Timeline of the Algerian Civil War
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Timeline of the Algerian Civil War

The Algerian Civil War was a conflict in Algeria, starting in 1991 and continuing to a diminished extent up to the present.


  • November 27 - Two Islamists who had fought in Afghanistan, Aïssa Messaoudi and Abderrahmane Dahane, attack a border post at Guemmar, killing soldiers and foreshadowing the war to come.
  • December 26 - First round of parliamentary elections; FIS wins 188 of the 232 (of 429) seats decided on the first ballot, putting it far ahead of any other party. FFS wins 25 seats, while the ex-ruling party, FLN, wins just 15.



  • March 27 - Algeria cuts diplomatic relations with Sudan and Iran, accusing them of supporting terrorism in Algeria.
  • May 26 - Anti-Islamist writer Tahar Djaout attacked by assassins; he died of his wounds shortly after, on June 2.
  • August 22 - Ex-Prime Minister Kasdi Merbah assassinated. The government accuses the GIA, while FIS accuses the government.
  • December 1 - Deadline beyond which the GIA had stated that it would consider all foreigners remaining in Algeria as targets.



  • January 14 - Representatives of FIS, FFS, and FLN (and some smaller parties) sign the Sant'Egidio platform (text) in Rome, seeing it as a blueprint for ending the conflict. The Algerian government found its provisions unacceptable, and did not sign.
  • February 21 - Serkadji prison mutiny; 4 guards and 96 prisoners killed in a day and a half, following an escape attempt and prison mutiny in a high-security prison for people charged with or convicted of terrorism.
  • November 16 - Liamine Zeroual elected president.





  • April 15 - Abdelaziz Bouteflika elected president, all other candidates having withdrawn alleging fraud.
  • June 5 - The AIS agrees in principle to disband and starts negotiating for an amnesty for its fighters.
  • November 22 - Senior FIS member Abdelkader Hachani assassinated.


  • January 11 - AIS concludes its negotiations with the government for an amnesty and disbands.



  • February 8 - Antar Zouabri, GIA leader, is killed in his hometown of Boufarik. (His death had been incorrectly announced on previous occasions.)



External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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