Tenerife North Airport
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Tenerife North Airport
Tenerife North-Ciudad de La Laguna Airport

Aeropuerto de Tenerife Norte-Ciudad de La Laguna
Aena Tenerife N.svg
Norda flughaveno de Tenerifo, turo, 2.jpeg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerENAIRE
OperatorAena
ServesSanta Cruz de Tenerife, Tenerife
LocationSan Cristóbal de La Laguna
Elevation AMSL633 m / 2,077 ft
Coordinates28°28?58?N 016°20?30?W / 28.48278°N 16.34167°W / 28.48278; -16.34167Coordinates: 28°28?58?N 016°20?30?W / 28.48278°N 16.34167°W / 28.48278; -16.34167
Websiteaena-aeropuertos.es
Map
TFN is located in Canary Islands
TFN
TFN
Location of airport in Canary Islands
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
12/30 3,394 11,135 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Passengers5,840,483
Passenger change 18-19Increase6.3%
Aircraft Movements75,385
Movements change 18-19Increase2.9%
Cargo (t)12,596
Cargo change 18-19Decrease 0.7%
Source: Statistics from AENA [1][1]
Spanish AIP at EUROCONTROL

Tenerife North-Ciudad de La Laguna Airport (IATA: TFN, ICAO: GCXO), formerly Los Rodeos Airport, is the smaller of the two international airports on the island of Tenerife, Spain. It is located in San Cristóbal de La Laguna, 11 km (6.8 mi) by road from Santa Cruz and at an altitude of 633 metres (2,077 ft). It handled 3,717,944 passengers in 2012. Combined with Tenerife South Airport, the island gathers the highest passenger movement of all the Canary Islands, with 12,248,673 passengers,[1] surpassing Gran Canaria Airport. Today TFN is an inter-island hub connecting all seven of the main Canary Islands with connections to the Iberian Peninsula and Europe.

In 1977, the airport was the site of the worst accident in aviation history, when two Boeing 747s collided on the runway in heavy fog conditions, causing the deaths of 583 passengers and crew.

History

Early years

Many years before the airport had even been built, the field at Los Rodeos was hastily prepared to accommodate the first (though unofficial) flight into Tenerife operated by an Arado V I (D-1594) aircraft operating from Berlin on behalf of Deutsche Luft Hansa.

In May 1930, the Compañía de Líneas Aéreas Subvencionadas S.A. (C.L.A.S.S.A.) established the first air link between the Spanish mainland and the Canary Islands using a Ford 4-AT Trimotor (M-CKKA), which took off from Getafe, Madrid to the Los Rodeos field via Casablanca, Cape Juby and Gando in Gran Canaria.

After the final location of the airport had been decided, funds were gathered between 1935 and 1939 to build a small hangar and begin expanding the airstrip which would become Los Rodeos.

Operations into Los Rodeos recommenced on 23 January 1941 with a De Havilland DH89A Dragon Rapide operating an Iberia flight from Gando in Gran Canaria. By 1946, more hangars, a passenger terminal and an 800 m (2,625 ft) paved runway had been built, and the airport was officially opened to all national and international traffic. The runway was stretched at various times during the 1940s and 1950s, reaching a length of 2,400 m (7,874 ft) in 1953, by which time the airport was also equipped with runway edge lighting and an air-ground radio, enabling night operations.

Development since the 1960s

By 1964, runway 12/30 had been stretched to 3,000 m (9,843 ft) to accommodate the DC-8, new navigation aids were installed, and the apron was expanded to provide more parking spaces for aircraft. In 1971, with the prospect of the Boeing 747 flying into the airport, the runway was reinforced and an ILS (Instrument Landing System) was installed.

A new airport, Tenerife South Airport, was inaugurated on 6 November 1978, in response to the 1977 Tenerife airport disaster which resulted in the highest number of fatalities (excluding ground fatalities) of any single accident in aviation history. The south airport is situated at sea level to avert the occurrence of fog, one of the reasons for the crash.

On 25 April 1980, Dan-Air Flight 1008 Boeing 727 crashed near the airport, killing all 146 on board, in a controlled flight into terrain accident.

A new terminal was opened at Tenerife North Airport in 2002, comprising car park, motorway access ramps, and four-story terminal building, with 12 gates. The airport regained its international status when flights to Caracas began. An inter-island domestic area was opened in 2005.

Airlines and destinations

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Tenerife North:[2]

Statistics

Tenerife North Airport Passenger Totals 2000-2019 (millions)
View of the Airport
Check-in hall
Apron view
Passengers Aircraft movements Cargo (tonnes)
2000 2,411,100 48,902 22,462
2001 2,511,277 49,132 21,060
2002 2,486,227 48,785 21,148
2003 2,919,087 53,718 23,842
2004 3,368,988 56,592 23,647
2005 3,754,513 60,235 22,163
2006 4,025,601 65,297 23,193
2007 4,125,131 65,843 25,169
2008 4,236,615 67,800 20,781
2009 4,054,147 62,776 18,304
2010 4,051,155 61,607 15,918
2011 4,095,103 62,590 15,745
2012 3,717,944 55,789 14,778
2013 3,524,470 49,289 13,493
2014 3,633,030 52,694 13,991
2015 3,815,315 53,259 12,819
2016 4,219,633 55,669 12,426
2017 4,704,863 61,098 13,044
2018 5,492,324 73,236 12,689
2019 5,840,483 75,385 12,596
Source: AENA[7]

Accidents and incidents

Tenerife airport disaster

On 27 March 1977, Tenerife North Airport (then Tenerife Los Rodeos) was the scene of the deadliest accident in aviation history, which claimed the lives of 583 people. While attempting to take off, KLM Flight 4805, a Boeing 747-206B, collided with Pan Am Flight 1736, a Boeing 747-121, which was taxiing along the runway. All 248 passengers and crew on the KLM flight were killed, along with 335 occupants of the Pan Am flight; however, 61 of the passengers and crew on board the Pan Am survived. Neither of the two airliners was originally scheduled to land on Tenerife, as both flights were bound for Gran Canaria Airport but had been diverted to Los Rodeos as a result of a terrorist bombing at Gran Canaria.

Other incidents

Date Airline Aircraft type Registration Flight number People on board Fatalities
1956-09-29 Aviaco SNCASE Languedoc EC-AKV 38 0+1
1964-07-03 Ejercito del Aire Douglas DC-3 21 4
1965-05-05 Iberia Lockheed L-1049G EC-AIN 401 49 30
1965-12-07 Spantax Douglas DC-3 EC-ARZ 32 32
1966-09-16 Iberia Douglas DC-3 EC-ACX IB-261 27 1
1970-01-05 Iberia Fokker F-27 Friendship 600 EC-BOD 49 0
1972-12-03 Spantax Convair CV-990 EC-BZR 275 155 155
1978-02-15 Sabena Boeing 707-329 OO-SJE 196 0
1980-04-25 Dan-Air Boeing 727-46 G-BDAN 1008 146 146

References

  1. ^ a b "AENA statistics for 2012" (PDF). Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "Infovuelos, toda la información de vuelos de Aena" [Flight info, all Aena flight information]. Aena (in Spanish). Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ a b Liu, Jim. "Binter Canarias July / October 2020 network expansions". Routesonline. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Binter oferta vuelos a Santander y Vitoria a partir de 30,65 euros".
  5. ^ Liu, Jim. "Binter Canarias revises planned new routes in 2H20". Routesonline. Retrieved 2020.
  6. ^ https://corporate.ryanair.com/news/ryanair-anuncia-3-nuevas-rutas-nacionales-a-las-islas-canarias/?market=es
  7. ^ "Estadísticas de tráfico aéreo: Pasajeros, operaciones y carga" [Air traffic statistics: Passengers, operations and cargo]. Aena (in Spanish). 2019.

External links

Media related to Tenerife North Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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