Timeline of Bath, Somerset
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Timeline of Bath, Somerset

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Bath, Somerset, England.

Part of a series on the
History of England
NEW MAP OF THE KINGDOME of ENGLAND, Representing the Princedome of WALES, and other PROVINCES, CITIES, MARKET TOWNS, with the ROADS from TOWN to TOWN (1685)
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Prehistory

1st to 5th centuries

  • c. 60s - First Roman temple structures built, around the hot water springs; completed by 76.
  • 2nd century
    • Early: Baths extended.
    • Late: Baths vaulted.
  • 3rd century - By this time, Bath city walls are built for defence.
  • 300-350 - Evidence for Christians in Bath.
  • 5th century - Bath largely abandoned.

6th to 10th centuries

11th to 17th centuries

  • 1087 - Town, Abbey and mint pass to John of Tours.
  • 1090 - John of Tours, Bishop of Wells, moves the episcopal seat to Bath, giving it city status.
  • Early 12th century? - King's Bath built.
  • 1102 - Bath fair active.[4]
  • 1137 - Major fire.[6]
  • 1148-1161 - Abbey consecrated between these dates.[6]
  • c. 1174 - St John's Hospital founded.
  • 1273 - Old Bridge extant.
  • 1285 - Church of St Michael's Within built in St John's Hospital.
  • c. 1333 - Monks of the abbey establish a weaving trade in Broad Street.[7]
  • 1371 - Market mentioned in charter.
  • c. 1435 - Hospital of St Catherine established.
  • 1482 - "Sally Lunn's House" built.
  • c. 1495 - St Mary Magdalen, Holloway, built as a chapel to a leper's hospital.[6]
  • 1499 - Abbey found derelict by Oliver King, Bishop of Bath and Wells, who begins its reconstruction.[8]
Roman Baths with Abbey beyond as at c.1900
  • 1533 - Rebuilding of Abbey substantially completed by this date.[6]
  • 1539 - January: Dissolution of the Monasteries: Abbey surrendered.
  • 1552
  • 1572
    • The roofless Abbey is given to the corporation of Bath[6] for restoration as a parish church.
    • Dr. John Jones makes the first public endorsement of the medicinal properties of the city's water.
  • 1576 - Queen's Bath built.
  • 1578 - Drinking fountain installed in the Baths.
  • 1590 - Bath chartered (city status confirmed) by Elizabeth I.[10]
  • 1597 - Deserving poor given free use of the mineral water.[11]
  • 1608 - Bellott's Hospital established.
  • 1616 - Abbey Church consecrated.[12]
  • 1625-1628 - Guildhall rebuilt.[13]
  • 1643 - 5 July: Battle of Lansdowne fought near the city.
  • 1657 - Regular coach service from London.
  • 1676 - Dr. Thomas Guidott publishes A discourse of Bathe, and the hot waters there. Also, Some Enquiries into the Nature of the water, the first published account of the medicinal properties of the city's water.
  • 1677 - West Gate pub in business.
  • 1680 - Supposed origin of the Sally Lunn bun.
  • 1687 - Mary of Modena, queen consort of James II of England, visits in the hope that Bath waters would aid conception; by the end of the year she is pregnant with James Francis Edward Stuart.

18th century

View of Bath, 18th century
Royal Crescent, climax of the Woods' Bath
Thomas Rowlandson, Comforts of Bath – The Pump Room (1798)

19th century

Map of the city, drawn in 1818.

20th century

City centre in 1958, still with signs of the Bath Blitz

21st century

A Bath Western Riverside residential development

Births

See also

References

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  2. ^ Geoffrey of Monmouth (1136). Historia Regum Britanniae.
  3. ^ a b "Saxon Bath". The Mayor of Bath. Retrieved .
  4. ^ a b Letters, Samantha (2005), "Somerset", Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516, Institute of Historical Research, Centre for Metropolitan History
  5. ^ Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. "Vikings and Anglo-Saxons". British History Timeline. BBC. Retrieved .
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Forsyth, Michael (2003). Bath. Pevsner Architectural Guides. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-10177-5.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Spence, Cathryn (2012). Water, History & Style – Bath: World Heritage Site. Brimscombe Port: The History Press. ISBN 978-0-7524-8814-1.
  8. ^ "Bath Abbey". Sacred Destinations. Retrieved .
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h Tymms, Samuel (1832). "Somersetshire". Western Circuit. The Family Topographer: Being a Compendious Account of the ... Counties of England. 2. London: J. B. Nichols and Son. OCLC 2127940.
  10. ^ a b c d "Bath". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). New York. 1910. OCLC 14782424.
  11. ^ a b "Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases". Bath Heritage. Retrieved .
  12. ^ a b "Bath". Great Britain (7th ed.). Leipzig: Karl Baedeker. 1910.
  13. ^ a b c Wood, John (1765). Description of Bath (2nd ed.). London: W. Bathoe.
  14. ^ Townsend, George Henry (1867). "Bath". A Manual of Dates (2nd ed.). London: Frederick Warne & Co.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h Buchanan, R. A. (1969). The Industrial Archaeology of Bath. Bath University Press. ISBN 0900843047.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h Peach, R. E. M. (1893). Street-Lore of Bath. London: Simpkin, Marshall.
  17. ^ a b Maxted, Ian (2006). Somerset. British Book Trades: Topographical Listings. Exeter Working Papers in British Book Trade History. Retrieved .
  18. ^ Kaufman, Paul (1967). "The Community Library: A Chapter in English Social History". Transactions of the American Philosophical Society. 57 (7): 1-67. doi:10.2307/1006043. JSTOR 1006043.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i Commemorative inscription.
  20. ^ Haddon, John (1982). Portrait of Bath. London: Robert Hale. ISBN 0-7091-9883-3.
  21. ^ Mortimer, Roger; Onslow, Richard; Willett, Peter (1978). Biographical Encyclopaedia of British Racing. London: Macdonald and Jane's. ISBN 0-354-08536-0.
  22. ^ a b c d Headley, Gwyn; Meulenkamp, Wim (1999). Follies, grottoes & garden buildings. London: Aurum Press. ISBN 978-1-85410-625-4.
  23. ^ a b Historic England. "Masonic Hall formerly Theatre (443204)". Images of England. Archived from the original on 2012-11-02. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  24. ^ Historic England (2010-10-15). "1–30 The Circus (1394142)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved .
  25. ^ a b "Bath (England) Newspapers". Main Catalogue. British Library. Retrieved .
  26. ^ a b Toone, William (1835). Chronological Historian ... of Great Britain (2nd ed.). London: J. Dowding.
  27. ^ a b Page, William, ed. (1906), "Romano-British Somerset: Part 2, Bath", History of the County of Somerset, Victoria County History, University of London, Institute of Historical Research, 1
  28. ^ a b Green, Mowbray Aston (1904). Eighteenth Century Architecture of Bath. Bath: G. Gregory. OCLC 1718577. OL 6953596M.
  29. ^ "History". Bath: Theatre Royal. Retrieved .
  30. ^ Rules and orders of the Society Instituted at Bath, for the Encouragement of Agriculture, Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce. 1777. OCLC 85861288.
  31. ^ "About The Museum". Museum of Bath at Work. Retrieved .
  32. ^ Torrens, Hugh (1990), "The Four Bath Philosophical Societies, 1779-1959", Proceedings of the 12th Congress of the British Society for the History of Medicine, Bath
  33. ^ Thicknesse, Phillip (1780). The Valetudinarians Bath guide, or, The means of obtaining long life and health. Dodsley, Brown and Wood.
  34. ^ Although initially recording it as a comet. Herschel, W.; Watson, Dr. (1781). "Account of a Comet, By Mr. Herschel, F.R.S.; Communicated by Dr. Watson, Jun. of Bath, F.R.S". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. London. 71: 492-501. Bibcode:1781RSPT...71..492H. doi:10.1098/rstl.1781.0056.
  35. ^ Historic England (2010-10-15). "The Cross Bath (1394182)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved .
  36. ^ Historic England. "Numbers 1 to 12 (442847)". Images of England. Archived from the original on 2012-10-18. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  37. ^ Historic England (2010-10-15). "South Colonnade at Grand Pump Room (1395196)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved .
  38. ^ Historic England (2010-10-15). "North Colonnade at Grand Pump Room (1395195)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved .
  39. ^ "Key objects of the collection". Bath: Roman Baths. Retrieved .
  40. ^ Historic England (2010-10-15). "1–8 Bath Street (1394178)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved .
  41. ^ a b c Handy Guide to Bath. Bath: Jolly & Son. 1900. OCLC 12987834. OL 17860578M.
  42. ^ Historic England (2010-10-15). "Grand Pump Room (1394019)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved .
  43. ^ a b c Wright, G. N. (1864). The Historic Guide to Bath. Bath: R. E. Peach, printer. OL 25319615M.
  44. ^ a b Winchester, Simon (2001). The Map That Changed the World: William Smith and the Birth of Modern Geology. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-14-028039-1.
  45. ^ The Trial of Jane Leigh Perrot. 1800.
  46. ^ a b c Clegg, James, ed. (1906). International Directory of Booksellers and Bibliophile's Manual.
  47. ^ Roth, Cecil (2007). "Bath". In Berenbaum, Michael; Skolnik, Fred (eds.). Encyclopaedia Judaica. 3 (2nd ed.). Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA. p. 210.
  48. ^ a b Clew, Kenneth R. (1985). The Kennet & Avon Canal: an illustrated history (3rd ed.). Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-8656-5.
  49. ^ Allsop, Niall (1987). The Kennet & Avon Canal. Bath: Millstream Books. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-948975-15-8.
  50. ^ a b c Annals of Bath, from the year 1800 to the passing of the new municipal act. Bath: Printed by Mary Meyler and Son. 1838. OCLC 5258530. OL 23277637M.
  51. ^ Historic England. "Cleveland Baths  (Grade II*) (1396146)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved .
  52. ^ a b c d e Wallis, Peter, ed. (2008). Innovation and discovery: Bath and the rise of science. Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution; William Herschel Society. ISBN 978-0-948975-82-0.
  53. ^ "History". Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution. Retrieved .
  54. ^ Historic England. "Cleveland Bridge (442453)". Images of England. Archived from the original on 2012-10-22. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  55. ^ "Royal Victoria Park, Bath, Bath, England". Parks & Gardens UK. Parks & Gardens Data Services. 2007-07-27. Retrieved .
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  57. ^ "Destruction of Bath Theatre". Bath Chronicle and Weekly Gazette. 1862-04-24. Retrieved – via British Newspaper Archive.
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  59. ^ "Photographic Societies of the British Isles and Colonies". International Annual of Anthony's Photographic Bulletin. New York: E. & H. T. Anthony & Company. 1891.
  60. ^ Hobbs, P.R.N; Jenkins, g.O. "Appendix 1 Major recorded landslides in the Bath area In: Bath's 'foundered strata' - a re-interpretation Physical Hazards Programme Research Report OR/08/052" (PDF). British Geological Survey. Retrieved 2016.
  61. ^ Pearce, David (2015). "The Co-operative Movement in Bath". Proceedings of the History of Bath Research Group. 3:15-18.
  62. ^ "Small Talk of the Week". The Sketch. 1901-12-18.
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Bibliography

Christopher Anstey, author of The New Bath Guide, with his daughter, painted by Bath resident artist William Hoare c.1777

Published in 18th century

Published in 19th century

1800s-1840s

1850s-1890s

Published in 20th century

  • Emanuel Green (1902). Bibliotheca Somersetensis. 1: Bath Books. Taunton: Barnicott and Pearce. OCLC 7080200.
  • G. K. Fortescue, ed. (1902). "Bath". Subject Index of the Modern Works Added to the Library of the British Museum in the Years 1881-1900. London.
  • William Tyte (1903). Bath in the Eighteenth Century. Bath: Chronicle Office.
  • Robert Donald, ed. (1908). "Bath". Municipal Year Book of the United Kingdom for 1908. London: Edward Lloyd.
  • Bryan Little (1947). The Building of Bath 47-1947: an architectural and social study. London: Collins.
  • Walter Ison (1948). The Georgian Buildings of Bath from 1700 to 1830. London: Faber.
  • Benjamin Boyce (1967). The benevolent man: a life of Ralph Allen of Bath. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
  • "Bath in the Eighteenth Century". Apollo. London. November 1973.
  • Peter Coard (1973). Vanishing Bath: buildings threatened and destroyed (3rd ed.). Bath: Kingsmead Press. ISBN 0901571679.
  • Adam Fergusson (1973). The Sack of Bath: a record and an indictment. Salisbury: Compton Russell. ISBN 9780859550024.
    • Adam Fergusson; Tim Mowl (1989). The Sack of Bath and after. Salisbury: Compton Russell. ISBN 085955161X.
  • Charles Robertson (1975). Bath: an architectural guide. London: Faber. ISBN 0571107508.
  • Larry R. Ford (1978). "Continuity and Change in Historic Cities: Bath, Chester, and Norwich". Geographical Review. 68 (3): 253-273. doi:10.2307/215046. JSTOR 215046.
  • Bryan Little (1980). Bath Portrait: the story of Bath, its life and its buildings (4th ed.). Bristol: Burleigh Press. ISBN 0902780069.
  • R. S. Neale (1981). Bath 1680-1850: a social history. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. ISBN 9780710006394.
  • Christopher Pound (1981). Genius of Bath: the city and its landscape. Bath: Millstream. ISBN 9780948975011.
  • Barry Cunliffe; Peter Davenport, ed. (1985). The Temple of Sulis Minerva at Bath. Vol. 1. The site. Monograph 7. Oxford University Committee for Archaeology. ISBN 0947816070.
  • Barry Cunliffe (1986). The City of Bath. Gloucester: Alan Sutton. ISBN 0862992974.
  • Tim Mowl; Brian Earnshaw (1988). John Wood: architect of obsession. Bath: Millstream Books. ISBN 9780948975134.
  • Peter Davenport, ed. (1989). Archaeology in Bath 1976-1985. Monograph 28. Oxford University Committee for Archaeology. ISBN 0947816283.
  • G. A. Kellaway, ed. (1991). Hot Springs of Bath. Bath City Council. ISBN 9780901303257.
  • Peter Davenport (1999). Archaeology in Bath: excavations 1984-1989. BAR British series 284. Oxford: Archaeopress. ISBN 1841710075.
  • Peter Borsay (2000). Image of Georgian Bath, 1700-2000. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198202652.
  • Barry Cunliffe (2000). Roman Bath Discovered (3rd ed.). Stroud: Tempus. ISBN 0752419021.

Published in 21st century

External links

Coordinates: 51°23?N 2°22?W / 51.38°N 2.36°W / 51.38; -2.36


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