|Tennessee's 8th congressional district|
Tennessee's 8th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
It is currently composed of the following counties: Carroll, Crockett, Dyer, Fayette, Gibson, Haywood, Henry, Lake, Lauderdale, Madison, Obion, Tipton, and Weakley. It also contains a large piece of Shelby County and a small piece of Benton.
The map is deceptively rural, but the bulk of the district's vote is cast in the suburban areas around Memphis, such as Germantown, Bartlett, and Collierville, as well Fayette and Tipton counties. This area boasts some of the highest median incomes in the state.
The rest of the district is composed mostly of small towns and farming communities. The district already had a strong social conservative tint which grew even more pronounced when eastern Memphis was added to the district; many of the state's most politically active churches are located here.
|2004||George W. Bush 53 - 47%|
|2008||John McCain 64 - 35%|
|2012||Mitt Romney 66 - 33%|
|2016||Donald Trump 66.3 - 30.7%|
Districts similar to today's 8th (composing of rural areas in northwest Tennessee) have been in place since Reconstruction.
During the early 20th century, most of northwest Tennessee was represented by Democrats Finis J. Garrett (1905 to 1929), Jere Cooper (1929 to 1943), Clifford Davis (1943 to 1953), then Cooper again from 1953 to 1957. Cooper was succeeded by Fats Everett, who served until his death in early 1969.
The district's current form of including Memphis suburbs began in 1967 due to a re-districting caused by the Baker v. Carr ruling.
Following Everett's death in 1969, the district chose former Tennessee Commissioner of Agriculture Ed Jones in a special election. Jones served the area in Congress for just under twenty years until his retirement in 1988.
Upon Jones' retirement, the district selected Democrat John S. Tanner as its representative. Following eleven terms (22 years) in Congress, Tanner retired.
In 2011, the district chose Republican businessman Stephen Fincher over Democrat state senator Roy Herron. It marked the first time since Reconstruction that a Republican had represented northwest Tennessee.
Following the 2010 census, the district lost its remaining territory in Middle Tennessee, meaning it was entirely within West Tennessee for the first time since 1968. In the same census, the 7th lost its remaining claims in Shelby County, meaning that since 2012, any area of Shelby County that is not in the 9th is in the 8th.
|District created March 4, 1823|
|James B. Reynolds||March 4, 1823 - March 3, 1825||Jacksonian D-R|
|John H. Marable||March 4, 1825 - March 3, 1829||Jacksonian|
|Cave Johnson||March 4, 1829 - March 3, 1833||Jacksonian||Redistricted to the 11th district|
|David W. Dickinson||March 4, 1833 - March 3, 1835||Jacksonian|
|Abram P. Maury||March 4, 1835 - March 3, 1837||Anti-Jacksonian|
|March 4, 1837 - March 3, 1839||Whig|
|Meredith P. Gentry||March 4, 1839 - March 3, 1843||Whig|
|Joseph H. Peyton||March 4, 1843 - November 11, 1845||Whig||Died|
|Edwin H. Ewing||January 2, 1846 - March 3, 1847||Whig|
|Washington Barrow||March 4, 1847 - March 3, 1849||Whig|
|Andrew Ewing||March 4, 1849 - March 3, 1851||Democratic|
|William Cullom||March 4, 1851 - March 3, 1853||Whig||Redistricted to the 4th district|
|Felix Zollicoffer||March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1855||Whig|
|March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1859||Know Nothing|
|James M. Quarles||March 4, 1859 - March 3, 1861||Opposition|
|American Civil War|
|John W. Leftwich||July 24, 1866 - March 3, 1867||Unconditional Unionist|
|David A. Nunn||March 4, 1867 - March 3, 1869||Republican|
|William J. Smith||March 4, 1869 - March 3, 1871||Republican|
|William W. Vaughan||March 4, 1871 - March 3, 1873||Democratic|
|David A. Nunn||March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1875||Republican|
|John D. C. Atkins||March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1883||Democratic||Redistricted from the 7th district|
|John M. Taylor||March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1887||Democratic|
|Benjamin A. Enloe||March 4, 1887 - March 3, 1895||Democratic|
|John E. McCall||March 4, 1895 - March 3, 1897||Republican|
|Thetus W. Sims||March 4, 1897 - March 3, 1921||Democratic|
|Lon A. Scott||March 4, 1921 - March 3, 1923||Republican|
|Gordon Browning||March 4, 1923 - March 3, 1933||Democratic||Redistricted to the 7th district|
|Jere Cooper||March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1943||Democratic||Redistricted from the 9th district, Redistricted to the 9th district|
|Tom J. Murray||January 3, 1943 - January 3, 1953||Democratic||Redistricted to the 7th district|
|Jere Cooper||January 3, 1953 - December 18, 1957||Democratic||Redistricted from the 9th district, Died|
|Fats Everett||February 1, 1958 - January 26, 1969||Democratic||Died|
|Ed Jones||March 25, 1969 - January 3, 1973||Democratic||Redistricted to the 7th district|
|Dan Kuykendall||January 3, 1973 - January 3, 1975||Republican||Redistricted from the 9th district|
|Harold Ford, Sr.||January 3, 1975 - January 3, 1983||Democratic||Redistricted to the 9th district|
|Ed Jones||January 3, 1983 - January 3, 1989||Democratic||Redistricted from the 7th district|
|John S. Tanner||January 3, 1989 - January 3, 2011||Democratic|
|Stephen Fincher||January 3, 2011 - January 3, 2017||Republican||Retired|
|David Kustoff||January 3, 2017 - present||Republican||Incumbent|