The Treaty of Stolbovo (Freden i Stolbova) was a peace treaty which ended the Ingrian War (Swedish: Ingermanländska kriget) which had been fought between Sweden and Russia between 1610 and 1617. 
After nearly two months of negotiations, representatives from Sweden and Russia met at the (now-derelict) village of Stolbovo, south of Lake Ladoga, on 9 March [O.S. 27 February] 1617. From the outset, Sweden had gone into the negotiations with very high ambitions, with hopes of fulfilling the old dream of making all of Russian trade pass through Swedish territory. As a consequence of that ambition, the Swedes originally demanded far-reaching territorial gains into western Russia, including the important northern port of Arkhangelsk.
At that point, however, King James I of England sent a delegation to mediate, and so did the Netherlands, mostly to make sure Arkhangelsk did not fall into Swedish hands, which would have made the extensive trade between Western Europe and Russia far more difficult. Arkhangelsk did not change hands in the resulting treaty, partly because of the Dutch and the English efforts, but mostly because Russia finally managed to unite under Tsar Michael I of Russia. As word reached Russia that the Swedish war against Poland might soon be over, the Russians were quick to get negotiations going for real since they knew that they could not afford Sweden's renewal of the war effort on just one front. 
The Kingdom of England is officially credited with brokering this peace through its mediator, John Mericke (c.1559 - 1638/9), but the Dutch efforts were also of great importance. After the war, the leader of the Dutch delegation, Reinoud van Brederode (1567-1633), was granted the title baron and given the barony of Wesenberg (Rakvere) in Estonia by King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden.
In the resulting peace treaty, the Russian Tsar and Swedish King agreed to the following terms: