Where this source indicates a speculative value, the # mark is also applied to values with weak assignment arguments from other sources, if grouped together. An asterisk after the A means that a comment of some importance may be available in the original.
  • (B) National Nuclear Data Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, information extracted from the NuDat 2.1 database. (Retrieved Sept. 2005, from the code of the popup boxes).
  • (C) David R. Lide (ed.), Norman E. Holden in CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 85th Edition, online version. CRC Press. Boca Raton, Florida (2005). Section 11, Table of the Isotopes. — The CRC uses rounded numbers with implied uncertainties, where this concurs with the range of another source it is treated as exactly equal in this comparison.
  • (D) More specific level data from reference B's Levels and Gammas database.
  • (E) Same as B but excitation energy replaced with that from D.
  Z   N refs symbol   half-life                   spin              excitation energy
 82  96 AB  |Pb-178  |0.23(15) ms                |0+
 82  96 C   |Pb-178  |~0.2 ms                    |
 82  97 A   |Pb-179  |3# ms                      |5/2-#
 82  97 B   |Pb-179  |3# ms                      |
 82  98 A   |Pb-180  |5(3) ms                    |0+
 82  98 B   |Pb-180  |4.5(11) ms                 |0+
 82  98 C   |Pb-180  |5 ms                       |
 82  99 A   |Pb-181  |45(20) ms                  |5/2-#
 82  99 B   |Pb-181  |45(20) ms                  |(13/2+)
 82  99 C   |Pb-181  |0.05 s                     |
 82  99 A*  |Pb-181m |                           |13/2+#           |non-exist
 82  99 D   |Pb-181m |50(+40-30) ms              |(13/2+)          |0+X keV
 82 100 A   |Pb-182  |60(40) ms                  |0+
 82 100 B   |Pb-182  |55(+40-35) ms              |0+
 82 100 C   |Pb-182  |55 ms                      |
 82 101 ABC |Pb-183  |535(30) ms                 |(3/2-)
 82 101 A   |Pb-183m |415(20) ms                 |(13/2+)          |94(8) keV
 82 101 E   |Pb-183m |415(20) ms                 |(13/2+)          |97(9) keV
 82 101 C   |Pb-183m |0.42 s                     |13/2+
 82 102 AB  |Pb-184  |490(25) ms                 |0+
 82 102 C   |Pb-184  |0.48 s                     |0+
 82 103 AC  |Pb-185  |6.3(4) s                   |3/2-
 82 103 B   |Pb-185  |4.24(17) s                 |13/2+
 82 103 A   |Pb-185m |4.07(15) s                 |13/2+            |60(40)# keV
 82 103 D   |Pb-185m |4.1(3) s                   |                 |0 keV
 82 103 C   |Pb-185m |4.3 s                      |13/2+
 82 104 ABC |Pb-186  |4.82(3) s                  |0+
 82 105 AB  |Pb-187  |15.2(3) s                  |(3/2-)
 82 105 C   |Pb-187  |18.3 s                     |13/2+
 82 105 A   |Pb-187m |18.3(3) s                  |(13/2+)          |11(11) keV
 82 105 E   |Pb-187m |18.3(3) s                  |(13/2+)          |81(17) keV
 82 105 C   |Pb-187m |15.2 s                     |(1/2-)
 82 106 A   |Pb-188  |25.5(1) s                  |0+
 82 106 B   |Pb-188  |25.1(1) s                  |0+
 82 106 C   |Pb-188  |23. s                      |0+
 82 106 AD  |Pb-188m1|830(210) ns                |(8-)             |2578.2(7) keV
 82 106 A   |Pb-188m2|797(21) ns                 |                 |2800(50) keV
 82 106 D   |Pb-188m2|797(21) ns                 |                 |2700.5+X keV
 82 107 AB  |Pb-189  |51(3) s                    |(3/2-)
 82 107 C   |Pb-189  |51. s                      |
 82 107 A   |Pb-189m |1# min                     |(13/2+)          |40(30)# keV
 82 108 ABC |Pb-190  |71(1) s                    |0+
 82 108 AD  |Pb-190m |150 ns                     |(10)+            |2614.8(8) keV
 82 108 A   |Pb-190m |25 µs                      |(12+)            |2618(20) keV
 82 108 D   |Pb-190m |25 µs                      |(12+)            |2615+X keV
 82 108 AD  |Pb-190m |7.2(6) µs                  |(11)-            |2658.2(8) keV
 82 109 AB  |Pb-191  |1.33(8) min                |(3/2-)
 82 109 C   |Pb-191  |1.3 min                    |
 82 109 A   |Pb-191m |2.18(8) min                |13/2(+)          |20(50) keV
 82 109 E   |Pb-191m |2.18(8) min                |(13/2+)          |~138 keV
 82 109 C   |Pb-191m |2.2 min                    |13/2+
 82 110 ABC |Pb-192  |3.5(1) min                 |0+
 82 110 A   |Pb-192m1|164(7) ns                  |(10)+            |2581.1(1) keV
 82 110 D   |Pb-192m1|164(7) ns                  |(10)+            |2581.1(4) keV
 82 110 AD  |Pb-192m2|1.1(5) µs                  |(12+)            |2625.1(11) keV
 82 110 AD  |Pb-192m3|756(21) ns                 |(11)-            |2743.5(4) keV
 82 111 A*B |Pb-193  |5# min                     |(3/2-)
 82 111 C   |Pb-193  |~2. min                    |3/2
 82 111 A   |Pb-193m1|5.8(2) min                 |13/2(+)          |130(80)# keV
 82 111 B   |Pb-193m1|5.8(2) min                 |(13/2+)          |0+X keV
 82 111 C   |Pb-193m1|5.8 min                    |13/2+
 82 111 D   |Pb-193m2|135(+25-15) ns             |(33/2+)          |2612.5(5)+X keV
 82 112 A   |Pb-194  |12.0(5) min                |0+
 82 112 BC  |Pb-194  |10.7(6) min                |0+
 82 113 A   |Pb-195  |~15 min                    |3/2#-
 82 113 B   |Pb-195  |~15 min                    |3/2-
 82 113 C   |Pb-195  |~15. min                   |
 82 113 AE  |Pb-195m |15.0(12) min               |13/2+            |202.9(7) keV
 82 113 C   |Pb-195m |15. min                    |13/2+
 82 113 D   |Pb-195m2|10.0(7) µs                 |21/2-            |1759.0(7) keV
 82 114 ABC |Pb-196  |37(3) min                  |0+
 82 114 D   |Pb-196m1|<100 ns                    |2+               |1049.20(9) keV
 82 114 AD  |Pb-196m2|<1 µs                      |4+               |1738.27(12) keV
 82 114 D   |Pb-196m3|140(14) ns                 |5-               |1797.51(14) keV
 82 114 D   |Pb-196m4|270(4) ns                  |(12+)            |2693.5(5) keV
 82 115 A   |Pb-197  |8(2) min                   |3/2-
 82 115 B   |Pb-197  |8.1(17) min                |3/2-
 82 115 C   |Pb-197  |~8. min                    |(3/2-)
 82 115 A   |Pb-197m1|43(1) min                  |13/2+            |319.31(11) keV
 82 115 E   |Pb-197m1|42.9(9) min                |13/2+            |319.31(11) keV
 82 115 C   |Pb-197m1|43. min                    |13/2+
 82 115 AD  |Pb-197m2|1.15(20) µs                |21/2-            |1914.10(25) keV
 82 116 ABC |Pb-198  |2.4(1) h                   |0+
 82 116 AD  |Pb-198m1|4.19(10) µs                |(7)-             |2141.4(4) keV
 82 116 D   |Pb-198m2|137(10) ns                 |(9)-             |2231.4(5) keV
 82 116 D   |Pb-198m3|212(4) ns                  |(12)+            |2820.5(7) keV
 82 117 AB  |Pb-199  |90(10) min                 |3/2-
 82 117 C   |Pb-199  |1.5 h                      |5/2-
 82 117 A   |Pb-199m1|12.2(3) min                |(13/2+)          |429.5(27) keV
 82 117 E   |Pb-199m1|12.2(3) min                |(13/2+)          |424.8(2)+X keV
 82 117 C   |Pb-199m1|12.2 min                   |13/2+
 82 117 A   |Pb-199m2|10.1(2) µs                 |(29/2-)          |2563.8(27) keV
 82 117 D   |Pb-199m2|10.1(2) µs                 |(29/2-)          |2559.1(4)+X keV
 82 118 ABC |Pb-200  |21.5(4) h                  |0+
 82 119 ABC |Pb-201  |9.33(3) h                  |5/2-
 82 119 AE  |Pb-201m1|61(2) s                    |13/2+            |629.14(17) keV
 82 119 C   |Pb-201m1|1.02 min                   |13/2+
 82 119 D   |Pb-201m2|508(5) ns                  |(29/2-)          |2718.5+X keV
 82 120 AB  |Pb-202  |52.5(28)E+3 a              |0+
 82 120 C   |Pb-202  |5.3E+4 a                   |0+
 82 120 AE  |Pb-202m1|3.53(1) h                  |9-               |2169.83(7) keV
 82 120 C   |Pb-202m1|3.53 h                     |9-
 82 120 D   |Pb-202m2|110(5) ns                  |(16+)            |4142.9(11) keV
 82 120 D   |Pb-202m3|107(5) ns                  |(19-)            |5345.9(13) keV
 82 121 A   |Pb-203  |51.873(9) h                |5/2-
 82 121 BC  |Pb-203  |51.92(3) h                 |5/2-
 82 121 A   |Pb-203m1|6.3(2) s                   |13/2+            |825.20(9) keV
 82 121 E   |Pb-203m1|6.21(8) s                  |13/2+            |825.2(3) keV
 82 121 C   |Pb-203m1|6.2 s                      |13/2+
 82 121 A   |Pb-203m2|480(20) ms                 |29/2-            |2949.47(22) keV
 82 121 E   |Pb-203m2|480(7) ms                  |29/2-            |2949.2(4) keV
 82 121 D   |Pb-203m3|122(4) ns                  |(25/2-)          |2923.4+X keV
 82 122 A   |Pb-204  |STABLE [>140E+15 a]        |0+
 82 122 B   |Pb-204  |>=1.4E+17 a                |0+
 82 122 C   |Pb-204  |STABLE                     |0+
 82 122 D   |Pb-204m1|265(10) ns                 |4+               |1274.00(4) keV
 82 122 A   |Pb-204m2|67.2(3) min                |9-               |2185.79(5) keV
 82 122 C   |Pb-204m2|1.13 h                     |9-
 82 122 E   |Pb-204m2|1.14(4) h                  |9-               |2185.79(5) keV
 82 122 D   |Pb-204m3|0.45(+10-3) µs             |7-               |2264.33(4) keV
 82 123 A   |Pb-205  |15.3(7)E+6 a               |5/2-
 82 123 B   |Pb-205  |1.73(7)E+7 a               |5/2-
 82 123 C   |Pb-205  |1.51E+7 a                  |5/2-
 82 123 D   |Pb-205m1|24.2(4) µs                 |1/2-             |2.329(7) keV
 82 123 A   |Pb-205m2|5.54(10) ms                |13/2+            |1013.839(13) keV
 82 123 D   |Pb-205m2|5.55(2) ms                 |13/2+            |1013.85(3) keV
 82 123 A   |Pb-205m3|217(5) ns                  |25/2-            |3195.6(8) keV
 82 123 D   |Pb-205m3|217(5) ns                  |25/2-            |3195.7(5) keV
 82 124 ABC |Pb-206  |STABLE                     |0+
 82 124 AD  |Pb-206m1|125(2) µs                  |7-               |2200.14(4) keV
 82 124 AD  |Pb-206m2|202(3) ns                  |12+              |4027.3(7) keV
 82 125 ABC |Pb-207  |STABLE                     |1/2-
 82 125 AE  |Pb-207m |806(6) ms                  |13/2+            |1633.368(5) keV
 82 125 C   |Pb-207m |0.80 s                     |13/2+
 82 126 AB  |Pb-208  |STABLE                     |0+
 82 126 C   |Pb-208  |>2E+19 a                   |0+
 82 126 A   |Pb-208m |500(10) ns                 |10+              |4895(2) keV
 82 127 ABC |Pb-209  |3.253(14) h                |9/2+
 82 128 AB  |Pb-210  |22.20(22) a                |0+
 82 128 C   |Pb-210  |22.6 a                     |0+
 82 128 AD  |Pb-210m |201(17) ns                 |8+               |1278(5) keV
 82 129 AB  |Pb-211  |36.1(2) min                |9/2+
 82 129 C   |Pb-211  |36.1 min                   |(9/2+)
 82 130 ABC |Pb-212  |10.64(1) h                 |0+
 82 130 A   |Pb-212m |5(1) µs                    |(8+)             |1335(10) keV
 82 130 D   |Pb-212m |5(1) µs                    |                 |0+X keV
 82 131 AB  |Pb-213  |10.2(3) min                |(9/2+)
 82 131 C   |Pb-213  |10.2 min                   |
 82 132 AB  |Pb-214  |26.8(9) min                |0+
 82 132 C   |Pb-214  |26.9 min                   |0+
 82 133 A*  |Pb-215  |36(1) s                    |5/2+#
 82 133 BC  |Pb-215  |36(1) s                    |

Femto 13:21, 16 November 2005 (UTC)

Talk


Could article explain why Pb-202 is singled out as the common radiogenic isotope ?

How is it made, and what is it used for ? Rod57 (talk) 00:45, 23 May 2008 (UTC)

Article claims that Pb-204 is entirely primordial, yet Pb-204 is a daughter isotope from the beta decay of Tl-204. Can this be verified?


Note that the chart indicates that the range of maximum stability of the 82Pblead element isotopes in the range of the stable EE206 and EO207 isotopes numbers, with the EE204 isotope having fewer extra neutrons (40).WFPM (talk) 14:22, 21 August 2011 (UTC)


The Isotope OO81Tl204 is in the center of the stability range between OE81Tl203 and OE81Tl205, but is not stable, with the noted tendency for it to beta decay to EE82Pb204.WFPM (talk) 14:33, 21 August 2011 (UTC)

Isotope stability trend lines

The 4 stable isotopes of 82Pb lead have the atomic numbers 204, 206, 207, and 208. In this area of the periodic table the stable elements can be organized with relationship to some stability trend lines having the formula as follows: A = 3Z - an even number. Accordingly, these stable lead isotopes can be organized as follows:

EE82Pb208 = 3Z - 38, = (3 x 82) - 38, = 246 - 38 EO82PB207 = 3Z - 39 = (3 x 82) - 39, = 246 - 39 EE82Pb206 = 3Z - 40, = (3 x 82) - 40, = 246 - 40

EE82Pb204 = 3Z - 42, = (3 x 82) - 42, = 246 - 42

The 3 EE82Pb stable isotopes are noted to occupy the trend lines A = 3Z - 38, 40, and 42, with the isotope EO82Pb207 being between the 2 EE's, as is the usual case for stable EO isotopes. Also, the isotope OE83Bi209, which used to be considered to be the heaviest stable isotope, has the formula OEBi209 = 3Z - 40 as did EE82Pb206.

The stability trend line A = 3Z - 40 is noted to run from OE79Au197 through OE83Bi209 after having changed from A = 3Z - 38 for the isotopes from EE68Er166 back to OE59Pr139, (except for 61Pm), a total of 9 elements.

Of the heavier unstable isotopes, both EE92U238 and EE94Pu244 are noted to be on the stability trend line A = 3Z - 38.WFPM (talk) 19:18, 25 August 2010 (UTC)

If you want to see an Atomic Nuclide chart where the stability trend lines can be plotted as diagonal lines on the chart see: User:JWB/Nuclide chart with skew 1.WFPM (talk) 12:53, 26 August 2010 (UTC)

The chart and discussion below is presented in order to show the general stability trend (versus atomic number and number of extra neutrons) of the stable and longest halflived isotopes of lead. The plotted ordinate values are the base 10 log second halflives of the various isotopes.WFPM (talk) 16:50, 17 May 2011 (UTC) Note that the data includes numerous halflife values of isotopes that are in a condition such as to not significantly represent the stability characteristic of the most stable isotope of that particular atomic number. The point being made is that a chart such as this gives a much better indication of the stability characteristic of the element than just a reading of the stability data.WFPM (talk) 14:38, 19 July 2011 (UTC)

File:82 Pb Lead 207.png
Element Stability Profile Chart

I'm sorry you're no longer permitted to view this chart.

Lead-212 used in medical applications

Thorium mentions that lead-212 (a daughter nuclide of Thorium) is used in nuclear medicine, citing two sources:

  • "AREVA Med launches production of lead-212 at new facility" (Press release). AREVA. 22 November 2013. Retrieved 2017.
  • "Mineral Yearbook 2012" (PDF). USGS.

Some other possibly relevant sources:

I don't have the time to integrate this into the article at the moment, so I'm leaving the ball here for someone to pick up. 71.41.210.146 (talk) 21:10, 1 January 2017 (UTC)

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Update regarding Neutron star mergers?

This and other articles suggesting all of heavy elements are made in supernovae should be updated to include the newly confirmed neutron star origin. -- Preceding unsigned comment added by 64.203.122.204 (talk) 05:55, 24 October 2017 (UTC)


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