The Neon Demon
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The Neon Demon

The Neon Demon
The Neon Demon.png
Theatrical release poster
Directed byNicolas Winding Refn
Produced by
Screenplay by
Story byNicolas Winding Refn
Music byCliff Martinez
CinematographyNatasha Braier
Edited byMatthew Newman
Distributed by
Release date
  • May 20, 2016 (2016-05-20) (Cannes)
  • June 8, 2016 (2016-06-08) (France)
  • June 9, 2016 (2016-06-09) (Denmark)
  • June 24, 2016 (2016-06-24) (United States)
Running time
117 minutes[1]
  • France
  • Denmark
  • United States
Budget$7 million[2]
Box office$3.4 million[3]

The Neon Demon is a 2016 psychological horror film[4] directed by Nicolas Winding Refn, co-written by Mary Laws, Polly Stenham, and Refn, and starring Elle Fanning. The plot follows an aspiring model in Los Angeles whose beauty and youth generate intense fascination and jealousy within the industry. Supporting roles are played by Karl Glusman, Jena Malone, Bella Heathcote, Abbey Lee, Desmond Harrington, Christina Hendricks, and Keanu Reeves.

An international co-production between France, Denmark, and the United States, the film competed for the Palme d'Or at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival,[5][6] the third consecutive film directed by Refn to do so, following Drive (2011) and Only God Forgives (2013). In the United States, the film was released theatrically on June 24, 2016 by Amazon Studios and Broad Green Pictures. It opened to polarized reviews, and ultimately grossed a little over $3 million against a $7 million budget.


Sixteen-year-old aspiring model Jesse has just moved from small-town Georgia to Los Angeles. She meets photographer Dean, who does her first shoot, and makeup artist Ruby, who introduces fellow older models Sarah and Gigi. The three women are intrigued by Jesse's natural beauty and curious about her sexual proclivities. Jesse feigns experience in the latter.

Jesse is signed by Roberta Hoffman, the owner of a modelling agency, who tells her to pretend she is nineteen and refers her to a test shoot with notable photographer Jack McCarther. Jesse goes on a date with Dean, but keeps his advances at bay. She returns to her motel room to find it ransacked and occupied by a mountain lion. Jesse goes to the photo shoot with Jack, who covers her naked body in gold paint. The shoot is successful, and Gigi and Sarah begin envying Jesse's youth, while Ruby is fascinated with her.

Jesse goes to a casting call for fashion designer Robert Sarno, where Sarah is also present. He pays no attention to Sarah but is entranced by Jesse. A distraught Sarah asks her how it feels to be the one everyone admires. Jesse admits, "It's everything." Sarah lunges toward her, and Jesse accidentally cuts her hand on glass. Sarah immediately sucks the blood from Jesse's hand. Jesse rushes back to her motel and faints, hallucinating strange images. Dean arrives and treats Jesse's wound.

At Sarno's fashion show, Gigi tells Jesse about all the cosmetic surgery she has had done, and expresses disbelief that Jesse has not used casting couches to achieve success. As Jesse is closing the show, she sees a vision of the glowing triangle she saw before in her hallucination. After the show, a visibly-changed Jesse goes out with Dean to a bar. There, Sarno denigrates women who have cosmetic surgery, using a humiliated Gigi as an example. In contrast, he praises Jesse's natural looks. Dean challenges this view and tries to convince Jesse to leave, but she rejects him, now displaying a narcissistic new persona.

Jesse has a nightmare of being forced to sexually swallow a knife. She wakes up in time to hear someone fidgeting with her door lock. She quickly turns the lock, but is left to listen as the intruder breaks into the next room and assaults the female occupant. Terrified, she calls Ruby, who tells her to come over. Ruby tries to initiate sex with her, but Jesse rejects her, revealing herself to be a virgin. Ruby draws a diagram on Jesse's mirror and leaves for her second job as a makeup artist at a morgue, where she pleasures herself with a female corpse.

Ruby returns home and finds Jesse now unabashed in her narcissism. Jesse is attacked by Gigi and Sarah. Ruby pushes Jesse into a huge empty swimming pool, breaking her leg. The three women approach her with knives. Ruby is then seen in a bath full of Jesse's blood; Sarah and Gigi are shown washing off blood in the shower. Later, Ruby is revealed to have occult tattoos. She lies in Jesse's unmarked grave as part of a ritual that culminates in her living room, where a torrent of blood gushes from her genitals.

The next day, Sarah drives Gigi to one of Jack's photoshoots with another model named Annie. Jack wanders to the living room and is suddenly enthralled with Sarah and fires Annie on the spot. In the midst of the shoot, Gigi feels ill and leaves. Sarah watches Gigi vomit up one of Jesse's eyeballs. She screams with regret, "I need to get her out of me", and stabs herself with a pair of scissors. Sarah watches Gigi die, eats the regurgitated eyeball, and returns to the photoshoot.



Director Nicolas Winding Refn promoting the film at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival.

On November 3, 2014, Refn's production company Space Rocket Nation alongside its co-financiers Gaumont Film Company and Wild Bunch announced that Refn's next film would be titled The Neon Demon, to be filmed in Los Angeles in early 2015.[7]

In January 2015, Dazed reported that the script for the film was inspired by Elizabeth Báthory.[8] In discussing the script, which Refn co-wrote with Mary Laws, he stated: "I decided that I'd made enough films about violent men, and I wanted to do a film with only women in the film, and so I did this story because my wife would only go to L.A. if we had to travel out of Copenhagen. She's like, 'I'm done with Asia. I will only do Los Angeles.' And so I came up with an idea and went to L.A., and I cast this woman called Elle Fanning who is absolutely fantastic, and she played the lead."[9]


Star Elle Fanning at the Cannes Film Festival.

On January 6, 2015, Elle Fanning joined the film to play an aspiring model, caught in a world of beauty and demise.[10] On January 29, Abbey Lee was added to the cast to play the role of Sarah.[11] On February 5, more cast was added to the film, including Keanu Reeves, Christina Hendricks, Jena Malone and Bella Heathcote.[12] On March 17, 2015, Karl Glusman was set to star in the film.[13]Desmond Harrington was added to the cast on March 30, 2015.[14]


Principal photography on the film began in Los Angeles on March 30, 2015.[15][16]


Composer Cliff Martinez, who collaborated with director Refn on Drive, stated the films have similar styles, musically speaking, noting that for The Neon Demon he sought a "sparse electronic score."[17] He stated in an interview that the first half of the film resembles "a melodrama like Valley of the Dolls, and the second half is like The Texas Chain Saw Massacre."[17] According to Refn and Martinez the soundtrack was influenced by Giorgio Moroder, Goblin, Kraftwerk, Vangelis and Tangerine Dream.[18][19][20]

The soundtrack for the film was released on June 24, 2016, physically and through digital download, before being released on vinyl on July 8, 2016, by Milan Records.[21]Sia composed an original song for the film titled "Waving Goodbye".[22] On May 24, 2016 at the Cannes Soundtrack 2016 awards, Cliff Martinez was recognized best composer of the Cannes film festival for his soundtrack to The Neon Demon.[23]


In November 2015, Amazon Studios acquired distribution rights to the film in the United States,[24] in partnership with Broad Green Pictures.[25]The Jokers distributed the film in France.[24] Scanbox Entertainment distributed the film in Denmark.[26]

The film had its world premiere at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival on May 20, 2016,[5][6][27] before it was released in France on June 8, 2016.[28] The film was then released in Denmark on June 9,[26] followed by the United States on June 24, 2016.[29][30][31]

The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray on September 27, 2016.

Critical response

The Neon Demon received a mixed response from critics. Much like Refn's previous film, Only God Forgives, the film received both boos and a standing ovation during its premiere at Cannes Film Festival.[32][33] It holds a 58% approval rating on review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, based on 226 reviews, with an average rating of 5.9/10. The site's consensus reads, "The Neon Demon is seductively stylish, but Nicolas Winding Refn's assured eye can't quite compensate for an underdeveloped plot and thinly written characters."[34] On Metacritic, the film has a score of 51 out of 100, based on 45 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".[35]

Robbie Collin of The Daily Telegraph gave the film five out of five stars, stating, "When the film reaches its logical end point, Refn just keeps pushing, and eventually lands on a sequence so jaw-dropping - almost certainly a sly, glossy-magazine refashioning of Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dali's groundbreaking surrealist short Un Chien Andalou - that all you can do is howl or cheer."[36] Tirdad Derakhshani, writing for The Philadelphia Inquirer, called Refn a "bold visionary artist... able to revel in the culture of instant gratification while also subjecting it to critique", giving the film three and a half out of four stars and calling it a "brutal masterpiece".[37] Rene Rodriguez of The Miami Herald wrote positively of the film's visuals and experimental filmmaking, writing, "To complain that The Neon Demon lacks substance or that it doesn't have anything to say about our cultural obsession with beauty is to miss the crazy, cracked pageant unfolding in front of you. Not all movies are intended to be read like books; some are meant to be experienced," going on to call it a "film that is guaranteed to elicit strong reactions." He awarded the film three out of four stars.[38]

Owen Gleiberman of Variety gave the film a mixed review: "A horror film is what The Neon Demon is (sort of). It's set in the Los Angeles fashion world, and it's the kind of movie in which models look like mannequins that look like slasher-film corpses, and corpses look like love objects. Beauty mingles with mangled flesh, and each fastidiously slick image seems to have come out of Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me or The Shining or a very sick version of a Calvin Klein commercial. Every scene, every shot, every line of dialogue, every pause is so hypnotically composed, so luxuriously overdeliberate, that the audience can't help but assume that Refn knows exactly what he's doing - that he's setting us up for the kill. He is, but not if you're on the lookout for a movie that makes sense. (Oh, that.)"[39] Todd McCarthy of The Hollywood Reporter gave the film a negative review and called it "[a] stultifyingly vapid, ponderously paced allegorical critique of the modeling world whose seethingly jealous inhabitants can't wait to literally chew each other up and spit each other out". Glenn Kenny of The New York Times criticized the film as "ridiculous and puerile," and opined, "Mr. Refn composes striking images, but they're all secondhand: faux Fellini, faux David Lynch and so on."[40]

The French film magazine Cahiers du cinéma named The Neon Demon the third-best film of 2016.[41]


  1. ^ "The Neon Demon (18)". British Board of Film Classification. June 6, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ Leigh, Danny (May 12, 2016). "'Movie blood tastes so good' - on The Neon Demon set with Nicolas Winding Refn". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ "The Neon Demon". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ Tallerico, Brian. "A Horror Film About Beauty: Nicolas Winding Refn & Elle Fanning on "The Neon Demon" - Interviews - Roger Ebert".
  5. ^ a b "2016 Cannes Film Festival Announces Lineup". IndieWire. Retrieved 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Cannes 2016: Film Festival Unveils Official Selection Lineup". Variety. Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ "Nordisk Film & TV Fond :: Nicolas Winding Refn Readies Danish/French Horror Tale". Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ Taylor, Trey (January 2015). "Five things we know about Nicolas Winding Refn's new film". Dazed. Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ Shaw-Williams, H. (September 7, 2015). "Nicolas Winding Refn on The Neon Demon's Female-Dominated Cast". Screen Rant. Retrieved 2015.
  10. ^ Sneider, Jeff (January 6, 2015). "Elle Fanning to Star in Nicolas Winding Refn's Horror Movie 'Neon Demon' (Exclusive)". Retrieved 2015.
  11. ^ Fleming Jr, Mike (January 29, 2015). "Nicolas Winding Refn Sets Abbey Lee To Star In 'Neon Demon'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ Keslassy, Elsa (February 5, 2015). "Keanu Reeves, Christina Hendricks Join Cast of Nicolas Refn's 'The Neon Demon'". Retrieved 2015.
  13. ^ Kroll, Justin (March 17, 2015). "Karl Glusman Signs With WME; Joins Nic Refn's 'The Neon Demon'". Retrieved 2015.
  14. ^ McNary, Dave (March 30, 2015). "Desmond Harrington Joins Elle Fanning in 'Neon Demon'". Retrieved 2015.
  15. ^ "On the Set for 3/30/15: Brad Pitt, Christian Bale & Ryan Gosling Start on 'The Big Short', Julianne Moore Wraps 'Maggie's Plan' & More". March 30, 2015. Archived from the original on April 23, 2016. Retrieved 2015.
  16. ^ Lesnick, Silas (March 30, 2015). "Production Begins on Nicolas Winding Refn's The Neon Demon". Retrieved 2015.
  17. ^ a b Miska, Brad (March 15, 2016). "'The Neon Demon' Is 'Valley of the Dolls' Meets 'The Texas Chainsaw Massacre'?!". Bloody-Disgusting. Retrieved 2016.
  18. ^ "Nicolas Winding Refn, Vinyl Curator". The New York Times. May 20, 2015.
  19. ^ Martinez, Cliff (June 23, 2016). "Nicolas Winding Refn And Cliff Martinez Talk THE NEON DEMON".
  20. ^ "'Drive' Composer Cliff Martinez on Writing the Most Fire Film Score of 2016".
  21. ^ Jaugernauth, Kevin (April 12, 2016). "Full Soundtrack Details Revealed For Nicolas Winding Refn's 'The Neon Demon,' Summer Release Scheduled". Retrieved 2016.
  22. ^ Evangelista, Chris (April 12, 2016). "Soundtrack Details and Release Date Info for Nicholas Winding Refn's The Neon Demon Revealed". Cut Print Film. Retrieved 2016.
  23. ^ "Cliff Martinez - Best composer of Cannes Soundtrack 2016 | Cannessoundtrack". Archived from the original on June 24, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  24. ^ a b Evry, Max (November 9, 2015). "Amazon Acquires The Neon Demon, Plus New Elle Fanning Image". Retrieved 2015.
  25. ^ Hipes, Patrick (May 10, 2016). "Amazon's 'The Neon Demon' U.S. Release Date Set As Broad Green Comes Aboard". Retrieved 2016.
  26. ^ a b "The Neon Demon". Scanbox Entertainment. Retrieved 2016.
  27. ^ "Screenings Guide - 2016 Cannes Film Festival" (PDF). May 16, 2016.
  28. ^ Hayes, Britt (April 10, 2016). "'The Neon Demon' Reveals New Image and Fantastic Posters From Nicolas Winding Refn's Latest". Retrieved 2016.
  29. ^ Staff, Variety (April 14, 2016). "'Neon Demon' Trailer: First Look at Nicolas Winding Refn's Horror Film". Variety. Retrieved 2016.
  30. ^ Lowman, Rob (April 28, 2016). "See all the 2016 summer movies". Retrieved 2016.
  31. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (June 25, 2016). "'Dory' Swallows 'Resurgence'; 'Shallows' Rides $16M Wave; 'Free State of Jones' & 'Neon Demon' Wounded". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved 2016.
  32. ^ Nordine, Michael. "'The Neon Demon' First Reactions: Walkouts, Yelling at the Screen and a Five-Star Review in Cannes". Indiewire. Retrieved 2016.
  33. ^ Barkan, Jonathan (May 19, 2016). "'The Neon Demon' Was Booed at Cannes". Retrieved 2016.
  34. ^ "The Neon Demon (2016)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2016.
  35. ^ "The Neon Demon reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 2016.
  36. ^ "The Neon Demon's jaw-dropping depravity leaves Cannes reeling - review". Retrieved 2016.
  37. ^ "'Neon Demon': Elle Fanning mesmerizes in brutal masterpiece". Retrieved 2016.
  38. ^ "We need to talk about 'The Neon Demon' (R)". Retrieved 2016.
  39. ^ Gleiberman, Owen (May 19, 2016). "Cannes Film Review: 'The Neon Demon'". Retrieved 2016.
  40. ^ Kenny, Glenn (June 23, 2016). "Review: In 'The Neon Demon,' Beauty Masks a Rotting Core". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016.
  41. ^ "Top Ten 2016, Décembre 2016 n°728". Cahiers du cinema.

External links

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