Tennessee's 7th Congressional District
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Tennessee's 7th Congressional District
Tennessee's 7th congressional district
Tennessee US Congressional District 7 (since 2013).tif
Tennessee's 7th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
Distribution
  • 50.71[1]% urban
  • 49.29% rural
Population (2016)765,730[2]
Median income$57,852[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+20[4]

The 7th Congressional District of Tennessee is a congressional district located in parts of Middle and West Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican Mark E. Green since January 2019.

Current Boundaries

The district is located in both West and Middle Tennessee. It stretches as far north as the Kentucky border, as far south as Mississippi/Alabama border, as far east as Franklin, and as far west as Bolivar.

It is currently composed of the following counties: Chester, Decatur, Giles, Hardeman, Hardin, Henderson, Hickman, Houston, Humphreys, Lawrence, Lewis, McNairy, Montgomery, Perry, Stewart, Wayne, and Williamson. It also includes significant portions of Benton and Maury.

Characteristics

The Seventh District has significant suburban and rural areas. Although most of the area is rural, more than half of the district lives in either Montgomery County (Clarksville) or Williamson County (Franklin).

By most measures, Williamson County is the wealthiest county in the state and is usually ranked near the top nationally.[5]

The district has a very strong military presence, as it includes Tennessee's share of Fort Campbell.

Politically speaking, the area was secessionist and part of the "Solid South" for a century after the Civil War, excluding the Unionist Highland Rim bloc of Henderson, McNairy, Hardin and Wayne Counties. However, since being carried by George Wallace in 1968 it has become and remained one of the most Republican areas in Tennessee, and has never been represented by a Democrat since the early 1970s. The rural secessionist counties did return to the Democrats until the 2000s - four of the five Tennessee counties won by George McGovern lie within this district - but since the middle 2000s these counties have turned overwhelmingly Republican in all elections. The only area where Democrats currently compete on anything resembling an even basis is in Clarksville, which has consistently elected Democrats to the state legislature.

According to the 2010 census the five largest cities entirely within the district are: Clarksville (132,929), Franklin (62,487), Brentwood (38,060), Lawrenceburg (10,428), and Pulaski (7,870).

Election results from presidential races

History

The district's basic current configuration dates from 1973, when Tennessee lost a congressional district. Although it was numbered "6th" in the 1970s, it was at this time that a district was formed by combining Clarksville and Williamson County with the eastern suburbs of Memphis and the rural areas in between. Republican Robin Beard represented this area from 1973 to 1983.

Tennessee gained a congressional district following the 1980 census. At this time, the district was re-numbered as "7th" and lost its eastern counties to the 4th and new 6th. Following this re-districting, Beard made an unsuccessful U.S. Senate bid, and was replaced by former Shelby County Republican Party chair Don Sundquist.

Sundquist served through the rest of the 1980s through the 1990 re-districting, which saw the district lose some of its rural counties in favor of Maury County.

In 1994, Sundquist successfully ran for Governor of Tennessee, defeating future governor Phil Bredesen. Sundquist was then replaced by Ed Bryant.

Bryant served from 1995 until 2002, when the district was gerrymandered by the Democrat-led Tennessee General Assembly to pack the consistently-Republican suburbs of Nashville and Memphis into one district. The result was a district that was 200 miles long, but only two miles wide at some points in the Middle Tennessee portion.

Following that re-districting, the area chose Brentwood-based state senator Marsha Blackburn. She served from 2003 to 2019.

Redistricting after the 2010 census made the district somewhat more compact, restoring a configuration similar to the 1983-2003 lines.

In 2018, Blackburn successfully ran for US Senate, defeating former governor Phil Bredesen. In the concurrent election, the district selected doctor and former state senator Mark E. Green.

List of members representing the district

Name Party Years District Residence Electoral history
District created March 4, 1823
Thomas Flintoff - Sam Houston - Google Art Project.jpg
Sam Houston
Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 - March 4, 1825 Lebanon [Data unknown/missing.]
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 - March 4, 1827 Elected Governor of Tennessee.
Hon. John Bell, Tenn - NARA - 528752.jpg
John Bell
Jacksonian March 4, 1827 -
March 3, 1835
Nashville Appointed as U.S. Secretary of War.
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 -
March 3, 1837
Whig March 4, 1837 -
March 3, 1841
Robert-caruthers-grand-lodge.jpg
Robert L. Caruthers
Whig March 4, 1841 -
March 3, 1843
Lebanon [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
David W. Dickinson Whig March 4, 1843 -
March 3, 1845
Murfreesboro [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Meredith-gentry-tn1.png
Meredith P. Gentry
Whig March 4, 1845 -
March 3, 1853
Franklin [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Robert M. Bugg Whig March 4, 1853 -
March 3, 1855
Giles County [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
John V. Wright Democratic March 4, 1855 -
March 3, 1861
Purdy Secession of Tennessee
American Civil War
IsaacRobertsHawkins.jpg
Isaac R. Hawkins
Unionist July 24, 1866 -
March 3, 1867
Huntingdon [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Republican March 4, 1867 -
March 3, 1871
RobertPorterCaldwell.jpg
Robert P. Caldwell
Democratic March 4, 1871 -
March 3, 1873
Trenton Defeated for renomination
John DeWitt Clinton Atkins - Brady-Handy.jpg
John Atkins
Democratic March 4, 1873 -
March 3, 1875
Paris [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 8th district.
Washington C. Whitthorne - Brady-Handy.jpg
Washington C. Whitthorne
Democratic March 4, 1875 -
March 3, 1883
Columbia Redistricted from the 6th district.
Retired.
John Goff Ballantine (Tennessee Congressman).jpg
John G. Ballentine
Democratic March 4, 1883 -
March 3, 1887
Pulaski [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Washington C. Whitthorne - Brady-Handy.jpg
Washington C. Whitthorne
Democratic March 4, 1887- March 4, 1891 Columbia [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Nicholas N. Cox (Tennessee Congressman).jpg
Nicholas N. Cox
Democratic March 4, 1891 -
March 3, 1901
Franklin [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Portrait of Lemuel P. Padgett.jpg
Lemuel P. Padgett
Democratic March 4, 1901 -
August 2, 1922
Columbia [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant August 2, 1922 -
November 6, 1922
ClarenceWTurner.jpg
Clarence W. Turner
Democratic November 7, 1922 -
March 3, 1923
Waverly Served remainder of term as caretaker
WilliamCharlesSalmon.jpg
William C. Salmon
Democratic March 4, 1923 -
March 3, 1925
Columbia [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Edward E. Eslick (Tennessee Congressman).jpg
Edward E. Eslick
Democratic March 4, 1925 -
June 14, 1932
Pulaski [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant June 14, 1932 -
August 12, 1932
Willa McCord Blake Eslick.jpg
Willa Eslick
Democratic August 13, 1932 -
March 3, 1933
Pulaski Served remainder of term as caretaker
Browning-gordon-harris-ewing.jpg
Gordon Browning
Democratic March 4, 1933 -
January 3, 1935
Huntingdon Redistricted from the 8th district.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Herron C. Pearson Democratic January 3, 1935 -
January 3, 1943
Jackson [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
W. Wirt Courtney Democratic January 3, 1943 -
January 3, 1949
Franklin Redistricted from the 6th district.
Defeated for renomination
James Patrick Sutton (US Congressman).jpg
James P. Sutton
Democratic January 3, 1949 -
January 3, 1953
Wartrace [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 6th district.
Tom J. Murray.jpg
Tom J. Murray
Democratic January 3, 1953 -
December 30, 1966
Jackson Redistricted from the 8th district.
Defeated for renomination and resigned.
Vacant December 31, 1966 -
January 2, 1967
Ray Blanton.jpg
Ray Blanton
Democratic January 3, 1967- January 3, 1973 Adamsville [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Ed Jones Congressional Photo.jpeg
Ed Jones
Democratic January 3, 1973 -
January 3, 1983
Yorkville Redistricted from the 8th district.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
Don Sundquist 103rd Congress.jpg
Don Sundquist
Republican January 3, 1983 -
January 3, 1995
Memphis Redistricted from the 6th District, elected Governor
EdBryant.jpg
Ed Bryant
Republican January 3, 1995 -
January 3, 2003
Henderson [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Marsha blackburn congress.jpg
Marsha Blackburn
Republican January 3, 2003 -
January 3, 2019
Brentwood [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
Mark Green, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Mark E. Green
Republican January 3, 2019 -
Present
Ashland City Elected in 2018.

Living former members

As of January 2019, there are three living former members. The most recent to die was James Patrick Sutton (served 1949-1953) on February 3, 2005. The most recently serving to die was Ed Jones (served 1973-1983) on December 11, 1999.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Don Sundquist 1983-1995 (1936-03-15) March 15, 1936 (age 83)
Ed Bryant 1995-2003 (1948-09-07) September 7, 1948 (age 71)
Marsha Blackburn 2003-2019 (1952-06-06) June 6, 1952 (age 67)

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=07
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=07
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index - Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ https://www.forbes.com/pictures/5963ed594bbe6f269f7f2e9d/7-williamson-county-tn-me/#26834e353594

Coordinates: 35°38?02?N 87°49?59?W / 35.63389°N 87.83306°W / 35.63389; -87.83306


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