Teuchira
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Teuchira
Tocra

Town
Tocra1.JPG
Tocra is located in Libya
Tocra
Tocra
Location in Libya
Coordinates: 32°31?56?N 20°34?20?E / 32.53222°N 20.57222°E / 32.53222; 20.57222Coordinates: 32°31?56?N 20°34?20?E / 32.53222°N 20.57222°E / 32.53222; 20.57222
Country Libya
RegionCyrenaica
DistrictMarj
Elevation46 ft (14 m)
Population
(2004)[2]
 o Total23,164
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)

Tocra, Taucheira or Tukrah, is a town on the coast of the Marj District in the Cyrenaica region of northeastern Libya, founded by Cyrene. It lay 200 stadia west of Ptolemais. Today it is a coastal town 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of Marj.

History

Founded by the Greeks and considered by some to be part of the Pentapolis of Cyrenaica, at a later period it became a Roman colony (Tab. Peut.), and was fortified by Justinian I. (Procop. de Aed. vi. 3.) Taucheira was particularly noted for the worship of Cybele, in honour of whom an annual festival was celebrated. (Synes. Ep. 3.)

Name

Taucheira, Teucheira, Tauchira or Teuchira (Greek: ,[3],[4]). Under the Ptolemies it obtained the name of Arsinoe (Arsinoë) (Greek: ?), after Arsinoe II of Egypt, named by her brother and husband, Ptolemy Philadelphus.[5] Later it became known as Tocra or Tukrah or Tokara, and then Al Quriyah or El Agouriya in Arabic.

It is the same town erroneously written by Diodorus (xviii. 20). It is still called Tochira.[6]

Agouriya is the name given to the city by the deposed dictator Muammar Gaddafi, in reference to the Agouri tribe. The town's largest tribe is the Barghathi tribe, who claim the town their own. There are tribal rivalries with the Abdali tribe. Both the Barghathi and Abdali tribes belong to the larger "umbrella" Agouri tribe. The renaming of the town by Gaddafi was to play on the rivalry between the two tribes. After the 17 Feb revolution, inhabitants of the town went back to the old name, Tokara.

Agriculture

On a relatively small scale, residents of the town grow watermelon, cantaloupe, grapes, almonds, and tomatoes; but it is most famous for its figs.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ " Al `?q?r?yah" GeoNames
  3. ^ Herod. iv. 171
  4. ^ Hierocl. p. 732; Plin. v. 5. s. 5
  5. ^ Strab. xvii. p. 836; Mela, i. 8; Plin. l. c.
  6. ^ Cf. Della Cella, Viagg. p. 198; Pacho, Voyage, p. 184.

References

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854-1857). "Arsinoe". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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