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Tenbun (), also known as Tenmon, was a Japanese era name (, neng?, "year name") after Ky?roku and before K?ji. This period spanned from July 1532 through October 1555. The reigning emperor was Go-Heizei-tenn? ().
Change of era
- 1532 Tenbun gannen (?): At the request of Ashikaga Yoshiharu, the 12th sh?gun of the Muromachi Bakufu, the era name was changed because of various battles. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Ky?roku 5, on the 29th day of the 7th month.
Events of the Tenbun era
- 1532 (Tenbun 1, 24th day of the 8th month): Yamashina Hongan-ji set on fire. Hokke Riot in Ky?to.
- 1536 (Tenbun 5, 26th day of the 2nd month): Go-Nara is formally installed as emperor.
- 1541 (Tenbun 10, 14th day of the 6th month): Takeda Harunobu (later Takeda Shingen) banishes his father, Takeda Nobutora.
- 1542 (Tenbun 11, 25th day of the 8th month): Imagawa Yoshimoto, who was daimy? of Suruga Province, conquered T?t?mi Province; and from there, he entered Mikawa Province where he battled the daimy? of Owari Province, Oda Nobuhide. The Imagawa forces were defeated by the Oda army.
- 1543 (Tenbun 12, 25th day of the 8th month): Portuguese ship drifts ashore at Tanegashima, and the gun is first introduced into Japan.
- 1543 (Tenbun 13, 7th month): There was flooding in Heian-ky? and nearby areas.
- 1546 (Tenbun 15, 20th day of the 12th month): Ashikaga Yoshihusi becomes 13th Sh?gun of the Ashikaga shogunate.
- 1547 (Tenbun 16): Joseon-Japanese "Treaty of Tenbun", trading limited to Joseon port of Pusan and S? clan commerce limited to 20 ships annually.
- 1548 (Tenbun 17, 30th day of the 12th month): Nagao Kagetora (later Uesugi Kenshin) replaces his older brother Nagao Harukage as heir to Echigo Province, with triumphant entry in Kasugayama Castle.
- 1549 (Tenbun 18, 24th day of the 2nd month): Princess N? marries Oda Nobunaga.
- 1549 (Tenbun 18, 3rd day of the 7th month): Jesuit Catholic priest Francis Xavier arrives in Japan at Kagoshima.
- 1549 (Tenbun 18, 27th day of the 11th month): Matsudaira clan of Mikawa Province fall under Imagawa Yoshimoto's rule. Matsudaira Takechiyo (later Tokugawa Ieyasu) departs for Imagawa as a hostage.
- 1554 (Tenbun 23, 2nd month): Shogun Yoshihusi was changed to Yoshiteru.
- ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tembun" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 956; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File Archived 2012-05-24 at Archive.today.
- ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 372-382.
- ^ Titsingh, p. 374.
- ^ Titsingh, p. 376.
- ^ Titsingh, p. 377.
- ^ a b Titsingh, p. 381; n.b., Ashikaga Yoshihusi changed his name to Yoshiteru in 1554 (Tenbun 23, 2nd month).]
- ^ Titsingh, p. 378.
- ^ Hall, John Whitney. (1997). The Cambridge History of Japan: Early Modern Japan, p. 249.