Transliterations of Manchu
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Transliterations of Manchu

There are several systems for transliteration of the Manchu alphabet which is used for the Manchu and Xibe languages. These include the Möllendorff transliteration system invented by the German linguist Paul Georg von Möllendorff, BabelPad transliteration (used for ease of input, not for formal transcription), the transliteration of the A Comprehensive Manchu-Chinese Dictionary (CMCD). There is also a system of Cyrillization by Ivan Zakharov for transcribing Manchu into Cyrillic.

Möllendorff BabelPad CMCD Manchu and Unicode Xibe and Unicode
a a a ? ? 1820 ? ? 1820
e e e ? ? 185D ? ? 185D
i[1] i i[1] ? ? 1873 ? ? 185E
y[2] y y ? ? 185F ? ? 185F
o o o ? ? 1823 ? ? 1823
u u u ? ? 1860 ? ? 1860
? uu uu ? ? 1861 ? ? 1861
n n n ? ? 1828 ? ? 1828
ng ng ng ? ? 1829 ? ? 1862
k k k ? ? 1874 ? ? 1863
g g g ? ? 1864 ? ? 1864
h h h ? ? 1865 ? ? 1865
b b b ? ? 182A ? ? 182A
p p p ? ? 1866 ? ? 1866
s s s ? ? 1830 ? ? 1830
? x sh ? ? 1867 ? ? 1867
t t t ? ? 1868 ? ? 1868
d d d ? ? 1869 ? ? 1869
l l l ? ? 182F ? ? 182F
m m m ? ? 182E ? ? 182E
c c ch ? ? 1834 ? ? 1834
j j zh ? ? 1835 ? ? 186A
y y y ? ? 1836 ? ? 1836
r r r ? ? 1875 ? ? 1837
f f f ? ? 1876 ? ? 186B
w w w ? ? 1838 ? ? 1838
k? kh kk ? ? 183A ? ? 183A
g? gh gg ? ? 186C ? ? 186C
h? hh hh ? ? 186D ? ? 186D
ts?[2] ts c ? ? 186E ? ? 186E
ts tsy cy 186E 185F 186E 185F
dz dz z ? ? 186F ? ? 186F
? z rr ? ? 1870 ? ? 1870
sy sy sy 1830 185F 1830 185F
c? ch ch ? ? 1871 ? ? 1871
c?y chi chy 1871 1873 1871 185E
j zh zh ? ? 1877 ? ? 1872
jy zhi zhy 1877 1873 1872 185E

In the transliteration of CMCD, separate s and h are written as s'h to avoid the confusion with sh.

Notes

  1. ^ a b Excluding (Xibe ) and (Xibe )
  2. ^ a b Excluding

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Transliterations_of_Manchu
 



 



 
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