Tennessee's 8th Congressional District
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Tennessee's 8th Congressional District

Tennessee's 8th congressional district
Tennessee US Congressional District 8 (since 2013).tif
Tennessee's 8th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
Distribution
  • 60.83% urban[1]
  • 39.17% rural
Population (2016)706,468[2]
Median income$56,477[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+19[4]

The 8th congressional district of Tennessee is a congressional district in West Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican David Kustoff since January 2017.

Current Boundaries

The district is located in West Tennessee. It borders Kentucky to the north, Arkansas and Missouri to the west, and Mississippi to the south.

It is currently composed of the following counties: Carroll, Crockett, Dyer, Fayette, Gibson, Haywood, Henry, Lake, Lauderdale, Madison, Obion, Tipton, and Weakley. It also contains a large piece of Shelby County and a small piece of Benton.

Characteristics

The district appears rural on a map, but the bulk of its vote is cast in the suburban areas around Memphis, such as Germantown, Bartlett, and Collierville, as well as Fayette and Tipton counties. This area boasts some of the highest median incomes in the state.

The rest of the district is composed mostly of small towns and farming communities. The district already had a strong social conservative tint which grew even more pronounced when eastern Memphis was added to the district; many of the state's most politically active churches are located here.

According to the 2010 census, the five largest cities located mostly with the district are: Jackson (65,211), Bartlett (54,613), Collierville (43,965), Germantown (38,844), and Dyersburg (17,145).

Election results from presidential races

Year Office Result
2000 President Al Gore 51% - George W. Bush 48%
2004 President George W. Bush 53% - John Kerry 47%
2008 President John McCain 64% - Barack Obama 35%
2012 President Mitt Romney 66% - Barack Obama 33%
2016 President Donald Trump 66.3% - Hillary Clinton 30.7%

History

Districts similar to today's 8th (composing of rural areas in northwest Tennessee) have been in place since Reconstruction.

During the early 20th century, most of northwest Tennessee was represented by Democrats Finis J. Garrett (1905 to 1929), Jere Cooper (1929 to 1943), Clifford Davis (1943 to 1953), then Cooper again from 1953 to 1957. Cooper was succeeded by Fats Everett, who served until his death in early 1969.

The district's current form of including Memphis suburbs began in 1967 due to a re-districting caused by the Baker v. Carr ruling.

Following Everett's death in 1969, the district chose former Tennessee Commissioner of Agriculture Ed Jones in a special election. Jones served the area in Congress for just under twenty years until his retirement in 1988.

Upon Jones' retirement, the district selected Democrat John S. Tanner as its representative. Following eleven terms (22 years) in Congress, Tanner retired.

In 2011, the district chose Republican businessman Stephen Fincher over Democrat state senator Roy Herron. It marked the first time since Reconstruction that a Republican had represented northwest Tennessee.

Following the 2010 census, the district lost its remaining territory in Middle Tennessee, meaning it was entirely within West Tennessee for the first time since 1968. In the same census, the 7th lost its remaining claims in Shelby County, meaning that since 2012, any area of Shelby County that is not in the 9th is in the 8th.

In 2016, Fincher retired and was succeeded by Republican David Kustoff, a former United States Attorney.

List of members representing the district

Name Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1823
James B. Reynolds Democratic-Republican (Jackson) March 4, 1823 -
March 3, 1825
18th [data unknown/missing]
John H. Marable Jacksonian March 4, 1825 -
March 3, 1829
19th
20th
[data unknown/missing]
Cave Johnson.jpg
Cave Johnson
Jacksonian March 4, 1829 -
March 3, 1833
21st
22nd
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 11th district.
David W. Dickinson Jacksonian March 4, 1833 -
March 3, 1835
23rd [data unknown/missing]
Abram P. Maury Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 -
March 3, 1837
24th
25th
[data unknown/missing]
Whig March 4, 1837 -
March 3, 1839
[data unknown/missing]
Meredith-gentry-tn1.png
Meredith P. Gentry
Whig March 4, 1839 -
March 3, 1843
26th
27th
[data unknown/missing]
Joseph H. Peyton Whig March 4, 1843 -
November 11, 1845
28th
29th
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant November 11, 1845 -
January 2, 1846
Edwin H. Ewing Whig January 2, 1846 -
March 3, 1847
29th Elected to finish Peyton's term.
[data unknown/missing]
Washington Barrow Whig March 4, 1847 -
March 3, 1849
30th [data unknown/missing]
Andrew Ewing Democratic March 4, 1849 -
March 3, 1851
31st [data unknown/missing]
William Cullom Whig March 4, 1851 -
March 3, 1853
32nd [data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 4th district.
Felix Zollicoffer-1.jpg
Felix Zollicoffer
Whig March 4, 1853 -
March 3, 1855
33rd
34th
35th
[data unknown/missing]
Know Nothing March 4, 1855 -
March 3, 1859
James M. Quarles Opposition March 4, 1859 -
March 3, 1861
36th [data unknown/missing]
Vacant March 4, 1861 -
July 24, 1866
36th
37th
38th
39th
American Civil War
JohnWilliamLeftwich.jpg
John W. Leftwich
Unconditional Unionist July 24, 1866 -
March 3, 1867
39th [data unknown/missing]
David Alexander Nunn - Brady-Handy.jpg
David A. Nunn
Republican March 4, 1867 -
March 3, 1869
40th [data unknown/missing]
William Jay Smith (Tennessee politician).jpg
William J. Smith
Republican March 4, 1869 -
March 3, 1871
41st [data unknown/missing]
William W. Vaughan Democratic March 4, 1871 -
March 3, 1873
42nd [data unknown/missing]
David Alexander Nunn - Brady-Handy.jpg
David A. Nunn
Republican March 4, 1873 -
March 3, 1875
43rd [data unknown/missing]
John DeWitt Clinton Atkins - Brady-Handy.jpg
John D. C. Atkins
Democratic March 4, 1875 -
March 3, 1883
44th
45th
46th
47th
Redistricted from the 7th district.
[data unknown/missing]
John May Taylor (Tennessee Congressman).jpg
John M. Taylor
Democratic March 4, 1883 -
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
[data unknown/missing]
Benjamin A. Enloe (Tennessee Congressman).jpg
Benjamin A. Enloe
Democratic March 4, 1887 -
March 3, 1895
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
[data unknown/missing]
John E. McCall (Tennessee Congressman).jpg
John E. McCall
Republican March 4, 1895 -
March 3, 1897
54th [data unknown/missing]
Thetus W. Sims cph.3b03504.jpg
Thetus W. Sims
Democratic March 4, 1897 -
March 3, 1921
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
[data unknown/missing]
Lon A. Scott (Tennessee Congressman).jpg
Lon A. Scott
Republican March 4, 1921 -
March 3, 1923
67th [data unknown/missing]
Browning-gordon-harris-ewing.jpg
Gordon Browning
Democratic March 4, 1923 -
March 3, 1933
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 7th district.
Jere Cooper (Tennessee Congressman).jpg
Jere Cooper
Democratic March 4, 1933 -
January 3, 1943
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
Redistricted from the 9th district.
Redistricted to the 9th district.
Tom J. Murray.jpg
Tom J. Murray
Democratic January 3, 1943 -
January 3, 1953
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 7th district.
Jere Cooper (Tennessee Congressman).jpg
Jere Cooper
Democratic January 3, 1953 -
December 18, 1957
83rd
84th
85th
Redistricted from the 9th district.
Died.
Vacant December 18, 1957 -
February 1, 1958
Robert Ashton Everett.jpg
Fats Everett
Democratic February 1, 1958 -
January 26, 1969
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
Elected to finish Cooper's term.
Died.
Vacant January 26, 1969 -
March 25, 1969
Ed Jones Congressional Photo.jpeg
Ed Jones
Democratic March 25, 1969 -
January 3, 1973
91st
92nd
Elected to finish Everett's term.
Redistricted to the 7th district.
Dan Kuykendall.jpg
Dan Kuykendall
Republican January 3, 1973 -
January 3, 1975
93rd Redistricted from the 9th district.
[data unknown/missing]
Harold Ford, Sr.jpg
Harold Ford Sr.
Democratic January 3, 1975 -
January 3, 1983
94th
95th
96th
97th
[data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 9th district.
Ed Jones Congressional Photo.jpeg
Ed Jones
Democratic January 3, 1983 -
January 3, 1989
98th
99th
100th
Redistricted from the 7th district.
[data unknown/missing]
John tanner TN.jpg
John S. Tanner
Democratic January 3, 1989 -
January 3, 2011
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
[data unknown/missing]
Congressman Stephen Fincher Official Headshot.jpg
Stephen Fincher
Republican January 3, 2011 -
January 3, 2017
112th
113th
114th
[data unknown/missing]
Retired.
Kustoff Official Headshot.jpg
David Kustoff
Republican January 3, 2017 -
present
115th
116th
Elected in 2016.

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=08
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=08
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index - Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved 2017.

Coordinates: 35°51?20?N 89°05?59?W / 35.85556°N 89.09972°W / 35.85556; -89.09972


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