Tennis At the Summer Olympics
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Tennis At the Summer Olympics
Tennis at the Summer Olympics
Tennis pictogram.svg
Governing bodyITF
Events
Games
  • 1924
  • 1928
  • 1932
  • 1936
  • 1948
  • 1952
  • 1956
  • 1960
  • 1964
  • 1968
  • 1972
  • 1976
Note: demonstration or exhibition sport years indicated in italics

Tennis was part of the Summer Olympic Games program from the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics, but was dropped after the 1924 Summer Olympics due to disputes between the International Lawn Tennis Federation and the International Olympic Committee over how to define amateur players.[1][2] After two appearances as a demonstration sport in 1968 and 1984 (with a U-21 age limit),[3] it returned as a full medal sport at the 1988 Summer Olympics open for all players regardless of their age and status and has been played at every summer Games since then.[4] In 1896, 1900, 1904, 1988, 1992, semifinal losers shared bronze medals. In all other years, a playoff match for the bronze medal was staged. In the past, results from the Olympics used to have ranking points that the ATP and WTA added to their players' annual totals in singles for that calendar year. This occurred from the 2004 Athens until the 2012 London games. No points were awarded prior to or for the 2016 Rio Olympics games. While the number of ranking points did not equate with those given at the Grand Slam tournaments, the Olympic tournaments have increased in perceived importance since their reintroduction, with some players, critics and sports pundits considering winning gold at the Olympics just as prestigious as winning a Grand Slam title and some considered it bigger than Grand Slam.[5][6] Serena Williams and Venus Williams have each won a record four gold medals, three each as a doubles pairing, the only players to win the same Olympic event on three occasions. Venus Williams (four gold, one silver) and Kathleen McKane Godfree (one gold, two silvers, and two bronzes) are the all-time record holders for the most Olympic medals in tennis. Andy Murray is the only player to have won two singles gold medals, and the only singles player to have retained the Olympic title. In 2004, Nicolás Massú became the first Open Era male player to win both the singles and doubles tournaments at one Olympics games. Venus and Serena Williams achieved this feat in 2000 and 2012 respectively. A player who wins an Olympic gold medal and all four Grand Slam events in the same year is said to have won a Golden Slam. As of 2020, Steffi Graf is the only player to have completed this achievement.[7]

2012 Women's Singles medalists, Serena Williams (center), Maria Sharapova (right) and Victoria Azarenka (left).

Summary

Surface

The playing surface of the court varies between Olympic Games. It has been on hard court for every game since 1984 except for the 1992 Olympics (which was on a clay court) and the 2012 Olympics (which was played on a grass court). The changing playing surface gives certain players different advantages and disadvantages not seen in most other Olympic sports.

Events

(d) = demonstration event, (e) = exhibition event

Event 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28-64 68 72-80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Men's singles o o o o o o o (d, e) (d) o o o o o o o o o 16
Men's singles (indoor) o o 2
Men's doubles o o o o o o o (d, e) o o o o o o o o o 16
Men's doubles (indoor) o o 2
Women's singles o o o o o (d, e) (d) o o o o o o o o o 14
Women's singles (indoor) o o 2
Women's doubles o o (d, e) o o o o o o o o o 11
Mixed doubles o o o o (d, e) o o o 8
Mixed doubles (indoor) o 1
Total 2 4 2 6 8 5 5 0 0 0 0 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5
Surface 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28-64 68 72-80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Indoor o o 2
Outdoor o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o 18
Carpet 0
Red clay o o o o o o o 7
Grass o o o 3
Hard o o o o o o o o 8
Wood o o 2

Champions and venues

Year Host city Venue Surface Gold medalist(s)
Men's Singles Women's Singles Men's Doubles Women's Doubles Mixed Doubles
1896 Greece Athens Athens Lawn Tennis Club Clay United Kingdom John Boland Not held United Kingdom John Boland
German Empire Friedrich Traun
Not held Not held
1900 France Paris Cercle des Sports, Île de Puteaux Clay United Kingdom Laurence Doherty United Kingdom Charlotte Cooper United Kingdom Laurence Doherty
United Kingdom Reginald Doherty
United Kingdom Charlotte Cooper
United Kingdom Reginald Doherty
1904 United States St. Louis Francis Field Clay United States Beals Wright Not held United States Beals Wright
United States Edgar Leonard
Not held
1908 United Kingdom London Outdoor:
All England Club, Wimbledon
Indoor:
Queen's Club, West Kensington
Grass Outdoor:
United Kingdom Major Ritchie
Indoor:
United Kingdom Arthur Gore
Outdoor:
United Kingdom Dorothea Lambert Chambers
Indoor:
United Kingdom Gwendoline Eastlake-Smith
Outdoor:
United Kingdom Reginald Doherty
United Kingdom George Hillyard
Indoor:
United Kingdom Herbert Roper Barrett
United Kingdom Arthur Gore
1912 Sweden Stockholm Outdoor & Indoor:
Östermalm Tennis Pavilion
Clay Outdoor:
South Africa Charles Winslow
Indoor:
France André Gobert
Outdoor:
France Marguerite Broquedis
Indoor:
United Kingdom Edith Hannam
Outdoor:
South Africa Harold Kitson
South Africa Charles Winslow
Indoor:
France Maurice Germot
France André Gobert
Outdoor:
German Empire Dorothea Köring
German Empire Heinrich Schomburgk
Indoor:
United Kingdom Edith Hannam
United Kingdom Charles Dixon
1920 Belgium Antwerp Beerschot Tennis Club Grass South Africa Louis Raymond France Suzanne Lenglen United Kingdom Noel Turnbull
United Kingdom Max Woosnam
United Kingdom Kathleen McKane
United Kingdom Winifred McNair
France Suzanne Lenglen
France Max Decugis
1924 France Paris Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir Clay United States Vincent Richards United States Helen Wills United States Francis Hunter
United States Vincent Richards
United States Hazel Wightman
United States Helen Wills
United States Hazel Wightman
United States R. Norris Williams
1988 South Korea Seoul Seoul Olympic Park Tennis Center Hard Czechoslovakia Miloslav Me?í? West Germany Steffi Graf United States Ken Flach
United States Robert Seguso
United States Pam Shriver
United States Zina Garrison
Not held
1992 Spain Barcelona Tennis de la Vall d'Hebron Clay Switzerland Marc Rosset United States Jennifer Capriati Germany Boris Becker
Germany Michael Stich
United States Gigi Fernández
United States Mary Joe Fernández
1996 United States Atlanta Stone Mountain Tennis Center Hard United States Andre Agassi United States Lindsay Davenport Australia Todd Woodbridge
Australia Mark Woodforde
United States Gigi Fernández
United States Mary Joe Fernández
2000 Australia Sydney Sydney Olympic Park Tennis Centre (NSW Tennis Centre) Hard Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov United States Venus Williams Canada Sébastien Lareau
Canada Daniel Nestor
United States Serena Williams
United States Venus Williams
2004 Greece Athens Athens Olympic Tennis Centre Hard Chile Nicolás Massú Belgium Justine Henin-Hardenne Chile Fernando González
Chile Nicolás Massú
China Li Ting
China Sun Tiantian
2008 China Beijing Olympic Green Tennis Center (National Tennis Center) Hard Spain Rafael Nadal Russia Elena Dementieva Switzerland Roger Federer
Switzerland Stanislas Wawrinka
United States Serena Williams
United States Venus Williams
2012 United Kingdom London All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, Wimbledon Grass United Kingdom Andy Murray United States Serena Williams United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
United States Serena Williams
United States Venus Williams
Belarus Victoria Azarenka
Belarus Max Mirnyi
2016 Brazil Rio de Janeiro Olympic Tennis Centre, Barra da Tijuca Hard United Kingdom Andy Murray Puerto Rico Monica Puig Spain Marc López
Spain Rafael Nadal
Russia Ekaterina Makarova
Russia Elena Vesnina
United States Bethanie Mattek-Sands
United States Jack Sock
2020 Japan Tokyo Ariake Tennis Park Hard Germany Alexander Zverev Switzerland Belinda Bencic Croatia Nikola Mekti?
Croatia Mate Pavi?
Czech Republic Barbora Krej?íková
Czech Republic Kate?ina Siniaková
 Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova (ROC)
 Andrey Rublev (ROC)
2024 France Paris Stade Roland Garros Clay
2028 United States Los Angeles Tennis courts at Dignity Health Sports Park Hard

Participating nations

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28-64 68 72-80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
 Algeria - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - 1 - - - 2
 Argentina - - - - - - 5 - 1 5 6 8 8 9 6 7 6 10
 Armenia - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1 1 - - - 3
 Australasia - - - - 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Australia 1 2 - - - 1 2 - 3 6 7 7 10 7 8 6 10 10
 Austria - - - 3 3 - - - 2 3 5 1 3 1 3 3 2 11
 Bahamas - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 2 2 2 - - 5
 Barbados - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1
 Belarus - - - - - - - - - - - 2 4 2 5 3 2 6
 Belgium - - - - - 16 8 - - - 1 3 3 3 2 5 3 9
 Benin - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - 1
 Bermuda - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - - - - 1
 Bohemia - 1 - 4 8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3
 Bolivia - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - 1
 Bosnia and Herzegovina - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - 2 2
 Brazil - - - - - - - 1 1 3 4 3 4 3 4 4 7 10
 Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - 2 3 2 - 1 1 2 2 7
 Canada - - - 3 - - - - 2 7 5 6 4 2 3 5 4 10
 Chile - - - - - - 2 - - - 1 2 2 2 2 - 2 7
 China - - - - - - - - 1 2 5 4 3 4 8 4 5 9
 Chinese Taipei - - - - - - - - 1 - - 3 2 1 3 3 5 7
 Colombia - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 - 4 3 4
 Costa Rica - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - 1
 Ivory Coast - - - - - - - - - 1 - 2 - - - - - 1
 Croatia - - - - - - - - - - 2 4 5 5 1 2 4 7
 Cyprus - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 1 - 2
 Czech Republic - - - - - - - - - - - 4 7 8 11 8 7 6
 Czechoslovakia - - - - - 7 5 - - 5 5 - - - - - - - 4
 Denmark - - - - 10 3 5 2 1 3 2 2 1 - 1 1 1 12
 Dominican Republic - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - 1 2
 Ecuador - - - - - - - 4 - - - 3 - - 1 - - 3
 El Salvador - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - 1
 Estonia - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 - - 2
 Finland - - - - - - 4 - 1 - - - - 1 1 1 - 5
 France 1 14 - 1 6 10 10 2 4 5 7 4 7 9 8 7 9 16
 Georgia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 1 2
 Germany 1 - 1 5 7 - - - - - 6 3 5 4 2 7 8 11
 Great Britain 2 6 - 22 11 8 10 - 3 5 6 5 6 1 2 8 7 15
 Greece 7 - - - - 1 3 - 2 3 4 2 1 4 2 - - 10
 Haiti - - - - - - - - 1 1 - 1 1 - - - - 4
 Hong Kong - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - - - - - 1
 Hungary 1 - - 3 6 - 5 - - 2 1 5 5 4 2 2 2 12
 India - - - - - - 6 - 1 3 2 2 4 2 4 7 4 10
 Indonesia - - - - - - - - 1 3 5 2 2 2 - - - 6
 Ireland - - - - - - 4 - - 2 2 2 - - - - - 4
 Israel - - - - - - - - 1 4 1 - - 3 4 3 1 7
 Italy - - - - - 4 8 3 4 5 8 8 6 6 8 7 7 12
 Japan - - - - - 2 4 2 2 4 5 7 5 4 3 3 6 12
 Kazakhstan - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 2 2
 Latvia - - - - - - - - - - 2 - - - 1 - 1 3
 Liechtenstein - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1 2
 Lithuania - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1
 Luxembourg - - - - - - 1 - - - - 1 1 2 - 1 1 6
 Madagascar - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 - 1 - - - 3
 Mexico - - - - - - 2 6 1 5 4 3 2 - - - 2 8
 Moldova - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1
 Montenegro - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1
 Morocco - - - - - - - - 1 - 2 1 1 2 - - - 5
 Netherlands - - - 2 1 - 5 - 1 1 5 5 3 - - 2 3 10
 New Zealand - - - - - - - - - 3 - 1 - - 1 1 2 5
 Nigeria - - - - - - - - 1 3 - 1 - - - - - 3
 Norway - - - - 7 3 4 - - - 2 1 1 - - - - 6
 Paraguay - - - - - - - - - 2 2 - 1 - - 1 1 4
 Peru - - - - - - - - 3 - 2 - - 1 - - - 3
 Philippines - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - - - - - 1
 Poland - - - - - - - - - 1 3 2 - 2 6 7 7 7
 Portugal - - - - - - 1 - - - 2 2 2 - - - 2 5
 Puerto Rico - - - - - - - 3 1 - 2 - - 1 - - 1 5
 Romania - - - - - - 3 - - - 5 4 3 2 2 5 6 8
 Russia - - - - 2 - - - - - - 4 5 9 9 10 8 7
 Serbia and Montenegro - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - 1
 Serbia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 6 6 3
 Slovakia - - - - - - - - - - - 5 5 7 4 4 3 6
 Slovenia - - - - - - - - - - 4 - 3 4 - 4 1 5
 South Africa - - - 3 3 5 4 - - - 6 6 5 - 2 - - 8
 Soviet Union - - - - - - - 4 - 7 - - - - - - - - 2
 South Korea - - - - - - - - 1 5 4 5 4 2 1 - - 7
 Spain - - - - - 4 8 3 2 4 6 7 7 11 9 12 9 12
 Sweden - - - 4 16 8 4 1 2 3 6 4 5 4 5 3 1 14
 Switzerland - - - - - 3 4 - 2 2 4 3 3 4 5 2 2 11
 Thailand - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 3 2 1 - 2 4
 Togo - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - 1
 Tunisia - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - 1 2 2 4
 Turkey - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 1
 Ukraine - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 2 4 2 6 5
 Unified Team - - - - - - - - - - 5 - - - - - - - 1
 United States - 5 35 - 1 - 9 6 7 7 7 7 10 10 10 12 11 14
 Uruguay - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - - - - 1 2
 Uzbekistan - - - - - - - - - - - 2 1 - 1 1 1 5
 Venezuela - - - - - - - - - - - 3 4 1 1 - - 4
 West Germany - - - - - - - 4 3 5 - - - - - - - - 3
 Yugoslavia - - - - - - 1 - 2 3 - - - - - - - - 3
 Zimbabwe - - - - - - - - 1 3 2 2 3 3 1 - - 7
Nations 6 4 2 10 14 14 27 15 34 38 48 55 52 52 48 44 56 --
Players 13 26 36 50 82 75 124 45 64 129 177 176 182 170 169 184 184 184 --
Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28-64 68 72-80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years

Medal tables

All years

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States (USA)2161239
2 Great Britain (GBR)17141243
3 France (FRA)56819
4 Germany (GER)36211
5 Russia (RUS)3328
6 Switzerland (SUI)3306
7 South Africa (RSA)3216
8 Spain (ESP)27413
9 Chile (CHI)2114
10 Czech Republic (CZE)1449
11 Mixed team (ZZX)1236
12 ROC (ROC)1203
13 Australia (AUS)1146
14 Croatia (CRO)1135
15 Czechoslovakia (TCH)1124
16 Belarus (BLR)1012
 Belgium (BEL)1012
 China (CHN)1012
 West Germany (FRG)1012
20 Canada (CAN)1001
 Puerto Rico (PUR)1001
22 Sweden (SWE)0358
23 Argentina (ARG)0246
24 Greece (GRE)0213
 Japan (JPN)0213
26 Netherlands (NED)0112
27 Austria (AUT)0101
 Denmark (DEN)0101
 Romania (ROM)0101
30 Unified Team (EUN)0022
31 Australasia (ANZ)0011
 Bohemia (BOH)0011
 Brazil (BRA)0011
 Bulgaria (BUL)0011
 Hungary (HUN)0011
 India (IND)0011
 Italy (ITA)0011
 New Zealand (NZL)0011
 Norway (NOR)0011
 Serbia (SRB)0011
 Ukraine (UKR)0011
Totals (41 nations)717287230

Open Era

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States (USA)143724
2 Germany (GER)3429
3 Russia (RUS)3328
4 Switzerland (SUI)3306
5 Spain (ESP)27413
6 Great Britain (GBR)2204
7 Chile (CHI)2114
8 Czech Republic (CZE)1348
9 ROC (ROC)1203
10 Australia (AUS)1146
11 Croatia (CRO)1135
12 Czechoslovakia (TCH)1113
13 Belarus (BLR)1012
 Belgium (BEL)1012
 China (CHN)1012
16 Canada (CAN)1001
 Puerto Rico (PUR)1001
18 Argentina (ARG)0235
19 France (FRA)0224
20 Sweden (SWE)0123
21 Netherlands (NED)0101
 Romania (ROM)0101
 South Africa (RSA)0101
24 Unified Team (EUN)0022
25 Brazil (BRA)0011
 Bulgaria (BUL)0011
 India (IND)0011
 Japan (JPN)0011
 New Zealand (NZL)0011
 Serbia (SRB)0011
 Ukraine (UKR)0011
Totals (31 nations)393947125

Amateur Era

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Great Britain (GBR)15121239
2 United States (USA)73515
3 France (FRA)54615
4 South Africa (RSA)3115
5 Mixed team (ZZX)1236
6 Germany (GER)1214
7 Sweden (SWE)0235
8 Greece (GRE)0213
9 Japan (JPN)0202
10 Austria (AUT)0101
 Denmark (DEN)0101
12 Australasia (ANZ)0011
 Bohemia (BOH)0011
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)0011
 Hungary (HUN)0011
 Italy (ITA)0011
 Netherlands (NED)0011
 Norway (NOR)0011
Totals (18 nations)323239103

Multiple medal winners (1896-2020)

Rank Name Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States Venus Williams 4 1 0 5
2 United States Serena Williams 4 0 0 4
3 United Kingdom Reginald Doherty 3 0 1 4
4 United States Vincent Richards 2 1 0 3
United Kingdom Andy Murray 2 1 0 3
6 United Kingdom Laurence Doherty 2 0 1 3
United States Mary Joe Fernández 2 0 1 3
France Suzanne Lenglen 2 0 1 3
South Africa Charles Winslow 2 0 1 3
10 Spain Rafael Nadal 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom John Pius Boland 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom Charlotte Cooper 2 0 0 2
United States Gigi Fernández 2 0 0 2
France André Gobert 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom Arthur Gore 2 0 0 2
United Kingdom Edith Hannam 2 0 0 2
Chile Nicolás Massú 2 0 0 2
United States Hazel Wightman 2 0 0 2
United States Helen Wills Moody 2 0 0 2
United States Beals Wright 2 0 0 2
21 United Kingdom Kathleen McKane Godfree 1 2 2 5
22 United Kingdom Charles Dixon 1 1 2 4
23 France Max Décugis 1 1 1 3
Chile Fernando González 1 1 1 3
Germany Steffi Graf 1 1 1 3
United Kingdom Major Ritchie 1 1 1 3
27 United Kingdom Herbert Barrett 1 1 0 2
Switzerland Belinda Bencic 1 1 0 2
Russia Elena Dementieva 1 1 0 2
Switzerland Roger Federer 1 1 0 2
South Africa Harold Kitson 1 1 0 2
Germany Dorothea Köring 1 1 0 2
Russia / Russia Elena Vesnina 1 1 0 2
Australia Todd Woodbridge 1 1 0 2
Australia Mark Woodforde 1 1 0 2
United Kingdom Max Woosnam 1 1 0 2
37 United States Mike Bryan 1 0 2 3
38 Belarus Victoria Azarenka 1 0 1 2
France Marguerite Broquedis 1 0 1 2
United States Bob Bryan 1 0 1 2
United States Zina Garrison 1 0 1 2
United States Edgar Leonard 1 0 1 2
Czechoslovakia Milo? Me?í? 1 0 1 2
United States Jack Sock 1 0 1 2
45 Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 0 2 2 4
Sweden Gunnar Setterwall 0 2 2 4
47 United Kingdom Harold Mahony 0 2 1 3
Spain Conchita Martínez 0 2 1 3
Czech Republic Jana Novotná 0 2 1 3
50 United Kingdom George Caridia 0 2 0 2
France Henri Cochet 0 2 0 2
United Kingdom Dorothy Holman 0 2 0 2
Greece Dionysios Kasdaglis 0 2 0 2
Japan Ichiya Kumagae 0 2 0 2
United States Robert LeRoy 0 2 0 2
France Yvonne Prévost 0 2 0 2
Spain Virginia Ruano Pascual 0 2 0 2
Czech Republic Helena Suková 0 2 0 2
59 United States Alphonzo Bell 0 1 1 2
Sweden Sigrid Fick 0 1 1 2
Argentina Juan Martín del Potro 0 1 1 2
Czech Republic Lucie Hradecká 0 1 1 2
63 France Albert Canet 0 0 2 2
Sweden Stefan Edberg 0 0 2 2
Croatia Goran Ivani?evi? 0 0 2 2
United States Marion Jones 0 0 2 2
United Kingdom Arthur Norris 0 0 2 2
Bohemia Hedwiga Rosenbaumová 0 0 2 2

See also

References

  1. ^ Soltis, Greg (July 27, 2012). "Olympic Events Through History". LiveScience. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Williams, Wythe (July 27, 1928). "SOCCER AND TENNIS BARRED IN OLYMPICS". The New York Times. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "Olympic Tennis Event - History: Overview". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "2 More Olympic Games". The New York Times. October 2, 1981. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "Olympics or Slams - What's More Important For Tennis Players?". Let, Second Serve. July 12, 2012. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ Paul Fein (September 20, 2012). "How Important Is an Olympic Gold Medal in Tennis?". World Tennis Magazine. Retrieved 2013.
  7. ^ Tignor, Steve (30 July 2015). "1988: Steffi Graf wins the Golden Slam". Tennis.com. Retrieved 2017.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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