Trams in Pozna%C5%84
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Trams in Pozna%C5%84
Trams in Pozna?
Poznan 10-2013 img18 Tram.jpg
Overview
OwnerCity of Pozna?
LocalePozna?, Poland
Transit typeTram
Number of lines21
  • Daytime: 18
  • Nighttime: 2
  • Tourist: 1
WebsiteMPK Pozna?
Operation
Began operation30 July 1880 (horsecar)
6 March 1898 (electric tram)
Operator(s)MPK Pozna?
Number of vehicles~430 (81 low-floor)
Technical
System length66 km (41 mi) (2011)
Track gauge
System map

Sie? tramwajowa w Poznaniu.svg

The Pozna? tram system is a tramway operated by Miejskie Przedsi?biorstwo Komunikacyjne w Poznaniu Sp. z o.o. [pl] (MPK Pozna?; Public Transport Company in Pozna? Ltd.). It currently has 20 daytime lines, one night line, and one tourist line served by historical vehicles. The tram system consists of about 66 kilometres (41 mi) of route, operating on track. With a few exceptions the tramlines operate on double tracks rail.

In local Pozna? dialect trams are called bimby (pl.), bimba (sing).

History

Horse trams (1880-1898)

The idea of trams in Pozna? was brought to fruition by two businessmen from Berlin: Otto Reymer and Otto Masch. After receiving concessions from the town authorities on 30 July 1880 they began running a horse tram in Pozna?. On the next day the first regular line transported passengers from the main train station via ul. ?w. Marcin/St. Martin Str., ul. Rycerska/Ritter Str. (today ul. Ratajczaka), Pl. Wilhelmowski/Wilhelms Platz (currently Plac Wolno?ci) to Rynek/Ring (currently Stary Rynek English: Old Market). The route was soon lengthened from Rynek/Ring to ul. Butelska/Büttel Str. (now ul. Wo?na), ul. Wielkie Garbary/Grosse Gerber Str. (currently ul. Garbary), Chwaliszewo to Ostrów Tumski. At the same time a branch was built via ul. Wiktorii/Victoria Str. (modern ul. Gwarna and ul. Miel?y?skiego), Plac Królewski/Königs Platz (currently Pl. Cyryla Ratajskiego), ul. Fryderykowska/Friedrich Str. (modern ul. 23 Lutego), Al. Wilhelmowskie/Wilhelms Al. (currently Al. Marcinkowskiego), ul. Seekta/Seekt Str. (modern ul. Solna) and Wolnica, ul. Ma?e Garbary/Kleine Gerber Str., ul. Szewska, ul. Szeroka/Breite Str. (currently ul. Wielka) to ul. Wielkie Garbary/Grosse Gerber Str. (modern ul. Garbary) where it joined the older route.

Despite the need for modern public transport in the city, after a few weeks the company found itself on the edge of bankruptcy. There were two reasons for this: firstly the branch route had too few passengers, and secondly all the signs in the trams were only in German, leading to a boycott by the Polish majority. The financially troubled company was bought by the Pozna? Horse Railway Society (Polish: Pozna?skie Towarzystwo Kolei Konnej, German: Posener Pferde-Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft), which obtained a concession and monopoly on tram transportation in the city. At that time there were only 20 cars in service.

In September 1880 the Society bought part of the site of the former train station in Je?yce/Jersitz suburb, where a tram depot was built (currently it is the oldest tram depot still in service in Poland). In 1896 two new routes were built. The first ran from Rynek/Ring (now Stary Rynek), via ul. Wroc?awska/Breslauer Str., Pl. Piotra/Peters Platz (now Pl. Wiosny Ludów), ul. Pó?wiejska to Brama Wildecka/Wilda Thor. The second went from the tram depot on ul. Gajowa, through ul. Zwierzyniecka/Zoologisher Str., ul. Jadwigi/Hedwigs Str. (modern ul. Kraszewskiego) to Rynek Je?ycki/Jersitz Markt, after one year extended via ul. Wielka Berli?ska/Grosse Berliner Str. (modern ul. D?browskiego) to the chemical factory on ul. Polna/Feld Str. Both routes were already built to carry heavier electric cars.

Electric trams

On 6 March 1898 horse trams were replaced by electric ones. At this time there were three lines:

  • white - like the old horse tram from the train station via Rynek/Ring to Ostrów Tumski
  • red - from Rynek Je?ycki/Jersitz Markt via ul. Jadwigi/Hedwigs Str., ul. Zwierzyniecka/Zoologischer Str., ul. ?w. Marcin/St. Martin Str. and along the old horse tram route to Rynek/Ring and Brama Wildecka/Wilda Thor
  • yellow - from the train station like the white line but only as far as the intersection of ul. Szeroka/Breite Str. and ul. Wielkie Garbary/Grosse Gerber Str.

In April a fourth line was added:

  • green - from Rynek/Ring via ul. ?w. Marcin/St. Martin Str. and the new route on ul. G?ogowska/Gloger Str. to Górczyn suburb (today's intersection of ul. G?ogowska and ul. Kosynierska).

A ticket cost 10 or 20 pfennigs and after 11 pm the price was doubled.

In 1899 a second track was added to the routes on Rynek/Ring and ul. Wielka Berli?ska/Grosse Berliner Str. (modern ul. D?browskiego).

Before World War I the tram network was extended to the Municipal Slaughterhouse on ul. Wielkie Garbary/Grosse Gerber Str., to Plac Sapie?y?ski/Sapeicha Platz (today Plac Wielkopolski), to Brama D?bi?ska/Eichwald Thor (currently the intersection of ul. Strzelecka and Krakowska), to ?ródka, So?acz and D?biec (to the Cegielski Factory). New routes were also built in the centre of the city, including overpasses over the railway tracks: Most Teatralny and Most Dworcowy.

Between the wars new routes were built to Gol?cin, D?biec (extension of existing tracks), D?bina (to the public beach on the bank of the Warta), Ogrody, Grunwald and Winiary. In this same period some routes in the narrow streets of the Old Town were closed. A planned route to G?ówna was cancelled due to the opening in 1930 of a trolleybus line there.

After World War II

Historical tram, designed 1973.
Old ticket (ca. 1986)

During the battle of Pozna? in 1945, most of the cars and tracks were destroyed. Tram transportation was partially restored two years after the war, in 1947, though only on the left bank of the Warta. The tracks in the old town were not rebuilt, but a new route was laid via Plac Bernardy?ski.

Logo of Zarz?d Transportu Miejskiego w Poznaniu

The first post-war tram on the right bank appeared in 1952, when the new Marchlewski Bridge was opened (now called Most Królowej Jadwigi).

In the following years new routes connecting different districts and bypassing the centre of city were built:

  • 1955-1957 via ul. Marchlewskiego (now ul. Królowej Jadwigi)
  • 1968-1973 via ul. Przybyszewskiego, ul. Reymonta and ul. Hetma?ska
  • 1974-1977 from Plac Wielkopolski via ul. Ma?e Garbary, ul. Estkowskiego to Rondo ?ródka.
  • 1983-1985 from os. Lecha via ul. Jedno?ci S?owia?skiej (today Chartowo and ?egrze) to ul. Hetma?ska

Also some lines to peripheral districts were built:

  • 1949-1950 to the communal cemetery in Junikowo
  • 1957-1964 via ul. Pu?askiego and ul. Winogrady to ul. Wilczak (a branch to ul. Serbska was added in 1974)
  • 1955 from Rataje to the Stomil Factory in Staroka, in 1967 extended to 'Pozna? Staroka' train station
  • 1959 to Zawady via ?ródka with a branch to os. Warszawskie, extended in 1974 to Mi?ostowo
  • 1979 to Chartowo and Osiedle Lecha
  • 1980 to Winiary and ul. Pi?tkowska

A revolution for public transport in Pozna? was brought about by the opening in 1997 of the 6.1 km long Pozna?ski Szybki Tramwaj (English: Pozna? Fast Tram) route, nicknamed "Pestka" by locals. Currently there are several plans for extension of the network, at different stages of preparation. Of great importance for tram transportation in Pozna? was the general strategy for city development from 1994. According to this document trams are to serve as the fundamental mode of transport in the city. Since then, during renovations of streets and traffic lights, trams have been given right of way at intersections.

On 14 August 2007 a long new route opened, as the first section of the so-called Ratajski Szybki Tramwaj (English: Rataje Fast Tram). The new route connects Plac Wiosny Ludów via ul. Podgórna, ul. Dowbora Mu?nickiego, ul. Mostowa, Most ?w. Rocha and ul. Kórnicka to ul. Jana Paw?a II.

In 2011, MPK decided to sell 40 type 105Na trams due to lack of space in the depots for this type of trams. In addition, 45 Solaris Tramino trams were ordered along with 7 Moderus Beta trams.

On 11 August 2012 the final section of the route to Franowo opened, connecting the area of the former terminus loop at os. Lech with a new loop in Franowo. Part of the route runs through the 800m Franowo tunnel. At Franowo there is also a large, modern depot.

On 1 September 2013 an extension of the PST route was opened which runs parallel to the railway line between Poznan Glowny station and G?ogowska. This uses space that became available from the former platform 7 at the station.

In 2019 all remaining Konstal 105Na and Düwag GT8 trams are scheduled to be replaced by newer Moderus Gamma LF02AC trams

Rolling stock

Image Type Number Builder Built Fleet numbers Description
31 tram Poznan EURO 2012 xx.jpg Düwag GT8 35 Düwag 1957-1976 659, 662, 668, 669, 670, 671, 678, 680, 683, 685, 687-699, 701-713 Former trams from Düsseldorf and Frankfurt, purchased by Poznan in 1996-2003 and 2010-2011, Withdrawn officially on November 10th 2019.
GT8ZR 906.jpg Düwag GT8ZR 6 Düwag 1969 901, 903-907 Bi-directional trams from Frankfurt, purchased by Poznan in 2005
Roch, Poznan, 105Na.JPG Konstal 105Na + Konstal 105NaD 64 Konstal 1979-1992 83-341 Trams operate in pairs with one Konstal 105Na and one Konstal 105NaD trailer. Many have been taken out of service and rebuilt as Moderus trams.
MPK Poznan, 401 19042016.jpg Tatra RT6N1 14 Tatra 1997 401-414 Modernised 2012-2016
MPK Poznan 510.jpg Siemens Combino 14 Siemens 2003 501-514
MPK Poznan, 336 29042016.jpg Moderus Alfa HF 04 AC / HF 07 AC 2 / 18 Modertrans Pozna? 2008- 83-341 Trams rebuilt from former Konstal 105Na trams
Moderus Beta 415.jpg Moderus Beta MF 02 AC 24 Modertrans Pozna? 2011-2016[1] 415-438 Rebuilt from former Konstal 105Na trams
27 Grudnia, Tramino, Poznan.jpg Solaris Tramino 46 Solaris Bus & Coach 2011-2012 451, 515-559 451 was the prototype tram and wears a different red and white livery
Moderus Beta MF 20 AC 10 Modertrans Pozna? 2016 441-450 Trams rebuilt from former Konstal 105Na trams
Moderus Gamma LF02AC -604 Na Wroc?awskiej.jpg Moderus Gamma LF02AC 15/30 Modertrans Pozna? 2018 601-615 Trams built from scratch in Modertrans Pozna? factory based in Biskupice, Pozna? County

Historical fleet:

Cars awaiting renovation:

Retired cars:

Tram lines

Route no.
Route
Daytime routes
1 Linia 1 Pozna?.png JUNIKOWO - Grunwaldzka - Rondo Nowaka-Jeziora?skiego - Reymonta - Hetma?ska - Rondo Staroka - Hetma?ska - Rondo ?egrze - ?egrze - Chartowo - Pia?nicka - FRANOWO
2 Linia 2 Pozna?.png OGRODY - D?browskiego - Rondo Kaponiera - Fredry - Gwarna - ?w. Marcin - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Podgórna - Pl. Wiosny Ludów - Strzelecka - Królowej Jadwigi - Górna Wilda - 28 Czerwca 1956 - D?BIEC


In the other direction: ... - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Pl. Wolno?ci - 27 Grudnia - Fredry - ...

3 Linia 3 Pozna?.png WILCZAK - Prze?ajowa - Winogrady - Pu?askiego - Roosevelta - Most Teatralny - Fredry - Miel?y?skiego - Pl. C. Ratajskiego - 23 Lutego - Pl. Wielkopolski - Wolnica - Ma?e Garbary - Estkowskiego - Wyszy?skiego - Rondo ?ródka - Jana Paw?a II - Rondo Rataje - Boles?awa Krzywoustego - Królowej Jadwigi - Most Dworcowy - G?ogowska - GÓRCZYN
4 Linia 4 Pozna?.png PO?ABSKA - Al. Solidarno?ci - Rondo Solidarno?ci - Murawa - Winogrady - Pu?askiego - Roosevelta - Most Teatralny - Fredry - Miel?y?skiego - Pl. C. Ratajskiego - 23 Lutego - Pl. Wielkopolski - Wolnica - Ma?e Garbary - Estkowskiego - Wyszy?skiego - Rondo ?ródka - Jana Paw?a II - Rondo Rataje - Zamenhofa - Rondo Staroka - Starocka - STAROKA


Route operates every day. On weekdays between 6:30 am and 7:30 pm every 20 minutes

5 Linia 5 Pozna?.png GÓRCZYN - G?ogowska - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - ?w. Marcin - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Podgórna - plac Bernardy?ski - Dowbora-Mu?nickiego - Mostowa - Most ?w. Rocha - Kórnicka - Trasa Kórnicka - Pia?nicka - Chartowo - ?egrze - Rondo ?egrze - Hetma?ska - Rondo Staroka - Starocka - STOMIL


In the other direction: ... - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Pl. Wolno?ci - 27 Grudnia - Gwarna - ?w. Marcin - ...

6 Linia 6 Pozna?.png JUNIKOWO - Grunwaldzka - Rondo Nowaka-Jeziora?skiego - Grunwaldzka - Ba?tyk - Roosevelta - Most Dworcowy - Królowej Jadwigi - Boles?awa Krzywoustego - Rondo Rataje - Jana Paw?a II - Rondo ?ródka - Warszawska - MI?OSTOWO
7 Linia 7 Pozna?.png OGRODY - D?browskiego - Przybyszewskiego - Rondo Nowaka-Jeziora?skiego - Reymonta - Hetma?ska - Rondo Staroka - Zamenhofa - Rondo Rataje - Jana Paw?a II - Rondo ?ródka - Podwale - ZAWADY
8 Linia 8 Pozna?.png GÓRCZYN - G?ogowska - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - Most Teatralny - Fredry - Miel?y?skiego - Pl. C. Ratajskiego - 23 Lutego - Pl. Wielkopolski - Wolnica - Ma?e Garbary - Estkowskiego - Wyszy?skiego - Rondo ?ródka - Warszawska - MI?OSTOWO
9 Linia 9 Pozna?.png PI?TKOWSKA - Winiarska - Wo?y?ska - Ma?opolska - Al. Wielkopolska - Pu?askiego - Most Teatralny - Fredry - Gwarna - ?w. Marcin - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Podgórna - Pl. Wiosny Ludów - Strzelecka - Królowej Jadwigi - Górna Wilda - 28 Czerwca 1956 - D?BIEC


In the other direction: ... - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Pl. Wolno?ci - 27 Grudnia - Fredry - Most Teatralny - ...

10 Linia 10 Pozna?.png PO?ABSKA - Al. Solidarno?ci - Rondo Solidarno?ci - Murawa - Winogrady - Pu?askiego - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - Most Dworcowy - Wierzbi?cice - 28 Czerwca 1956 r. - D?BIEC
11 Linia 11 Pozna?.png PI?TKOWSKA - Winiarska - Wo?y?ska - Ma?opolska - Al. Wielkopolska - Pu?askiego - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - G?ogowska - Hetma?ska - Rondo Staroka - STAROKA
12 Linia 12 Pozna?.png OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO - PST - G?ogowska - Most Dworcowy - Królowej Jadwigi - Boles?awa Krzywoustego - Rondo Rataje - Zamenhofa - Rondo Staroka - Starocka - STAROKA
13 Linia 13 Pozna?.png JUNIKOWO - Grunwaldzka - Rondo Nowaka-Jeziora?skiego - Grunwaldzka - Ba?tyk - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - ?w. Marcin - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Podgórna - plac Bernardy?ski - Dowbora-Mu?nickiego - Mostowa - Most ?w. Rocha - Kórnicka - Jana Paw?a II - Rondo Rataje - Zamenhofa - Rondo Staroka - Starocka - STAROKA


In the other direction: ... - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Pl. Wolno?ci - 27 Grudnia - Fredry - Most Teatralny - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - ...

14 Linia 14 Pozna?.png OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO - PST - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - G?ogowska - GÓRCZYN
15 Linia 15 Pozna?.png OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO - PST - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - Ba?tyk - Grunwaldzka - Rondo Nowaka-Jeziora?skiego - Grunwaldzka - BUDZISZY?SKA


At Weekends and holidays between 9:00 am and 6:00 pm extended to JUNIKOWO

16 Linia 16 Pozna?.png OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO - PST - Most Teatralny - Fredry - Gwarna - ?w. Marcin - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Podgórna - plac Bernardy?ski - Dowbora-Mu?nickiego - Mostowa - Most ?w. Rocha - Kórnicka - Trasa Kórnicka - Pia?nicka - FRANOWO


In the other direction: ... - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Pl. Wolno?ci - 27 Grudnia - Fredry - ...

17 Linia 17 Pozna?.png OGRODY - D?browskiego - Most Teatralny - Fredry - - Miel?y?skiego - Pl. C. Ratajskiego - 23 Lutego - Pl. Wielkopolski - Wolnica - Ma?e Garbary - Estkowskiego - Wyszy?skiego - Rondo ?ródka - Jana Paw?a II - Kórnicka - Pia?nicka - Chartowo - ?egrze - Rondo ?egrze - Hetma?ska - Rondo Staroka - Starocka - STAROKA
18 Linia 18 Pozna?.png OGRODY - D?browskiego - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - G?ogowska - Hetma?ska - Rondo Staroka - Zamenhofa - Rondo Rataje - Jana Paw?a II - Trasa Kórnicka - Pia?nicka - FRANOWO
19 Linia 19 Pozna?.png OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO - PST
20 Linia 20 Pozna?.png OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO - PST - Most Teatralny - Fredry - Gwarna - ?w. Marcin - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Podgórna - Pl. Wiosny Ludów - Strzelecka - Królowej Jadwigi - Boles?awa Krzywoustego - Rondo Rataje - Jana Paw?a II - Kórnicka - Most ?w. Rocha - Mostowa - Dowbora-Mu?nickiego - plac Bernardy?ski - Podgórna - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Pl. Wolno?ci - 27 Grudnia - Fredry - Most Teatralny - PST - OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO
Night route
201 Linia 201 Pozna?.png OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO - PST - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - ?w. Marcin - AL. MARCINKOWSKIEGO - 27 Grudnia - Gwarna - ?w. Marcin - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - PST - OS. JANA III SOBIESKIEGO


Line 201 does not run on Monday night/Tuesday morning.
Due to works on ?w. Marcin, since 21 June 2008: ... - Roosevelta - RONDO KAPONIERA - Zwierzyniecka - Kraszewskiego - D?browskiego - Roosevelta - ...

Tourist route
0 Linia 0 Pozna?.png GAJOWA - Zwierzyniecka - Rondo Kaponiera - Roosevelta - G?ogowska - G?OGOWSKA/MUZEUM - G?ogowska - Rondo Kaponiera - ?w. Marcin - Al. Marcinkowskiego - Pl. Wolno?ci - 27 Grudnia - Fredry - Most Teatralny - Roosevelta - Rondo Kaponiera - Zwierzyniecka - GAJOWA


Operates every Sunday between 29 April and 14 October.

Depots

  • ul G?ogowska depot

This is the second largest tram depot in Poznan (after Franowo). It was built in 1907 and underwent modernisation between 1998 and 2000 in preparation for low floor trams. It is close to the tram stop Krauthofera.

  • Staroka

This depot opened in 1980 at the Staroka terminus. The construction began in 1974

  • Franowo

This is the largest and newest depot in Poznan, opened on 11 May 2014. The depot has space for 100 trams.

The following depots have now closed:

  • ul. Gajowa. This depot opened in 1880 and closed on 28 December 2010.
  • Budziszy?ska. This was an overflow depot for ul. G?ogowska and Madali?skiego. The depot closed on 4 November 2012.
  • ul Madali?skiego. This depot was built between 1947 and 1955 and closed on 14 December 2014. It was the smallest depot MPK operated. It is now used for the historical fleet.
  • ul. Boles?awa Krzywoustego. This depot was used in the 1980s and was located between Rondo Rataje and ul. Pleszewskiej.

Plans for further extension

St. Roch Bridge - part of the newest route opened on 14 August 2007, part of the planned Ratajski Szybki Tramwaj

Currently in Pozna? there are several plans to extend the tram network; some of them are only planned, others are under construction:

  • extension of the line from Ogrody along ul. D?browskiego to al. Polska with new tram/bus station at the end of the route
  • extension of route from Zawady alongside ul. Zawady and ul. G?ówna to Pozna? Wschód station
  • extension of route from D?biec via ul. 28. Czerwca 1956 r. to os. D?bina
  • new route via ul. Ratajczaka, Pl. Cyryla Ratajskiego, ul. Solna and ul. Nowowiejskiego
  • new route to os. Kopernika alongside ul. Arciszewskiego and ul. Pogodna and new route on ul. Szpitalna and ul. Grochowska
  • new route form Rondo ?egrze to ul. Falista
  • new route from ul. Garbary through ul. Szel?gowska and ul. Naramowickiej to Naramowice connected with existing line to ul. Wilczak

Gallery

References

  • Maria Trzeciakowska, Lech Trzeciakowski, W dziewi?tnastowiecznym Poznaniu. ?ycie codzienne miasta 1815-1914, Pozna? 1982, Wydawnictwo Pozna?skie ISBN 83-210-0316-8
  • Jerzy Topolski, Lech Trzeciakowski (red) Dzieje Poznania, tom II cz. 1 1793-1918, Warszawa-Pozna? 1994, Pa?stwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe ISBN 83-01-11393-6
  • Jerzy Topolski, Lech Trzeciakowski (red) Dzieje Poznania, tom II cz. 2 1918-1945, Warszawa-Pozna? 1998, Pa?stwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe ISBN 83-01-12401-6

Notes

  1. ^ "Tramino and Moderus Beta trams go into service in Poznan", in Railway Gazette, 24 May 2011
  2. ^ Redakcja (2010-06-01). "Dzie? Dziecka z Bimbol?". Pozna? Nasze Miasto (in Polish). Retrieved .

External links

Media related to Trams in Pozna? at Wikimedia Commons


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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