The Colony (restaurant)
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For the restaurant in London, see Colony (restaurant)

The Colony was a restaurant in New York City known as a meeting place of café society. It was founded in 1919 by Joseph L. Pani, who later sold it to an employee. It closed in 1971.

History

Nowhere in New York will you find such a coterie of cosmopolites, such a consistently smart and impressive collection of people of 'breeding' as gathers daily for luncheon at the Colony. --George Ross, 1934[1]

Located on Sixty-first Street off Madison Avenue, The Colony was founded in 1919 by Joseph Pani,[2],[3] who sold it to employees Ernest Cerutti, Alfred Hartmann, and Gene Cavallero, Sr in 1922.[2][4] At first, it was known for attracting playboys trolling for dates. The club featured a lesser known upstairs gambling club where men would often meet their mistresses; however, after Mrs. William K. Vanderbilt discovered it, the room became the fashionable haunt of New York high society.[5] Mayor Jimmy Walker's victory celebration was held at the Colony in 1925.[5]

The Colony served liquor during prohibition, serving it in cups rather than glasses, and keeping its liquor in a service elevator where it could easily be moved, though Mayor Walker protected the restaurant from raids.[5] It was the first restaurant in New York to have air conditioning, which was installed in the late 1920s. The Colony became the first establishment in the U.S. to serve Dom Pérignon champagne.[5]Sirio Maccioni was the bar captain at the Colony from 1960 to 1970.[5]

Competitors of the Colony included the 21 Club, Le Pavillon, Restaurant LaRue, and later the Four Seasons.[6]

Patrons

Among its noted customers were Groucho Marx, Dick Cavett,[7]the Vanderbilts, Preston Sturges, Mike Todd, Fulco di Verdura, Hattie Carnegie, Carmel Snow, Kitty Carlisle Hart, Elsie de Wolfe, Groucho Marx, Mrs. Irving Berlin, Millicent Rogers, Barbara Hutton, Doris Duke, Betsey Whitney, George Vanderbilt, Samuel Newhouse, Marlene Dietrich, Lucius Beebe, Rosalind Russell, Gary Cooper, Carol Channing, Richard Nixon, C.Z. Guest, Ernest Hemingway, Luis Miguel Dominguin, Walter Wanger, John Ringling North, Frank Sinatra, Aristotle Onassis, the Duke of Windsor, the Duchess of Windsor, Merle Oberon, Vincent Astor, Elsa Maxwell, Rex Harrison, Richard Widmark, Errol Flynn, Babe Paley, Frank Shields, Frank Costello, J. Edgar Hoover, Orson Welles, Gilbert Miller, Joan Crawford, Mia Farrow, Serge Obolensky, Charles Revson, Leona Helmsley, John Wayne, Oleg Cassini, Grace Kelly, Jean Howard, Clarence Brown, Walter Wanger, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, Lee Radziwill, Gloria Guinness, Betsy Bloomingdale, Amanda Burden, Jean Shrimpton, Jill St. John, Truman Capote, and Billy Baldwin.[5]

The Colony had great American chic, in the sense of Cole Porter. And it was full of stylish people. So I got the idea of sending a photographer--usually Tony Palmieri--to stand outside the restaurant at lunchtime, to find out what was going on and to see what they were wearing. --John Fairchild, editor of Women's Wear Daily, 1960s[5]

When it closed on December 4, 1971, many of its faithful patrons attended. The building which housed the enterprise has since been demolished.[5]

See also

  • Colony Club, a women only club near the Colony restaurant and frequented by many of the same people

References

  1. ^ George Ross, Tips on Tables (restaurant guide), 1934, (as quoted in William Grimes' Appetite City: A Culinary History of New York; (2009); ISBN 0865476926 )
  2. ^ a b Gene Cavallero Jr., Who Ran the Colony Restaurant, Dies at 92; article, by William Grimes; New York Times; June 16, 2016
  3. ^ Pani to Open Forty-Second Street Restaurant also Madison Avenue; article, by Charles R Osborne; New York Hotel Record; December 21, 1920
  4. ^ Trager, James; The New York Chronology: The Ultimate Compendium of Events, People, and Anecdotes from the Dutch to the Present; HarperCollins; (2010); p 398; isbn needed
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h The Colony Elite; article, by Amy Fine Collins; Vanity Fair; December 2000;
  6. ^ Grimes, William; Appetite City: A Culinary History of New York Hardcover; (2009); p 153; ISBN 0865476926
  7. ^ The Dick Cavett Show; original telecast 1969

Bibliography

  • Iles Brody, The Colony: Portrait of a Restaurant and Its Famous Recipes, Greenberg, 1945.

Coordinates: 40°45?54?N 73°58?14?W / 40.76489°N 73.97057°W / 40.76489; -73.97057


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