Tennessee's 2nd Congressional District
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Tennessee's 2nd Congressional District
Tennessee's 2nd congressional district
Tennessee US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
Tennessee's 2nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
Distribution
  • 74.15% urban[1]
  • 25.85% rural
Population (2016)740,182[2]
Median income$52,025[2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+20[3]

The 2nd congressional district of Tennessee is a congressional district in East Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican Tim Burchett since January 2019.

Current boundaries

The district is located in East Tennessee and borders Kentucky to the north and North Carolina to the south.

It is currently composed of the following counties: Blount, Claiborne, Grainger, Knox, and Loudon. It also contains a small piece of Campbell County and a large piece of Jefferson County.

Characteristics

The district is based in Knoxville, and is largely coextensive with that city's metropolitan area.

The area is known for being the home of the flagship campus for the University of Tennessee, hosting the 1982 World's Fair, and for being the headquarters for the Tennessee Valley Authority, Ruby Tuesday, and Pilot Flying J.

The 2nd is similar in character to the neighboring 1st, and has long been one of the safest districts in the nation for the Republican Party. No Democrat has represented the district since 1855, and Republicans have held the district continuously since 1859. The Democrats waged some competitive races in the district during the 1930s, but have not made a substantive bid for the district since 1964.

This district traditionally gives its congressmen very long tenures in Washington, electing some of the few truly senior Southern Republican congressmen before the 1950s. Since 1909, only seven people (not counting caretakers) have represented the district-Richard W. Austin, J. Will Taylor, John Jennings Jr., Howard Baker Sr., John Duncan Sr., Jimmy Duncan, and Burchett. Six of them have served at least ten years in Congress, with three of those having served at least twenty years.

Election results from presidential races

Year Office Result
2000 President George W. Bush 59% - Al Gore 39%
2004 President George W. Bush 64% - John Kerry 35%
2008 President John McCain 64% - Barack Obama 34.5%
2012 President Mitt Romney 67.3% - Barack Obama 31%
2016 President Donald Trump 65% - Hillary Clinton 29.7%

History

Although the district has taken many forms over the years, it has been centered on Knoxville since 1853.

During the Civil War era, the area was represented in Congress by Horace Maynard. Maynard switched parties many times, but was pro-Union, and did not resign from Congress when Tennessee seceded. Maynard entered Congress in 1857 (four years before the outbreak of the Civil War), but did not leave entirely until 1875 (ten years after the Civil War ended).

For a short period in the 1870s, the area was represented by Jacob M. Thornburgh. For the 44th United States Congress, Thornburgh was the only Republican in the Tennessee delegation.

Following Thornburgh's retirement, the district chose former Union colonel Leonidas C. Houk, who served until his death in 1891, upon which he was succeeded by his son John.

In late 1893, John faced a primary challenge from Henry R. Gibson. Gibson was chosen following this narrow and divisive primary, then went on to serve in Congress for ten years.

Gibson did not seek re-election in 1904 and was succeeded by Nathan W. Hale, who served only two terms.

Similar in character to the Houk/Gibson primary in 1893, Hale faced a divisive primary with eventual winner Richard W. Austin in 1908.

Ten years later, Austin himself was defeated for the Republican nomination, being edged out by former state Republican chairman J. Will Taylor. Taylor managed to serve for twenty years until his death in 1939.

In a special election to fill the vacancy left by Taylor's death, the district elected former judge John Jennings, Jr.. Jennings' tenure nearly perfectly coincided with the 1940s decade.

In 1950, Jennings was defeated in primary by former district attorney Howard Baker, Sr.. Baker served for thirteen years until his death in 1964, where he was succeeded by his widow Irene who did not seek re-election.

In the 1964 election, the district chose Knoxville mayor John Duncan, Sr.. Duncan served for 23 years before his death in summer 1988.

Following Duncan's death, the district elected his son, Jimmy. The younger Duncan served for just over thirty years from late 1988 until his successor was sworn in early January 2019.

Upon Jimmy Duncan's retirement, the district chose outgoing Knox County mayor Tim Burchett, who has served since January 2019.

List of members representing the district

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
District created March 4, 1805
George W Campbell cph.3a00320.jpg
George W. Campbell
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 -
March 3, 1809
9th
10th
Redistricted from the at-large district and re-elected in 1805.
Re-elected in 1807.
Retired to become judge of the Tennessee Supreme Court.
1805-1813
"Hamilton district"
Robert-weakley-tennessee.jpg
Robert Weakley
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1809 -
March 3, 1811
11th Elected in 1809.
Retired.
John Sevier.jpg
John Sevier
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1811 -
September 24, 1815
12th
13th
14th
Elected in 1811.
Re-elected in 1813.
Re-elected in 1815.
Died.
1813-1823
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant September 24, 1815 -
December 8, 1815
14th
William G. Blount Democratic-Republican December 8, 1815 -
March 3, 1819
14th
15th
Elected to finish Sevier's term.
Re-elected in 1817.
Retired.
John A. Cocke Democratic-Republican[a] March 4, 1819 -
March 3, 1825
16th
17th
18th
19th
Elected in 1819.
Re-elected in 1821.
Re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1825.
Retired.
1823-1833
[data unknown/missing]
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 -
March 3, 1827
Pryor Lea Jacksonian March 4, 1827 -
March 3, 1831
20th
21st
Elected in 1827.
Re-elected in 1829.
Lost re-election.
Thomas D. Arnold Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1831 -
March 3, 1833
22nd [data unknown/missing]
Samuel Bunch Jacksonian March 4, 1833 -
March 3, 1835
23rd
24th
Elected in 1833.
[data unknown/missing]
1833-1843
[data unknown/missing]
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 -
March 3, 1837
Abraham McClellan Democratic March 4, 1837 -
March 3, 1843
25th
26th
27th
[data unknown/missing]
William T. Senter Whig March 4, 1843 -
March 3, 1845
28th [data unknown/missing] 1843-1853
[data unknown/missing]
William M. Cocke Whig March 4, 1845 -
March 3, 1849
29th
30th
[data unknown/missing]
Albert G. Watkins Whig March 4, 1849 -
March 3, 1853
31st
32nd
[data unknown/missing]
William M. Churchwell Democratic March 4, 1853 -
March 3, 1855
33rd Redistricted from the 3rd district.
[data unknown/missing]
1853-1863
[data unknown/missing]
William H. Sneed Know Nothing March 4, 1855 -
March 3, 1857
34th [data unknown/missing]
Horace Maynard - Brady-Handy.jpg
Horace Maynard
Know Nothing March 4, 1857 -
March 3, 1859
35th
36th
37th
[data unknown/missing]
Opposition March 4, 1859 -
March 3, 1861
Unionist March 4, 1861 -
March 3, 1863
Vacant March 4, 1863 -
July 24, 1866
38th
39th
Civil War 1863-1873
[data unknown/missing]
Horace Maynard - Brady-Handy.jpg
Horace Maynard
Unconditional Unionist July 24, 1866 -
March 3, 1867
39th
40th
41st
42nd
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the at-large district.
Republican March 4, 1867 -
March 3, 1873
Jacob Montgomery Thornburgh - Brady-Handy.jpg
Jacob M. Thornburgh
Republican March 4, 1873 -
March 3, 1879
43rd
44th
45th
[data unknown/missing]
Leonidas-houk-us1.jpg
Leonidas C. Houk
Republican March 4, 1879 -
May 25, 1891
46th
47th
48th
49th
50th
51st
52nd
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant May 25, 1891 -
December 7, 1891
52nd
John-chiles-houk-tn.jpg
John C. Houk
Republican December 7, 1891 -
March 3, 1895
52nd
53rd
Elected November 21, 1891 to finish his father's term and seated December 7, 1891.
[data unknown/missing]
HenryRGibson.jpg
Henry R. Gibson
Republican March 4, 1895 -
March 3, 1905
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
[data unknown/missing]
NathanWHale.jpg
Nathan W. Hale
Republican March 4, 1905 -
March 3, 1909
59th
60th
[data unknown/missing]
Richard-wilson-austin.jpg
Richard W. Austin
Republican March 4, 1909 -
March 3, 1919
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
[data unknown/missing]
JWillTaylor.jpg
J. Will Taylor
Republican March 4, 1919 -
November 14, 1939
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant November 14, 1939 -
December 30, 1939
76th
JohnJenningsTN.jpg
John Jennings Jr.
Republican December 30, 1939 -
January 3, 1951
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
Elected to finish Taylor's term.
[data unknown/missing]
Howard Baker, Sr..jpg
Howard H. Baker
Republican January 3, 1951 -
January 7, 1964
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant January 7, 1964 -
March 10, 1964
88th
IreneBaker.jpg
Irene Baker
Republican March 10, 1964 -
January 3, 1965
Elected to finish her husband's term.
[data unknown/missing]
John J. Duncan, Sr.jpg
John J. Duncan
Republican January 3, 1965 -
June 21, 1988
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
1983-1993
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant June 21, 1988 -
November 7, 1988
100th
Rep John J. Duncan Jr Official Portrait (cropped).png
John J. Duncan Jr.
Republican November 8, 1988 -
January 3, 2019
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
Elected to finish his father's term.
Retired.
1993-2013
[data unknown/missing]
2003-2013
TN02 109.gif
2013-present
Tennessee US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
Rep. Tim Burchett official photo, 116th congress.jpg
Tim Burchett
Republican January 3, 2019 -
present
116th Incumbent.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Supported the Jackson faction in the 1824 United States presidential election

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ a b Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index - Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved 2017.

Coordinates: 36°03?01?N 83°49?16?W / 36.05028°N 83.82111°W / 36.05028; -83.82111


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