Tirana International Airport N%C3%ABn%C3%AB Tereza
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Tirana International Airport N%C3%ABn%C3%AB Tereza

Tirana International Airport
Mother Teresa

Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar i Tiranës
Nënë Tereza
Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar Nënë Tereza.svg
Terminal jashte.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorTirana International Airport SHPK and China Everbright Limited
ServesTirana, Tirana County, Albania
LocationRinas, Durrës County, Albania
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL108 ft / 33 m
Coordinates41°24?53?N 19°43?14?E / 41.41472°N 19.72056°E / 41.41472; 19.72056Coordinates: 41°24?53?N 19°43?14?E / 41.41472°N 19.72056°E / 41.41472; 19.72056
Websitetirana-airport.com
Map
TIA is located in Albania
TIA
TIA
Location in Europe, the Mediterranean and Albania
TIA is located in Mediterranean
TIA
TIA
TIA (Mediterranean)
TIA is located in Europe
TIA
TIA
TIA (Europe)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17/35 2,750 9,022 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Passengers3,338,147[1]
Passenger change 18-19Increase 13%
Aircraft movements28,270[1]
Movements change 18-19Increase 11%
Source: Albanian AIP at EUROCONTROL[2] LATI Airport record[3]

Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza (Albanian: Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar i Tiranës Nënë Tereza, IATA: TIA, ICAO: LATI), often referred to as the Rinas International Airport, is the main international airport of the Republic of Albania. It serves the city of Tirana, its metropolitan area, and surrounding region in the county of Tirana. The airport is named in honour of the Albanian Roman Catholic nun and missionary, Mother Teresa. It is located 6 nautical miles (11 kilometres; 6.9 miles) northwest of Tirana, in the municipality of Krujë, Durrës County.[4][5] It offers international connections primarily within Europe, whereas the most frequent routes are to Milan, Rome, London and Istanbul.

The airport serves as the main hub for the country's flag carrier, Air Albania, Albawings and Wizz Air. It serves also as a focus city for Blue Panorama Airlines.[6]. It is the only airport in Albania with regularly scheduled passenger service, and the eighth busiest Balkan airport.

History

Early development

The airport was constructed during a period of two years, from 1955 to 1957. However, Tirana had commercial airline services before. Domestic aviation started in 1926 when German airline Adria-Aero-Lloyd obtained a monopoly for all domestic air routes in the country and begin servicing Tirana, Shkodër, Korçë and Vlorë. These operations proved unprofitable, and the airline sold its rights to Italian company Ala Littoria which opened regular routes in 1935 between Tirana to Shkodër, Kukës, Peshkopia, Kuçova, Vlorë, and Gjirokastra.[7] In 1938, the Yugoslav carrier Aeroput introduced regular commercial flights linking Tirana with Belgrade, Serbia with a landing in Dubrovnik, Croatia.[8]

After the end of the Second World War and installation of an isolationist communist regime in Albania, air transportation was rare. From 1944 and 1948 there was a service to Belgrade, but after the break of relations with Yugoslavia, until 1953, there was only a twice-a-month connection to Budapest operated by Soviet-Hungarian company Maszovlet.[7] From 1953 and 1955 there was no air service, until February 1955 when a route to Moscow was inaugurated, followed thereafter to other Eastern-European capitals. In the 1970s, Tirana was one of the first European cities to be served by China's CAAC Airlines, with a weekly flight to Beijing via Bucharest and Tehran. In the late 1980s there were six airlines flying to Tirana, with a total of nine round-trips per week.[7]

With the collapse of communism in Albania in 1991 and subsequent liberalisation of travel restrictions abroad for Albanians, the number of airlines operating at the airport increased rapidly. In 1999 there were 8,249 flights and 356,823 passengers, seven times more than in 1991.[7]

Contemporary

The air traffic equipment and facilities of the airport have been heavily modernised, following investments by Tirana International Airport SHPK, a consortium led by Hochtief AirPort. Hochtief assumed management of the airport on 23 April 2005, for a 20-year concession period.[9]

The concession included the construction of a completely new passenger terminal and various infrastructure improvements, among them the construction of a new access road, new parking lots, and a bridge over the old airport access road.[10] The expansion resulted in an increased number of passengers per annum, estimated at 1.5 million passengers for 2009.[11][12] The number of passengers effectively increased to more than 1.5 million in 2010.[13]

The terminal building and its second expansion, the cargo building, its landscaping, and its carpark canopies were designed by Malaysian architect Hin Tan of Hintan.[14]

In December 2016, the Airport announced that it has served 2 million passengers during 2016, reaching its second milestone.[15]

Ownership

As of 2017, China Everbright Limited is the sole owner of Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza. After reaching an agreement with the Albanian Government to end its monopoly on international flights from Albania, Hochtief AirPort sold the operating of Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza to China Everbright Limited,[16] a company specializing in asset management, direct investment, brokerage and investment banking.[17]

Airlines and destinations

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Air Albania Bergamo,[18]Bologna,[19]Istanbul,[20]Milan-Malpensa,[19]Pisa,[21]Rome-Fiumicino,[19]Verona[22]
Air Serbia Belgrade
Albawings Bari, Florence, Frankfurt,[23]Perugia, Pisa, Rimini, Venice
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Belavia Seasonal charter: Minsk[24]
Blue Panorama Airlines Ancona, Bergamo, Bologna, Genoa, Milan-Malpensa, Rome-Fiumicino, Turin, Verona
British Airways London-Heathrow (ends 27 March 2021),[25]London-Gatwick (resumes 27 March 2021)[26]
Buzz Seasonal charter: Katowice[27]
easyJet Geneva, London-Gatwick,[28]Milan-Malpensa
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich[29]
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Warsaw-Chopin[30]
Eurowings Munich (begins 28 March 2021)[31]
Seasonal: Cologne/Bonn, Stuttgart
Jonika Airlines Seasonal charter: Kiev-Zhuliany[32]
LOT Polish Airlines Seasonal: Gda?sk,[33]Katowice,[34]Warsaw-Chopin[35]
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal charter: Antalya[36]
SkyUp Seasonal: Kiev-Boryspil
Smartwings Seasonal charter: Warsaw-Chopin[37]
SunExpress Seasonal charter: Antalya[36]
Transavia Paris-Orly
TUI fly Belgium Brussels
Seasonal charter: Kharkiv,[38]Kiev-Boryspil,[39]Zaporizhia[40]
Wizz Air Bari,[41]Basel/Mulhouse,[41]Beauvais,[41]Bergamo,[42]Berlin-Schönefeld,[41]Bologna,[42]Budapest, Catania,[41]Charleroi,[41]Dortmund, Eindhoven,[41]Hahn,[41]Hamburg,[41]Heraklion (begins 30 March 2021),[41]Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden,[41]London-Luton, Memmingen, Milan-Malpensa,[41]Pisa,[42]Prague,[41]Rhodes (begins 28 March 2021),[41]Turin,[41]Venice, Verona,[42]Vienna

Statistics

Traffic

Busiest Routes

Most frequent routes at Tirana Airport
Rank Destination Airport(s) Number of
Passengers
2019[47]
Top carriers
1 Italy Milan MXP, BGY 485.615 Air Albania, Blue Panorama Airlines, easyJet, Wizz Air
2 Italy Rome FCO 334.695 Air Albania, Alitalia, Blue Panorama Airlines
3 Turkey Istanbul IST, SAW 253.010 Air Albania, Pegasus Airlines
4 United Kingdom London LGW, LTN, STN 223.800 Albawings, British Airways, Wizz Air
5 Austria Vienna VIE 187.257 Austrian Airlines, Wizz Air
6 Italy Bologna BLQ 168.872 Air Albania, Blue Panorama Airlines, Wizz Air
7 Italy Pisa PSA 161.412 Albawings, Wizz Air
8 Italy Verona VRN 140.293 Blue Panorama Airlines, Wizz Air
9 Germany Frankfurt FRA 126.771 Albawings, Lufthansa
10 Greece Athens ATH 125.925 Aegean Airlines
Routes by country
Rank Destination Number of
Passengers
2019[48]
1 Italy Italy 1.688.839
2 Turkey Turkey 315.461
3 Germany Germany 243.219
4 United Kingdom United Kingdom 223.800
5 Austria Austria 187.257
6 Greece Greece 125.925
7 Poland Poland 102.944

Top Carriers

Rank Carrier Market share (2019[49])
1 Italy Blue Panorama Airlines 21%
2 Italy Ernest Airlines 17%
3 Albania Albawings 10%
4 Italy Alitalia 7%
5 Hungary Wizz Air 6%

Ground transport

Taxi rank at the airport
SH60 linking Tirana Airport with SH2 Tirana-Durrës Highway

The airport is linked with motorway SH60 (10 kilometres (6.2 mi) away) to SH2 Durres -Tirana access road. Taxis and car rental facilities are available at the airport. The journey from Tirana to the airport takes 20-25 minutes. Many taxi companies offer a flat rate for to/from Airport trips (the rate is usually 1,500 ALL.)[]

Bus

An airport bus, located outside Arrivals terminal, leaves on the hour every hour (7am to 11pm), to the city centre, and the trip takes around 30 minutes.[50] The shuttle runs an hourly service between the Airport and the back of the Opera building in the centre of Tirana. The single fare is 300 Albanian Lek. From Durres the single fare is 480 Albanian Lek.[]

Incidents and accidents

  • 3 October 2006: Turkish Airlines Flight 1476, flying from Tirana to Istanbul, was hijacked by Hakan Ekinci in Greek airspace. The aircraft, with 107 passengers and six crew on board, transmitted two coded hijack signals which were picked up by the Greek air force; the flight was intercepted by military aircraft and landed safely at Brindisi, Italy.
  • 30 June 2016: Three armed and masked people entered the cargo terminal, where they stole a huge amount of money that was to be transported abroad on airplanes. The amount of cash could have been up to 3 million euros. The incident caused national security concerns.[51][52]
  • 9 April 2019: An Austrian Airlines flight headed to Vienna was delayed for 3 hours, following an armed robbery. The aircraft's engines were running, when three men wearing masks and military fatigues stepped up to the belly of the plane, stealing 6 million euros. One of the robbers was shot dead in an exchange of fire with the police about one kilometre from the airport.[53]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Tirana International Airport. "Air Traffic Report 2019" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ "EAD Basic - Error Page". EUROCONTROL. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ Airport record for Nënë Tereza/Rinas International Airport at Landings.com. Retrieved 1 August 2013
  4. ^ Wragg, David (November 2009). The World's Top 500 Airports (2nd ed.). Sparkford, Yeovil, Somerset BA22 7JJ, UK: Haynes Holdings. p. 13. ISBN 978-184425-632-7.CS1 maint: location (link)
  5. ^ a b "Facts and Figures about Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza - Tirana International Airport".
  6. ^ https://www.anna.aero/2020/06/01/wizz-air-announces-55-new-routes-and-three-new-bases-from-this-summer/
  7. ^ a b c d Historical Dictionary of Albania by Robert Elsie, pages 5 and 6
  8. ^ "DRUSTVO ZA VAZDUSNI SAOBRACAJ A D - AEROPUT (1927-1948)". europeanairlines.no. Retrieved 2010. In addition a new air service (No.2008) to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia's small narbour(sic, probably neighbor), Albania, was opened. From August Aeroput flew from Beograd with a landing at Ragusa to Tirana, the capital of Albania.
  9. ^ "HOCHTIEF AirPort Signs Concession Agreement for Tirana Airport". hochtief.com. Retrieved 2004. The agreement, signed today in the presence of the Albanian Prime Minister Fatos Nano in Tirana, seals the airport takeover in the context of a BOOT (Build Own Operate Transfer) concession with a duration of 20 years.
  10. ^ "HOCHTIEF AirPort Signs Concession Agreement for Tirana Airport". hochtief.com. Retrieved 2004. Construction work for a new terminal is to commence right from the first year of operation.
  11. ^ "Tirana International Airport". Retrieved 2015.
  12. ^ "Tirana International Airport, Albania". HOCHTIEF. Archived from the original on 23 April 2011.
  13. ^ "Facts and Figures about Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza". tirana-airport.com. Traffic Results: 2010 Passengers - 1,536,822
  14. ^ "TIRANA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT" (PDF). tirana-airport.com. p. 9. The tall, bright and spacious building, designed by the renowned Malaysian architect Hin Tan, is a symbol of Albania's new self-confidence.
  15. ^ "Tirana International Airport reaches two millionth passenger milestone". ata.gov.al. Retrieved 2016. Tirana International Airport (TIA) announced on Friday the achievement of two major passenger traffic milestones in welcoming its two millionth passenger and recording the largest ever number of customers served at the airport.
  16. ^ "Shqiptarja.com - Aeroporti i Rinasit kalon 100% tek kompania kineze". Retrieved 2017.
  17. ^ "irasia.com - China Everbright Limited". Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/289927/air-albania-expands-italy-service-from-late-march-2020/?highlight=air%20albania
  19. ^ a b c "Air Albania launches Italy service in late-Sep 2019". routesonline.com. 6 August 2019.
  20. ^ "Air Albania launches flights from New Istanbul Airport". DailyNews. Retrieved 2019.
  21. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/289927/air-albania-expands-italy-service-from-late-march-2020/?highlight=air%20albania
  22. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/289927/air-albania-expands-italy-service-from-late-march-2020/?highlight=air%20albania
  23. ^ Liu, Jim (27 May 2020). "Albawings moves new German routes launch to June 2020". routesonline.com.
  24. ^ "freight monitor". online.joinup.ua.
  25. ^ "British Airways extends London Gatwick short-haul suspension to late-March 2021". ROUTESONLINE.
  26. ^ https://www.britishairways.com/en-gb/information/flight-information/our-route-network
  27. ^ "A delayed charter season was inaugurated in Katowice". PASAZER. Retrieved 2020.
  28. ^ Liu, Jim (31 December 2019). "easyJet S20 new routes as of 27DEC19". routesonline.com.
  29. ^ "Winter schedule valid until 28.03.2020" (PDF). Tirana International Airport. Retrieved 2019.
  30. ^ "Charter flights". charterflights.r.pl. Retrieved 2018.
  31. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/293803/eurowings-s21-munich-network-additions-as-of-16sep20/
  32. ^ "ALBANIA IS THE FIRST COUNTRY THAT RECEIVES TOURISTS FROM UKRAINE". iea.aero. Retrieved 2020.
  33. ^ "LOT will launch 130 connections to several dozen European resorts". businessinsider.com.pl. Retrieved 2020.
  34. ^ "LOT will launch 130 connections to several dozen European resorts". businessinsider.com.pl. Retrieved 2020.
  35. ^ "LOT sezonowo poleci z Warszawy do Rijeki i Tirany". pasazer.com. Retrieved 2019.
  36. ^ a b "Timetable" (PDF). tirana-airport.com.
  37. ^ "air and charter tickets". itaka.pl.
  38. ^ "Direct flights". Kharkiv Airport. Retrieved 2020.
  39. ^ https://www.flyuia.com/ua/en/for-business/charters#charter-timetable
  40. ^ "Flight Schedule". Zaporizhzhia International Airport. Retrieved 2020.
  41. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Wizz Air annonces a new base in Tirana". anna.aero. 7 June 2020.
  42. ^ a b c d Pigozzo, Mauro (13 January 2020). "Wizz Air annuncia 5 nuove rotte dall'Italia a Tirana" (in Italian). Storie di Eccellenza. Retrieved 2020.
  43. ^ "Facts and Figures about Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza - Tirana International Airport". www.tirana-airport.com.
  44. ^ "Statistics" (PDF). www.instat.gov.al.
  45. ^ "Air Traffic Report 2019" (PDF). Tirana International Airport. Retrieved 2020.
  46. ^ "Statistikat e transportit" (PDF). INSTAT. Retrieved 2020.
  47. ^ "Route Report 2019" (PDF). Tirana International Airport. Retrieved 2020.
  48. ^ "Route Report 2019" (PDF). Tirana International Airport. Retrieved 2020.
  49. ^ "Market Share by Air Carriers Report 2019" (PDF). Tirana International Airport. Retrieved 2020.
  50. ^ "Bus - Tirana International Airport". www.tirana-airport.com. Retrieved 2019.
  51. ^ Times, Tirana (30 June 2016). "Spectacular airport robbery raises national security concerns". Retrieved 2017.
  52. ^ "Huge amount of money stolen at the Tirana Airport". Retrieved 2017.
  53. ^ https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-albania-robbery/albanian-police-kill-gunman-in-airport-cash-heist-idUKKCN1RL243

External links

Media related to Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza at Wikimedia Commons
Tirana International Airport Nënë Tereza travel guide from Wikivoyage


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