Trimarcisia
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Trimarcisia

Trimarcisia (Ancient Greek: , trimarkisia), i. e., "feat of three horsemen",[1] was an ancient Celtic military cavalry tactic or organisation;[2] it is attested in Pausanias' Description of Greece, in which he described the use of trimarcisia by the Gauls during their invasion of Greece in the third century BCE.[3][4][5]
According to Pausanias:

Pausanias' view was that the Gauls had adopted this method of fighting by copying the Persian Athanatoi elite force with the difference that while the Persians waited until after a battle was over to replace casualties, the Gauls "kept reinforcing their full number during the height of the action".[3]

Etymology

According to Pausanias, marka was the Celtic name for a horse.[3] This corresponds to the root *mark-os of words for "saddle horse" attested in Celtic and Germanic but not in other Indo-European languages, a root that is of uncertain etymology.[6]

References

  1. ^ Dáithí Ó Hógáin (2002, 2003). The Celts: A History. The Collins Press, The Boydell Press. p. 53. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ "Trimarcisia". Perseus Encyclopedia. Perseus Project.
  3. ^ a b c Pausanias (1918). "10.19.10-11". Description of Greece in 4 volumes. W.H.S. Jones, H.A. Ormerod (translators). Cambridge, MA, London: Harvard University Press, William Heinemann Ltd. Available online at the Perseus Project.
  4. ^ P. A. L. Greenhalgh (1973). Early Greek warfare: Horsemen and chariots in the Homeric and Archaic Ages. Cambridge University Press. p. 61.
  5. ^ Green, Miranda, ed. (1995). "Chapter 4, Celtic Horsemanship". The Celtic World. Routledge.
  6. ^ Tristram, Hildegard L. C., ed. (2007). The Celtic Languages in Contact. Papers from the Workshop within the Framework of the XIII International Conference of Celtic Studies. Bonn, 26-27 July 2007. Potsdam University Press. pp. 4-5.

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Trimarcisia
 



 



 
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