|Local authority||London Borough of Haringey|
|Managed by||Greater Anglia|
|Number of platforms||5 (2 London Underground, 3 National Rail (numbered 2-4))|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|- interchange||0.645 million|
|- interchange||0.353 million|
|- interchange||0.367 million|
|- interchange||0.366 million|
|- interchange||0.396 million|
|1968||Opened (Victoria line)|
|London transport portal|
Tottenham Hale is a National Rail and London Underground interchange station located in Tottenham Hale in north London, England. On the National Rail network it is on the Lea Valley line that forms part of the West Anglia Main Line, 6 miles (9.7 km) from London Liverpool Street, and is served by Greater Anglia and Stansted Express. On the Underground it is on the Victoria line between Blackhorse Road and Seven Sisters. The station is in Travelcard Zone 3.
The station was opened in 1840, with Underground services added in 1968. A new station building is under construction, and an additional platform is being added as part of a regeneration scheme.
Locations served by Tottenham Hale trains in previous years included London St Pancras (via the Tottenham and Hampstead Joint Railway), North Woolwich via the low level platforms at Stratford (after the Palace Gates Line service was cut back) and York (via Cambridge and the Great Northern and Great Eastern Joint Railway). Until recently, the next station served to the south on the line to Liverpool Street was Clapton, but only a small number of trains to and from Tottenham Hale served Clapton. Clapton is now exclusively served by trains on the Chingford branch instead, except for the last train to Hertford East on Mondays to Fridays, which stops at Clapton before Tottenham Hale.
The station opened on 15 September 1840 as Tottenham, on the Northern & Eastern Railway (N&ER) line from Stratford in east London to Broxbourne in Hertfordshire. The Northern and Eastern Railway was leased by the Eastern Counties Railway in 1844 who took over operation of the line. The line was initially laid to a gauge of ; however, this had already been identified as non-standard, and between 5 September and 7 October 1844 the whole network was re-laid to .
On 12 September 1858 a passenger train collided with some goods wagons that had been shunted onto the main line. Nobody was seriously injured. Eighteen months later on 20 February 1860 the station was the site of a serious railway accident when a locomotive derailed, killing the driver, fireman and seven passengers.
The Eastern Counties Railway was taken over by the Great Eastern Railway in 1862.
Until 1868 Tottenham Hale was a railhead for cattle traffic from East Anglia. Trains were unloaded there, and the cattle driven miles down what is now the A10 road towards London. In 1868 the link (since removed) to the Tottenham and Hampstead Junction Railway was opened and the cattle traffic transferred to Tufnell Park, which was closer to the site of the cattle market off Caledonian Road.
Four years later in 1872 the route via Clapton was opened, offering a slightly more direct route to Liverpool Street.
In 1882 the line through Tottenham Hale became part of a major rail freight artery, with the opening of the Great Northern and Great Eastern Joint Railway. This provided a link for the Great Eastern from the coalfields in the north to London. This led to a second pair of running lines known as the Slow Lines being added in 1913. The slow lines that exist today were previously known as the fast lines.
On 29 August 1913 a northbound mail train (carrying passengers) ran into the back of a freight train just south of the station at Tottenham South Junction. The cause was a signal passed at danger in foggy conditions. Two passengers were badly injured, 16 less so.
The area was always susceptible to flooding, one of the worst instances being between 18 and 22 February 1919 when the River Lea overflowed its banks and rail traffic was suspended.
In 1919 there were, as well as the two sets of main lines, some private sidings serving local industries. Other sidings in the area were used to clean passenger rolling stock when not in service.
On 4 October 1929 another accident occurred at Tottenham North Junction (just south of the station) when a goods train passed a signal at danger and was hit by a passenger train. There were no fatalities.
On 21 March 1944 (during World War Two) a number of incendiary bombs fell close to the station, destroying a lineside hut.
In 1961 the link from Tottenham South Junction to the Tottenham and Hampstead Line was closed.
On 14 July 1967 planning permission was granted for the addition of the London Underground Victoria line station. The station was renamed Tottenham Hale on 1 September 1968, when it became an interchange station with London Underground on the opening of the first stage of the Victoria line.
The Lea Valley line between Copper Mill Junction and Cheshunt was electrified at 25 kV in 1969. Many of the private goods sidings were removed at this time. Prior to electrification, between 1958 and 1969 passenger services between Cheshunt and London Liverpool Street through Tottenham Hale were normally operated by Class 125 diesel multiple units (which had been purpose-built for the line).
In the late 1990s, at the same time as the Stansted Express service to Stansted Airport was started, the British Rail station at Tottenham Hale was totally rebuilt; the Underground station was revamped at the same time. None of the original Victorian station now exists.
With the privatisation of the UK's railways in 1994 operation of the station was initially allocated to a business unit which succeeded the old British Railways structure before being taken over by West Anglia Great Northern (WAGN) in January 1997.
In August 2002 signalling control was transferred to the Liverpool Street Integrated Electronic Control Centre (IECC).
The WAGN franchise was replaced in 2004 by One, this was renamed National Express East Anglia.
The following year, following financial difficulties, Railtrack was superseded by Network Rail.
From 11 December 2005, a new service to and from Stratford reintroduced a direct passenger connection between Tottenham Hale and Stratford via the mainly freight line across Walthamstow Marshes. For many years the only service on this route had been a parliamentary "ghost train" to Enfield Town via Stratford operated to save lengthy closure (to passenger) procedures.
In February 2012 operation of the station changed once again, with Greater Anglia taking over the franchise.
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
towards Walthamstow Central
|London Liverpool Street||Greater Anglia
|Preceding station||Crossrail||Following station|
|South Tottenham||Tottenham & Hampstead Junction Railway||Terminus|
Transport for London has active plans for the station to be expanded.
Specifically, the proposed Tottenham Hale Station Upgrade development comprises the following elements:
Funding is being sought to increase the number of lines from Coppermill Junction (between Lea Bridge and Tottenham Hale) and Angel Road to provide a turn-up-and-go four trains per hour service for the Lea Valley.
In February 2013, the Crossrail task force of business group London First, chaired by former Secretary of State for Transport Andrew Adonis, published its recommendations on Crossrail 2, favouring a route almost identical to the regional option proposed by TfL in 2011. The report was endorsed by Network Rail.
This proposal will see four tracks restored through Tottenham Hale and direct links to South-West London.
Land at Ferry Lane: Construction of new station for Victoria Line.
Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.