Tomas Milian (born Tomás Quintín Rodriguez-Varona Milian Salinas De La Fé y Alvarez De La Campa; 3 March 1933 - 22 March 2017) was a  Cuban American actor and singer with Italian citizenship, known for the emotional intensity and humour he brought to roles in European genre films.
A student of
Lee Strasberg, Milian studied method acting at the Actors Studio in New York City. In Italy, he was discovered by director Mauro Bolognini and appeared in supporting roles in several drama films during the late-1950s and early-1960s, including as Raphael in Carol Reed's (1965). Throughout the late-1960s and early-1970s, Milian established himself as a dynamic leading actor in a series of The Agony and the Ecstasy Spaghetti Western films, most notably (1966) and The Big Gundown (1967). Django Kill... If You Live, Shoot!  
Following a decline in the popularity of Spaghetti Westerns, Milian transitioned to roles in
films. After receiving acclaim for his performance as a psychotic killer in poliziottesco (1974), he made appearances in Almost Human (1974), Emergency Squad (1976) and The Tough Ones (1977). After returning to the United States in 1985, Milian continued to perform supporting roles in film productions, including The Cynic, the Rat and the Fist (1991), JFK (1997), Amistad (2000) and Traffic (2005). The Lost City Milian died in 2017.
Milian was born in
Havana as the son of a Cuban general. His father was arrested and jailed: he later committed suicide on December 31, 1946. Milián then decided to leave Cuba and pursue his wishes of being an actor. He settled in the United States to study at New York's  Actors Studio and later became an American citizen. In 1969, he became a  naturalized Italian citizen. 
bisexual; prior to his marriage to actress Margherita Valletti, he had relationships with both men and women. 
After starting a career in the United States, Milian went to Italy in 1958 to take part in a theatre festival in
Spoleto. He eventually decided to relocate to Italy, where he lived for over 25 years, becoming a very successful performer. His first film part in Italy was in the  1959 picture . Although his voice was usually La notte brava dubbed due to his accent, Milián performed his lines in Italian (or in English, depending on the film). He initially starred in arthouse movies and worked with directors such as Mauro Bolognini and Luchino Visconti. 
After five years of making what he deemed "intellectual" movies, Milián was unhappy with his contract with producer
Franco Cristaldi and thought of going back to the United States. Needing money to start over, he took the opportunity to star as a bandit in a spaghetti western called . The film boosted his career, The Bounty Killer and ultimately resulted in his staying in Italy. He became a star of the spaghetti western genre,  where he often played  Mexican bandits or revolutionaries, roles in which he spoke in his real voice. He starred in (1966), The Ugly Ones (1966), The Big Gundown (1967), Django Kill... If You Live, Shoot! (1967), Face to Face (1968), Run, Man, Run (1968), Death Sentence (1969), Tepepa (1970), Compañeros (1972), Sonny and Jed (1972) and Life Is Tough, Eh Providence? (1975).
Four of the Apocalypse
As the spaghetti westerns dwindled, Milián remained a star in many genre films, playing both villains and heroes in various
polizieschi movies. He starred with Barbara Bouchet in the giallo . Don't Torture a Duckling In addition to his role in  (1974) and appearances in Almost Human (1974), Emergency Squad (1976) and The Tough Ones (1977), he also appeared in two film series - The Cynic, the Rat and the Fist Bruno Corbucci's Nico Giraldi series (1976-1984, beginning with ) and The Cop in Blue Jeans Umberto Lenzi's Er Monnezza films (1976-1980, beginning with ). His other films during this period include the Free Hand for a Tough Cop giallo (1972) and the non-genre films Don't Torture a Duckling (1971), The Last Movie (1979), Luna (1982) and Identification of a Woman (1982).
He later turned to comedy, playing the recurrent characters of petty thief Monnezza and
Serpico-like police officer Nico Giraldi in a variety of crime- comedy pictures. Although his voice was dubbed most of the time by Ferruccio Amendola, Milián wrote his own lines in Roman slang. Milián's inventive use of (Roman dialect) made him a romanesco cult performer in Italy. Bruno Corbucci, the director of many of these films commented, "At the cinemas as soon as Tomás Milián appeared on the screen, when he made a wisecrack and in the heaviest situations, then it was a pandemonium, it was like being at the stadium."
As Milián used similar makeups and accents in portraying both characters, Monnezza and Nico were occasionally confused by Italian audiences, who sometimes referred erroneously to them both as
Monnezza, or Er Monnezza ( Da trash in Roman slang ), and still closely associate Milián with these performances. 
Milián also appeared in non-genre pictures, such as
Bernardo Bertolucci's , for which he won a La Luna Nastro d'Argento for Best supporting Actor, and Michelangelo Antonioni's . Identification of a Woman 
As he grew older, Milián decided to go back to the United States. He appeared in
Sidney Pollack's , Havana Steven Spielberg's , Amistad Steven Soderbergh's as well as Traffic Andy García's , about Revolutionary Cuba. He has also played many roles on stage. In 2005, he portrayed Generalisimo The Lost City Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina in the film version of Mario Vargas Llosa's novel . The Feast of the Goat 
Milian was found dead from a stroke at his home in Miami on 22 March 2017.
On October 11, 2017 he received the Leone in Memoriam award at the 7º Almería Western Film Festival.
It was picked up by his friend  Luis Santeiro. 
, Ep. "Fiesta at Midnight" (1958, Decoy Michael Gordon) as Juan Ortega
, Ep. "The Louise Benton Story" (1959, James Sheldon) as Second Sailor The Millionaire
(1959, Bad Girls Don't Cry Mauro Bolognini) as Moretto
(1960, Mauro Bolognini) as Edoardo Il bell'Antonio
(1960, Silver Spoon Set Francesco Maselli) as Alberto De Matteis
(1961, The Mishap Alberto Lattuada) as Thomas Plemian
(1961, A Day for Lionhearts Nanni Loy) as Gino Migliacci
(1961, Day by Day, Desperately Alfredo Giannetti) as Dario Dominici
(1962, Boccaccio '70 Luchino Visconti) as Conte Ottavio
(1962, Disorder Franco Brusati) as Bruno
(1962, La banda Casaroli Florestano Vancini) as Gabriele Ingenis
, " Ro.Go.Pa.G. La ricotta" (1963, Pier Paolo Pasolini) as Centurione
(1963, Mare matto Renato Castellani) as Efsio
(1965, I Kill, You Kill Gianni Puccini) as Lorenzo Berti
(1965, Francesco Maselli) as Michele Time of Indifference
(1965, The Camp Followers Valerio Zurlini) as Lt. Gaetano Martino
(1965, The Agony and the Ecstasy Carol Reed) as Raphael
(1965, Mauro Bolognini) as Chevalier d'Albert Madamigella di Maupin
(1965, Gianni Puccini) as Bob I soldi
(1966, Eugenio Martin) as José Gómez The Ugly Ones
(1966, The Big Gundown Sergio Sollima) as Cuchillo Sanchez
(1967, Sergio Sollima) as Beau Bennet Face to Face
(1967, Django Kill... If You Live, Shoot! Giulio Questi) as The Stranger
(1968, Bandits in Milan Carlo Lizzani) as Comissario Walter Basevi
(1968, Death Sentence Mario Lanfranchi) as O'Hara
(1968, Sergio Sollima) as Cuchillo Sanchez Run, Man, Run!
(1968, Francesco Maselli) as Roger A Fine Pair
(1969, Tepepa Giulio Petroni) as Jesus Maria "Tepepa" Moran
(1969, Beatrice Cenci Lucio Fulci) as Olimpio Calvetti
(1969, Where Are You Going All Naked? Pasquale Festa Campanile) as Manfredo
(1970, Compañeros Sergio Corbucci) as El Vasco
(1970, Viva Cangaceiro Giovanni Fago) as Espedito
(1970, The Cannibals Liliana Cavani) as Emone
(1971, The Designated Victim Maurizio Lucidi) as Stefano Augenti
(1971, The Last Movie Dennis Hopper) as the Priest
(1972, Franco Prosperi) as the Stranger Ripped Off
(1972, Sonny and Jed Sergio Corbucci) as Jed Trigado
(1972, Lucio Fulci) as Andrea Martelli Don't Torture a Duckling
(1973, Counselor at Crime Alberto De Martino) as Thomas Accardo
(1972, Giulio Petroni) as Provvidenza Life Is Tough, Eh Providence?
(1974, Emergency Squad Stelvio Massi) as Tomas Ravelli
(1974, Almost Human Umberto Lenzi) as Giulio Sacchi
(1975, Silent Action Sergio Martino) as Rienzi
(1975, Umberto Lenzi) as Rambo Syndicate Sadists
(1975, Sergio Corbucci) as Sakura The White, the Yellow, and the Black
(1975, Lucio Fulci) as Chaco Four of the Apocalypse
(1975, Folle à tuer Yves Boisset)
(1976, Sergio Martino) as Cavaliere Marelli Sex with a Smile
(1976, Umberto Lenzi) as Vincenzo Moretto The Tough Ones
(1976, The Cop in Blue Jeans Bruno Corbucci), as Nico Giraldi
(1976, The Twist Claude Chabrol) as The Detective
(1976, Bruno Corbucci), as Nico Giraldi Hit Squad
(1976, Young, Violent, Dangerous Romolo Guerrieri) as the Commissioner
(1977, Umberto Lenzi) as Luigi Maietto The Cynic, the Rat and the Fist
(1977, Umberto Lenzi) as Sergio Marazzi Free Hand for a Tough Cop
(1977, Umberto Lenzi) as Sergio Marazzi/The Hunchback Brothers Till We Die
(1977, Stelvio Massi) as Sergio Marazzi Destruction Force
(1977, Bruno Corbucci), as Nico Giraldi Squadra antitruffa
(1978, Bruno Corbucci), as Nico Giraldi Little Italy
(1979, Bruno Corbucci), as Nico Giraldi The Gang That Sold America
(1979, Bruno Corbucci), as Nico Giraldi Assassinio sul Tevere
(1979, La Luna Bernardo Bertolucci) as Giuseppe
(1979, Winter Kills William Richert) as Frank Mayo
(1980, Il lupo e l'agnello Francesco Massaro) as Cuckoo
(1980, Bruno Corbucci), as Delitto a Porta Romana Nico Giraldi
(1981, Manolesta Pasquale Festa Campanile) as Gino Quirino
(1981, Bruno Corbucci), as Nico Giraldi Crime at the Chinese Restaurant
(1981, Bruno Corbucci) as Quinto Cecione Uno contro l'altro, praticamente amici
(1982, Bruno Corbucci), as Nico Giraldi Delitto sull'autostrada
(1982, Identification of a Woman Michelangelo Antonioni) as Niccolò
(1982, Monsignor Frank Perry) as Father Francisco
(1982, Bruno Corbucci) as Tony Roma Cat and Dog
(1983, Bruno Corbucci), as Nico Giraldi Crime in Formula One
(1984, Bruno Corbucci), as Nico Giraldi Cop in Drag
(1985, King David Bruce Beresford) as Akiss
"Bought and Paid For" (1985, Miami Vice John Nicolella) as Octavio Arroyo
(1986, Salome Claude d'Anna) as Herod II
"Shadow Play" (1987, The Equalizer Russ Mayberry) as Duran
(1987, Aurelio Chiesa) as Bernardo Bernardi Distant Lights
(1989, Cat Chaser Abel Ferrara) as Andres DeBoya
(1989, Massacre Play Damiano Damiani) as Clem Da Silva
(1990, Drug Wars: The Camarena Story Brian Gibson) as Florentino Ventura
(1990, Revenge Tony Scott) as Cesar
(1990, Havana Sydney Pollack) as Colonel Menocal
(1991, Money Steven Hilliard Stern) as Robert Zarra
(1991, JFK Oliver Stone) as Leopoldo
(1992, various) as Joseph Escobar Frannie's Turn
, "Day of the Dead" (1992, Anthony Shaw) as Enrico Montejano Murder, She Wrote
(1992, Nails John Flynn) as Pedro Herrara
, "Bitter Harvest" (1992, Screenplay Simon Cellan Jones) as Ramon Cires
Love, Honor & Obey: The Last Mafia Marriage (1993, John Patterson) as Joe Profaci
Marilyn & Bobby: Her Final Affair (1993, Bradford May) as Calro Rossi
(1994, The Burning Season John Frankenheimer) as Darli Alves
(1994, Gregg Champion) as Manny Huerta The Cowboy Way
(1997, Fools Rush In Andy Tennant) as Tomas Fuentes
(1997, various) as Ricardo Alvarez Oz
(1997, Amistad Steven Spielberg) as Ángel Calderón de la Barca y Belgrano
(2000, The Yards James Gray) as Manuel Sequeira
(2000, Law & Order Christopher Misiano) as Colonel Emilio Pantoya
(2000, For Love or Country: The Arturo Sandoval Story Joseph Sargent) as Sosa
(2000, Traffic Steven Soderbergh) as General Arturo Salazar
(short, 2001, John Frankenheimer) The Hire: Ambush
(2002, Washington Heights Alfredo De Villa) as Eddie
(2005, The Lost City Andy García) as Don Federico Fellove
(2005, The Feast of the Goat Luis Llosa) as Rafael Leonidas Trujillo (2014, Fugly! Alfredo De Villa) as Gramps
"Biografia | Tomas Milian". www.tomasmilian.it (in Italian) . Retrieved 2018.
The Big Gundown (Tomas Milian: Acting on Instinct) (DVD). Los Angeles, California: Grindhouse Releasing. 1968.
^ a b c
(DVD). Los Angeles, California: Django Kill... If You Live, Shoot! (Tomas Milian Talent Bio) Blue Underground. 1967.
^ a b c
"Tomas Milian biography". Virgilio (in Italian). Archived from the original on August 10, 2009 . Retrieved 2016.
Frignani, Rinaldo (December 21, 2009). "Tomas Milian ancora sbirro. Per fiction". (in Italian). Roma: RCS Quotidiani Spa Corriere della sera . Retrieved 2018.
Sansonna, Giuseppe (2014). The Cuban Hamlet - Storia di Tomas Milian [ The Cuban Hamlet - History of Tomas Milian] (in Italian). RAI.
"Tomas Milian biography". (in Italian). Yahoo! Movies Yahoo!. 2006. Archived from the original on October 21, 2009 . Retrieved 2018.
Gomarasca, Manlio (July 23, 2009). "Tomás Milián: Un'Avventurosa Storia Nei Generi (1)". Nocturno (in Italian). Archived from the original on October 7, 2009 . Retrieved 2018.
Martínez, Alejandro (July 26, 2009). "Tomas Milian orgullo de los cubanos en Miami". Cuba en Miami (in Spanish) . Retrieved 2018.
". "Er Monnezza" finisce sulla Treccani" (in Italian). Roma: RCS Quotidiani Spa. October 6, 2004 Corriere della Sera . Retrieved 2018.
Canby, Vincent (September 30, 1982). "ANTONIONI'S MYSTERY 'IDENTIFICATION OF A WOMAN. '" . New York Times The New York Times Company . Retrieved 2018.
Holland, Jonathan (February 23, 2006). "Review: 'The Feast of the Goat. '" . Variety Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved 2018.
"Addio a "Er monnezza": è morto a Miami Tomas Milian". . March 23, 2017 Giornale di Sicilia . Retrieved 2017.
Ugolini, Chiarla (March 23, 2017). "E' morto Tomas Milian, attore cubano rinato Er Monnezza". . La Repubblica GEDI Gruppo Editoriale S.p.A . Retrieved 2017.
Europa Press (October 12, 2017). "Almería Western Film Festival concede el premio 'Leone in Memoriam' a Tomás Milian". (in Spanish) Ideal . Retrieved 2018.
"Almería Western Film Festival concede el premio 'Leone in Memoriam' a Tomás Milian". Almeria Westerm Film Festival (in Spanish). October 11, 2017 . Retrieved 2018.
Further reading Giorgio Navarro, Fabio Zanello,
Tomas Milian. Er cubbano de Roma, Molino, 1999; ISBN 8890035935. Max Serio,
Tomas Milian: The Tough Bandit, the Rough Cop and the Filthy Rat in Italian Cinema, Mediane, 2009; ISBN 8896042127. Gordiano Lupi, Tomas Milian, il trucido e lo sbirro, Profondo Rosso Editore, 2011; ISBN 8889084502.