|Texas's 13th congressional district|
Texas's 13th congressional district since January 3, 2013
Texas's 13th congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Texas that includes most of the Texas Panhandle, parts of Texoma and northeastern parts of North Texas. The principal cities in the district are Amarillo, Gainesville and Wichita Falls. It winds across the Panhandle into the South Plains, then runs east across the Red River Valley. Covering over 40,000 square miles (100,000 km2), it is the 19th-largest district by area in the nation, the 14th-largest that does not cover an entire state, as well as the second-largest in Texas behind the 23rd congressional district. It covers more land mass than thirteen entire states.
The district has been represented since 1995 in the United States House of Representatives by Republican Mac Thornberry, who is not running for reelection in 2020. Although according to the Cook Partisan Voting Index (CPVI) it is the most Republican district in the country (R+33), it has not always been strongly Republican. As late as 1976, Jimmy Carter won 33 of the 44 counties in the district, getting 60% to 70% of the vote in many of them. While voters in the Panhandle began splitting their tickets as early as the 1940s, Democrats continued to hold most local offices, as well as most of the area's seats in the state legislature, well into the 1990s.
Since Thornberry's ouster of three-term Democrat Bill Sarpalius in 1994, however, a Democrat has only crossed the 30 percent mark in 1996, 1998 and 2000. Republicans now dominate at nearly every level of government; there are almost no elected Democrats left above the county level. In 2012, it gave Barack Obama his lowest percentage of the vote in a congressional district. He received 18.5% of the vote. In 2016, it was Hillary Clinton's second largest margin of defeat in a congressional district after Alabama's 4th congressional district. She received an even lower percentage than President Obama four years prior, gathering 16.9% of the vote compared to Donald Trump's 79.9%.
|2004||George W. Bush 78% - 22%|
|2008||John McCain 77% - 22%|
|2012||Mitt Romney 80% - 19%|
|2016||Donald Trump 80% - 17%|
|District created||March 4, 1893|
Jeremiah V. Cockrell
|Democratic||March 4, 1893 -
March 3, 1897
John H. Stephens
|Democratic||March 4, 1897 -
March 3, 1917
J. Marvin Jones
|Democratic||March 4, 1917 -
March 3, 1919
|65th||Redistricted to the 18th district.|
Lucian W. Parrish
|Democratic||March 4, 1919 -
March 27, 1922
|Vacant||March 27, 1922 -
May 22, 1922
|Guinn Williams||Democratic||May 22, 1922 -
March 3, 1933
|Elected to finish Parrish's term.|
|William D. McFarlane||Democratic||March 4, 1933 -
January 3, 1939
|Democratic||January 3, 1939 -
July 31, 1951
|Vacant||July 31, 1951 -
September 8, 1951
Frank N. Ikard
|Democratic||September 8, 1951 -
December 15, 1961
|Elected to finish Gossett's term.|
|Vacant||December 15, 1961 -
January 27, 1962
Graham B. Purcell Jr.
|Democratic||January 27, 1962 -
January 3, 1973
|Elected to finish Ikard's term.|
Lost reelection after redistricting.
|Republican||January 3, 1973 -
January 3, 1975
|93rd||Redistricted from the 18th district.|
|Democratic||January 3, 1975 -
January 3, 1985
|Republican||January 3, 1985 -
January 3, 1989
|Retired to run for U.S. Senator.|
|Democratic||January 3, 1989 -
January 3, 1995
|Republican||January 3, 1995 -
|Elected in 1994.|
Reelected in 1996.
Reelected in 1998.
Reelected in 2000.
Reelected in 2002.
Reelected in 2004.
Reelected in 2006.
Reelected in 2008.
Reelected in 2010.
Reelected in 2012.
Reelected in 2014.
Reelected in 2016.
Reelected in 2018.
Not running for reelection in 2020.
Often in recent years, the incumbent has either run unopposed or has only a third/fourth party candidate who is opposing them. Generally, the incumbent gets over 70% of the vote, even during years with huge opposition party pickups.
|Democratic||Bill Sarpalius (Incumbent)||63,923||44.58|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (Incumbent)||116,098||66.87|
|Democratic||Samuel Brown Silverman||56,066||32.29|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (Incumbent)||81,141||67.92|
|Libertarian||Georganne Baker Payne||1,298||1.09|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (Incumbent)||117,995||67.63|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (Incumbent)||119,401||79.27|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (Incumbent)||189,448||92.31|
|Libertarian||John Robert Deek||15,793||7.69|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (Incumbent)||108,107||74.35|
|Democratic||Roger J. Waun||33,460||23.01|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (Incumbent)||180,078||77.65|
|Democratic||Roger James Waun||51,841||22.35|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (Incumbent)||113,201||87.05|
|Libertarian||John T. Burwell, Jr.||5,650||4.34|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (Incumbent)||187,775||90.98|
|Libertarian||John Robert Deek||12,701||6.15|
|Green||Keith F. Houston||5,912||2.86|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (Incumbent)||110,842||84.3|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (Incumbent)||199,050||90.0|
|Green||H.F. "Rusty" Tomlinson||7,467||3.4|
|Republican||Mac Thornberry (Incumbent)||168,090||81.6|