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A graph of lunar eclipses, grouped by their Saros cycle and Tritos cycle

The tritos is an eclipse cycle of 3986.628 days. (about 1 month short of 11 years)

It corresponds to:

The length of the tritos is equal to the length of the inex minus the length of the saros eclipse cycles. Therefore, eclipses that occur 1 tritos apart (i.e. both eclipses belong to the same tritos series), belong to two different saros series with series numbers that differ by one.

The pre-Columbian Maya used a calculation in their own observations of eclipse cycles in which a period of three tritoses was approximated by 11960 days, based on 46 periods of their tzolk'in calendar (i.e. 46 × 260 days). The number of anomalistic months in a tritos (144.68), having a fraction near ​, means every third eclipse is in nearly the same position in the elliptical orbit, so eclipses will have similar timing and total versus annular quality.

Solar and lunar eclipse event dates will repeat on this cycle for about 700 years.

Example solar Tritos series

This eclipse is a part of a tritos cycle, repeating at alternating nodes every 135 synodic months (? 3986.63 days, or 11 years minus 1 month). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee), but groupings of 3 tritos cycles (? 33 years minus 3 months) come close (? 434.044 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

In the 22nd century:

  • Solar Saros 147: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2111 Aug 04
  • Solar Saros 148: Total Solar Eclipse of 2122 Jul 04
  • Solar Saros 149: Total Solar Eclipse of 2133 Jun 03
  • Solar Saros 150: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2144 May 03
  • Solar Saros 151: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2155 Apr 02
  • Solar Saros 152: Total Solar Eclipse of 2166 Mar 02
  • Solar Saros 153: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2177 Jan 29
  • Solar Saros 154: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2187 Dec 29
  • Solar Saros 155: Total Solar Eclipse of 2198 Nov 28

In the 23rd century:

  • Solar Saros 156: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2209 Oct 29
  • Solar Saros 157: Annular Solar Eclipse of 2220 Sep 27
  • Solar Saros 158: Total Solar Eclipse of 2231 Aug 28
  • Solar Saros 159: Partial Solar Eclipse of 2242 Jul 28
  • Solar Saros 160: Partial Solar Eclipse of 2253 Jun 26
  • Solar Saros 161: Partial Solar Eclipse of 2264 May 26
  • Solar Saros 162: Partial Solar Eclipse of 2275 Apr 26
  • Solar Saros 163: Partial Solar Eclipse of 2286 Mar 25
  • Solar Saros 164: Partial Solar Eclipse of 2297 Feb 22

Example lunar Tritos series

The tritos series repeats 31 days short of 11 years at alternating nodes. Sequential events have incremental Saros cycle indices.

This series produces 23 total eclipses between June 22, 1880 and August 9, 2120.

Tritos eclipse series (subset 1901-2100)
Ascending node   Descending node
Saros Date
Saros Date
120 1902 Apr 22
Lunar eclipse from moon-1902Apr22.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-1902Apr22.png
121 1913 Mar 22
Lunar eclipse from moon-1913Mar22.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-1913Mar22.png
122 1924 Feb 20
Lunar eclipse from moon-1924Feb20.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-1924Feb20.png
123 1935 Jan 19
Lunar eclipse from moon-1935Jan19.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-1935Jan19.png
124 1945 Dec 19
Lunar eclipse from moon-1945Dec19.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-1945Dec19.png
125 1956 Nov 18
Lunar eclipse from moon-1956Nov18.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-1956Nov18.png
126 1967 Oct 18
Lunar eclipse from moon-1967Oct18.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-1967Oct18.png
127 1978 Sep 16
Lunar eclipse from moon-1978Sep16.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-1978Sep16.png
128 1989 Aug 17
Lunar eclipse from moon-1989Aug17.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-1989Aug17.png
129 2000 Jul 16
Lunar eclipse from moon-2000Jul16.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-2000jul16.png
130 2011 Jun 15
Lunar eclipse from moon-2011Jun15.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-2011jun15.png
131 2022 May 16
Lunar eclipse from moon-2022May16.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-2022may16.png
132 2033 Apr 14
Lunar eclipse from moon-2033Apr14.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-2033Apr14.png
133 2044 Mar 13
Lunar eclipse from moon-2044Mar13.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-2044Mar13.png
134 2055 Feb 11
Lunar eclipse from moon-2055Feb11.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-2055Feb11.png
135 2066 Jan 11
Lunar eclipse from moon-2066Jan11.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-2066Jan11.png
136 2076 Dec 10
Lunar eclipse from moon-2076Dec10.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-2076Dec10.png
137 2087 Nov 10
Lunar eclipse from moon-2087Nov10.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-2087Nov10.png
138 2098 Oct 10
Lunar eclipse from moon-2098Oct10.png
Lunar eclipse chart close-2098Oct10.png

See also


  • Mathematical Astronomy Morsels, Jean Meeus, Willmann-Bell, Inc., 1997 (Chapter 9, p. 51, Table 9.A Some eclipse Periodicities)

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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