|County of the Kingdom of Hungary|
County of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
|Capital||Aracsa; Nagy-Becskerek (1779-1807, 1820-1920); Nagyszentmikós (1807-1820); Kiszombor (1920-1923)|
|10,016 km2 (3,867 sq mi)|
o Ottoman conquest
o County recreated
|23 April 1779|
|18 November 1849|
o County recreated
|27 December 1860|
o Treaty of Trianon
|4 June 1920|
o Merged into Csanád-Arad-Torontál County
|Today part of|| Serbia|
|Vranjevo, Zrenjanin; Sânnicolau Mare is the current name of the capital.|
Torontál (Hungarian: Torontál, German: Torontal, Serbian: , Romanian: Torontal) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now divided between Serbia and Romania, except a small area which is part of Hungary. The capital of the county was Nagybecskerek (Serbian: , German: Großbetschkerek, Romanian: Becicherecu Mare), the current Zrenjanin.
Torontál county was located in the Banat region. It shared borders with the Kingdom of Serbia and the Hungarian counties Syrmia, Bács-Bodrog, Csongrád, Csanád, Arad and Temes (the first county was part of Croatia-Slavonia). The river Danube formed its southern border, the river Tisza its western border, and the river Maros (Mure?) its northern border. Its area was 10,042 km² around 1910.
Torontál county was formed before the 15th century. Initial capital was Aracsa (Vranjevo) and existed until this area was taken by the Ottoman Empire in 1552. During Ottoman administration, this territory was included into the Ottoman Province of Teme?var. After the Banat was captured by the Habsburg Monarchy in 1718, the area was included into the Banat of Temeswar. This province was abolished in 1778 and it was incorporated into the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary, county was restored in 1779. Its center was moved temporarily to Nagyszentmiklós (present-day Sânnicolau Mare) between 1807 and 1820 due to a great fire in Nagybecskerek (present-day Zrenjanin).
In 1848/1849 the area of the county was claimed by the self-proclaimed Serbian Voivodship, while between 1849 and 1860 it was part of the Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar, a separate Austrian crownland. After 1853, the county did not exist since the voivodeship was divided into districts. Ater the voivodeship was abolished in 1860, wthe area was again incorporated into the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary and the county was recreated in January 1861.
In 1918, the county became part of the newly formed Banat Republic, and then part of Banat, Ba?ka and Baranja region of the Kingdom of Serbia, which subsequently became part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed to Yugoslavia). By the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, the area of the county was divided between the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, Romania, and Hungary. Most of the county was assigned to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (which later became Yugoslavia). The north-eastern part of the county was assigned to Romania, and the northernmost part of the county (a small area south of Szeged, Kiszombor and 8 surrounding villages) was assigned to Hungary and became part of the newly formed county Csanád-Arad-Torontál in 1923.
The Yugoslav part of the pre-1920 Torontál county (the western Banat region) is now part of Serbia (mostly in the autonomous region of Vojvodina, except the small part near Belgrade, which is part of Belgrade Region). The Romanian part is now part of Timi? county (called Timi?-Torontal between 1919 and 1950). The Hungarian part is now part of Csongrád County.
In 1900, the county had a population of 609,362 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:
According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:
In 1910, the county had a population of 615,151 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:
According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:
In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Torontál county were:
|Alibunári járás||Alibunár (Serbian: ), today in Serbia|
|Antalfalvai járás||Antalfalva (Serbian: ), today in Serbia|
|Bánlaki járás||Bánlak (Romanian: Banloc), today in Romania|
|Csenei járás||Csene (Romanian: Cenei), today in Romania|
|Módosi járás||Módos (Serbian: ), today Ja?a Tomi? in Serbia|
|Nagybecskereki járás||Nagy-Becskerek (Serbian: ), today Zrenjanin in Serbia|
|Nagykikindai járás||Nagy-Kikinda (Serbian: ?), today Kikinda in Serbia|
|Nagyszentmiklósi járás||Nagyszentmiklós (Romanian: Sânnicolau Mare), today in Romania|
|Pancsovai járás||Pancsova (Serbian: ?), today in Serbia|
|Párdányi járás||Párdány (Serbian: ), today Me?a in Serbia|
|Perjámosi járás||Perjámos (Romanian: Periam), today in Romania|
|Törökbecsei járás||Törökbecse (Serbian: ), today Novi Be?ej in Serbia|
|Törökkanizsai járás||Törökkanizsa (Serbian: ), today Novi Kne?evac in Serbia|
|Zsombolyai járás||Zsombolya (Romanian: Jimbolia), today in Romania|
|Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)|
|Pancsova (Serbian: ?), today in Serbia|
|Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)|
|Nagybecskerek (Serbian: ), today in Serbia|
|Nagykikinda (Serbian: ?), today in Serbia|