Texas's 14th Congressional District
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Texas's 14th Congressional District
Texas's 14th congressional district
Texas US Congressional District 14 (since 2013).tif
Texas's 14th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
Distribution
  • 86.57[1]% urban
  • 13.43% rural
Population (2016)753,147[2]
Median income$61,516[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+12[4]

Texas's 14th district for the United States House of Representatives is a Congressional district that formerly covered the area south and southwest of the Greater Houston region, including Galveston, in the state of Texas. The district now stretches from Freeport to Beaumont.

The district was created as a result of the 1900 U.S. Census and was first contested in 1902. The Galveston area had previously been included in Texas' 10th congressional district. Its first representative was the Democrat James L. Slayden, based in San Antonio, who had served the 12th congressional district since 1897 and was redistricted. He was elected from the new district and began representing the 14th in March 1903 as a member of the 58th United States Congress. He was repeatedly re-elected and served until 1919. He refused nomination in 1918.

Republican Harry M. Wurzbach carried this district in several elections, from 1920 to 1926, serving from 1921 to 1929. He successfully contested the election of 1928, taking his seat in 1930 for the remainder of the term, and was re-elected in 1930. The district during that era included the aberrant counties of Gillespie, Kendall, Comal and Guadalupe, whose German Americans had historically opposed slavery and became Texas' only consistent Republican Party voters during the "Solid South" era.[5] In addition, Galveston was a major port of entry for immigrants, with many arriving from southern and eastern Europe. At that time, many found the Republican Party more welcoming than the dominant Democratic Party. In 1901, the Democratic-dominated legislature had passed a poll tax, which effectively had disfranchised most blacks and many poor whites and Latinos.[6]

The district's ultimate shift to the Republican Party in the 1980s has been attributed to the coattail effect of Ronald Reagan's electoral successes. A few Democrats have won local and state elections in the 1990s.[7] Former Republican and Libertarian Presidential candidate Ron Paul held congressional office from 1997 to 2013. The district's current representative is the Republican Randy Weber.

List of members representing the district

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1903
SLAYDEN, JAMES L. HONORABLE LCCN2016856350.jpg
James L. Slayden
Democratic March 4, 1903 -
March 3, 1919
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
Redistricted from the 12th district.
Retired.
CarlosBee.jpg
Carlos Bee
Democratic March 4, 1919 -
March 3, 1921
66th [Data unknown/missing.]
HarryMWurzbach.jpg
Harry M. Wurzbach
Republican March 4, 1921 -
March 3, 1929
67th
68th
69th
70th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Augustus McCloskey (Texas Congressman).jpg
Augustus McCloskey
Democratic March 4, 1929 -
February 10, 1930
71st [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost election challenge.
HarryMWurzbach.jpg
Harry M. Wurzbach
Republican February 10, 1930 -
November 6, 1931
71st
72nd
Successfully challenged McCloskey's election.
Died.
Vacant November 6, 1931 -
November 24, 1931
Richard Kleberg.jpg
Richard M. Kleberg
Democratic November 24, 1931 -
January 3, 1945
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
John E. Lyle.jpg
John E. Lyle Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1945 -
January 3, 1955
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
John J. Bell.jpg
John J. Bell
Democratic January 3, 1955 -
January 3, 1957
84th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
John Andrew Young.jpg
John Andrew Young
Democratic January 3, 1957 -
January 3, 1979
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
Joseph P Wyatt Jr.png
Joseph P. Wyatt Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1979 -
January 3, 1981
96th [Data unknown/missing.]
William Neff Patman.jpg
William N. Patman
Democratic January 3, 1981 -
January 3, 1985
97th
98th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Mac Sweeney.jpg
Mac Sweeney
Republican January 3, 1985 -
January 3, 1989
99th
100th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
Greglaughlin.jpg
Greg Laughlin
Democratic January 3, 1989 -
June 26, 1995
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
Republican June 26, 1995 -
January 3, 1997
104th
Ron paul.jpg
Ron Paul
Republican January 3, 1997 -
January 3, 2013
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Randy Weber official congressional photo.jpg
Randy Weber
Republican January 3, 2013 -
present
113th
114th
115th
116th
Incumbent

Living former Members of the House

As of March 2019, there are four living former members. The most recent to die was William Neff Patman (served 1981-1985) on December 9, 2008.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Joseph P. Wyatt Jr. 1979-1981 (1941-10-12) October 12, 1941 (age 78)
Mac Sweeney 1985-1989 (1955-09-15) September 15, 1955 (age 64)
Greg Laughlin 1989-1997 (1942-01-21) January 21, 1942 (age 77)
Ron Paul 1997-2013 (1935-08-20) August 20, 1935 (age 84)

Election results

1928

The incumbent Harry M. Wurzbach successfully contested the 1928 election of the Democrat Augustus McCloskey to the 71st United States Congress, and was finally seated on February 10, 1930.

U.S. House election, 1928:[8] Texas District 14
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Augustus McCloskey 29,085 50.3 +7.5
Republican Harry M. Wurzbach (incumbent) 28,766 49.7 -7.5
Majority 319 0.6 -13.8
Turnout 57,851
Democratic gain from Republican

1996

In "one of the stranger Congressional elections of modern times",[9] the incumbent Greg Laughlin switched from the Democratic Party to the Republican in 1995. The Republican National Committee, hoping to encourage other Democrats to switch parties, threw its full support behind Laughlin. He had support from Republican leaders, including House Speaker Newt Gingrich and Texas Governor George W. Bush, and the National Rifle Association and other interest groups.[10]Ron Paul, an ob/gyn and former U.S. Representative from Texas's 22nd congressional district, opposed Laughlin. Paul hoped to have more influence in Congress after the Republicans took over both houses in the 1994 election.[11] Though Laughlin defeated Paul in the open primary, a runoff between the two candidates followed.[12]

While Gingrich and other Republican leaders visited the district stumping for Laughlin, Paul ran newspaper ads quoting Gingrich's harsh criticisms of Laughlin's voting record 14 months earlier, before the party switch.[10] Paul won the low-turnout primary runoff[12] with the assistance of a largely out-of-state free-market network of support, such as his Foundation for Rational Economics and Education and other market-oriented organizations.[9] Though he continued to maintain his home in Lake Jackson, Texas, Paul had run for the coastal 14th Congressional district rather than the 22nd district he had previously represented, due to redistricting borders.[13]

Charles "Lefty" Morris, a trial lawyer, was Paul's Democratic opponent in the fall election; he was strongly supported by the AFL-CIO and ran numerous attack ads. Morris cited Paul's past votes to repeal federal drug laws in favor of state legislation, and also ran numerous ads about newsletters which had contained derogatory comments published in Paul's name concerning race and other politicians.[14] Paul's campaign responded at the time that voters might not understand the "tongue-in-cheek, academic" quotes out of context, and rejected Morris's demand to release back issues.

Paul's large contributor base outraised Morris two-to-one, giving him nearly $2 million,[12] the third-highest amount of individual contributions received by any House member (behind Gingrich and Bob Dornan).[15] In his campaign, Paul characterized Morris as a tool of trial lawyers and big labor.

Paul won the election by a close margin of 51% to 48%,[16] the third time he had been elected to Congress as a non-incumbent.[9]

U.S. House election, 1996:[17] Texas District 14
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Ron Paul 99,961 51.1 +6.7
Democratic Charles Morris 93,200 47.6 -8.0
Natural Law Ed Fasanella 2,538 1.3
Majority 6,761 3.5 -7.7
Turnout 195,699
Republican hold Swing

1998

In 1998 Paul again won the Republican primary. The Democratic primary candidates included education professor Margaret Dunn; former congressional aide Roger Elliott; car dealer Tom Reed; and Bay City rice farmer and cattle rancher Loy Sneary. Reed, who claimed to be the only Texas-born candidate in the race, had served in local economic development projects and had been appointed to the White House Conference on Small Business; he was endorsed by the AFL-CIO. Sneary, a self-described "conservative Democrat" and also a former Matagorda County judge, prevailed in the primary; by December 31, 1997, including self-loans, Sneary had outraised Reed by $175,000 to $33,000.[12]

The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee made the general election its "No. 1 challenge race in the state of Texas".[12] The Texas Farm Bureau endorsed Sneary and ranked Paul's agricultural record poorly. Sneary also said that Paul's anti-government stance left constituents inadequately represented.[12] Paul ran ads warning voters to be "leery of Sneary".[18] Paul accused Sneary of voting to raise his pay by 5%, increasing his judge's travel budget by 400% in one year, and creating more government bureaucracy by starting a new government agency to handle a license plate fee he enacted. Sneary considered Paul's attack to consist of "half-truths and no truths", claims supported by Austin TV station KVUE;[16] his aides replied that he had actually voted to raise all county employees' pay by 5% in a "cost of living" increase. Paul countered that he had never voted to raise Congressional pay.[11][19]

Paul won the election 55% to 44%, outraising his opponent by a large margin ($2.1 million to $0.7 million).[16]

U.S. House election, 1998:[20] Texas District 14
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Ron Paul (incumbent) 84,459 55.3 +4.2
Democratic Loy Sneary 68,014 44.5 -3.1
Independent Cynthia Newman (Write-in) 390 0.3
Majority 16,445 10.8 +7.3
Turnout 195,699
Republican hold Swing

2000

In 2000, Sneary ran against Paul again, with Paul winning 60% to 40% and raising $2.4 million to Sneary's $1.1 million. As in the prior two elections, the national Democratic Party and major unions had continued targeting Paul with heavy spending.[16]

U.S. House election, 2000:[21] Texas District 14
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Ron Paul (incumbent) 137,370 59.7 +4.4
Democratic Loy Sneary 92,689 40.3 -4.2
Majority 44,681 19.4 +8.6
Turnout 230,059
Republican hold Swing

2002

Paul was re-elected to Congress in 2002. Two Democrats without political experience ran for the primary, but not much support from the Democratic Party was visible. Local Democratic consultant Ed Martin criticized Paul's frequent budget dissents as "180 degrees opposite from" his campaign promises to protect Social Security. Paul's free-market foundation and network of support continued its fundraising strength.[7]

U.S. House election, 2002:[22] Texas District 14
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Ron Paul (incumbent) 102,905 68.1 +8.4
Democratic Corby Windham 48,224 31.9 -8.4
Majority 54,681 36.2 +16.8
Turnout 151,129
Republican hold Swing

2004

Paul was re-elected to Congress in 2004 (running unopposed).

2006

In 2006, Paul was opposed in the primary race by Cynthia Sinatra, the ex-wife of Frank Sinatra Jr., son of the legendary singer.[23] Paul won the primary handily with nearly 80%, though his opponent campaigned on Paul's lack of support for President George W. Bush.[24] Paul then won the general election by 20%,[25] entering his tenth term and outraising Shane Sklar $1.2 million to $0.6 million.

US House election, 2006: Texas District 14
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Ron Paul 94,375 60.2 -7.9
Democratic Shane Sklar 62,421 39.8 +7.9
Majority 31,954 20.4
Turnout 156,796
Republican hold Swing

2008

In March 2007, Paul announced his candidacy for U.S. president. According to Texas law, Paul could run for president without having to relinquish his Congressional seat.[26] In the 2008 primary, he was opposed by Chris Peden, who informally announced his challenge on May 22, 2007. Peden, a certified public accountant, was elected to the Friendswood city council in 2005[27] with 67%, and was chosen as mayor pro tem.

The Victoria Advocate and Galveston County Daily News both endorsed Peden.[28] Paul had a larger national source of funding, while Peden raised more money from the district, the majority of which came from within his own family or loans to himself.[29] Paul won 70% to 30%.[30][31]

US House primary, 2008: Texas District 14
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Ron Paul 37,220 70.2
Republican Chris Peden 15,813 29.8
Majority 21,407 40.4
Turnout 53,033 100.0

On November 4, 2008, Paul was reelected. The election was uncontested because the Democrats did not run a candidate.

2010

On March 2, Ron Paul won the Republican Party nomination for re-election to the US House. Robert Pruett and Winston Cochran from the Democratic Party faced a runoff election in April to determine which one will get the nomination, as neither received a majority.[32][33] Pruett won the run off election with just 52% of the vote, and lost to Paul in the general election.[34]

US House primaries, 2010: Texas District 14
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Ron Paul 45,947 80.7
Republican Tim Graney 5,536 9.7
Republican John Gay 3,003 5.3
Republican Gerald Wall 2,402 4.3
Turnout 56,888 100.0
Democratic Robert Pruett 6,836 41.5
Democratic Winston Cochran 5,107 31.1
Democratic Jeff Cherry 4,493 27.4
Turnout 16,436 100.0
U.S. House election, 2010:[35] Texas District 14
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Ron Paul 140,623 76.0 +15.8
Democratic Robert Pruett 44,431 24.0 -15.8
Majority 96,192 52.0
Turnout 185,054
Republican hold Swing

2012

On July 11, 2011, Ron Paul announced that he would not seek re-election to the US House.[36] Randy Weber and Felicia Harris from the Republican Party faced a runoff election in July to determine which one would get the nomination, as neither received a majority.[37] Weber won the run off election with 63% of the vote, and went on to win the general election against Democrat Nick Lampson.[37]

US House primary, 2012: Texas District 14
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Randy Weber 12,062 27.6%
Republican Felicia Harris 8,268 18.9%
Republican Michael J. Truncale 6,197 14.2%
Republican Jay Old 6,136 14.0%
Republican Michael Truncale 6,197 14.2%
Republican Robert Gonzalez 4,277 9.8%
Republican Bill Sargent 3,309 7.6%
Republican George Harper 829 1.9%
Republican Mark Mansius 549 1.3%
Turnout 43,691 100.0
Democratic Nick Lampson 18,470 83.2%
Democratic Linda Dailey 3,719 16.8%
Turnout 22,189 100.0
U.S. House election, 2012:[38] Texas District 14
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Randy Weber 130,937 53.5%
Democratic Nick Lampson 109,264 44.6%
Majority 21,502 8.9%
Turnout 240,201 100.0
Republican hold Swing

Historical district boundaries

2007 - 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=48&cd=14
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=48&cd=14
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index - Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ Kesselus, Ken (2002). Alvin Wirtz, The Senator, LBJ, and LCRA. Austin: Eakin Press. pp. 21-22, 39. ISBN 1-57168-688-6.
  6. ^ "Nixon v. Condon. Disfranchisement of the Negro in Texas", The Yale Law Journal, Vol. 41, No. 8, June 1932, p. 1212, accessed 21 March 2008
  7. ^ a b Vlahos, Kelley Beaucar (2002-02-11). "Rep. Ron Paul, Friend of the Taxpayer". Fox News. Retrieved .
  8. ^ 1928 House election results
  9. ^ a b c Caldwell, Christopher (2007-07-22). "The Antiwar, Anti-Abortion, Anti-Drug-Enforcement-Administration, Anti-Medicare Candidacy of Dr. Ron Paul". New York Times Magazine. Retrieved .
  10. ^ a b Beiler, David (June 1996). "Paul vs. Laughlin -- Ron Paul's campaign against Representative Greg Laughlin". Campaigns and Elections.
  11. ^ a b "Paul vs. Sneary". Human Events. 1998-06-26. Archived from the original on 2016-01-11. Retrieved .
  12. ^ a b c d e f Birtel, Marc (1998-02-21). "House Races Steal Show In Nation's First Primary: Who Has Paul?". Congressional Quarterly. Retrieved .
  13. ^ Elliott, Lee Ann (1990-11-05). "Federal Election Commission Advisory Opinion Number 1990-23". Federal Election Commission. Archived from the original on 2007-05-29. Retrieved .
  14. ^ Bernstein, Alan (1996-05-22). "CAMPAIGN '96 U.S. HOUSE: Newsletter excerpts offer ammunition to Paul's opponent: GOP hopeful quoted on race, crime". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2007-05-12. Retrieved .
  15. ^ Doherty, Brian (2007-01-22). "Paul for President?: The maverick libertarian Republican talks on war, immigration, and presidential ambition". Reason. Retrieved .
  16. ^ a b c d Gwynne, Sam C. (2001-10-01). "Dr. No". Texas Monthly. Retrieved .
  17. ^ 1996 General Election - Texas Secretary of State Archived 2006-11-08 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Copeland, Libby (2006-07-09). "Congressman Paul's Legislative Strategy? He'd Rather Say Not". Washington Post. Retrieved .
  19. ^ "Foes lock horns over Paul's radio ads". Campaign Notebook. Houston Chronicle. 1998-08-14. Archived from the original on November 30, 2004. Retrieved .
  20. ^ 1998 General Election - Texas Secretary of State Archived 2006-11-08 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ 2000 General Election - Texas Secretary of State Archived 2006-11-08 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ 2002 General Election - Texas Secretary of State Archived 2006-11-08 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ The Facts
  24. ^ Taylor, Jay (2006-03-17). "Congressman Ron Paul Talks About Gold, Oil & the Economy". J. Taylor's Gold & Technology Stocks. Retrieved .
  25. ^ "State Races: Texas". Elections 2006. Cable News Network. Retrieved .
  26. ^ "Shane Sklar won't run against Paul in 2008". Victoria Advocate. Elections 2008. Retrieved .[permanent dead link]
  27. ^ "Paul gets primary challenger". San Antonio Express-News. Archived from the original on 2008-05-11. Retrieved .
  28. ^ "Ron Paul obhájil své místo ve Sn?movn? reprezentant?" (in Czech). Archived from the original on 2008-05-03.
  29. ^ "Schedule A Itemized Receipts: All Listed Line Numbers 2008". Federal Election Commission. Archived from the original on 2012-07-30.
  30. ^ "2008 Republican Party Primary Election: Results". Archived from the original on 2008-07-09.
  31. ^ "GOP primary only race in House District 14". Galveston County Daily News. 2008-02-17. Archived from the original on 2011-08-11.
  32. ^ http://enr.sos.state.tx.us/enr/results/mar02_148_race6.htm
  33. ^ http://enr.sos.state.tx.us/enr/results/mar02_149_race0.htm
  34. ^ http://enr.sos.state.tx.us/enr/results/apr13_151_state.htm
  35. ^ 2010 General Election - Texas Secretary of State Archived 2006-11-08 at the Wayback Machine
  36. ^ "Ron Paul Will Not Seek Re-Election". The New York Times. July 12, 2011.
  37. ^ a b http://www.texastribune.org/election-2012/us-house/14/
  38. ^ [1]

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