Texas State Highway 6
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Texas State Highway 6

State Highway 6 marker

State Highway 6
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length476.4 mi[1] (766.7 km)
ExistedApril 4, 1917-present
Major junctions
South end / in La Marque
  / in Sugar Land
/ in Houston
in Waco
in Eastland
North end north of Quanah
Highway system
->

State Highway 6 (SH 6) runs from the Red River, the Texas-Oklahoma boundary, to northwest of Galveston, where it is known as the Old Galveston Highway. In Sugar Land and Missouri City, it is known as Alvin-Sugarland Road and runs perpendicular to I-69/US 59. In the Houston area, it runs north to FM 1960, then northwest along US Highway 290 to Hempstead, and south to Westheimer Road and Addicks, and is known as Addicks Satsuma Road. In the Bryan-College Station area, it is known as the Earl Rudder Freeway. In Hearne, it is known as Market Street. In Calvert, it is known as Main Street. For most of its length, SH 6 is not a limited-access road.

In 1997, the Texas Legislature designated SH 6 as the Texas Korean War Veterans Memorial Highway.[2]

History

Historic routes

Historic SH 6

State Highway 6 was one of the original 25 state highways proposed on June 21, 1917, overlying the King of Trails Highway.[3] From 1919, the routing mostly followed present-day U.S. Highway 75 from Oklahoma to Dallas, then U.S. Highway 77 to Waco.

Current routes

On August 21, 1923, SH 6 was extended along the eastern Gulf Division branch of State Highway 2 to keep SH 2 from having two separate highways with the same number.[4] In 1926, US 75 and US 77 were overlaid on northern SH 6 from Waco northward through the Dallas area to Denison, and US 75 was overlaid on the section from Houston to Galveston. In 1935, US 290 was overlaid on the section from Hempstead to Houston. While the routes were marked concurrently, the concurrent SH 6 kept its numbering until September 26, 1939, when SH 6 was truncated to the Gulf Division routing ending at Waco. It was rerouted south from Hempstead to Galveston, replacing SH 242 and SH 38. On September 26, 1945, the roadway was extended northwest to Breckenridge over SH 67, continuing northwest to near Throckmorton along SH 157, which was decommissioned. That same day, the section in southeast Texas between Hempstead and Sugar Land was cancelled, as it was redundant with the new Farm to Market Road 359. On August 20, 1952, the route was truncated on the north side, ending near Breckenridge. This section was transferred to U.S. Highway 183. On September 26, 1967, SH 6 was rerouted to bypass Bremond, with the old route through Bremond transferred to SH 14 and FM 46. On November 1, 1968, the section between Hempstead and Sugar Land was re-established, as it was routed along U.S. Highway 290 until it reached Farm to Market Road (FM) 1960, then replacing FM 1960 southward to where the southern branch of SH 6 intersected to what is now Interstate 69/U.S. Highway 59 in Sugar Land. That portion of FM 1960 from 290 to then Highway 90 at Addicks was built in the 1950s, replacing and rerouting some of what was known as Jackrabbit Road. In the early 1970s, the northern section underwent a massive rerouting due to realignments of numerous U.S. and state routes. On August 4, 1971, the section from Breckenridge south to Eastland was redesignated as State Highway 69. SH 6 was instead rerouted west along U.S. Highway 80 to Cisco, then replaced U.S. Highway 380 northwest to near Old Glory. The route was again extended on July 31, 1975, replacing State Highway 283 between Old Glory and Stamford northward to the Texas/Oklahoma border, completing the current routing of SH 6. The old route of SH 6 was transferred to new SH 283. On October 27, 1989, a section from US 90A to McKeever Road (McKeever Bypass) was added.[5]

A spur, SH 6A was designated on August 1, 1928 from SH 6 to Texas City.[6] On March 19, 1930, this route was renumbered as State Highway 146.

In June 2016, a section of the highway in Eastland County between Cisco and Albany was destroyed due to major flooding.[7]

Business routes

Texas Business 6-N.svg

SH 6 has four business routes.

Marlin business loop

Texas Loop 23.svg

Business State Highway 6-N (formerly Loop 23) is a business loop that runs from SH 6 near Marlin in central Texas. The road was bypassed on November 30, 1978 by SH 6 and designated Loop 23. The road was redesignated as Business SH 6-N on June 21, 1990.[8][9]

Texas Spur 23.svg

The number was originally used for Spur 23 on September 25, 1939 as a renumbering of SH 5 Spur, running from US 82 to Annona. On May 19, 1942, this was cancelled and transferred to FM 44.


Reagan business loop

Business State Highway 6-P is a business loop that runs near Reagan. The road was bypassed on June 25, 2015 by SH 6 when it was rerouted west.[10]

Bryan-College Station business loop

Texas Loop 507.svg

Business State Highway 6-R (formerly Loop 507) is a business loop that runs through Bryan and College Station. The route runs on Texas Avenue in both cities. The route, created in 1972 when SH 6 was routed further north and east, is 12.5 miles (20.1 km) long.[11] The road was redesignated as Business SH 6-R on June 21, 1990. It serves as the eastern boundary of Texas A&M University.

Navasota business loop

Texas Loop 508.svg

Business State Highway 6-S (formerly Loop 508) is a business loop that runs through Navasota on La Salle Avenue. The route was created in 1972 when SH 6 was rerouted further north and east around town; it is 6.3 miles (10.1 km). The road was redesignated as Business SH 6-S on June 21, 1990.[12]

Route description

A view from the Highway 6 bridge crossing Lake Waco

SH 6 begins at an intersection with Interstate 45 and SH 3 in Bayou Vista, and proceeds to the northwest, paralleling the ATSF railroad tracks. The highway makes a mostly straight line through Galveston, Brazoria, and Fort Bend Counties, passing through the city of Alvin. As the highway traverses through Sugar Land, it makes a turn to the north after passing intersections with Interstate 69/US Route 59 and Alternate US Route 90. The highway continues north into western Harris County, reaching the Westpark Tollway and Interstate 10. It then intersects US Route 290 in CyFair, joining it as they travel to the northwest, thus finishing a large routing around the southern and western portions of Houston. The route continues northwest with US 290 as a limited-access highway. At Hockley, the highway veers to the right, forking from an old alignment of the highway, and bypassing the cities of Waller and Hempstead to the north. At Hempstead, it splits from US 290 and turns northward into Grimes County, where it bypasses the city of Navasota, while Business SH 6 passes through town. The highway then turns northwest again, crossing into Brazos County. The highway starts another bypass here, going around the Bryan/College Station area to the northeast, while the business route goes through these cities. On the northeast side of Bryan, the highway meets US Route 190, and they travel together to the northwest out of the region. SH 6 splits with US 190 in the town of Hearne, but joins US Route 79 before that route splits to the northeast about a mile north of town. SH 6 then continues northwest, traveling through lesser populated farmlands, before approaching Waco. Before entering Waco, it turns southeast on State Loop 340, and bypasses Waco to the south. It reaches an intersection with Interstate 35, and then turns to the northwest again, crossing over Lake Waco. The highway continues northwest and west through more farmland regions in Central Texas, before reaching an intersection with Interstate 20 just south of Eastland. The route briefly turns west, traveling along the former route of US Route 80, before turning back to the northwest at Cisco. As it continues, it is briefly concurrent with US Routes 180 and 277 in northcentral Texas. Just northwest of Stamford, the highway makes its final turn to the north at an intersection with SH 283. The highway then travels through sparsely populated areas of Haskell, Knox, Foard, and Hardeman Counties before ending north of Quanah at the Red River, where it meets Oklahoma State Highway 6.

Future

When Interstate 14 is routed through the College Station Area it will follow State Highway 6 (Earl Rudder Freeway) from US 190 to State Highway 30 to Huntsville. Also the US 190 Corridor from State Highway 6 to Interstate 45 could be signed as auxiliary Interstate (possibly Interstate 514) and be upgraded.

Major intersections

CountyLocationmi[13]kmDestinationsNotes
GalvestonLa Marque0.00.0 / north - Houston, Galveston, Texas CityI-45 exit 7B
Hitchcock4.97.9 east - La Marque
5.99.5 to  - Lake Jackson, Freeport
Santa Fe9.214.8 south - Lake Jackson, Freeportsouthern terminus of FM 646 concurrency
9.715.6 north - Dickinsonnorthern terminus of FM 646 concurrency
11.218.0 east - Texas City
BrazoriaAlvin18.730.1 - Angleton, Houstoninterchange
19.631.5 north
19.831.9
 - Angleton, Houston
Manvel27.043.5 north - Pearland
29.848.0 - Angleton, Houstoninterchange
Fort BendArcola33.954.6 (Mc Keever Road) - Houston Southwest Airportinterchange
Missouri City37.059.5 northinterchange
41.666.9 north - Stafford
Sugar Land45.773.5 /  - Victoria, HoustonI-69/US 59 exit 110; interchange
47.075.6University Boulevardinterchange
47.876.9
interchange
HarrisHouston54.387.4 / Alief Clodineinterchange
56.390.6 (Westheimer Road) - Fulshear, Houston
59.796.1 (US 90) / Grisby Road / Park Row BoulevardI-10 exit 751
66.3106.7 (Spencer Road)
69.1111.2Hempstead Highway / Jackrabbit Roadinterchange; no northbound exit (closed until March 2019)
69.6112.0 east / east - Humble, Houstoninterchange; south end of US 290 overlap
see US 290
WallerHempstead101.1162.7
west / east - Brenham, Austin, Hempstead, Bellville
interchange; north end of US 290 overlap
Howth104.6168.3
107.4172.8 east to
Grimes112.3180.7 - Camp Allen, Luther Unit
114.1183.6 west - Wallace Pack Unit
114.8184.8 east - Whitehall
117.1188.5
north - Navasota
interchange; no northbound entrance
Navasota119.4192.2 east /  - Conroeinterchange
120.6194.1 / west - Anderson, Brenhaminterchange
122.0196.3interchange
123.6198.9
south - Navasota, truck route to SH 105 west
interchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance
Brazos124.4200.2 - Millicaninterchange; south end of freeway
128.6207.0Westward Ho
131.5211.6 - Millican
133.5214.8Texas World Speedway
College Station135.6218.2Nantucket Driveno direct northbound exit
136.1219.0 (William D. Fitch Parkway)
137.4221.1Barron Road
138.8223.4 Rock Prairie RoadAccess to College Station Medical Center
139.7224.8 (Harvey Mitchell Parkway) / Emerald Parkway
140.0225.3
north (Texas Avenue) / Deacon Drive - Texas A&M University
142.0228.5Southwest Parkway / Raintree Drive
142.1228.7 - Huntsville
143.1230.3 (University Drive) - Texas A&M University
Bryan144.2232.1 (Briarcrest Drive)Access to St. Joseph Regional Health Center
145.7234.5 (William J. Bryan Parkway / Boonville Road)
146.5235.8Old Reliance Road / MLK Jr. Street
147.9238.0 east /  - Madisonville, Caldwell, AirportSouth end of US 190 concurrency
149.6240.8 (Tabor Road)
150.5242.2Woodville Road
151.5243.8Department of Public Safetysouthbound exit only
152.5245.4
south - Bryan
no northbound exit
153.0246.2 (Harvey Mitchell Parkway)interchange; north end of freeway
Brazos-Robertson
county line
Benchley155.3249.9 / interchange
Robertson162.6261.7 north
Hearne167.9270.2 south / west / east - Milano, Wheelockinterchange; north end of US 190 overlap; south end of US 79 overlap
169.5272.8 west - Cameron, Hearne Municipal Airport
169.8273.3 north - Franklin, Buffalo, Palestineinterchange; north end of US 79 overlap
Calvert176.5284.0 south (Texas Street)south end of FM 1644 overlap
176.6284.2 north (Hanna Street)north end of FM 1644 overlap
177.0284.9 (Browning Street)
180.2290.0 north
186.7300.5 north - Bremond, Mexia
187.0300.9 east
188.6303.5 - Bremond
Falls191.0307.4 south - Bremond
192.6310.0 south - Rosebud
194.7313.3 - Reaganinterchange
201.3324.0
north - Marlin
interchange
Marlin203.6327.7interchange
204.9329.8interchange
206.0331.5
south - Marlin
interchange
209.3336.8 east - St. Paul
Perry212.2341.5 east - Otto
McLennanRiesel216.4348.3 - Lake Creek, Mart
219.8353.7 - Mart, Groesbeckinterchange
221.8357.0 east (Hallsburg Road)
223.4359.5 south
Waco226.7364.8
north / north to  - Waco, Bellmead
interchange; south end of Loop 340 overlap
227.9366.8Frontage Roadinterchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance
Waco228.2367.3 (3rd Street) / (University Parks Drive)interchange
229.6369.512th Streetinterchange
Robinson231.7372.9 - Cameron, Wacointerchange
232.9374.8 - Dallas, Fort Worth, Austinsouth end of freeway; I-35 exit 330, access to Hillcrest Baptist Medical Center
Waco234.4377.2 (Bagby Avenue)no direct northbound exit (signed at I-35)
234.6377.6Beverly Driveno southbound exit
235.4378.8 (Imperial Drive)
236.0379.8 (Waco Drive) / (Franklin Avenue)North end of Loop 340 concurrency, access to Providence Medical Center
236.4380.4 Sanger AvenueAccess to Providence Medical Center
237.5382.2 (Bosque Boulevard)
238.3383.5Lake Waco, Midway Park
239.7385.8Lake Waco, Speegleville Park
241.5388.7Speegleville Road
243.2391.4 (McLaughlin Road)interchange; north end of freeway
244.9394.1 - Crawford, China Spring
BosqueValley Mills256.0412.0 south (Seventh Street) - Crawford, McGregor
256.2412.3 north (Fourth Street) - Laguna Park
256.8413.3 west - Gatesville
259.2417.1 south
263.6424.2 south
Clifton267.5430.5 (5th Street) - Cranfills Gap, Airport
268.4431.9 south
271.3436.6 west
Meridian278.5448.2 (West Morgan Street) - Hamilton, Meridian, Glen Rose, Hillsboro, Cleburne
Iredell291.6469.3 east - Walnut Springs
292.1470.1 - Cranfills Gap, Iredell
HamiltonHico301.0484.4 north - Glen Rose
301.3484.9 south (Walnut Street) - HamiltonSouth end of US 281 concurrency
Erath305.8492.1 north - StephenvilleNorth end of US 281 concurrency
Alexander313.4504.4 - Carlton, Stephenville
Dublin321.6517.6 east (North Norton) - Stephenville
321.7517.7 south (Liberty) - Carlton, AirportSouth end of FM 219 concurrency
322.2518.5
/ north (Patrick Street)
North end of FM 219 concurrency
323.8521.1 /  - Comanche, StephenvilleInterchange
Comanche329.2529.8 south - Comyn, Proctor
De Leon334.2537.8 south (Texas Street) - Comanche, Business DistrictSouth end of SH 16 concurrency
334.8538.8 north - Desdemona, StrawnNorth end of SH 16 concurrency
EastlandGorman344.3554.1 east
344.8554.9 east - Desdemonasouth end of FM 8 overlap
345.2555.5 west - Dusternorth end of FM 8 overlap
349.0561.7 east
354.4570.4 west
Carbon355.4572.0 east /  - Carbon
Punkin Center358.6577.1 east
362.5583.4 - Cisco, RangerI-20 exit 340
Eastland364.7586.9 to  - Airport
365.5588.2 north
368.9593.7 south
Cisco374.2602.2
north (Avenue A)
south end of US 183 Truck overlap
374.4602.5 south / south to north end of US 183 Truck overlap; south end of US 183 overlap
374.6602.9 north - BreckenridgeNorth end of US 183 concurrency
376.9606.6 west - Lake Cisco, Airport
382.7615.9 north
Callahan389.9627.5 west to  - Putnam
ShackelfordMoran392.7632.0 east
393.0632.5 - Eolian
Sedwick397.6639.9 south
406.7654.5 east - Eolian, Ibex
Albany408.2656.9 east / north / north - Breckenridge, ThrockmortonSouth end of US 180 / US 283 concurrency
408.7657.7 south - BairdNorth end of US 283 concurrency
415.8669.2 - Abileneinterchange
426.7686.7 west - AnsonNorth end of US 180 concurrency
429.0690.4 north
JonesLueders430.2692.3 west
south - NugentSouth end of FM 600 concurrency
Avoca north / westNorth end of FM 600 concurrency
south - Airport
west - Hamlin, truck route to SH 6 north / US 277
Stamford east

south (McHarg) / south (Swenson) - Anson, Funston
South end of US 277 Bus. concurrency; traffic circle around U.S. Post Office
Haskell - Haskell, Ansoninterchange; north end of US 277 Bus. overlap; south end of SH 283 overlap
north - AspermontNorth end of SH 283 concurrency
south - Sagerton
east
Rule (Fifth Street) - Aspermont, Haskell
westsouth end of FM 2407 overlap
east - Haskellnorth end of FM 2407 overlap
Rochester - Weinert
O'Brien
KnoxKnox City (Main Street)
west
east
Benjamin /  - Guthrie, Seymour
east - GillilandSouth end of FM 1756 concurrency
west - Truscott, Truscott Brine LakeNorth end of FM 1756 concurrency
Foard west
east
west
east
Crowell - Paducah, Vernon
east - Margaret
Hardeman west - Copper Breaks State Park
 - Airport
Quanah west - Paducah
(11th Street) - Childress, Vernon
west (3rd Street)south end of Spur 133 overlap
east (Nelson Street)north end of Spur 133 overlap
east
east
south
north - AltusOklahoma state line (Red River bridge)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References

  1. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 6". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Transportation Code, § 225.034. Acts 1997, 75th Leg., eff. May 5, 1997.
  3. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676699.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003676878.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "State Highway No. 6". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
  6. ^ (PDF) https://publicdocs.txdot.gov/minord/MinuteOrderDocLib/003673774.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ http://www.chron.com/news/houston-texas/article/Part-of-Highway-6-in-Eastland-County-disappears-7960594.php
  8. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, Highway Designation File - State Highway Loop 23
  9. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, Highway Designation File - Business State Highway 6-N
  10. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Business State Highway No. 6-P". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation.
  11. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, Highway Designation File - Business State Highway 6-R
  12. ^ Texas Department of Transportation, Highway Designation File - Business State Highway 6-S
  13. ^ Google Maps, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-02-20. Retrieved .CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

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