|Director||Professor Eleanor Riley|
|Affiliations||University of Edinburgh, BBSRC|
|Mascot||Dolly the Sheep|
The Roslin Institute is an animal sciences research institute at Easter Bush, Midlothian, Scotland, part of the University of Edinburgh, and is funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council. In September 2017, Professor Eleanor Riley became the Director of the Roslin Institute and Dean of Research at the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies of the University of Edinburgh. to replace Professor David Hume.
The Roslin Institute was established in 1993 as a wholly owned but an independent institute of the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council. However, it traces its origins to the Institute of Animal Genetics (IAG) which was founded at the University of Edinburgh in 1919. In 1947 the IAG's expertise was used to form two new research organisations, the Poultry Research Centre (PRC) and the Animal Breeding Research Organisation (ABRO). The PRC was located near the village of Roslin, Midlothian known for the world-famous Rosslyn Chapel of the Sinclair family.
Later changes in the 1980s saw genetic research in different species gradually consolidated on the one site at Roslin. The Roslin Institute commenced in 1993. In 2011 the Institute moved away from Roslin to a new site at the Easter Bush campus of the University, but despite this, retained its now world-famous name.
The Institute won international fame in 1996, when Ian Wilmut, Keith Campbell and their colleagues created Dolly the sheep, the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell, at the institute. A year later Polly and Molly were cloned, both sheep contained a human gene.
Roslin has made many other contributions to animal sciences, especially in the area of livestock improvement and welfare through applications of Quantitative Genetics. In 2007 a Roslin team developed genetically modified chickens capable of laying eggs containing proteins needed to make cancer-fighting drugs.
The Roslin Institute aims to enhance the lives of animals and humans through world class research in animal biology. The principal objectives are to:
The Roslin Institute are categorized by four Scientific Divisions.:
In April 2007, The Roslin Institute was joined by the Neuropathogenesis Unit of the Institute for Animal Health, well known for its role in deciphering the biology of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (mad cow disease, scrapie, CJD). In 2008, the Institute was incorporated with the Royal School of Veterinary Studies within the College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine of The University of Edinburgh. There are currently more than 500 staff and students.
In March 2011, The Roslin Institute moved from its previous home in Roslin, a village in Midlothian, to a £60.6M building on the University of Edinburgh's Veterinary Campus at Easter Bush, across the road from the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies' new teaching building. The new building was designed by global architecture firm, HDR, Inc.