|President of First Bank of the United States|
October 25, 1791 - November 10, 1807
|President of Bank of North America|
January 7, 1782 - March 19, 1791
|Mayor of Philadelphia|
October 4, 1763 - October 2, 1764
|Born||December 19, 1731|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||January 19, 1821 (aged 89)|
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Resting place||Christ Church Burial Ground|
(m. 1763; her death 1781)
|Children||13, including Ann and Mary|
|Relatives||Charles Willing (Father)|
James Willing (Brother)
Mary Willing Byrd (Sister)
Edward Shippen (Great-grandfather)
Thomas Willing (December 19, 1731 - January 19, 1821) was an American merchant, a Delegate to the Continental Congress from Pennsylvania and the first president of the First Bank of the United States.
Thomas Willing was born in Philadelphia, the son of Charles Willing (1710-1754), who twice served as mayor of Philadelphia, and Anne Shippen, granddaughter of Edward Shippen, who was the second mayor of Philadelphia. His brother, James Willing, was a Philadelphia merchant who later served as a representative of the Continental Congress and led a 1778 military expedition to raid holdings of British loyalists in Natchez, Mississippi.
A member of the common council in 1755, he became an alderman in 1759, associate justice of the city court on October 2, 1759, and then justice of the court of common pleas February 28, 1761. Willing then became Mayor of Philadelphia in 1763. In 1767, the Pennsylvania Assembly, with Governor Thomas Penn's assent, had authorized a Supreme Court justice (always a lawyer) to sit with local justices of the peace (judges of county courts, but laymen) in a system of Nisi Prius courts. Governor Penn appointed two new Supreme Court justices, John Lawrence and Thomas Willing. Willing served until 1767, the last under the colonial government.:52
A member of the committee of correspondence in 1774 and of the committee of safety in 1775, he served in the colonial house of representatives. As a member of the Continental Congress in 1775 and 1776, he voted against the Declaration of Independence. Later, however, he subscribed £5,000 to supply the revolutionary cause.
After the war, he became president of the Bank of North America (1781-91), preceding John Nixon, and then the first president of the Bank of the United States from 1791 to 1807. In August, 1807, he suffered a slight stroke, and he resigned for health reasons as president of the bank in November, 1807.:189
In 1763, Willing married Anne McCall (1745-1781), daughter of Samuel McCall (1721-1762) and Anne Searle (1724-1757). Together, they had thirteen children, including:
Willing was also the grandfather of Ann Louisa Bingham (b. 1782), who married Alexander Baring, 1st Baron Ashburton (1774-1848), in 1798, and Maria Matilda Bingham (1783-1849), who was briefly married to Jacques Alexandre, Comte de Tilly, a French aristocrat and later married her sister's brother-in-law, Henry Baring (1777-1848), until their divorce in 1824. Maria later married the Marquis de Blaisel in 1826. Their brother, and Willing's grandson, William Bingham (1800-1852) married Marie-Charlotte Chartier de Lotbiniere (1805-1866), the second of the three daughters and heiresses of Michel-Eustache-Gaspard-Alain Chartier de Lotbinière by his second wife Mary, daughter of Captain John Munro, in 1822.