Tower Hill
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Tower Hill

Tower Hill
London 12 2002 5070.JPG
10 Trinity Square, Tower Hill
Tower Hill is located in Greater London
Tower Hill
Tower Hill
Location within Greater London
OS grid referenceTQ333806
Charing Cross2 mi (3.2 km) W
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtEC3
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
Tower Hill as shown on the "Woodcut" map of c. 1561
The surviving fragment of the 3rd-century London Wall near Tower Hill tube station on Tower Hill

The name Tower Hill is applied to the high ground just north of the Tower of London moat, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.

The land was historically part of the Liberties of the Tower of London; the Tower needed control of the area to keep it clear of any development which would reduce the defensibility of the Tower. Building has encroached to a degree, but a legacy of this control is that much of the hill is still open. The hill includes land on either side of the former London Wall, with a large remnant is still visible.[1]

For centuries, the hill hosted public executions, particularly of attainted peers and today it is notable for being the site of the Tower Hill Memorial in its Trinity Square Gardens which are adjoined by its two smaller public gardens, Wakefield and Tower Gardens. The latter are lined by a web of pavements which cut short Trinity Square, rendering it a curved park-lined street.

Location

The set of gardens and buildings surrounding are served by Tower Gateway DLR and Tower Hill tube stations. The street Tower Hill forms an edge of the congestion charging zone between Byward Street in the west and a junction with Minories and Tower Hill Terrace in the east.

History

Depiction of the 1685 execution of James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth at Tower Hill in a popular print.
Site of the Scaffold on Tower Hill

Settlement

In one of the oldest parts of London, archaeological evidence shows that there was a settlement on the hill in the Bronze Age and much later a Roman village that was burnt down during the Boudica uprising. A nearby church, All Hallows-by-the-Tower, is known for fragments of Romanesque architecture dating back to AD 680; the church itself dates from 675.

Local government

Great Tower Hill was an extra-parochial area[1] within the Tower Liberty, under the direct administrative control of the Tower of London and outside the jurisdiction of the City of London and the county of Middlesex. In 1855 the area became part of the district of the Metropolitan Board of Works.

The "District of Tower" became part of the Whitechapel District, under the authority of the Whitechapel District Board of Works. This was ambiguous and The Great Tower Hill Act 1869 was required to explicitly interpret it as Old Tower Without, including within it Great Tower Hill.[2] The Tower Liberty was abolished in 1894 and incorporated into the County of London.

Executions

Public executions of high-profile traitors and criminals were often carried out on Tower Hill, including:

References

  1. ^ a b Wheatley, Henry Benjamin; Cunningham, Peter (1891). "Tower Hill". London Past and Present. vol. 3. London: John Murray. pp. 400-402.
  2. ^ The Statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Great Britain, His Majesty's Statute and Law Printers, (1869)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Sign at site of the scaffold (2)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Sign at site of the scaffold (3)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Sign at site of the scaffold (4)
  6. ^ "Walter Hungerford and the 'Buggery Act' | English Heritage". www.english-heritage.org.uk. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Sign at site of the scaffold (5)
  8. ^ https://archive.org/stream/scotspeeragefoun05pauluoft#page/128/mode/2up

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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