|The Brothers Grimm|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Terry Gilliam|
|Produced by||Charles Roven|
|Written by||Ehren Kruger|
|Music by||Dario Marianelli|
|Cinematography||Newton Thomas Sigel|
|Edited by||Lesley Walker|
|Distributed by||Dimension Films|
|Box office||$105.3 million|
The Brothers Grimm is a 2005 adventure fantasy film directed by Terry Gilliam. The film stars Matt Damon, Heath Ledger and Lena Headey in an exaggerated and fictitious portrait of the Brothers Grimm as traveling con-artists in French-occupied Germany, during the early 19th century. However, the brothers eventually encounter a genuine fairy tale curse which requires real courage instead of their usual bogus exorcisms. Supporting characters are played by Peter Stormare, Jonathan Pryce, and Monica Bellucci.
In February 2001, Ehren Kruger sold his spec script to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM). With Gilliam's hiring as director, the script was rewritten by Gilliam and Tony Grisoni, but the Writers Guild of America refused to credit them for their work, thus Kruger received sole credit. MGM eventually dropped out as distributor, but decided to co-finance The Brothers Grimm with Dimension Films and Summit Entertainment, while Dimension took over distribution duties.
The film was shot entirely in the Czech Republic. Gilliam often had on-set tensions with brothers Bob and Harvey Weinstein, which caused the original theatrical release date to be delayed nearly ten months. The Brothers Grimm was finally released on August 26, 2005 with mixed reviews and a $105.3 million box office performance.
In 1811 French-occupied Germany, brothers Will and Jake Grimm are famed monster-hunters. Arriving in Karlstadt, they are hired to rid the town of a witch's ghost, which they "kill" in an elaborate battle. In actuality, the Grimms are con artists who exploit local legends; with actors Hidlick and Bunst, they fabricate monsters to defeat for a price. Celebrating at an inn, the brothers are captured by Italian torturer Cavaldi and brought to French General Delatombe. In exchange for amnesty for their crimes, Delatombe tasks the brothers to solve the disappearance of several girls in Marbaden, believing charlatans like them are responsible.
In Marbaden, a huntress named Angelika leads the brothers, Cavaldi, and his men to a tower in the woods. She recalls her father's story of the Thuringian Queen: Long ago, the Christian King Childeric I built a city in the forest, slaughtering the pagan locals; when the bubonic plague came, the queen sealed herself in the tower. Jake's horse is cursed by a mysterious huntsman, and brutally swallows a girl named Elsie whole when they return to town. Pursuing the horse into the forest, they are attacked by wolves - one of which seems to recognize Angelika - and by the forest itself; Cavaldi's men are killed. Cavaldi brings Angelika and the Grimms to Delatombe, who orders their execution. In desperation, the brothers convince Delatombe that the magic in the forest is actually German rebels.
They are sent back to Marbaden with Hidlick and Bunst, where Cavaldi holds Angelika hostage. As Jake scales the tower, Hidlick and Bunst flee back to town, where a girl named Sasha is turned into a gingerbread man made of dirt and jumps into a well. Inside the tower, Jake discovers the queen alive, mummified in her bed; in a mirror, the queen's young reflection attempts to seduce him. Sasha's body surfaces outside the tower, where a wolf transforms into the huntsman. Placing Sasha in one of the tower's twelve crypts, the huntsman attacks Will when he tries to rescue her. Jake leaps from the tower, landing on the huntsman and escapes with Will, the unconscious Sasha and the huntsman's magic axe.
The brothers realize the extent of the queen's curse: Taking black magic from the pagans slaughtered by the king, she cast a spell granting herself eternal life, though not eternal youth. Rotting in her tower for centuries, she sent her werewolf huntsman to steal twelve young women to regain her beauty; Sasha was to be the twelfth. The Grimms try to warn the villagers, but Delatombe and his troops arrive. Having interrogated and beheaded Hidlick and Bunst, Delatombe orders the forest burned, along with the Grimms. As the soldiers set fire to the forest, Angelika rescues the brothers, but the huntsman - revealed to be her father under the queen's curse - drowns Angelika as the queen's twelfth victim.
The queen extinguishes the forest fire with her breath, and the brothers are confronted by Cavaldi, Delatombe, and his manservant. Cavaldi refuses to kill the Grimms and is shot by Delatombe. Jake kills the manservant with the magic axe, and Will impales Delatombe with his own flagpole. The brothers reach the top of the tower, but the queen's enchanted daggers force Jake to stab Will. The huntsman gives the queen blood of the twelve victims to drink, restoring her youth. She releases the huntsman from her thrall and bewitches Will as her new servant. Jake breaks the mirror, shattering the queen's curse and her body. Regaining his memory, the huntsman avenges Angelika by leaping out of the tower with the mirror, and the bewitched Will jumps with him. The mirror is destroyed upon landing, killing the queen.
Cavaldi, having survived Delatombe's bullet, recites an Italian curse as the tower collapses, but Jake is saved by the queen's many mattresses. He wakens Angelika with a "kiss of true love", and the eleven girls and Will are revived. As the villagers celebrate, the Grimms discuss pursuing a new profession - presumably writing fairy tales - while a crow carries away a mirror shard of the queen's eye.
Ehren Kruger's screenplay was written as a spec script; in February 2001, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) purchased the script, with Summit Entertainment to co-finance the film. In October 2002, Terry Gilliam entered negotiations to direct, and rewrote Kruger's script alongside frequent collaborator Tony Grisoni. The Writers Guild of America refused to credit Gilliam and Grisoni for their rewrite work, and Kruger received sole credit. After Gilliam's hiring, production was put on fast track for a target November 2004 theatrical release date. MGM had trouble financing the film, and dropped out as main distributor. Weeks later, Bob Weinstein, under his Dimension Films production company, made a deal with MGM and Summit to co-finance The Brothers Grimm, and become the lead distributor. Projected at $75 million, this was to be Dimension Films' most expensive film ever.
Johnny Depp was Gilliam's first choice for Will Grimm, but producer Bob Weinstein believed Depp was not commercially famous enough for the role. Damon joked that Weinstein "was kicking himself because half-way through production, Pirates of the Caribbean came out and Depp was all of a sudden a big sensation". Ledger met Gilliam in November 2002 when Nicola Pecorini recommended the actor to the director, comparing him to Depp. Gilliam intended to cast Ledger opposite Depp.[permanent dead link] Damon and Ledger were originally cast in opposite roles before they asked to have their characters switched.[permanent dead link] Damon had wanted to work with Gilliam for years. The actor "grew up loving [Gilliam's] Time Bandits, the way that movie created this weird but totally convincing world". Gilliam elected to have Damon wear a prosthetic nose, but Weinstein said "it would have distracted audiences from Damon's star-studded good looks". Gilliam later reasoned that "it would have been the most expensive nose job ever". Gilliam wanted Samantha Morton for the female lead but was overruled by The Weinsteins who wanted a more conventionally beautiful actress.Robin Williams was originally cast in the role of Cavaldi before dropping out, and was replaced by Peter Stormare.Nicole Kidman turned down the role of the Mirror Queen due to scheduling conflicts.
The original start date was April 2003, but filming did not begin until 30 June. It was decided to shoot The Brothers Grimm entirely in the Czech Republic over budget constraints. Damon said "this is an $80 million movie, which would probably cost $120--$140 million in America". The majority of filming required sound stages and backlots from Barrandov Studios in Prague. Filming at Barrandov ended on 23 October. Location filming began afterwards, which included the K?ivoklát Castle. Along with Alien vs. Predator and Van Helsing, The Brothers Grimm provided work for hundreds of local jobs and contributed over $300 million into the Czech Republic's economy. Gilliam hired Guy Hendrix Dyas as production designer after he was impressed with Dyas' work on X2. Gilliam often disputed with executive producers Bob and Harvey Weinstein during production. The Weinstein Brothers fired cinematographer and regular Gilliam collaborator Nicola Pecorini after six weeks. Pecorini was then replaced by Newton Thomas Sigel.
"I'm used to riding roughshod over studio executives," Gilliam explained, "but the Weinsteins rode roughshod over me." Gilliam got so upset, filming was shut down for nearly two weeks. Matt Damon reflected on the situation: "I've never been in a situation like that. Terry was spitting rage at the system, at the Weinsteins. You can't try and impose big compromises on a visionary director like him. If you try to force him to do what you want creatively, he'll go nuclear." The feud between Gilliam and the Weinsteins was eventually settled, although Bob Weinstein blamed the entire situation on yellow journalism. Filming was scheduled to end in October, but due to various problems during filming, principal photography did not end until the following 27 November.
Due to the tensions between the filmmaker and the producers during production, Gilliam said in retrospect about the film, "[I]t's not the film they wanted and it's not quite the film I wanted. It's the film that is a result of [...] two groups of people, who aren't working well together." With regards to the Weinsteins also producing Martin Scorsese's film Gangs of New York (2002), Gilliam stated: "Marty [Scorsese] said almost the exact same quote I said, without us knowing it: 'They took the joy out of filmmaking.'"
Post-production was severely delayed when Gilliam disagreed with the Weinsteins over the final cut privilege. In the meantime, the conflict lasted so long that Gilliam had enough time to shoot another feature film, Tideland. To create the visual effects, Gilliam awarded the shots to Peerless Camera, the London-based effects studio he founded in the late-1970s with visual effects supervisor Kent Houston. However, two months into filming, Houston said that Peerless "ran into a number of major issues with The Brothers Grimm and with the Weinstein Brothers". He continued that "the main problem was the fact that the number of effects shots had dramatically increased, mainly because of issues that arose during shooting with the physical effects." Meanwhile, the Queen's chamber inside the tower was actually built by the Art Department as 2 sets. One set was resplendent and new while the other was old and decrepit. The sets were joined to each other by the central mirror, a piece of transparent glass giving the illusion that a single set was reflected and used to create the effect.
There were originally to be about 500 effect shots, but it increased to 800. The post-production conflict between Gilliam and the Weinsteins also gave enough time for Peerless to work on another film, The Legend of Zorro. Four different creatures were required for computer animation: a Wolfman, a mud creature, the Mirror Queen, and a living tree. John Paul Docherty, who headed the digital visual effects unit, studied the animation of the computer-generated Morlocks in The Time Machine for the Wolfman. Docherty depicted the Morlocks "as a nice mix between human and animal behaviors". The death of The Mirror Queen was the most complex effect of the film. In the sequence, the Queen turns into hundreds of shards of glass and shatters. With computerized rendering, this could not happen, as the 3D volume of the body suddenly turns into 2D pieces of glass. The problem was eventually solved due to sudden advances that occurred with Softimage XSI software.
The original theatrical release date was due in November 2004 before being changed many times; the dates had been moved to February 2005, 29 July, 23 November, and finally 26 August. Executive producer Bob Weinstein blamed the pushed back release dates on budgetary concerns. To help promote The Brothers Grimm, a three-minute film trailer was shown at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival, while twenty minutes of footage was shown at the 2005 event. Mirimax spend around $30 million promoting the film.
The Brothers Grimm was released in the United States in 3,087 theaters, earning $15,092,079 in its opening weekend. The film eventually grossed $37,916,267 in the United States and $67.4 million internationally, coming to a worldwide total of $105,316,267.The Brothers Grimm was shown at the 62nd Venice International Film Festival on 4 September 2005, while in competition for the Golden Lion, but lost to Brokeback Mountain, also starring Ledger.
The Brothers Grimm was released to mixed reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 38% based on reviews from 182 critics, with an average score of 5.18/10. The site's consensus states: "The Brothers Grimm is full of beautiful imagery, but the story is labored and less than enchanting." On Metacritic the film has a weighted average score of 51 out of 100 based on 36 reviews, indicating "mixed or average reviews". Audiences surveyed by CinemaScore gave the film a grade "C" on scale of A to F.
Roger Ebert called the film "an invention without pattern, chasing itself around the screen without finding a plot. The movie seems like a style in search of a purpose, with a story we might not care about."Stephen Hunter of The Washington Post wrote that "The Brothers Grimm looks terrific, yet it remains essentially inert. You keep waiting for something to happen and after a while your mind wanders from the hollow frenzy up there with all its filigrees and fretwork."Mick LaSalle from the San Francisco Chronicle felt "despite an appealing actor in each role, the entire cast comes across as repellent. Will and Jake Grimm are two guys in the woods, surrounded by computerized animals, putting audiences to sleep all over America."Peter Travers, writing in Rolling Stone magazine, largely enjoyed The Brothers Grimm. He explained that "if you're a Gilliam junkie, as I am, you go with it, even when the script loses its shaky hold on coherence." Travers added, "even when Gilliam flies off the rails, his images stick with you." Gene Seymour of Newsday called the film "a great compound of rip-snorting Gothic fantasy and Python-esque dark comedy".
Paramount Home Entertainment via Miramax owns the home video rights, while Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer holds the television rights. The DVD release of The Brothers Grimm released 20 December 2005 includes audio commentary by Gilliam, two "making-of" featurettes, and deleted scenes. The film was released on Blu-ray Disc format in October 2006. Both the DVD and Blu-ray were released by Lionsgate Home Entertainment, under license from Miramax.