Toyooka, Hy%C5%8Dgo
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Toyooka, Hy%C5%8Dgo
Toyooka

Kinosaki Onsen by day.jpg
Toyooka city office and Toyooka city council.jpg
Kinosaki Onsen and Toyooka City Hall
Flag of Toyooka
Flag
Official seal of Toyooka
Chapter
Location of Toyooka in Hy?go Prefecture
Location of Toyooka in Hy?go Prefecture
Toyooka is located in Japan
Toyooka
Toyooka
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°33?N 134°49?E / 35.550°N 134.817°E / 35.550; 134.817Coordinates: 35°33?N 134°49?E / 35.550°N 134.817°E / 35.550; 134.817
CountryJapan
RegionKansai
PrefectureHy?go Prefecture
Government
 o MayorMuneharu Nakagai
Area
 o Total697.55 km2 (269.33 sq mi)
Population
(June 1, 2019)
 o Total78,571
 o Density112.64/km2 (291.7/sq mi)
Symbols
 o TreeWillow
 o FlowerTulip
 o BirdOriental white stork
Time zoneUTC+9 (JST)
City hall address2-4 Chmachi, Toyooka-shi, Hy?go-ken
668-8666
Websitewww.city.toyooka.hyogo.jp

Toyooka (, Toyooka-shi) is a city in the northern part of Hy?go Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on April 1, 1950.

As of 1 April 2015, the city has an estimated population of 81,797 with 29,999 households.[1] The total area of Toyooka city is 697.66 km2.

On April 1, 2005, the towns of Kinosaki, Hidaka and Takeno (all from Kinosaki District) and the towns of Izushi and Tant? (both from Izushi District) were merged into Toyooka.

Geography

Toyooka lies entirely within the San'in Kaigan Geopark.[2] One of Toyooka's famous geological features is a basalt cave called Genbudo. Genbudo was formed 1.6 million years ago from the eruption of an ancient volcano. In 1926, Professor Motonori Matuyama of Kyoto University first proposed the theory of geomagnetic polarity reversal at Genbudo after discovering it had a reverse magnetization.

The wetlands of Toyooka provide an important habitat for the oriental stork. After becoming extinct in the wild in the 1970s, Toyooka began a captive breeding program. After a quarter of a century of breeding efforts, the first oriental stork chick was born in 1989. In 2005 Toyooka released 5 captively bred storks, which bred successfully in the wild. As of June 2015 there are 72 wild oriental white storks in Toyooka.

The hot spring resort Kinosaki Onsen is located within Toyooka.

Neighbouring municipalities

Climate

Although part of the Kansai region and Hy?go Prefecture, Toyooka has a climate much more similar to the Hokuriku region of Ch?bu and T?hoku. Unlike Osaka or Kobe, which rarely see significant snowfall during the winter, Toyooka, exposed to the northerly winter winds driven by the Siberian High and Aleutian Low, receives 3.1 metres (122.0 in) of snowfall per year, though melt rates are high even during the winter and the maximum cover on the ground is typically only 0.35 metres (13.8 in) and has never exceeded 0.54 metres (21.3 in). Precipitation is much heavier than in central Kansai, though less heavy than in the Kii Peninsula or the Hokuriku region proper.

Climate data for Toyooka, Hy?go (1981~2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.4
(70.5)
23.0
(73.4)
26.7
(80.1)
32.2
(90.0)
33.9
(93.0)
37.2
(99.0)
39.3
(102.7)
38.6
(101.5)
37.9
(100.2)
32.4
(90.3)
27.2
(81.0)
23.1
(73.6)
39.3
(102.7)
Average high °C (°F) 7.1
(44.8)
7.9
(46.2)
12.2
(54.0)
19.2
(66.6)
23.8
(74.8)
27.0
(80.6)
30.7
(87.3)
32.5
(90.5)
27.4
(81.3)
21.8
(71.2)
16.1
(61.0)
10.6
(51.1)
19.7
(67.5)
Average low °C (°F) 0.1
(32.2)
-0.1
(31.8)
2.1
(35.8)
6.7
(44.1)
12.1
(53.8)
17.3
(63.1)
21.8
(71.2)
22.7
(72.9)
18.6
(65.5)
12.0
(53.6)
6.7
(44.1)
2.2
(36.0)
10.2
(50.4)
Record low °C (°F) -12.5
(9.5)
-11.1
(12.0)
-11
(12)
-3.2
(26.2)
0.7
(33.3)
6.0
(42.8)
13.0
(55.4)
13.8
(56.8)
7.9
(46.2)
2.0
(35.6)
-2.2
(28.0)
-9.1
(15.6)
-12.5
(9.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 239.5
(9.43)
196.2
(7.72)
148.1
(5.83)
99.6
(3.92)
128.7
(5.07)
155.9
(6.14)
180.9
(7.12)
127.0
(5.00)
225.6
(8.88)
161.0
(6.34)
167.1
(6.58)
197.8
(7.79)
2,027.4
(79.82)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 126
(50)
113
(44)
23
(9.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
44
(17)
307
(120.5)
Average precipitation days 22.8 19.2 17.7 12.1 12.0 12.5 13.9 10.8 14.3 13.6 16.3 20.0 185.2
Average snowy days 18.5 17.7 4.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 7.1 48.3
Average relative humidity (%) 83 80 75 70 72 76 78 75 80 81 81 81 78
Mean monthly sunshine hours 68.8 72.9 111.1 165.3 182.5 144.8 148.1 191.9 118.2 117.8 88.8 79.3 1,489.5
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency[3]
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency (records)[4]

Landmarks

Transportation

Fukuchiyama branch office of JR West on Toyooka.

Railway

The Sanin Main Line provides a JR rail connection to Kyoto, and direct trains to Osaka are available via Fukuchiyama. Direct Express trains take about 2.5 hours from Osaka to Toyooka.

Highways

Airport

Tajima Airport serves Toyooka and its area and runs two direct flights a day to Osaka Itami Airport.

Sister cities

  • Spain Alicante, Spain
  • Japan Ueda, Nagano Prefecture (since the former city of Ueda and the former town of Izushi were sister cities before the recent creation of both Toyooka and Ueda)

References

  1. ^ Toyooka City Hall statistics 2015 Retrieved 12 June 2015
  2. ^ "Information on the San'in Kaigan Geopark". San'in Kaigan Geopark Promotion Council. 2008. Retrieved 2014.
  3. ^ (?) (in Japanese). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved .
  4. ^ ?1~10() (in Japanese). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved .

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Toyooka,_Hy%C5%8Dgo
 



 



 
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