|Texas's 10th congressional district|
Texas's 10th congressional district since January 3, 2013
Texas's 10th congressional district of the United States House of Representatives stretches from the northwestern portion of the Greater Houston region to the Greater Austin region. It includes Houston suburbs such as Katy, Cypress, Tomball, and Prairie View, cities in east-central Texas including Brenham and Columbus, and northern Austin and some suburbs including Pflugerville, Bastrop, Manor, and Elgin. The current representative is Michael McCaul, who lives in West Lake Hills, which is in the 25th district.
For most of the time from 1903 to 2005, the 10th was centered on Austin. It originally included large portions of the Texas Hill Country. President Lyndon B. Johnson represented this district from 1937 to 1949. During the second half of the 20th century, Austin's dramatic growth resulted in the district becoming more compact over the years. By the 1990s, it was reduced to little more than Austin itself and surrounding suburbs in Travis County.
However, in a mid-decade redistricting conducted in 2003, the 10th was dramatically altered. It lost much of the southern portion of its territory. To make up for the loss in population, it was extended all the way to the outer fringes of Houston, making the new district heavily Republican. Five-term Democratic incumbent Lloyd Doggett was forced to transfer to another district. McCaul won the open seat in 2004, and has held it ever since.
|Year||U.S. President||U.S. Senator||Governor|
|2008||McCain (R): 56 - 43%||[Data unknown/missing]||--|
|2012||Romney (R): 59 - 39%||Cruz (R): 58 - 39%||--|
|2016||Trump (R): 52 - 43%||--||--|
|2018||--||O'Rourke (D): 49.64 - 49.45%||Abbott (R): 54 - 44%|
|Electoral history||District location|
|District created March 4, 1883|
|Democratic||March 4, 1883 -
March 3, 1885
|48th||[data unknown/missing]||Texas Hill Country|
Joseph D. Sayers
|Democratic||March 4, 1885 -
March 3, 1893
Redistricted to the 9th district.
|Democratic||March 4, 1893 -
March 3, 1895
|Democratic||March 4, 1895 -
March 3, 1897
Robert B. Hawley
|Republican||March 4, 1897 -
March 3, 1901
George F. Burgess
|Democratic||March 4, 1901 -
March 3, 1903
Redistricted to the 9th district.
Albert S. Burleson
|Democratic||March 4, 1903 -
March 6, 1913
|Redistricted from the 9th district.|
Resigned to become U.S. Postmaster General.
|Vacant||March 6, 1913 -
April 15, 1913
James P. Buchanan
|Democratic||April 15, 1913 -
February 22, 1937
|Elected to finish Burleson's term.|
|Vacant||February 22, 1937 -
April 10, 1937
Lyndon B. Johnson
|Democratic||April 10, 1937 -
January 3, 1949
|Elected to finish Buchanan's term.|
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
|Democratic||January 3, 1949 -
December 20, 1963
Resigned to become judge of the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Texas.
|Vacant||December 20, 1963 -
December 21, 1963
J. J. Pickle
|Democratic||December 21, 1963 -
January 3, 1995
|Elected to finish Thornberry's term.|
|Democratic||January 3, 1995 -
January 3, 2005
Redistricted to the 25th district.
|Republican||January 3, 2005 -
Due to the 2003 mid-decade redistricting plan, the 10th's boundaries were gerrymandered forcing Democratic incumbent Lloyd Doggett to redistrict to the 25th district. Attorney Michael McCaul won the Republican nomination and ran without any major-party opposition.
|Republican gain from Democratic||Swing||+81.5|
|Republican||Michael McCaul (incumbent)||97,618||55.32||-23.29|
|Republican||Michael McCaul (incumbent)||179,493||53.9|
|Democratic||Larry Joe Doherty||143,719||43.1|
|Republican||Michael McCaul (incumbent)||144,980||64.67|
|Libertarian||Jeremiah "JP" Perkins||5,105||2.28|
|Republican||Michael McCaul (incumbent)||159,783||60.52|
|Republican||Michael McCaul (incumbent)||109,726||62.2|
|Republican||Michael McCaul (incumbent)||179,221||57.3|
|Democratic||Tawana W. Cadien||120,170||38.5|
Incumbent Michael McCaul faced Assistant Attorney of Austin Mike Siegel in the 2018 general election, winning by 4.3 percent of the vote. This is the closest contest McCaul has faced. The outcome was notable in a district that political experts rate as "Heavily Republican."
|Republican||Michael McCaul (incumbent)||157,166||51.1|
In the November 3, 2020 general election, incumbent Michael McCaul will again face Austin Assistant Attorney Mike Siegel.
|Republican||Michael McCaul (incumbent)|