Buildings in the historic quarter of Troyes
|Intercommunality||CA Troyes Champagne Métropole|
|o Mayor (2014-2020)||François Baroin (LR)|
|13.2 km2 (5.1 sq mi)|
|o Density||4,700/km2 (12,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||100-126 m (328-413 ft) |
(avg. 118 m or 387 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Troyes (French pronunciation: [t?wa] ) is a commune and the capital of the department of Aube in the Grand Est region of north-central France. It is located on the Seine river about 150 km (93 mi) southeast of Paris. Troyes is situated within the Champagne wine region and is near to the Orient Forest Regional Natural Park. Many half-timbered houses (mainly of the 16th century) survive in the old town. Troyes has been in existence since the Roman era, as Augustobona Tricassium, which stood at the hub of numerous highways, primarily the Via Agrippa.
The geographical location of Celtic grave-mounts around Troyes and the finding of Celtic artifacts in the City grounds suggest that Troyes as a settlement may originate from the Celts as early as 600 BC.
Troyes has been in existence since the Roman era, as Augustobona Tricassium, which stood at the hub of numerous highways, primarily the Via Agrippa which led north to Reims and south to Langres and eventually to Milan; other Roman routes from Troyes led to Poitiers, Autun and Orléans. It was the civitas of the Tricasses, who had been separated by Augustus from the Senones. Of the Gallo-Roman city of the early Empire, some scattered remains have been found, but no public monuments, other than traces of an aqueduct. By the Late Empire the settlement was reduced in extent, and referred to as Tricassium or Tricassae, the origin of French Troyes.
The city was the seat of a bishop from the fourth century - the legend of its bishop Lupus (Loup), who saved the city from Attila by offering himself as hostage is hagiographic rather than historical - though it was several centuries before it gained importance as a medieval centre of commerce.
In the early cathedral on the present site, Louis the Stammerer in 878 received at Troyes the imperial crown from the hands of Pope John VIII. At the end of the ninth century, following depredations to the city by Normans, the counts of Champagne chose Troyes as their capital; it remained the capital of the Province of Champagne until the Revolution. The Abbey of Saint-Loup developed a renowned library and scriptorium. During the Middle Ages, it was an important trading town, and gave its name to troy weight. The Champagne cloth fairs and the revival of long-distance trade and new extension of coinage and credit were the real engines that drove the medieval economy of Troyes.
In 1285, when Philip the Fair united Champagne to the royal domain, the town kept a number of its traditional privileges. John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and ally of the English, aimed in 1417 at making Troyes the capital of France, and he came to an understanding with Isabeau of Bavaria, wife of Charles VI of France, that a court, council, and parlement with comptroller's offices should be established at Troyes. It was at Troyes, then in the hands of the Burgundians, that on 21 May 1420, the Treaty of Troyes was signed by which Henry V of England was betrothed to Catherine, daughter of Charles VI, and by terms of which he was to succeed Charles, to the detriment of the Dauphin. The high-water mark of Plantagenet hegemony in France was reversed when the Dauphin, afterwards Charles VII, and Joan of Arc recovered the town of Troyes in 1429.
The great fire of 1524 destroyed much of the medieval city, in spite of the city's numerous canals.
In the Salle du Conseil (Council Chamber) a marble medallion of Louis XIV (1690) by François Girardon, born at Troyes, survived unscathed.
Not having suffered from the last wars, Troyes has a high density of old religious buildings grouped close to the city centre. They include:
Several Troyes churches have sculpture by The Maitre de Chaource.
|Climate data for Troyes (1981-2010 averages)|
|Record high °C (°F)||16.2
|Average high °C (°F)||6.2
|Average low °C (°F)||-0.1
|Record low °C (°F)||-23.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||50.5
|Average precipitation days||10.6||9.2||10.5||9.5||10.5||9.3||7.6||7.7||8.2||9.7||10.3||11.3||114.5|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||68.6||88.3||143.8||184.8||215.0||229.4||235.5||228.2||179.2||123.6||66.6||53.6||1,816.4|
|Source: Météo France|
The inhabitants of the commune are called Troyens.
The train station Gare de Troyes offers connections to Paris, Dijon, Mulhouse and several regional destinations. Troyes is at the junction of the motorways A5 (Paris - Troyes - Langres) and A26 (Calais - Reims - Troyes). Troyes - Barberey Airport is a small regional airport.