Tosa Domain
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Tosa Domain
Tosa Jinshotai () soldiers with Shaguma headress in the Battle of Ueno, Boshin War (1867-68)
Jinshotai()(From the left in the bottom row: Ban Gondayu, Itagaki Taisuke, Tani Otoi(young boy), Yamaji Motoharu. From the left in the middle row: Tani Shigeki(Sinbei), Tani Tateki(Moribe), Yamada Kiyokado(Heizaemon), Yoshimoto Sukekatsu(Heinosuke). From the left in the top row: Kataoka Masumitsu(Kenkichi), Manabe Masayoshi(Kaisaku), Nishiyama Sakae, Kitamura Shigeyori(Chobei), Beppu Hikokuro.)

The Tosa Domain (, Tosa han) was a feudal domain in Tosa Province of Japan (present-day K?chi Prefecture) during the Edo period. Some from the domain played important roles in events in the late Tokugawa shogunate. Among them are Nakahama Manjir?, Sakamoto Ry?ma, Yui Mitsue, Got? Sh?jir?, Itagaki Taisuke, Nakae Ch?min, and Takechi Hanpeita.

In the early Meiji urban prefectures/domains/rural prefectures threefold system of government, its official name was "K?chi Domain" (, K?chi han). With the ultimate replacement of all domains with prefectures in 1871, K?chi domain became K?chi prefecture.

Ashikaga and Azuchi-Momoyama periods

Around 1400 Tosa was controlled by Hosokawa clan, associates of the Ashikaga sh?guns.

In 16th century Tosa was a base of the Ch?sokabe clan, that under Ch?sokabe Motochika briefly (1583-1585) controlled the entire island of Shikoku. Defeated by Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1585, Ch?sokabe fought for him in Kyushu and Korea. The next daimy? Ch?sokabe Morichika joined the western host at Sekigahara. He was removed from the province by a victorious Tokugawa Ieyasu, who granted the domain to Yamauchi Kazutoyo in 1600.[1]

The Ch?sokabe clan retainers were mutinous, while peasants feared increased exploitation under the new lord and many fled across to the neighboring domains. Yamauchi Kazutoyo came in with only 158 mounted men, and had to petition bakufu for help in pacifying his new domain. This was achieved by "ruse and violence ... Two boatloads containing 273 heads were sent to Tokugawa headquarters to demonstrate Yamauchi efficiency, and another 73 dissidents were crucified on the beach."[1]

List of daimy?s

  1. Kazutoyo
  2. Tadayoshi
  3. Tadatoyo
  4. Toyomasa
  5. Toyofusa
  6. Toyotaka
  7. Toyotsune
  8. Toyonobu
  9. Toyochika
  10. Toyokazu
  11. Toyo'oki
  12. Toyosuke
  13. Toyoteru
  14. Toyoatsu
  15. Toyoshige
  16. Toyonori

Simplified genealogy of the Yamauchi daimy?s of Tosa

  • Yamauchi Moritoyo (1510 - c. 1559)
    • Simple silver crown.svg I. Kazutoyo, 1st daimy? of Tosa (cr. 1601) (c. 1545 - 1605; r. 1601-1605)
    • Yasutoyo (1549-1625)
      • Simple silver crown.svg II. Tadayoshi, 2nd daimy? of Tosa (1592-1665; r. 1605-1656)
        • Simple silver crown.svg III. Tadatoyo, 3rd daimy? of Tosa (1609-1669; r. 1656-1669)
          • Simple silver crown.svg IV. Toyomasa, 4th daimy? of Tosa (1641-1700; r. 1669-1700).
      • Fukao Shigemasa (1598-1672). Adopted into the Fukao family
        • Fukao Shigeteru
          • Fukao Shigenao
            • Yamauchi Tadashige (1682-1721)
              • Simple silver crown.svg VIII. Toyonobu, 8th daimy? of Tosa (1712-1768; r. 1725-1767)
                • Simple silver crown.svg IX. Toyochika, 9th daimy? of Tosa (1750-1789; r. 1768-1789)
                  • Simple silver crown.svg X. Toyokazu, 10th daimy? of Tosa (1773-1825; r. 1789-1808)
                    • Simple silver crown.svg XI. Toyoaki, 11th daimy? of Tosa (1793-1809; r. 1808-1809).
                    • Simple silver crown.svg XII. Toyosuke, 12th daimy? of Tosa (1794-1872; r. 1809-1843)
                      • Simple silver crown.svg XIII. Toyoteru, 13th daimy? of Tosa (1815-1848; r. 1843-1848)
                      • Simple silver crown.svg XIV. Toyoatsu, 14th daimy? of Tosa (1824-1848; r. 1848)
                      • Simple silver crown.svg XVI. Toyonori, 16th daimy?, 16th family head, 1st Marquess (1846-1886; r. 1859-1869; Governor of Tosa 1869-1871; Marquess: 1884)
                        • XVII. Toyokage, 2nd Marquess, 17th family head (1875-1957; 2nd Marquess 1886-1947; 17th family head 1886-1957)
                        • Toyoshizu, 1st Baron Yamauchi (cr. 1906) (1883-1937)
                          • XVIII. Toyoaki, 18th family head (1912-2003; 18th family head 1957-2003)
                            • XIX. Toyokoto, 19th family head (b. 1940 ; 19th family head 2003- )
                              • Toyohiro (b. 1978)
                              • Toyonao (b. 1979)
                    • Toyoakira (1802-1859)
                      • Simple silver crown.svg XV. Toyoshige, 15th Lord of Tosa (1827-1872; r. 1849-1859)
      • Kazutada (1600-1663)
        • Kazutoshi (1649-1675)
          • Simple silver crown.svg V.Toyofusa, 5th daimy? of Tosa (1672-1706; r. 1700-1706)
          • Simple silver crown.svg VI. Toyotaka, 6th daimy? of Tosa (1673-1720; r. 1706-1720)
            • Simple silver crown.svg VII. Toyotsune, 7th daimy? of Tosa (1711-1725; r. 1720-1725).


See also


  1. ^ a b M. B. Jensen, The making of modern Japan, (Harvard University Press, 2002), pp. 51-52
  2. ^ Yamachi genealogy

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