Thessaloniki Airport
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Thessaloniki Airport

Thessaloniki Airport "Makedonia"

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Thessaloniki airport logo.svg
SELANIK.THESSALONIKI 1 - panoramio.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic / military
OwnerGovernment of Greece
OperatorFraport Greece
ServesThessaloniki
LocationMikra, Macedonia, Greece
Hub for
Elevation AMSL7 m / 22 ft
Coordinates40°31?11?N 22°58?15?E / 40.51972°N 22.97083°E / 40.51972; 22.97083Coordinates: 40°31?11?N 22°58?15?E / 40.51972°N 22.97083°E / 40.51972; 22.97083
Websiteskg-airport.gr
Official airfield data at the Air Traffic Safety Electronic Engineers Association of Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority website lists no official website for the airport.
Maps
Map of the airport
Map of the airport
SKG is located in Greece
SKG
SKG
Location of the airport in Greece
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 3,440 11,286 Asphalt
16/34 2,410 7,907 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Passengers6,897,057
Passenger traffic changeIncrease 3.1%
Aircraft movements55,738
Aircraft movements changeIncrease 0.9%
Sources: Greek AIP at Eurocontrol[1] WAD[2]
Statistics: Fraport Greece[3]

Thessaloniki Airport (IATA: SKG, ICAO: LGTS), officially Thessaloniki Airport "Makedonia"[4] (Greek: "", romanizedKratikós Aeroliménas Thessaloníkis "Makedonía")[5] and formerly Mikra Airport, is an international airport serving Thessaloniki, the second-largest city in Greece. It is located 13 km (8.1 mi) southeast of the city, in Thermi.[1]

The airport is the third-largest airport in the country after Athens International Airport and Heraklion International Airport. It opened in 1930 and was the second-busiest airport in Greece in terms of flights served and the third-busiest in terms of passengers served in 2016, with over 6 million passengers. It is the main airport of Northern Greece and apart from the city of Thessaloniki it also serves the popular tourist destination of Chalkidiki and the surrounding cities of Central Macedonia. The Athens-Thessaloniki route is the tenth busiest in the EU with 1.8 million passengers.[6] To cope with demand, a second terminal is currently under construction as part of a billion-euro investment by Fraport Greece, the company which operates the airport.[7][8]

History

The airport was first established as an airfield during the First World War, as part of the allied war effort on the Macedonian front.[9] There were numerous airfields at the time, including Little Mikra, Big Mikra (which became the current international airport), and the major military airfield of Sedes.[9] The first international flight to Thessaloniki landed at the Little Mikra air field, and government efforts at encouraging the growth of civil aviation saw the start of construction of a purpose-built civilian airport at the present location in 1938.[9] Works were temporarily abandoned due to the Second World War and the airport opened to civilian traffic in 1948.[9]

Major works were undertaken after the war. The accession of Greece to North Atlantic Treaty Organisation saw NATO-funded investments such as the expansion of the 10/28 runway to 2,440 metres (8,010 ft) and the inauguration of a new terminal building in 1965.[9] Damage to the tower caused by the 1978 Thessaloniki earthquake meant it needed to be torn down, and a new tower, still in operation, was built.[9] Modernisation works were undertaken in the late 1990s, as part of the celebrations for Thessaloniki being European Capital of Culture in 1997.[9] In 1993 the airport took the name Makedonia (Greek: , Macedonia).[9]

The operational aspects of the airport were privatised in 2015. Fraport AG/Copelouzos Group joint venture and the state privatisation fund agreed to the privatisation of the airport operations, and 13 other Greek airports, in December 2015.[10] Fraport Greece will operate the airport for 40 years starting on 11 April 2017.[11] It pledged to invest EUR400 million ($471.92 million) on the various airports, including a refurbishment of the existing terminal at Thessaloniki as well as the construction of a second terminal.[12] Construction on the new terminal began on 19 September 2018.[7] Fraport expects passenger traffic to increase by 48% by 2026 as a result of its investment.[9]

Facilities

Terminal

The airport's terminal consists of three floors. The ground floor serves arrivals only and is divided into two sections: international/extra-Schengen arrivals and domestic/intra-Schengen arrivals. The second floor serves departures and also includes a shopping center. On this floor there are 34 check-in counters, waiting areas, bars, stores and various airlines' offices. The third floor houses two restaurants and several bars with views to the runways. There are two passenger lounges. An additional terminal is to be opened in 2021.[13]

Runways and apron

Aerial view of the airport in 2011, showing the progress of construction of the runway expansion

The airport has two runways (10/28 and 16/34) and two taxiways. There are 22 stands for narrow-body aircraft and about 20 for light aircraft.

A modernisation and expansion project for runway 10/28 began in 2005, with an initial completion date of 2011, but has since been delayed[13] and was finally completed in March 2019.[14] Modernisation projects on the tarmac and other runway are expected to be completed in 2019.[13] The runway entered service on 11 September 2020.[15] Overall, the project took almost a quarter century to build, from inception in 1997, and it has an estimated cost of EUR179 million ($211 million).[16] The runway will be extended by 1000 meters into the sea, with a total length of 3440 meters and will be equipped with ILS.[14] When the runway opens for commercial use it will be able to accommodate 89.6% of current commercial aircraft types, as opposed to just 22.6% before the extension,[16] and will improve safety while landing in bad weather conditions and low visibility.[14]

Airlines and destinations

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens, Chania, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Heraklion, Larnaca, Lemnos, Moscow-Domodedovo, Munich, Mytilene, Rhodes, Stuttgart, Tel Aviv
Seasonal: Berlin-Brandenburg (begins 28 March 2021),[17]Hamburg (begins 30 March 2021),[17]Hannover, Mykonos, Nuremberg, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Saint Petersburg, Santorini, Zürich (resumes 29 March 2021),[17]
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Air France Seasonal: Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Moldova Seasonal: Chi?in?u
Air Serbia Belgrade
Seasonal: Kraljevo
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga
Alitalia Seasonal: Milan-Linate
Arkia Seasonal charter: Tel Aviv
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Avanti Air Seasonal charter: Innsbruck
Belavia Seasonal charter: Minsk
Bluebird Airways Seasonal: Tel Aviv
British Airways Seasonal: London-Gatwick (resumes 28 March 2021)
Buzz Seasonal charter: Katowice, Pozna?
Chair Airlines Seasonal: Zürich (begins 23 April 2021)[18]
easyJet Berlin-Brandenburg (begins 18 December 2020), London-Gatwick, Manchester
Seasonal: Basel/Mulhouse, London-Luton, Venice
Ellinair Athens, Heraklion, Moscow-Vnukovo
Seasonal: Baku (begins 14 June 2021),[19]Katowice, Kazan, Kharkiv, Kiev-Zhuliany, Krasnodar, Lviv, Odessa, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Warsaw-Chopin
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Gda?sk, Katowice, Pozna?, Warsaw-Chopin, Wroc?aw
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Munich, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Hannover
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv
Jet2.com Seasonal: Birmingham, Bristol (begins 20 May 2021),[20]Edinburgh, Leeds/Bradford, London-Stansted, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne
LOT Polish Airlines Seasonal: Gda?sk, Katowice, Kraków, Rzeszów, Warsaw-Chopin, Wroc?aw
Lufthansa Frankfurt
NordStar Seasonal charter: Moscow-Domodedovo
Olympic Air Chios, Ikaria, Kalamata, Kos, Lemnos, Mytilene, Samos
Seasonal: Mykonos, Paros, Santorini
Qatar Airways Doha (resumes 30 March 2021)[21]
Ryanair Amman-Queen Alia, Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin-Brandenburg, Bologna, Bratislava, Budapest, Chania, Copenhagen, Charleroi, Dortmund, Eindhoven, Hahn, Heraklion (begins 18 December 2020),[22]Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Kraków, London-Stansted, Malta, Manchester, Memmingen, Nuremberg, Paphos, Rome-Ciampino, Stockholm-Skavsta, Tel Aviv, Vienna, Weeze
Seasonal: Bordeaux, Bremen, Dublin, Gothenburg, Naples, Warsaw-Modlin
Scandinavian Airlines Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Copenhagen
Sky Express Athens (begins 14 December 2020), Chios, Corfu, Mytilene, Samos, Skyros
Smartwings Seasonal: Prague
Seasonal charter: Bratislava, Brno, Gda?sk, Katowice, Warsaw-Chopin, Wroc?aw
Sun D'OrSeasonal: Tel Aviv
Seasonal: Geneva, Zürich
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia Amsterdam, Paris-Orly
TUI AirwaysSeasonal: Birmingham, Bristol, London-Gatwick, Manchester
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Brussels
TUI fly Netherlands Seasonal: Amsterdam
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Utair Seasonal: Moscow-Vnukovo
Volotea Seasonal: Heraklion, Mykonos
Wizz Air Budapest, Dortmund, Kiev-Zhuliany, Kutaisi, Larnaca, London-Luton, Milan-Malpensa, Vienna
Yamal Airlines Seasonal charter: Moscow-Domodedovo, Nizhny Novgorod, Saratov, Yekaterinburg, Volgograd, Voronezh

Statistics

Overview

Between 1994 and 2010, Thessaloniki Airport saw a rise in passenger traffic equal to 76%, from 2.2 million in 1994 to 3.9 million in 2010.[4] Between 2003 and 2008 the airport saw a passenger traffic increase of 19.1% from 3.5 million to almost 4.2 million passengers, an all-time high. The number of passengers dropped in next years. However, over the last two years the airport experienced passenger traffic increase to just above four million by 2013. Significant traffic increase took place during 2014, with the total number of passengers exceeding the five million mark for the first time.[4]

Annual statistics

Busiest passenger routes by country

The table below shows passenger totals at Thessaloniki International Airport by country destination during 2018. [23]

Busiest routes

Busiest routes from Thessaloniki Airport
Rank Destination Airport Monthly one-way
capacity 2016
Airline(s)
1 Greece Athens ATH 65,298 Aegean Airlines, Ellinair, Sky Express
2 Germany Munich MUC 16,678 Aegean Airlines, Eurowings
3 Germany Stuttgart STR 11,490 Aegean Airlines, Eurowings
4 Germany Berlin SXF 10,710 easyJet, Ryanair
5 Cyprus Larnaca LCA 9,826 Aegean Airlines, Wizz Air
6 Greece Heraklion HER 9,798 Aegean Airlines, Ellinair, Ryanair, Volotea
7 Turkey Istanbul IST 9,060 Turkish Airlines
8 Cyprus Paphos PFO 8,883 Ryanair
9 Germany Düsseldorf DUS 8,859 Aegean Airlines, Eurowings
10 Greece Chania CHQ 8,802 Aegean Airlines, Ryanair
11 Germany Frankfurt FRA 8,406 Aegean Airlines, Lufthansa
12 United Kingdom London LGW 8,304 British Airways, easyJet, TUI Airways

Top airlines

Monthly one-way capacity for 2016[24]
Rank Airline Passengers Change
1 Greece Aegean Airlines 105,348 Decrease8.8%
2 Republic of Ireland Ryanair 75,789 Decrease9.3%
3 United Kingdom Easyjet 15,888 Decrease1.8%
4 Greece Ellinair 15,408 Decrease51%
5 Germany Germanwings 11,760 Increase13.5%
6 Germany Air Berlin 10,578 Decrease51%
7 Greece Olympic Air (NEW) 10,062 N/A
8 Turkey Turkish Airlines 9,060 Increase4.9%
9 Serbia Air Serbia 5,820 Decrease2.1%
10 Netherlands Transavia 5,670 Increase0.7%
11 Greece Astra Airlines 5,284 Decrease54.3%
12 Austria Austrian Airlines 5,220 Increase26.3%

Transport

OASTH Bus 01X
KTEL-Makedonia Airport
0:00
Thessaloniki Bus Station (KTEL) BSicon BUS.svg
0:04
Balta
0:07
Zografou
New Railway Station Hellenic Railways Organisation Proastiakos Thessaloniki Line ?1 Proastiakos Thessaloniki Line ?2
(N. Sid. Stathmos Line 1 (Thessaloniki Metro) Line 2 (Thessaloniki Metro))
0:10
Kolomvou
0:12
Aristotelous Square
0:16
Kamara
0:19
Agia Fotini/University of Macedonia
University of Macedonia
(Panepistimio Line 1 (Thessaloniki Metro) Line 2 (Thessaloniki Metro))
0:22
Dimarhiako Megaro
0:23
Faliro
0:24
Laografiko Mousio
0:26
Megaro Mousikis/25 Martiou
25 Martiou
0:28
Periferiaki Enotita Thessalonikis
0:31
Krikela
0:35
Agora
0:44
Astinomia
0:46
Makedonia Airport Departures Macedonia Airport
0:49
Makedonia Airport Arrivals Macedonia Airport

The airport is directly connected with the city's major road arteries in the southeast, the EO16 and the A25, which connects Thessaloniki with Chalkidiki, via the 67. The Thessaloniki Inner Ring Road provides access to the A1/E75 and A2/E90 motorways. A total of 2,285 parking spaces for cars exist at the front of the terminal building. A car rental service is available at the terminal building. In addition, taxi services are available outside the airport terminal building 24 hours a day.[25]

Public transport

There are plans to connect the airport with the Thessaloniki Metro network, which is set to open in 2023 after delays. Attiko Metro, the company overseeing the project, has published a map of proposed extensions, and it includes an overground extension of Line 2 towards the airport.[26] This extension is not an immediate concern for the company, however, since the terminus of Line 2, Mikra, will be connected with the airport by a 10-minute shuttle bus.[27] Detailed planning of the metro extension toward the airport was initiated in March 2019.[28]

In the meantime, the airport is served on a 24-hour basis by bus 01X/01N of the Thessaloniki Urban Transport Organization (OASTH), which provides bus services between the Thessaloniki Bus Station (KTEL) and Makedonia airport arrivals/departures.[29]

Accidents and incidents

HA-LCR next to the airport fire station, in April 2018
  • On 12 August 1997, Olympic Airways Flight 171, a Boeing 727-230 registered as SX-CBI inbound from Athens Ellinikon Airport, touched down late and was steered off the runway to avoid overrunning into the sea. None of the 35 passengers and crew were killed, but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair.[30]
  • On 17 December 1997, Aerosvit Flight 241, a Yakovlev Yak-42, operating the route from Odessa, Ukraine to Thessaloniki, lost contact with the airport's air traffic control and during the second attempt the aircraft crashed in the Pierian Mountains, near Mount Olympus. A total of 70 people, passengers and crew, 41 of which were Greeks, were killed.
  • On 4 July 2000, HA-LCR, a chartered Malév Flight 262 Tupolev Tu-154 landed on its belly. The crew had forgotten to lower the undercarriage and the plane skidded 400 m (1,300 ft) on the runway. Thanks to the plane's robust construction and the engines' high position, the plane was able to become airborne again as the pilots applied full throttle. It circled while the crew lowered the undercarriage and landed safely. There were no injuries. It was considered uneconomical to repair the aircraft. The aircraft still remains on site,[31] although airline markings have been obscured and it has been heavily depleted of re-usable spares.
  • On 15 June 2013, an AMC Airlines Boeing 737-800 on behalf of Astra Airlines Greece, registration SU-BPZ performing flight A2-921 from Novosibirsk (Russia) to Thessaloniki (Greece) with 160 passengers, landed on Thessaloniki's runway 16 at about 07:14L (04:14Z) but overran the end of the runway by about 110 meters/360 feet and came to a stop with all gear on soft ground. No injuries occurred, the aircraft received minor if any damage.[32]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ "MAKEDONIA". World Aero Data. WorldAeroData.com. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ "Thessaloniki Airport Air Traffic statistics". Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d "THESSALONIKI AIRPORT "MAKEDONIA"". Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ " "" (?)". Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ "International intra-EU air passenger transport by reporting country and EU partner country". www.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. Eurostat. 2016. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ a b Zois, Fanis (19 September 2018). " """ [Foundation works begin on the new terminal of Makedonia airport]. www.naftemporiki.gr (in Greek). Naftemporiki. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ "Thessaloniki". www.fraport-greece.com. Fraport Greece. Retrieved 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i , (19 October 2016). " SKG. ? " [From Mikra to SKG: From the yesterday to the tomorrow of Thessaloniki airport]. www.parallaximag.gr (in Greek). Parallaxi Magazine. Retrieved 2018.
  10. ^ "Greece signs privatization of 14 regional airports with Germany's Fraport - TornosNews.gr". www.tornosnews.gr.
  11. ^ "The Company". www.fraport-greece.com. Retrieved 2018.
  12. ^ "The Future of the "MAKEDONIA" airport". www.skg-airport.gr. Retrieved 2018.
  13. ^ a b c "? ? 2019 ? ? ? "" " [Makedonia Airport: the operation of the new "transcontinental" runway is being pushed back to 2019]. www.ypodomes.gr. Retrieved 2018.
  14. ^ a b c "? ? "" 10-28 - ypodomes.com". www.ypodomes.com (in Greek). Retrieved 2019.
  15. ^ ?, . " «»-? ? ? 10/28 (VID)". Voria. Retrieved 2020.
  16. ^ a b , ? (16 April 2018). """? 21 ? 10-28 - ? " ["Makedonia": 21-year Odyssey for runway 10-28 - When it finishes]. www.voria.gr. Retrieved 2019.
  17. ^ a b c "Aegean Airlines reveals 33 routes for summer 2021". anna.aero. 20 November 2020.
  18. ^ https://storage.aerocrs.com/323/system/20201019_Chair_Sommerflugplan%202021_DE.pdf
  19. ^ https://www.mouzenidis.com/en-us/avia/search
  20. ^ "Jet2's Bristol Airport base will bring 450,000-holiday seats". ukaviation.news. 11 November 2020.
  21. ^ https://booking.qatarairways.com/nsp/views/fafiIndex.xhtml
  22. ^ https://corporate.ryanair.com/news/ryanair-supports-essential-regional-connectivity-across-greece-by-announcing-a-new-heraklion-route-to-thessaloniki/?market=en
  23. ^ https://www.skg-airport.gr/uploads/sys_nodelng/2/2869/SKG_FY_Int_Traffic_by_Country.pdf
  24. ^ "Thessaloniki Airport traffic up 8.1%". www.anna.aero. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 2018.
  25. ^ "Car Rental". www.skg-airport.gr. Retrieved 2018.
  26. ^ Attiko Metro A.E. "" [History]. www.ametro.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 2018.
  27. ^ "? ? ?o? ? " [Giannis Mylopoulos' interview about the Thessaloniki Metro]. www.ypodomes.gr. Retrieved 2018.
  28. ^ " ? ? ? """ [Topographical studies for the extension of the Thessaloniki Metro to the "Makedonia" Airport] (PDF) (in Greek). Attiko Metro. 18 March 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  29. ^ " ? 01X.?.?.?.-?" [Information on Line 01X: KTEL-Airport]. www.oasth.gr (in Greek). Thessaloniki Urban Transport Organization. Retrieved 2018.
  30. ^ "Accident description Olympic Airways SX-CBI". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2016.
  31. ^ "Photos: Tupolev Tu-154B-2 aircraft". airliners.net. Retrieved 2011.
  32. ^ "Incident: AMC B738 at Thessaloniki on Jun 15th 2013, overran runway on landing". avherald.com.

External links

Media related to Thessaloniki International Airport at Wikimedia Commons


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