Transport in Lithuania relies mainly on road and rail networks.
Lithuanian road system
21,328.09 kilometres (13,252.66 mi)
12,912.22 km (8,023.28 mi)
8,415.87 km (5,229.38 mi)
Controlled-access highways sections
There are two categories of controlled-access highways in Lithuania: expressways (Lithuanian: greitkeliai) with maximum speed 120 km/h and motorways (Lithuanian: automagistral?s) with maximum speed 130 km/h.
A road system
The A roads (Magistraliniai keliai) total 1,748.84 km (1,086.68 mi).
- A1 Vilnius - Kaunas - Klaip?da, 311.40 km (193.49 mi). Most important east to west corridor in Lithuania. Connects three largest Lithuanian cities: Vilnius, Kaunas and Klaip?da.
- A2 Vilnius - Panevys, 135.92 km (84.46 mi). Most of length is a motorway with maximum speed 130 km/h
- A3 Vilnius - Medininkai, 33.99 km (21.12 mi)
- A4 Vilnius - Var?na - Druskininkai, 134.46 km (83.55 mi)
- A5 Kaunas - Marijampol? - Kalvarija, 97.06 km (60.31 mi). Planned as motorway in whole length.
- A6 Kaunas - Utena - Zarasai, 185.40 km (115.20 mi)
- A7 Marijampol? - Vilkavi?kis - Kybartai, 42.21 km (26.23 mi)*
- A8 Panevys - Aristava - Sitk?nai, 87.86 km (54.59 mi). Planned as 2+1 road.
- A9 Panevys - ?iauliai, 78.94 km (49.05 mi). Short 10 km expressway section.
- A10 Panevys - Pasvalys - Salo?iai, 66.10 km (41.07 mi). Planned as 2+1 road.
- A11 ?iauliai - Palanga, 146.85 km (91.25 mi)
- A12 Joni?kis - ?iauliai - Taurag? - Panemun?, 186.09 km (115.63 mi)
- A13 Klaip?da - Palanga, 45.15 km (28.05 mi)
- A14 Vilnius - Utena, 95.60 km (59.40 mi)
- A15 Vilnius - ?al?ininkai, 49.28 km (30.62 mi)
- A16 Vilnius - Prienai - Marijampol?, 137.51 km (85.44 mi)
- A17 Panevys bypass, 22.28 km (13.84 mi). 2+1 road under construction.
- A18 ?iauliai bypass, 17.08 km (10.61 mi)
- A19 Vilnius southern bypass, 7.9 km (4.9 mi)
- A20 Ukmerg? northern bypass, 7.7 km (4.8 mi)
First Lithuanian-built highways
There were some isolated routes built before World War I, e.g. present-day A12, connecting Riga with Kaliningrad. First long-distance highways built exclusively by Lithuanian Government were opened in late 1930s:
Lithuanian Railways passenger train decorated with coat of arms Vytis
There is a total of 1,998 route km of railways, of which:
- 1,807 km are broad gauge of – 122 km of which are electrified
- 169 km are narrow gauge of – as of 2001
- 22 km are standard gauge of
Rail links with adjacent countries
There are 600 kilometres (370 mi) that are perennially navigable.
In 1992, there were 105 km (65 mi) of crude oil pipelines, and 760 km (470 mi) of natural gas pipelines.
Ports and harbours
The merchant marine consists of 47 ships of 1,000 GT or over, together totaling 279,743 GT/304,156 tonnes deadweight (DWT).
Ships by type:
Cargo 25, Combination bulk 8, Petroleum tanker 2, Railcar carrier 1, Refrigerated cargo 6, Roll on/roll off 2, Short-sea passenger 3.
Note: These totals include some foreign-owned ships registered here as a flag of convenience: Denmark 13 (2002 est.)
Vilnius International Airport
In Lithuania, there are four international airports: