Trent Franks
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Trent Franks

Trent Franks
Trent Franks, official portrait, 114th Congress.jpg
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona

January 3, 2003 - December 8, 2017
Bob Stump (Redistricting)
Debbie Lesko
Constituency2nd district (2003-2013)
8th district (2013-2017)
Member of the Arizona House of Representatives
from the 20th district

January 1985 - January 1987
Serving with Debbie McCune Davis
Glenn Davis[1]
Bobby Raymond
Personal details
Born (1957-06-19) June 19, 1957 (age 63)
Uravan, Colorado, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
Josephine Franks
(m. 1980)
Children2
EducationOttawa University

Trent Franks (born June 19, 1957) is a former American politician and businessman who served as the U.S. Representative for Arizona's 8th congressional district from 2003 to 2017. He is a member of the Republican Party. The 8th district, numbered as the 2nd District from 2003 to 2013, is located in the West Valley portion of the Valley of the Sun and includes Glendale, Surprise, Sun City, Peoria and part of western Phoenix.

Congressman Franks served on the Judiciary and Armed Services Committees and was Vice Chairman of the Strategic (Nuclear) Forces Subcommittee, and Chairman of the House Subcommittee on the U.S. Constitution.

In December 2017, the House Ethics Committee announced that it would investigate allegations of sexual harassment against Franks.[2] Franks had repeatedly asked two female staffers to bear his children as surrogate mothers, allegedly offered one of them $5 million to carry his child, and retaliated against her when she declined.[3][4][5][6] The women feared that Franks wanted to impregnate them sexually as part of the surrogacy process.[3][6] In October 2018, at the peak of the #MeToo movement, Franks personally apologized in writing to the former staffer who had made the complaint. In the apology, which she accepted, Franks unequivocally acknowledged that the discussions regarding surrogacy and infertility were wholly inappropriate for him to have had with any employee. Franks resigned from Congress immediately after the ethics investigation was announced, blaming his situation on "the current cultural and media climate".[3][7][8]

Early life, education, and business career

Franks was born in Uravan, Colorado, a company town which is now a ghost town. Franks is the son of Juanita and Edward Taylor Franks.[9] He was born with a cleft lip and palate. After his parents separated, Franks took care of his younger siblings. While his parents took financial responsibility, he took on a leadership role at home.[10] Franks graduated from Briggsdale High School in Colorado in 1976.[11] After high school, Franks bought a drilling rig and moved to Texas to drill wells with his best friend and his younger brother. He moved to Arizona in 1981, where he continued to drill wells.

In 1987, he completed a course of study at the non-accredited Utah's National Center for Constitutional Studies, formerly known as the Freemen Institute.[12] For one year, from 1989 to 1990, he attended the Arizona campus of Ottawa University.[13]

Early political career

Arizona House of Representatives

In 1984, while working as an engineer for an oil and gas royalty-purchasing firm, Franks began his political career by running in a heavily Democrat district for a seat in the Arizona House of Representatives, against incumbent Democrat Glenn Davis. Franks, a life-long Prolife proponent, campaigned on a conservative "Reagan Republican" platform emphasizing stronger child protection laws as well as protecting unborn children and the overturning of Roe versus Wade.[14] He narrowly won the election by 155 votes. In the state legislature, Franks served as Vice-Chairman of the Commerce Committee and Chairman of the House Subcommittee on Child Protection and Family Preservation.

In November of  1988, Franks ran again for a legislative seat, moving to District 18 shortly before the filing deadline. He lost that election.[15]

Arizona Governor's Cabinet

In January 1987, he was appointed by Republican Governor Evan Mecham to head the Arizona Governor's Office for Children, which is a Cabinet-level division of the governor's office responsible for overseeing and coordinating state policy and programs for Arizona's children.

Franks then  founded the Arizona Family Research Institute, a nonprofit organization affiliated with James Dobson's Focus on the Family. He was the Executive Director of the organization for four and a half years.[16] He was successful in the Republican primary but lost in the November general election.

Political activism

In 1992, when Franks was chairman of Arizonans for Common Sense, one of the organization's efforts was a constitutional amendment on the November 1992 ballot to "protect most preborn children in Arizona from abortion on demand".[17][18] The initiative lost, getting about 35 percent of the votes cast.

In August 1995, Arizonans for an Empowered Future, of which Franks was chairman, launched an initiative campaign to amend the state constitution, replacing the graduated state income tax with a flat 3.5 percent rate, and allowing parents to deduct the costs of private-school tuition. That effort was also unsuccessful. Later that year, Franks, became the original author and leading proponent of the successful passage of the Tuition Tax Credit Bill in Arizona. The first of its kind legislation was successfully upheld in the United States Supreme Court in 2011. Now duplicated in 15+ states, it has become the largest school choice mechanism in the nation having provided 500,000+ scholarships for children to attend secular or religious schools of their parent's choice.  The legislation has been appealed again to the US Supreme Court in Espinoza versus Montana pitting it against the Blaine amendments contained in most state constitutions.[19] The initiative was not one of those appearing on the ballot in 1996.

In 1996, Trent Franks, along with his brother, Lane Franks, founded Liberty Petroleum Corporation, a petroleum exploration company.[20] During that year Franks also served as a consultant and surrogate speaker for conservative activist Pat Buchanan's presidential campaign.[21][22]

U.S. House of Representatives

Elections

Franks at the 2011 Veterans Day parade in Phoenix, Arizona
1994

Franks ran for Arizona's 4th congressional district in 1994, after incumbent U.S. Representative Jon Kyl decided to run for the U.S. Senate. He lost to John Shadegg, 43%-30%.[23]

2002

Following the 2000 Census,[24]Arizona got two additional seats.[25] Franks' home in Glendale was drawn into the 2nd district. That district had previously been the 3rd District, represented by 13-term incumbent Republican Bob Stump, who was not running for reelection. The initial favorite in the race was Lisa Jackson Atkins, Stump's longtime chief of staff, whom Stump had endorsed as his successor. Atkins had long been very visible in the district (in contrast to her more low-key boss) to the point that many thought she was the district's representative. Franks narrowly defeated Atkins in the seven-candidate Republican primary, 28%-26%, a difference of just 797 votes.[26][27] He won the November 2002 general election, defeating Democrat Randy Camacho, 60%-37%.[28][29]

2004

Franks faced unusually strong competition in the Republican primary from the more moderate businessman Rick Murphy. Franks defeated him 64%-36%.[30] He won re-election to a second term, by defeating Camacho in a rematch, 59%-38%.[31]

2006

He won re-election to a third term with 59% of the vote.[32]

2008

He won re-election to a fourth term with 59% of the vote.[33]

2010

Franks was again challenged in the Republican primary. However, he easily defeated Charles Black, 81%-19%.[34] He won re-election to a fifth term with 65% of the vote.[35]

2012

For his first five terms, Franks represented a vast district encompassing most of northwestern Arizona. While the district appeared rural, the bulk of its population was in the West Valley, which had dominated the district since it was drawn into what was then the 3rd in 1967. The district appeared to be gerrymandered because of a narrow tendril connecting the Hopi reservation to the rest of the district. However, due to longstanding disputes between the Hopi and Navajo, it had long been believed the two tribes should be in separate districts.

However, after the 2010 census, Franks' district was renumbered as the 8th District, and reduced to essentially the Maricopa County portion of the old 2nd. As evidence of how much the West Valley had dominated the district, Franks retained 92 percent of his former constituents, even as he lost 85 percent of his old district's land.[36] He was challenged in the Republican primary by Tony Passalacqua, whom Franks defeated easily, 83%-17%.[37] The new 8th was no less Republican than the old 2nd, and Franks won a sixth term with 63% of the vote.[38]

2014
Congressman Franks speaking at a rally in November 2014

Franks won his party's election in the Republican primary on August 26, 2014.

Political positions

In 2009, National Journal ranked Franks among the "most conservative" members of the U.S. House of Representatives.[39] He was a member of the Republican Study Committee.[40]

Online gaming

In 2006, he cosponsored H.R. 4411, the Goodlatte-Leach Internet Gambling Prohibition Act[41][non-primary source needed] and H.R. 4777, the Internet Gambling Prohibition Act.[42][non-primary source needed]

Homeland security

On October 14, 2009, Franks joined with three other members of Congress in calling for the investigation of the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) over allegations of trying to plant "spies" based on a CAIR memo indicating that the group planned to "develop national initiatives such as Lobby day" and place "Muslim interns in Congressional offices." The request followed publication of the book Muslim Mafia. Representative Sue Myrick had written the foreword, which characterized CAIR as subversive and aligned with terrorists.[43] CAIR countered that these initiatives are extensively used by all advocacy groups and accused Franks and his colleagues of intending to intimidate American Muslims who "take part in the political process and exercise their rights."[44]

Taxes

Franks signed the Taxpayer Protection Pledge.[45] In 2010, Franks voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. He received high approval ratings from the Small Business and Entrepreneurship Council.[46] In November 2011, he voted to pass H.R. 2930, which authorizes crowdfunding for small businesses.[]

In 2009, Franks signed a pledge sponsored by Americans for Prosperity promising to vote against any global warming legislation that would raise taxes.[47]

Criticism of the Obama administration

He opposed the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, saying "the thought of Americans' health care decisions being put into the hands of an unimaginably large bureaucracy is a frightening prospect."[48][non-primary source needed] He was not supported by American Public Health Association or the Children's Health Fund.[49]

In September 2009, he called President Barack Obama an "enemy of humanity" with his spokesperson later clarifying the remarks were in response to President Obama's position on abortion.[50]

"A president that has lost his way that badly, that has no ability to see the image of God in these little fellow human beings, if he can't do that right, then he has no place in any station of government and we need to realise that he is an enemy of humanity," Mr Franks said to the "How to Take Back America" conference.[51][52]

Abortion

In a 2010 interview, discussing the legacy of slavery which Franks described as a "crushing mark on America's soul", the congressman said, "Half of all black children are aborted. Far more of the African American community is being devastated by the policies of today than were being devastated by the policies of slavery."[53][54][55][56][57]

In June 2013, he proposed a bill that would ban abortions after 20 weeks, without exceptions for rape and incest. In defense, he stirred controversy when saying that "the incidents of rape resulting in pregnancy are very low." He later clarified, "Pregnancies from rape that result in abortion after the beginning of the sixth month are very rare."[58][59] The bill passed by a vote of 228-196.[60]

In 2017, he again proposed the same bill that would ban abortions after 20 weeks without exceptions for rape and incest. The bill passed by a vote of 237-189.[61][62]

Franks presided over a hearing to ban abortions after 20 weeks in the District of Columbia, in which he did not allow D.C.'s lone delegate and Member of Congress, Congresswoman Eleanor Holmes Norton, to testify. In doing so, he said Congress has the authority to "exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever" in the District, even though the heavily Democratic district is strongly opposed to the ban.[63]

Franks has also been involved in the founding of a crisis pregnancy center in Tempe, Arizona, that's still in operation today.[64] In the past, Franks has picketed abortion clinics but has ceased to do so stating in a June 2013 interview that "It became clear to me that I could be more effective by trying to do something to light a candle rather than curse the darkness."[64]

Other

Franks in 2016

During the 2008 campaign, Franks stated that he is skeptical about global warming and other commonly accepted theories supported by the scientific community. Franks is a past chairman of the Children's Hope Scholarship Foundation.[65]

He opposes same-sex marriage.[66]

Franks supports the right to bear firearms. The interest group Gun Owners of America has given Franks high approval ratings.[67] In 2011, he voted to pass the National Right-to-Carry Reciprocity Act.[68][69] Franks has also been active with Operation Smile.[70]

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

Legislation sponsored

  • Congressman Franks sponsored into law The Critical Infrastructure Protection Act[73] to protect America's critical infrastructure including protecting the electric grid against natural and weaponized electromagnetic pulse (EMP).
  • On April 9, 2013, Franks introduced the Keep the Promise Act of 2013 (H.R. 1410; 113th Congress).[74] If enacted, the bill would prevent the Arizona Native American tribe Tohono O'odham from building a planned casino in the Phoenix metropolitan area.[75][76] The Keep the Promise Act of 2013 would prohibit Class II and III gaming on land within the Phoenix, Arizona, metropolitan area that is acquired after April 9, 2013, by the Secretary of the Interior in trust for the benefit of an Indian tribe.[77] The bill would terminate that prohibition on January 1, 2027.[78]

Opponents of the bill gave several reasons for their opposition. Representative Tom McClintock (R-CA) was opposed to the bill because it would hurt job creation and break a promise to the Tohono O'odham tribe.[76]Tohono O'odham Nation Chairman Ned Norris Jr. objected to the bill because it is "special interest legislation" that creates a "no-competition zone" for the two tribes that already have casinos in that area.[76]

Proponents of the bill included Gila River Indian Community Gov. Gregory Mendoza, who was in favor of the bill because he believes that the compact not to build more casinos needs to be respected.[76] The Tohono O'odham Nation argues that federal rules allows casinos on reservation land created after October 17, 1988 if they are part of a settlement of a land claim. The Nation claims the West Valley land is partial replacement to settle a claim for the 10,000 acres (40 km2) of its lands that were flooded as a result of the construction of the Painted Rock Dam on the Gila River.[79]

  • On July 14, 2017, Franks introduced Amendment No. 13 to the National Defense Authorization Act of 2018.[80] The amendment called for a database surveying American Muslim leaders to identify violent and "unorthodox" strains of Islam. Critics of the amendment, including, most notably, Minnesota Democratic congressman Keith Ellison, the first Muslim elected to the United States Congress, repudiated the amendment as an attempt to subject one religion to special scrutiny. Ultimately, the amendment was defeated 217-208, with 27 House Republicans joining all the House Democrats in voting in opposition.[81]

Ultimately, the amendment was defeated 217-208, with 27 House Republicans joining all the House Democrats in voting in opposition.[82]

  • in Congress, Franks was a chief opponent of abortion. He was the original sponsor of the Born Alive Abortion Survivors Protection Act[83], which began in 2017 on his initiative and then continued in 2019 thanks to Congressman Ben Sasse;[84] The Prenatal Nondiscrimination Act;[85] and the Pain Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. All three bills passed the U.S. House of Representatives with the latter becoming the first bill in history to pass either chamber of Congress affording affirmative protection to a fetus.[]

Electoral history

Arizona House of Representatives 20th District Election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Debbie McCune (incumbent) 15,575 30.66
Republican Trent Franks 13,166 25.92
Democratic Glenn Davis (incumbent) 12,937 25.47
Republican Richard Adams 9,125 17.96
Arizona House of Representatives 20th District Election, 1986
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Debbie McCune (incumbent) 13,866 32.24
Democratic Bobby Raymond 10,258 23.85
Republican Trent Franks (incumbent) 10,063 23.40
Republican Georgia Hargan 8,825 20.52
Arizona's 4th Congressional District Republican Primary Election, 1994
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican John Shadegg 26,489 43.10
Republican Trent Franks 18,574 30.22
Republican Jim Bruner 12,718 20.69
Republican Joan Jugloff 3,678 5.98
Arizona's 2nd Congressional District Republican Primary Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Trent Franks 14,749 27.66
Republican Lisa Atkins 13,952 26.17
Republican John Keegan 10,560 19.81
Republican Scott Bundgaard 8,701 16.32
Republican Dusko Jovicic 3,805 7.14
Republican Mike Schaefer 933 1.75
Republican Dick Hensky 618 1.16
Arizona's 2nd Congressional District Republican Primary Election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Trent Franks (inc.) 45,261 63.63
Republican Rick Murphy 25,871 36.37
Arizona's 2nd Congressional District Republican Primary Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Trent Franks (inc.) 81,252 80.87
Republican Charles Black 19,220 19.13
Arizona's 2nd congressional district: Results 2002-2010[86]
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd party Party Votes Pct 3rd party Party Votes Pct
2002 Randy Camacho 61,217 36.55% Trent Franks 100,359 59.92% Edward R. Carlson Libertarian 5,919 3.53% *
2004 Randy Camacho 107,406 38.46% Trent Franks 165,260 59.17% Powell Gammill Libertarian 6,625 2.37% *
2006 John Thrasher 89,671 38.89% Trent Franks 135,150 58.62% Powell Gammill Libertarian 5,734 2.49% *
2008 John Thrasher 125,611 37.16% Trent Franks 200,914 59.44% Powell Gammill Libertarian 7,882 2.33% William Crum Green 3,616 1.07%
2010 John Thrasher 82,891 31.06% Trent Franks 173,173 64.89% Powell Gammill Libertarian 10,820 4.05% *
Arizona's 8th Congressional District Republican Primary Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Trent Franks (inc.) 57,257 83.17
Republican Tony Passalacqua 11,572 16.81
Republican/Write-in Helmuth Hack 18 0.03
Arizona's 8th congressional district: Results 2012[87]
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd party Party Votes Pct
2012 Gene Scharer 95,635 35.05% Trent Franks 172,809 63.34% Stephen Dolgos Americans Elect 4,347 1.59%
Arizona's 8th Congressional District Republican Primary Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Trent Franks (inc.) 53,771 73.26
Republican Clair Van Steenwyk 19,629 26.74
Total 73,400 100
Arizona's 8th Congressional District Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Trent Franks (inc.) 128,710 75.81%
Americans Elect Stephen Dolgos 41,066 24.19%
Total 169,776 100.00%
Arizona's 8th Congressional District Republican Primary Election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Trent Franks (inc.) 59,042 71.1
Republican Clair Van Steenwyk 24,042 28.9
Total votes 83,084 100.0
Arizona's 8th congressional district, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Trent Franks (inc) 204,942 68.5
Green Mark Salazar 93,954 31.5
Republican Hayden Keener III (write-in) 75 0.0
Total votes 298,971 100.0

Personal life

Franks and his wife, Josephine, have been married since 1980; they are members of the North Phoenix Baptist Church.[88] Franks' wife, Josephine, is an immigrant.[89]

References

  1. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ State House 20 Race - Nov 06, 1984".
  2. ^ Lee, MJ; Walsh, Deirdre; Summers, Juana; Watkins, Eli (December 7, 2017). "Arizona GOP Rep. Trent Franks to resign following sexual harassment claim". CNN.
  3. ^ a b c Rogers, Katie (December 8, 2017). "Trent Franks, Accused of Offering $5 Million to Aide for Surrogacy, Resigns". New York Times.
  4. ^ DeBonis, Mike (December 8, 2017). "Rep. Trent Franks offered $5 million to aide to bear his child, resigns amid inquiry". Washington Post.
  5. ^ Linderman, Juliet (December 9, 2017). "Ex-aide: Rep. Franks offered $5m to carry his child". Associated Press.
  6. ^ a b Bade, Rachel; Sherman, Jake (December 8, 2017). "Female aides fretted Franks wanted to have sex to impregnate them". Politico.
  7. ^ Fandos, Nicholas (December 7, 2017). "House Republican Trent Franks Resigns Amid Harassment Investigation". New York Times.
  8. ^ Bresnahan, John; Bade, Rachel (February 22, 2018). "The Frat House of Representatives". Politico.
  9. ^ "Trent Franks ancestry". freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com.
  10. ^ Birhanemaskel, Millete (November 20, 2002). "Congressman from Arizona creates buzz in Briggsdale". Greeley Tribune. Retrieved 2010.
  11. ^ "Trent Franks". Classmates.com. Retrieved 2009.
  12. ^ "Primaries crowded for redrawn 2nd Congressional District". Kingman Daily Miner. Associated Press. August 12, 2002. Retrieved 2010.
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  14. ^ "Mohave Daily Miner - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 2020.
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  16. ^ "Campaign called 'dirtiest' in recent memory". Prescott Courier. Associated Press. September 11, 1988. p. 1.
  17. ^ "Abortion ruling bodes ill for Arizona". Prescott Courier. Associated Press. June 29, 1992. p. 1B.
  18. ^ "Politics of Abortion Likely to Inflame Elections in States". Miami Herald. July 1, 1992.
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  21. ^ "Liberty Petroleum Corporation - Profile". Manta.com. Retrieved 2009.
  22. ^ "GOP lawmaker clarifies remarks critical of Obama". Retrieved 2009.
  23. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ District 04- R Primary Race - Sep 13, 1994".
  24. ^ Thomsen, Scott (September 12, 2000). "Congress: Grijalva, Franks now front-runners in new districts". The Daily Courier. Associated Press.
  25. ^ "In heavily GOP congressional district in Arizona, Trent Franks wins Republican nomination". Associated Press. September 15, 2002.
  26. ^ Gehrke, Robert (September 2, 2002). "Many Arizona House candidates financing own primary campaigns". The Daily Courier. Associated Press.
  27. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ District 2 - R Primary Race - Sep 10, 2002".
  28. ^ Hedler, Ken (December 18, 2002). "Franks seeks widening of school tax credits". Kingman Daily Miner.
  29. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ District 2 Race - Nov 05, 2002".
  30. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ - District 02 - R Primary Race - Sep 07, 2004".
  31. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ - District 02 Race - Nov 02, 2004".
  32. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ - District 02 Race - Nov 07, 2006".
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  34. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ District 02 - R Primary Race - Aug 24, 2010".
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  37. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ District 08 - R Primary Race - Aug 28, 2012".
  38. ^ "Our Campaigns - AZ - District 08 Race - Nov 06, 2012".
  39. ^ Roff, Peter (February 26, 2010). "The Most Conservative and Most Liberal Members of Congress". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 2010.
  40. ^ "Member List". Retrieved 2017.
  41. ^ "Bill Summary & Status - 109th Congress (2005-2006) - H.R.4411 - THOMAS (Library of Congress)". July 13, 2006.
  42. ^ "Bill Summary & Status - 109th Congress (2005-2006) - H.R.4777 - THOMAS (Library of Congress)". September 22, 2006.
  43. ^ Doyle, Michael, "Judge: Controversial 'Muslim Mafia' used stolen papers", Charlotte Observer, November 10, 2009, accessed November 17, 2009[dead link]
  44. ^ Yager, Jordy (October 14, 2009). "House Republicans accuse Muslim group of trying to plant spies". Capitol Hill Publishing Corp.
  45. ^ Current Taxpayer Protection Pledge Signers Archived July 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  46. ^ "Representative Trent Franks's Ratings and Endorsements on Issue: Business and Consumers". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved 2013.
  47. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 19, 2015. Retrieved 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/franks.pdf
  48. ^ Trent Franks, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 5, 2011. Retrieved 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), 2011
  49. ^ [1], 2011
  50. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20111107220202/http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-503544_162-5350756-503544.html. Archived from the original on November 7, 2011. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  51. ^ Spillius, Alex (September 30, 2009). "Republican Trent Franks calls Barack Obama an 'enemy of humanity'". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2020.
  52. ^ "How to Take Back America". Retrieved 2020.
  53. ^ Madden, Mike (February 26, 2010). "GOP's Trent Franks: Abortion worse than slavery for blacks". Salon.
  54. ^ "Representative Trent Franks". YouTube. Retrieved 2010.
  55. ^ Leibovich, Mark (February 26, 2010). "A Tip on Slavery, Holocaust Talk". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010.
  56. ^ "Trent Franks: Abortion Is Worse for Blacks Than Slavery Was " The Washington Independent". Washingtonindependent.com. February 26, 2010. Archived from the original on August 23, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  57. ^ Fabian, Jordan. "GOPer: Abortion taking worse toll on blacks than slavery - The Hill's Blog Briefing Room". Thehill.com. Retrieved 2010.
  58. ^ [2] CNN.com. June 12, 2013. Retrieved June 18, 2013
  59. ^ [3] Washington Post. June 14, 2012. Retrieved June 18, 2013
  60. ^ News, ABC. "House Passes Bill Banning Abortion After 20 Weeks". ABC News.
  61. ^ "BREAKING: U.S. House votes to ban abortions after 20 weeks". www.liveaction.org.
  62. ^ Reporter, ADI Staff (September 19, 2013). "Arizona tribes applaud Keep the Promise passage". Arizona Daily Independent. Retrieved 2020.
  63. ^ [4], 2012
  64. ^ a b Trinko, Katrina (June 19, 2013). "National Review Online".
  65. ^ "Congressman Trent Franks Scheduled to Speak at Northwest Christian Commencement Ceremony". Northwest Christian School Newsletter. 3 (22). Phoenix, Arizona. May 22, 2013. Retrieved 2013. [...] Trent Franks is past Chairman of the Children's Hope Scholarship Foundation and a Republican Member of The United States Congress. [...]
  66. ^ "McCain courting Christian conservatives". NBC News. Associated Press. February 14, 2007. Retrieved 2010.
  67. ^ "2011". Archived from the original on June 22, 2013.
  68. ^ [5], 2011
  69. ^ Stearns, Cliff (November 17, 2011). "H.R.822 - 112th Congress (2011-2012): National Right-to-Carry Reciprocity Act of 2011". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2020.
  70. ^ Alfano, Sean. "Jessica Simpson Snubs Bush". CBS News. Retrieved 2017.
  71. ^ "Israel Allies Caucus". Archived from the original on July 8, 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  72. ^ "Members". Congressional Constitution Caucus. Retrieved 2018.
  73. ^ "Critical Infrastructure Protection Act 8 of 2019 (English / isiXhosa) | South African Government". www.gov.za. Retrieved 2020.
  74. ^ "H.R. 1410 - All Actions". United States Congress. Retrieved 2013.
  75. ^ McGlade, Caitlin (July 25, 2013). "House bill to halt West Valley casino moves forward". azcentral.com. Retrieved 2013.
  76. ^ a b c d McGlade, Caitlin (July 25, 2013). "House bill to halt West Valley casino moves forward". azcentral.com. Retrieved 2013.
  77. ^ Franks, Trent (September 18, 2013). "H.R.1410 - 113th Congress (2013-2014): Keep the Promise Act of 2013". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2020.
  78. ^ Franks, Trent (September 18, 2013). "H.R.1410 - 113th Congress (2013-2014): Keep the Promise Act of 2013". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2020.
  79. ^ Alonzo, Monica (April 29, 2010), Wanna Bet? The Tohono O'odham Want to Build a Casino in the West Valley - Now It's Up to the Feds to Make It Happen or Break Another Promise to the Tribe, Phoenix New Times
  80. ^ "House rejects controversial study of Islam".
  81. ^ Flaherty, Joseph (July 14, 2017). "Trent Franks Proposed What? His Amendment to Survey Islamic Thought Shot Down in House".
  82. ^ [6]
  83. ^ Franks, Trent (September 22, 2015). "Text - H.R.3504 - 114th Congress (2015-2016): Born-Alive Abortion Survivors Protection Act". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2020.
  84. ^ Sasse, Ben (February 25, 2020). "Text - S.311 - 116th Congress (2019-2020): Born-Alive Abortion Survivors Protection Act". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2020.
  85. ^ Franks, Trent (January 23, 2017). "H.R.147 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): Prenatal Nondiscrimination Act (PRENDA) of 2017". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2020.
  86. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved 2008.
  87. ^ United States House of Representatives elections in Arizona, 2012
  88. ^ "The Arena: - Rep. Trent Franks Bio". Politico. Retrieved 2013. [...] Congressman Franks and his wife Josephine have been married since 1980. They live in Peoria with their children, Joshua and Emily, and are members of North Phoenix Baptist Church. [...]
  89. ^ "How Many Latinos Serve In Congress? Depends On Whom You Ask". Fox News. February 5, 2013. Retrieved 2017.

External links

Arizona House of Representatives
Preceded by
Glen Davis
Member of the Arizona House of Representatives
from the 20th district

1985-1987
Succeeded by
Bobby Raymond
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Ed Pastor
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 2nd congressional district

2003-2013
Succeeded by
Ron Barber
Preceded by
Ron Barber
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 8th congressional district

2013-2017
Succeeded by
Debbie Lesko

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Trent_Franks
 



 



 
Music Scenes