Titus ( TY-t?s, Latin pronunciation: ['t?t?s]) is a Latin praenomen, or personal name, and was one of the most common names throughout Roman history. It was used by both patrician and plebeian families, and gave rise to the patronymic gens Titia. The feminine form is Tita or Titia. It was regularly abbreviated T.
For most of Roman history, Titus was the sixth most common praenomen, following Lucius, Gaius, Marcus, Publius, and Quintus. While not used by every family, it was widely used by all social classes and was a favorite of many families. The name survived the Roman Empire, and has continued to be used, in various forms, into modern times.
The original meaning of Titus is obscure, but it was widely believed to have come to Rome during the time of Romulus, the founder and first king of Rome. Early in his reign, a war with the Sabines ended with the migration of a great many Sabine families to Rome, and Titus Tatius, king of the Sabine town of Cures, becoming co-regent with Romulus. Titus would thus have been an Oscan praenomen introduced to Rome, although it was later regarded as Latin. This explanation is accepted by Chase.
The feminine form of Titus should be Tita, and this form is found in older inscriptions. However, the more common form, even in the earliest period, was Titia, with an "i". The same pattern was followed by the praenomen Marca or Marcia.