Toshiko Takaezu (17 June 1922 - 9 March 2011) was an American  ceramic artist and painter.
Takaezu was born to
Japanese immigrant parents in Pepeekeo, Hawaii, on 17 June 1922. She moved to Honolulu in 1940, where she worked at the Hawaii Potter's Guild creating identical pieces from press molds.  While she hated creating hundreds of identical pieces, she appreciated that she could practice glazing.  Takaezu attended Saturday classes at the  Honolulu Museum of Art School (1947-1949) and attended the  University of Hawaii (1948, 1951) where she studied under  Claude Horan. From 1951 to 1954, she continued her studies at Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan (1951), where she befriended Finnish ceramist Maija Grotell, who became her mentor.  Takaezu earned an award after her first year of study, which acknowledged her as an outstanding student in the clay department.  In 1955, Takaezu traveled to  Japan, where she studied Zen Buddhism, tea ceremony, and the techniques of traditional  Japanese pottery, which influenced her work. While studying in Japan, she worked with  Kaneshige Toyo and visited Shoji Hamada, both influential Japanese potters. 
She taught at several universities and art schools:
Cranbrook Academy of Art, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan; University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin; Cleveland Institute of Art, Cleveland, Ohio (10 years); Honolulu Academy of Art, Honolulu, Hawaii; and Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (1967-1992), where she was awarded an honorary doctorate.  
She retired in 1992 to become a studio artist, living and working in the
Quakertown section of Franklin Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, about 30 miles northwest of Princeton. In addition to her studio in New Jersey, she made many of her larger sculptures at Skidmore College in Saratoga Springs, New York.
Toshiko Takaezu made functional wheel-thrown vessels early in her career. Later she switched to abstract sculptures with freely applied poured and painted glazes. In the early 1970s, when she didn't have access to a kiln, she painted on canvas.
Takaezu died on March 9, 2011 in Honolulu,
following a stroke she suffered in May 2010.  
Toshiko Takaezu Foundation was established in 2015 to support the legacy of the artist Toshiko Takaezu.
Takaezu treated life with a sense of wholesomeness and oneness with nature; everything she did was to improve and discover herself. She believed that ceramics involved self-revelation, once commenting, "In my life I see no difference between making pots, cooking and growing vegetables... there is need for me to work in clay... it gives me answers for my life." When she developed her signature "closed form" after sealing her pots, she found her identity as an artist. The ceramic forms resembled human hearts and torsos, closed cylindrical forms, and huge spheres she called "moons." Before closing the forms, she dropped a bead of clay wrapped in paper inside, so that the pieces would rattle when moved.
She was once asked by
Chobyo Yara what the most important part of her ceramic pieces is. She replied that it is the hollow space of air within, because it cannot be seen but is still part of the pot. She relates this to the idea that what's inside a person is the most important. 
University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 1959, 1961:
Cleveland Institute of Art, Cleveland, Ohio 1961:
Peabody College for Teachers, Nashville, Tennessee 1965: Gallery 100, Princeton, New Jersey
Lewis and Clark College, Portland, Oregon 1975, 1985:
Florida Junior College, Jacksonville, Florida 1987: Hale Pulamamau, Kuakini Hospital, Honolulu, Hawaii
Montclair Art Museum, Montclair, New Jersey 1989: University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, Connecticut
She has also been in several group exhibitions throughout the United States and internationally in countries including Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Japan, and Switzerland.
Honors and awards
Takaezu won many honors and awards for her work:
Collections containing work
Takaezu's work may be found in private and corporate permanent collections, as well as several public collections across the United States:
Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, Massachusetts
Allentown Art Museum, Allentown, Pennsylvania
Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona
Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, Maryland
Bloomsburg University, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania
Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, Ohio
Canton Museum of Art, Canton, Ohio
Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio
Currier Museum of Art , Manchester, New Hampshire
Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, Michigan
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, San Francisco, California Frances Young Tang Teaching Museum and Art Gallery,
Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, New York Hunterdon Art Museum, Clinton, New Jersey
Grounds for Sculpture, Hamilton, New Jersey
Hawaii State Art Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii
High Museum of Art, Atlanta, Georgia,
Honolulu Museum of Art, Honolulu, Hawaii Kresge Art Museum,
Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York
Museum of Arts and Design, New York, New York
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas
Newark Museum, Newark, New Jersey
New Jersey State Museum, Trenton, New Jersey
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Racine Art Museum, Racine, Wisconsin
Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, Washington  
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.
Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, Ohio
University Art Museum, Albany, New York
University of Hawaii at Hilo, Hawaii
University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire Zanesville Museum of Art, Zanesville, OH
Takaezu's work may also be found in the National Museum in Bangkok, Thailand.
^ a b c
Grimes, William (March 19, 2011), "Toshiko Takaezu, Ceramic Artist, Dies at 88", The New York Times
^ a b
"Renowned Hawaii Artist Toshiko Takaezu Dies", Honolulu Civil Beat, March 10, 2011
"Toshiko Takaezu | Densho Encyclopedia". encyclopedia.densho.org . Retrieved .
^ a b c
Saiki, Patsy (1985). Japanese women in Hawaii: the first 100 years. Honolulu, HI: Kisaku, Inc. pp. 139-142.
^ a b c d e f g
Heller, Jules; Heller, Nancy G., eds. (1995). . New York and London: Garland Publishing. pp. North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century 536. ISBN . 0824060490
^ Honolulu Museum of Art,
Spalding House: Self-guided Tour, Sculpture Garden, pp. 5 & 18
Held, Peter (2011). The art of Toshiko Takaezu : in the language of silence. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN . 9780807878095 OCLC 715868061.
Duazo, Catherine (March 11, 2011), "Former visual arts professor Takaezu passes away at 88", The Daily Princetonian
"Toshiko Takaezu: The Paintings". Members' Magazine (Honolulu Museum of Art): 8. March 2012.
Grimes, William (2011-03-19). "Toshiko Takaezu, Ceramic Artist, Dies at 88". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331 . Retrieved .
Strickland, Carol (Oct 6, 1997). "Master of Art and the Art of Living, Everything Ceramic Artist Toshiko Takaezu does Feeds into the Process of Discovering and Creating". The Christian Science Monitor.
"Toshiko Takaezu Receives Arts Award | Dickinson College". archives.dickinson.edu . Retrieved .
"Artist / Maker / Culture: "Toshiko Takaezu. "" Seattle Art Museum, Asian Art Museum & Olympic Sculpture Park . Retrieved .
"Here and Now: New Ceramic Acquisitions". Seattle Art Museum, Asian Art Museum & Olympic Sculpture Park. 2012 . Retrieved .
Further reading Clarke, Joan and Diane Dods,
Artists/Hawaii, Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press, 1996, 98-103. Department of Education, State of Hawaii,
Artists of Hawaii, Honolulu, Department of Education, State of Hawaii, 1985, pp. 55-60. Haar, Francis and Murray Turnbull,
Artists of Hawaii, Volume Two, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1977, 79-84. Nemmers, Peyton, Steuber.
"In Memory of Toshiko Takaezu: Artist, Mentor, Friend" Ceramic Arts and Technical, vol 87. 2012. Honolulu Academy of Arts,
Toshiko Takaezu, Honolulu, HI, Honolulu Academy of Arts, 1993. Honolulu Museum of Art,
Spalding House Self-guided Tour, Sculpture Garden, 2014, pp. 5 & 18 International Art Society of Hawai'i,
Kuilima K?kou, Hawai'i-Japan Joint Exhibition, Honolulu, International Art Society of Hawai'i, 2004, p. 45 Morse, Marcia,
Legacy: Facets of Island Modernism, Honolulu, Honolulu Academy of Arts, 2001, ISBN 978-0-937426-48-7, pp. 24, 82-87 Morse, Marcia and Allison Wong,
10 Years: The Contemporary Museum at First Hawaiian Center, The Contemporary Museum, Honolulu, 2006, ISBN 1888254076, p. 111 Takaezu, Toshiko, Portfolio in
Bamboo Ridge: Journal of Hawai'i Literature and Arts, Spring, 1996, 26-30. Takaezu, Toshiko,
Toshiko Takaezu, Four decades, Montclair, N.J., Montclair Art Museum, 1989. Woolfolk, Ann, "Toshiko Takaezu,"
Princeton Alumni Weekly, Vol. 83(5), 6 October 1982, pp. 31-33. Yake, J. Stanley,
Toshiko Takaezu, The earth in bloom, Albany, NY, MEAM Pub. Co., 2005. Yoshihara, Lisa A., Collective Visions, 1967-1997, Hawaii State Foundation on Culture and the Arts, Honolulu, Hawaii, 1997, 61.