Teodora-Evdokija
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Teodora-Evdokija
Teodora-Evdokija
?-
Despotess of Kumanovo
Loza Nemanjica Decani c 5 1.jpg
Fresco painting of Teodora,
from Visoki De?ani monastery (UNESCO)
Grand Princess consort of Serbia
Born1330
Diedafter 1381
SpouseDespot Dejan
IssueConstantine Draga?
Jovan Draga?
Theodora Draga?
HouseNemanji? dynasty coat of arms, Palavestra.jpg Nemanji?
FatherStephen Uro? III De?anski of Serbia
MotherMaria Palaiologina
ReligionSerbian Orthodox

Teodora Nemanji? (Serbian Cyrillic: ? ?; 1330 – after 1381) was the despotess of Kumanovo as the wife of Despot Dejan (fl. 1355). She was the daughter of King Stephen Uro? III De?anski of Serbia and her eldest half-brother was Serbian emperor, Stephen Uro? IV Du?an. She was the mother of two sons, Constantine Draga? and Jovan Draga?, and one daughter. She later became a nun adopting the name Evdokija (, gr. Eudokia), hence she is known in historiography as Teodora-Evdokija (?-).

Family

Theodora was born in 1330,[1] the youngest daughter and child of King Stephen Uro? III De?anski of Serbia by his second wife, Maria Palaiologina. Her maternal grandparents were John Komnenos Palaiologos, Governor of Thessaloniki and Irene Metochitissa.[1] Theodora had one full brother, Simeon Uro? and a sister, Jelena; she also had two half-siblings from her father's first marriage to Theodora Smilets of Bulgaria, Stephen Uro? Du?an and Du?ica. When Theodora was a year old, at the insistence of the nobility, Stephen Uro? Du?an had their father deposed and imprisoned in chains.[1] He consequently usurped the Serbian throne as Stephen Uro? IV Du?an. Five years later, Theodora's father was murdered by strangulation.[] Her mother unsuccessfully attempted to obtain the crown for Simeon; defeated in her efforts, she retired to a convent and died in 1355.

Marriage

In 1347, at 17 years of age, Theodora married Despot Dejan. He was granted the title of sebastokrator by her brother, Stephen Du?an.[1] Sometime after her marriage a fresco painting of Theodora was executed at the Serbian Orthodox Christian monastery of Visoki De?ani. Together Theodora and Dejan had three children:

Religious life

On an unrecorded date, Theodora followed in her mother's footsteps and also entered a religious life. Her mother had taken the name Marta, and Theodora, upon becoming a nun, adopted the name Eudokia. In a charter dated 1379, it was recorded that Eudocia imperatrix et filius Constantinus donated property to the Chilandar Monastery.[1]

Ancestry

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands, Serbia

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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