(From the left in the bottom row: Ban Gondayu, Itagaki Taisuke
, Tani Otoi(young boy), Yamaji Motoharu
. From the left in the middle row: Tani Shigeki(Sinbei), Tani Tateki
(Moribe), Yamada Kiyokado(Heizaemon), Yoshimoto Sukekatsu(Heinosuke). From the left in the top row: Kataoka Masumitsu(Kenkichi), Manabe Masayoshi(Kaisaku), Nishiyama Sakae, Kitamura Shigeyori(Chobei), Beppu Hikokuro.)
The Tosa Domain (, Tosa han) was a feudal domain in Tosa Province of Japan (present-day K?chi Prefecture) during the Edo period. Some from the domain played important roles in events in the late Tokugawa shogunate. Among them are Nakahama Manjir?, Sakamoto Ry?ma, Yui Mitsue, Got? Sh?jir?, Itagaki Taisuke, Nakae Ch?min, and Takechi Hanpeita.
In the early Meiji urban prefectures/domains/rural prefectures threefold system of government, its official name was "K?chi Domain" (, K?chi han). With the ultimate replacement of all domains with prefectures in 1871, K?chi domain became K?chi prefecture.
Ashikaga and Azuchi-Momoyama periods
Around 1400 Tosa was controlled by Hosokawa clan, associates of the Ashikaga sh?guns.
In 16th century Tosa was a base of the Ch?sokabe clan, that under Ch?sokabe Motochika briefly (1583-1585) controlled the entire island of Shikoku. Defeated by Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1585, Ch?sokabe fought for him in Kyushu and Korea. The next daimy? Ch?sokabe Morichika joined the western host at Sekigahara. He was removed from the province by a victorious Tokugawa Ieyasu, who granted the domain to
Yamauchi Kazutoyo in 1600.
The Ch?sokabe clan retainers were mutinous, while peasants feared increased exploitation under the new lord and many fled across to the neighboring domains.
Yamauchi Kazutoyo came in with only 158 mounted men, and had to petition bakufu for help in pacifying his new domain. This was achieved by "ruse and violence ... Two boatloads containing 273 heads were sent to Tokugawa headquarters to demonstrate Yamauchi efficiency, and another 73 dissidents were crucified on the beach."
List of daimy?s
Simplified genealogy of the Yamauchi daimy?s of Tosa
- Yamauchi Moritoyo (1510 - c. 1559)
- I. Kazutoyo, 1st daimy? of Tosa (cr. 1601) (c. 1545 - 1605; r. 1601-1605)
- Yasutoyo (1549-1625)
- II. Tadayoshi, 2nd daimy? of Tosa (1592-1665; r. 1605-1656)
- III. Tadatoyo, 3rd daimy? of Tosa (1609-1669; r. 1656-1669)
- IV. Toyomasa, 4th daimy? of Tosa (1641-1700; r. 1669-1700).
- Fukao Shigemasa (1598-1672). Adopted into the Fukao family
- Fukao Shigeteru
- Fukao Shigenao
- Yamauchi Tadashige (1682-1721)
- VIII. Toyonobu, 8th daimy? of Tosa (1712-1768; r. 1725-1767)
- IX. Toyochika, 9th daimy? of Tosa (1750-1789; r. 1768-1789)
- X. Toyokazu, 10th daimy? of Tosa (1773-1825; r. 1789-1808)
- XI. Toyoaki, 11th daimy? of Tosa (1793-1809; r. 1808-1809).
- XII. Toyosuke, 12th daimy? of Tosa (1794-1872; r. 1809-1843)
- XIII. Toyoteru, 13th daimy? of Tosa (1815-1848; r. 1843-1848)
- XIV. Toyoatsu, 14th daimy? of Tosa (1824-1848; r. 1848)
- XVI. Toyonori, 16th daimy?, 16th family head, 1st Marquess (1846-1886; r. 1859-1869; Governor of Tosa 1869-1871; Marquess: 1884)
- XVII. Toyokage, 2nd Marquess, 17th family head (1875-1957; 2nd Marquess 1886-1947; 17th family head 1886-1957)
- Toyoshizu, 1st Baron Yamauchi (cr. 1906) (1883-1937)
- XVIII. Toyoaki, 18th family head (1912-2003; 18th family head 1957-2003)
- XIX. Toyokoto, 19th family head (b. 1940 ; 19th family head 2003- )
- Toyohiro (b. 1978)
- Toyonao (b. 1979)
- Toyoakira (1802-1859)
- XV. Toyoshige, 15th Lord of Tosa (1827-1872; r. 1849-1859)
- Kazutada (1600-1663)
- Kazutoshi (1649-1675)
- V.Toyofusa, 5th daimy? of Tosa (1672-1706; r. 1700-1706)
- VI. Toyotaka, 6th daimy? of Tosa (1673-1720; r. 1706-1720)
- VII. Toyotsune, 7th daimy? of Tosa (1711-1725; r. 1720-1725).
- ^ a b M. B. Jensen, The making of modern Japan, (Harvard University Press, 2002), pp. 51-52
- ^ Yamachi genealogy