Thomas Hodgkin (historian)
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Thomas Hodgkin Historian

Thomas Hodgkin

Thomas Hodgkin, FBA (29 July 1831 - 2 March 1913)[1] was a British historian and biographer.

A Quaker minister and banker, Hodgkin, as an amateur historian produced his magnum opus, a history of the wars of the late Roman Empire. [2]

Biography

Hodgkin was son of John Hodgkin,[3] barrister and Quaker minister, and Elizabeth Howard (daughter of Luke Howard).

In 1861 he married Lucy Ann (1841-1934) (daughter of Alfred Fox who created Glendurgan Garden and Sarah, born Lloyd, his wife). They had three sons and three daughters

Having been educated as a member of the Society of Friends and taken the degree of B.A. at the University of London, he became a partner in the banking house of Hodgkin, Barnett, Pease and Spence, Newcastle-on-Tyne, a firm afterwards amalgamated with Lloyds Bank.

While continuing in business as a banker, Hodgkin devoted a good deal of time to historical study, and soon became a leading authority on the history of the early Middle Ages, his books. His magnum opus became Italy and her Invaders, published in eight volumes. He died at Falmouth[4] on 2 March 1913. His and the Hodgkin family papers are held at the Wellcome Library in London.[5]

Family

The family of Thomas and Lucy Hodgkin is listed as:[6]

  • Lucy Violet (1869-1954) married John Holdsworth;
  • John (died in infancy);
  • Edward (1872-1921) married Katie Wilson;
  • Elizabeth, known as Lily (born 1874) married Herbert Gresford Jones;
  • Ellen Sophie (1875-1965) married Robert Carr Bosanquet;
  • Robert Howard (24 April 1877 - 28 June 1951) married Dorothy Smith. He was Provost of The Queen's College, Oxford, author of A History of the Anglo-Saxons (1935)[7]
  • George (1880-1918) married Mary Wilson. Their son, Alan Hodgkin, received the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology.

Lucy Violet Hodgkin, later Holdsworth, (1869-1954) was a writer and gave the 1919 Swarthmore Lecture under the title Silent Worship: The way of wonder. L.V. Hodgkin assembled her father's letters and wrote a memorial to her brother, George, published in 1923 [8]

Their daughter, Ellen Sophia Bosanquet wrote an autobiography, published by her daughter, Diana Hardman, as Late Harvest: Memories, letters poems.

Publications

His chief works are:

  • Italy and her Invaders (8 vols., Oxford, 1880-1899; vols. I, II, 1890, (revised 1892), vols. III, IV, 1892 (rev 1896), vols. V, VI, 1895, vols. VII, VIII, 1899); republished as The Barbarian Invasions of the Roman Empire, (8 vols., The Folio Society, 2001) [2]
  • The Dynasty of Theodosius (Oxford, 1889);
  • Theodoric the Goth (London, 1891);[9]
  • An introduction to the Letters of Cassiodorus: being a condensed translation of the Variae Epistolae of Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus, Senator (London, 1886).[10]

He also wrote a Life of Charles the Great (London, 1897); Life of George Fox (Boston, 1896); and the opening volume of Longman's Political History of England (London, 1906).

Notes

  1. ^ Martin, G. H. (2004) "Hodgkin, Thomas (1831-1913), historian" in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ a b Hodgkin, Thomas (2001). The Barbarian Invasions of the Roman Empire. The Folio Society. pp. General Introduction. ASIN B001UHAOK8.
  3. ^ Hilton, Christopher (2004) "Hodgkin, John (1800-1875)" in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  4. ^ Quaker profiles by Sir George Newman, Bannisdale Press, 1946, pp.48-62
  5. ^ Wellcome Library catalogue entry forn the Hodgkin Family papers. mundus.ac.uk
  6. ^ Bosanquet, Ellen Sophie (1970) Late Harvest - Memories, Letters and Poems. p. 7.
  7. ^ "Mr R. H. Hodgkin". Nature. 140 (3546): 676. 16 October 1937. doi:10.1038/140676a0.
  8. ^ George Lloyd Hodgkin 1880 - 1918 available online at Internet Archive
  9. ^ Theodoric the Goth by Thomas Hodgkin. Project Gutenberg
  10. ^ Letters of Cassiodorus. Project Gutenberg

References

External links


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