Tulsi Gabbard
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Tulsi Gabbard

Tulsi Gabbard
Official 114th Congressional photograph of Tulsi Gabbard
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Hawaii's 2nd district

January 3, 2013
Mazie Hirono
Vice Chair of the
Democratic National Committee

January 22, 2013 - February 27, 2016
ChairDebbie Wasserman Schultz
Mike Honda
Grace Meng
Member of the Honolulu City Council
from the 6th district

January 2, 2011 - August 16, 2012
Rod Tam
Carol Fukunaga
Member of the Hawaii House of Representatives
from the 42nd district

Mark Moses
Rida Cabanilla
Personal details
Born (1981-04-12) April 12, 1981 (age 38)
Leloaloa, American Samoa, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Eduardo Tamayo
(m. 2002; div. 2006)

Abraham Williams (m. 2015)
RelativesMike Gabbard (father)
EducationHawaii Pacific University (BSBA)
WebsiteHouse website
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army
Years of service2003-present
RankUS-O4 insignia.svg Major
UnitSeal of the United States Army National Guard.svg Hawaii Army National Guard
Battles/warsIraq War

Tulsi Gabbard (; born April 12, 1981) is an American politician and Hawaii Army National Guard major serving as the U.S. Representative for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district. Elected in 2012, she is the first practicing Hindu and the first Samoan-American member of Congress.[1][2] Gabbard's announcement of her intention to seek the Democratic nomination in the 2020 US presidential election made her the first female combat veteran to run for president.[3][4]

In 2002, Gabbard was elected to the Hawaii House of Representatives.[a] In 2004, she became the first state legislator to voluntarily step down from public office for a tour of duty in a war zone.[6] Gabbard served in a field medical unit of the Hawaii Army National Guard in a combat zone in Iraq from 2004 to 2005 and was deployed to Kuwait from 2008 to 2009. She was a vice chair of the Democratic National Committee from 2013 to 2016, when she resigned to endorse Senator Bernie Sanders for the 2016 Democratic presidential nomination.

Gabbard's domestic policy platform in her campaign for the 2020 Democratic nomination is economically and socially progressive and has been described as "similar to Bernie Sanders ... in many respects".[7] She supports Medicare for All[8] and strengthening the reproductive rights framework of Roe v Wade by codifying it into federal law.[9] She voted and lobbied against LGBT rights in Hawaii prior to her first tour of duty, but since 2011 Gabbard has apologized for her earlier positions and now supports LGBT rights.[10][11] Gabbard opposes military interventionism but has called herself a "hawk" on terrorism.[12][13] Her decision to meet Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and expressions of skepticism about his use of chemical weapons in the Syrian Civil War attracted controversy.[14] On October 25, 2019, Gabbard announced that she will not seek another term in Congress.[15]

Early life and education

Gabbard was born on April 12, 1981, in Leloaloa, Maoputasi County, on American Samoa's main island of Tutuila.[16][17] She was the fourth of five children born to Mike Gabbard and his wife Carol (née Porter) Gabbard.[18] Her father is of Samoan and European ancestry. Her mother was born in Indiana and grew up in Michigan.[19] In 1983, when Gabbard was two years old, her family moved to Hawaii.

Gabbard embraced the Hindu faith as a teenager.[18][20][21]

Gabbard was home-schooled through high school except for two years at informal schools in the Philippines.[22][23] She graduated from Hawaii Pacific University with a Bachelor of Science degree in business administration in 2009.[24][25]

Early career

In 2002, Gabbard was a self-employed martial arts instructor.[26]

Military service

Gabbard at the ceremony of her promotion to major on October 12, 2015

In April 2003, while serving in the State Legislature, Gabbard enlisted in the Hawaii Army National Guard.[27] In July 2004, she was deployed for a 12-month tour in Iraq, serving as a specialist with the Medical Company, 29th Support Battalion, 29th Infantry Brigade Combat Team.[5][28] Gabbard served at Logistical Support Area Anaconda in Iraq, completing her tour in 2005.[29][30]

In 2006, Gabbard began serving as a legislative aide for then U.S. Senator from Hawaii Daniel Akaka in Washington, D.C.,[31] and in March 2007, she graduated from the Accelerated Officer Candidate School at the Alabama Military Academy. Gabbard was the first woman to finish as the distinguished honor graduate in the Academy's 50-year history.[32][31][33][34] She was commissioned as a second lieutenant and assigned to the 29th Brigade Special Troops Battalion, 29th Infantry Brigade Combat Team of the Hawaii Army National Guard, this time to serve as an Army Military Police officer.[35][36][37] She was deployed to Kuwait from 2008 to 2009.[38][39][30]

Gabbard is a recipient of the Combat Medical Badge and the Meritorious Service Medal.[40][41] On October 12, 2015, she was promoted from captain to major at a ceremony at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific[42][43] She continues to serve as a major in the Hawaii Army National Guard.[44]

On August 7, 2018, the Honolulu Star-Advertiser reported that the Hawaii Army National Guard had instructed Gabbard that a video of her in uniform on her VoteTulsi Facebook page did not comply with military ethics rules. Gabbard's campaign removed the video and added a disclaimer to the website's banner image of Gabbard in uniform in a veterans' cemetery that the image does not imply an endorsement from the military. A similar situation had happened during a previous Gabbard congressional campaign. A spokeswoman for Gabbard said the campaign would work closely with the Department of Defense to ensure compliance with all regulations.[45]

Political career

Hawaii House of Representatives (2002-2004)

In 2002, after redistricting, Gabbard (as Tulsi Tamayo) ran to represent the 42nd House District of the Hawaii House of Representatives. She won the four-candidate Democratic primary with a plurality of 48% of the vote.[46][47] Gabbard then defeated Republican Alfonso Jimenez in the general election, 65%-35%.[48] At the age of 21, Gabbard became the youngest legislator ever elected in Hawaii's history and the youngest woman ever elected to a U.S. state legislature.[32][49][32]

In 2004, Gabbard filed for reelection, but then volunteered for Army National Guard service in Iraq. Cabanilla, who filed to run against her, called on the incumbent to resign because she would not be able to represent her district from Iraq.[50] Gabbard chose not to campaign for a second term,[51] and Cabanilla won the Democratic primary, 64%-25%.[52]

Honolulu City Council (2011-2012)

After returning home from her second deployment to the Middle East in 2009, Gabbard ran for a seat on the Honolulu City Council.[53] Incumbent City Councilman Rod Tam, of the 6th district, decided to retire in order to run for Mayor of Honolulu. In the ten-candidate nonpartisan open primary in September 2010, Gabbard finished first with 33% of the vote.[54] In the November 2 runoff election she defeated Sesnita Moepono, 58%-42%.[55]

As a Honolulu City Councilwoman, Gabbard introduced a measure to help food truck vendors by loosening parking restrictions.[56] She also introduced Bill 54, a measure that authorized city workers to confiscate personal belongings stored on public property with 24 hours' notice to its owner.[57][58] After overcoming opposition from the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)[59] and Occupy Hawai'i,[60] Bill 54 passed and became City Ordinance 1129.

On April 30, 2011, Gabbard informed her constituents that she was resuming the use of her maiden name and that there would be no cost to city taxpayers for reprinting City Council materials containing her name.[61] She resigned from the council on August 16, 2012, to focus on her congressional campaign.[62]

United States House of Representatives (2013-present)

2012 election

Gabbard in 2012

In early 2011, Mazie Hirono, the incumbent Democratic U.S. Representative for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district, announced that she would run for the United States Senate. In May 2011, Gabbard announced her candidacy for Hirono's House seat.[63] She was endorsed by the Sierra Club,[64]Emily's List[65] and VoteVets.org.[66] The Democratic Mayor of Honolulu, Mufi Hannemann, was the best-known candidate in the six-way primary, but Gabbard won with 62,882 votes (55%); the Honolulu Star-Advertiser called her win an "improbable rise from a distant underdog to victory."[67] Gabbard resigned from the City Council on August 16 to prevent the cost of holding a special election.[68][69]

As the Democratic nominee, Gabbard traveled to Charlotte, North Carolina, and spoke at the 2012 Democratic National Convention[70] at the invitation of House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, who called Gabbard "an emerging star".[71] Gabbard credited grassroots support for her come-from-behind win in the primary.[72] She won the November 6, 2012, general election, defeating Republican Kawika Crowley by 168,503 to 40,707 votes (80.6%-19.4%),[73] becoming the first Samoan-American[74] and first Hindu member of Congress.[75][76]

In December 2012, Gabbard applied to be considered for appointment to the U.S. Senate seat vacated by the death of Daniel Inouye,[77] but despite support from prominent mainland Democrats,[78][79] she was not among the three candidates the Democratic Party of Hawaii selected.[80]

First term (113th Congress)

Gabbard speaks at the 135th National Guard Association of the United States conference in 2013

In March 2013, Gabbard introduced the Helping Heroes Fly Act, seeking to improve airport security screenings for severely wounded veterans. It passed Congress and was signed into law by President Barack Obama.[81][82][83] She also led an effort to pass legislation to assist victims of military sexual trauma.[84][85][86]

Second term (114th Congress)

Gabbard and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New York City on September 28, 2014

Gabbard was reelected on November 8, 2014, defeating Crowley again, by 142,010 to 33,630 votes (78.7%-18.6%); Libertarian candidate Joe Kent garnered 4,693 votes (2.6%).[87]

Along with Senator Hirono, Gabbard introduced a bill to award Filipino and Filipino American veterans who fought in World War II the Congressional Gold Medal.[88] The bill passed Congress[89] and was signed into law by Obama in December 2016.[90]

Gabbard also introduced Talia's Law, to prevent child abuse and neglect on military bases. It was passed by Congress and signed into law by Obama in December 2016.[91][92][93]

Third term (115th Congress)

Gabbard was reelected on November 8, 2016, defeating Republican nominee Angela Kaaihue by 170,848 to 39,668 votes (81.2%-18.8%).[94]

In 2017, Gabbard introduced the "Off Fossil Fuels (OFF) Act", which set a target of 2035 for transitioning the United States to renewable energy. It was endorsed by Food and Water Watch.[95]

Fourth term (116th Congress)

Gabbard was reelected in 2018,[96] defeating Republican nominee Brian Evans by 153,271 to 44,850 votes (77.4%-22.6%).

In 2018, Gabbard introduced the "Securing America's Election Act", a bill to require all districts to use paper ballots, yielding an auditable paper trail in the event of a recount. Common Cause endorsed the bill.[97] In March 2019, Attorney General William Barr asserted in his summary of the Mueller Report that the Special Counsel investigation had failed to find that members of Trump's 2016 campaign conspired or coordinated with the Russian government. In response, Gabbard commented that "finding the president of the United States not guilty of conspiring with a foreign power to interfere with our elections is a good thing for America." She subsequently reintroduced her election security bill, arguing that it would make foreign interference less likely in 2020.[98]

In September 2018, Gabbard and Representative Walter Jones (R-NC) co-sponsored the No More Presidential Wars Act, an effort to "reclaim the responsibility Congress has to be the body that declares war, to end these presidential wars that are being fought without the authorization of Congress."[99]

On October 25, 2019, Gabbard announced that she will not seek reelection to the House in 2020. She had been facing a serious primary challenge from Hawaii State Senator Kai Kahele, who had criticized her absence from Congress during her presidential campaign.[100][101][102]

Committee assignments

Caucus membership

Democratic National Committee

On January 22, 2013, Gabbard was unanimously elected to a four-year term as vice chair of the Democratic National Committee.[112] She was critical of chairwoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz's decision to hold only six debates during the 2016 Democratic Party presidential primaries, compared with 26 in 2008 and 15 in 2004.[113][114] Along with Minneapolis mayor R. T. Rybak and two candidates, Gabbard called for more debates, appearing on multiple news outlets to express her dissatisfaction with the reduction in the number. Later she was either "disinvited" or asked to "consider not coming" to the Democratic debate in Las Vegas as a consequence. In a phone interview with the New York Times, Gabbard spoke of an unhealthy atmosphere and the feeling that she had "checked [her free speech] at the door" in taking the job.[115] Gabbard privately accused Wasserman Schultz of violating the DNC's duty of neutrality by favoring Hillary Clinton. This later became public in leaked emails published by WikiLeaks.[116][117]

Gabbard resigned as DNC vice chair on February 28, 2016, in order to endorse Senator Bernie Sanders for the nomination.[118][119] She was the first congresswoman to endorse Sanders[120] and later gave the nominating speech putting his name forward at the 2016 Democratic National Convention.[121]

In July 2016, Gabbard launched a petition to end the Democratic Party's process of appointing superdelegates in the nomination process.[122] She endorsed Keith Ellison for DNC chair in the 2017 chairmanship elections.[123]

Gabbard was assigned as Bernie Sanders's running mate in California for any write-in votes for Sanders.[124] Shortly after the election, Gabbard was mentioned as a possible presidential candidate for 2020.[125][126]

2020 presidential campaign

Gabbard campaigning for president in San Francisco, California
Tulsi Gabbard 2020 presidential campaign logo

On February 2, 2019, Gabbard officially launched her 2020 presidential campaign, saying that it was in the "spirit of service above self" that she announced her candidacy.[127]CNN described her foreign policy platform as anti-interventionalist and her economic platform as populist.[127]

Gabbard was the most frequently Googled candidate after the first, second, and fourth 2020 Democratic debates.[128][129][130] In the second debate, she assailed Senator Kamala Harris over her record as a prosecutor, saying Harris owed an apology to the people who "suffered under your reign."[131] In the fourth debate, Gabbard accused hosts CNN and The New York Times of attacking her, saying, "Just two days ago, The New York Times put out an article saying that I'm a Russian asset and an Assad apologist and all these different smears. This morning, a CNN commentator said on national television that I'm an asset of Russia. Completely despicable."[132] Gabbard said the "smears" against her stemmed from her opposition to "regime change war" in Syria.[130][133][134]

Gabbard did not meet the polling threshold for the third presidential debate in time for the August 28 deadline. The following day, she criticized DNC's qualification criteria, saying that the DNC process of developing those criteria lacked transparency.[135] On September 24, Gabbard qualified for the fourth debate in Ohio in October 2019 after gaining her fourth qualifying poll.[136] In October, Gabbard accused the media and the Democratic party of "rigging" the 2020 election, and briefly threatened to boycott the fourth debate.[137][138] On October 14, she announced in a letter to supporters that she would attend the debate.[139]

On October 18, 2019, Hillary Clinton was reported to have said that Russia was "grooming" a female Democrat to run as a third-party candidate who would help President Trump win reelection via a spoiler effect. She said that, along with Jill Stein, "she is also a Russian asset".[140][141] The media understood Clinton to be referring to Gabbard, which Clinton spokesperson Nick Merril seemed to confirm to CNN, saying "If the nesting doll fits"; however, Gabbard has repeatedly said she will not run as a third-party candidate in 2020.[142][143][141] Later the same day, Gabbard responded to Clinton by tweet, calling her a "corrupt warmonger", and writing that "we now know" it was Clinton behind what Gabbard called a "concerted campaign to destroy my reputation".[144] Fellow 2020 Democratic presidential candidates Andrew Yang[145], Marianne Williamson[146], Beto O'Rourke[147], Pete Buttigieg;[148], John Delaney,[149], Bernie Sanders[150], as well as President Trump[151][152] and Nina Turner[153][154] defended Gabbard and criticized Clinton's remarks. About a week after the initial reports, mainstream media corrected their reporting to say it was not Russians but Republicans who Clinton thought were doing the grooming.[155] CNN reported in early November that after Clinton called Gabbard "a favorite of the Russians", Gabbard's poll numbers rose by at least two percentage points, making her eligible for the upcoming debate.[156]

On October 25, 2019, Gabbard announced that she would not seek re-election to her house seat in 2020 in order to focus on her presidential campaign.[157]

Nonprofit organizations and associations

In 1996, Gabbard and her father, Mike Gabbard, co-founded Healthy Hawai?i Coalition, an environmental educational group.[158]

In the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, Gabbard and her father co-founded the nonprofit Stand Up For America (SUFA).[159][160] SUFA's website profiled Gabbard and hosted letters she wrote during her deployments overseas.[161][162][163] In September 2010, SUFA's website came under criticism for promoting her campaign for the Honolulu City Council. Gabbard said the improper addition "was an honest mistake from a volunteer," and the page and link in question were immediately removed.[159]

Gabbard was a five-year "term member"[164] of the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR).[165][166] When asked about her involvement in it, she said that while many in CFR did not share her worldview, "If we only sit in rooms with people who we agree with, then we won't be able to bring about the kind of change that we need to see."[167]

Political positions

Gabbard at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia

Gabbard's platform is broadly similar to those of other Democratic primary contenders on healthcare, climate, education, infrastructure, and criminal justice reform. The key point on which she differs from the other candidates is that, for Gabbard, foreign and domestic policy are inseparable. She criticizes what she terms the "neoliberal/neoconservative war machine", which pushes for US involvement in "wasteful foreign wars". She has said that the money spent on war should be redirected to serve domestic needs. Nevertheless, she describes herself as both a hawk and a dove: "When it comes to the war against terrorists, I'm a hawk", but "when it comes to counterproductive wars of regime change, I'm a dove."[168][169][170][171][172]

Gabbard has taken unconventional stances on issues ranging from Democratic Party internal politics to foreign affairs. She resigned from the DNC over dissatisfaction with the reduction in the number of primary debates in 2016, and to support Bernie Sanders in the primary.[114][113][118][119] In 2017, she had an unplanned meeting with Syrian president Bashar al-Assad, and expressed skepticism about accusations that Assad had ordered the use of chemical weapons against civilians, calling for a U.N. investigation into the attack and, should he be found responsible, prosecution of Assad at the International Criminal Court.[170][173][174][137] In a 2018 interview with The Nation, Gabbard said the United States had "been waging a regime change war in Syria since 2011. Central to that war to overthrow the Syrian government of Assad, the U.S., along with its allies Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and Qatar, has been providing direct and indirect support to terrorist organizations like Al Qaeda".[175] She also criticized the Obama Administration for "refusing" to say that "Islamic extremists" are waging a war against the United States.[176] Gabbard called Assad a "brutal dictator."[177]

Standing with fellow House Democrats to demand a vote on gun control measures

Gabbard supports a national healthcare insurance program that covers uninsured as well as under-insured people[178] and allows supplemental but not duplicative private insurance.[179] She has called for addressing the national nursing shortage[180] and supports clear GMO labeling,[181][182] voting in 2016 against a GMO-labeling bill she said was too weak.[183] She has spoken in favor of a Green New Deal but has expressed concerns about vagueness in some proposed versions of the legislation.[184] She has been outspoken against a "broken criminal justice system" that puts "people in prison for smoking marijuana" while allowing pharmaceutical corporations responsible for "opioid-related deaths of thousands to walk away scot-free with their coffers full."[185]

Gabbard joined the House LGBT Equality Caucus in 2019,[186] and has a 100% record in Congress for pro-LGBT legislation from the Human Rights Campaign, a group that advocates for LGBT rights.[187] Gabbard's position on LGBT issues has changed over the course of her lifetime. In 1998, at age 17, she campaigned for an anti-gay rights organization founded by her father. She continued to oppose gay rights after becoming a state representative, when she testified at a Hawaii legislative hearing in opposition to civil unions.[188][189] Since then, Gabbard has apologized for her previous stances, and has said that her views were changed by her experience in the military "with LGBTQ service members both here at home and while deployed"[190] as well as seeing "the destructive effect of having governments ... act as moral arbiters for their people."[188]

Gabbard protested the construction of the final leg of the Dakota Access Pipeline in 2016.[191][192]

Personal life

Gabbard's first name comes from Sanskrit. Tulsi is the name for Holy Basil, a plant sacred in Hinduism.[193] Her siblings also have Hindu Sanskrit-origin names.[18] During her childhood Gabbard excelled in martial arts.[23] In 2002, she was a martial arts instructor.[194] She is vegan[195] and, as a Hindu, follows Gaudiya Vaishnavism,[22] a religious movement founded by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in the 16th century. Gabbard describes herself as a karma yogi.[196] She values the Bhagavad Gita as a spiritual guide,[197] and used it when she took the oath of office in 2013.[198][199] Gabbard has said that she is pleased that her election gives hope to young American Hindus who "can be open about their faith, and even run for office, without fear of being discriminated against or attacked because of their religion".[200]

In 2002, Gabbard married Eduardo Tamayo.[61][201] They divorced in 2006. She cites "the stresses war places on military spouses and families" as a reason for their divorce.[202] In 2015, Gabbard married freelance cinematographer and editor Abraham Williams in a traditional Vedic wedding ceremony, wearing blue silk.[203][204]

Awards and honors

On November 25, 2013, Gabbard received the John F. Kennedy New Frontier Award at a ceremony at the Institute of Politics at Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government for her efforts on behalf of veterans.[205]

On March 26, 2014, Elle honored Gabbard, with others, at the Italian Embassy in the United States during its annual "Women in Washington Power List".[206]

On July 15, 2015, Gabbard received the Friend of the National Parks Award from the National Parks Conservation Association.[207]

See also


  1. ^ At age 21, Gabbard was the youngest woman ever elected to any state legislature.[5]


  1. ^ Stevens, Matt (October 19, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard: Who She Is and What She Stands For". The New York Times. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ Haltiwanger, John (October 15, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard is running for president in 2020. Here's everything we know about the candidate and how she stacks up against the competition". Business Insider. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ Peterson, Beatrice (September 27, 2019). "Hawaii Rep. Tulsi Gabbard changes course on impeachment inquiry". ABC News. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ "Gabbard takes presidential campaign break for Army National Guard training". Army Times. Associated Press. August 13, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Gabbard Congressional Website". December 11, 2012.
  6. ^ Pak, Nataly; Kaji, Mina; Palaniappan, Sruthi (July 31, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard: Everything you need to know about the 2020 presidential candidate". ABC News. Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ Beauchamp, Zack (January 16, 2019). "Rep. Tulsi Gabbard, 2020 Democratic candidate, explained". Vox. Retrieved 2019.
  8. ^ "National Progressive Organizations Announce New Congressional Scorecard on Public Health, Environmental Issues". National Nurses United. August 7, 2018. Retrieved 2019.
  9. ^ "What the Democratic Candidates Discussed During the Debates: Annotated Transcripts". Bloomberg.com. October 16, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  10. ^ McAvoy, Audrey (January 18, 2019). "Hawaii's Gabbard apologizes for past LGBTQ statements". AP NEWS. Retrieved 2019.
  11. ^ Knowles, David. "Rep. Tulsi Gabbard apologizes, again, for past anti-gay views". Yahoo News. Retrieved 2019.
  12. ^ Bonn, Tess (September 26, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard calls for foreign policy-focused debate". TheHill. Retrieved 2019.
  13. ^ "Anti-war presidential hopeful Tulsi Gabbard campaigns in Fremont". SFChronicle.com. March 18, 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  14. ^ EDT, Tom O'Connor On 8/1/19 at 1:31 PM (August 1, 2019). "The Tulsi Gabbard and Bashar al-Assad controversy explained". Newsweek. Retrieved 2019.
  15. ^ Elfrink, Tim (October 25, 2019). "Tulsi Gabbard wont' run for re-election to Congress as she seeks Democratic presidential nomination". Washington Post. Retrieved 2019.
  16. ^ "GABBARD, Tulsi - US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov. Retrieved 2019.
  17. ^ "Sauni se tamaitai Samoa e tauva i le tofi Peresetene o le Iunaite Setete o Amerika (USA) | Samoa Times: Samoan Community Newspaper".
  18. ^ a b c Mendoza, Jim (February 1, 2013). "The Gabbards: Raising Hawaii's next political star (Part 1)". Hawaii News Now. Retrieved 2016.
  19. ^ Honey, Charley (November 13, 2012). "2012 Election was a vote for religious tolerance, amid shifting political landscape". The Grand Rapids Free Press. Retrieved 2019.
  20. ^ Kumar, Arvind (November 15, 2012). "The first Hindu in US Congress". Indian Weekender. Retrieved 2019.
  21. ^ Kaleem, Jaweed (January 4, 2013). "Tulsi Gabbard, First Hindu In Congress, Uses Bhagavad Gita At Swearing-In". HuffPost. Retrieved 2017.
  22. ^ a b Malhotra, Jawahar (November 1, 2012). "Tulsi Gabbard's Run for Congress Carries with it Many Hindu Hearts". Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved 2019.
  23. ^ a b Sanneh, Kelefa (November 6, 2017). "What Does Tulsi Gabbard Believe?". New Yorker. Retrieved 2019.
  24. ^ "Alumni News". HPU Alumni Newsletter. Hawaii Pacific University (12): 23. 2012. Retrieved 2012. Congresswoman-elect Tulsi Gabbard (BSBA International Business 2009)
  25. ^ "Tulsi Gabbard". Honolulu Civil Beat. Retrieved 2012. After being deployed to the Middle East for a second time in 2008, she returned to Hawaii to complete a degree in international business from Hawaii Pacific University.
  26. ^ Toth, Catherine (September 13, 2002). "Ewa candidates talk traffic". Honolulu Advertiser. p. B3.
  27. ^ Espanol, Zenaida Serrano (April 20, 2003). "State legislator 'honored' to serve country". The Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2010.
  28. ^ Gabbard Tamayo, Tulsi (August 8, 2005). "London visit makes loss clear". The Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2012.
  29. ^ Gabbard Tamayo, Tulsi (March 15, 2005). "Aloha invades Iraq compound". The Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2012.
  30. ^ a b "Rep. Tulsi Gabbard says she is 'seriously considering' a 2020 White House bid". The Washington Post. 2019.
  31. ^ a b "Akaka Staffer Graduates Army Officer Training at the Top of Class". March 13, 2007. Archived from the original on December 21, 2012. Retrieved 2010. She came to Senator Akaka's office last fall ...
  32. ^ a b c Wyler, Grace; Hickey, Walter (December 8, 2012). "12 Fascinating People Who Are Heading To Congress Next Year". Business Insider. Retrieved 2012.
  33. ^ "OC Guide" (PDF). Alabama National Guard. National Guard. Retrieved 2019.
  34. ^ "About Tulsi Gabbard". United States House of Representatives. United States House of Representatives. December 11, 2012. Retrieved 2019.
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  36. ^ "About Tulsi Gabbard". Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard. December 11, 2012. Retrieved 2019.
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  38. ^ Nelson, Rebecca (May 29, 2014). "From Hawaii to the Hill". Retrieved 2019.
  39. ^ Huang, Cindy; Rolfes, Ellen (November 12, 2012). "Meet the Incoming Congressional Class Veterans". PBS. Washington DC: Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Retrieved 2016.
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  41. ^ "Tulsi Gabbard". usinpac. Retrieved 2019.
  42. ^ US Rep. Tulsi Gabbard promoted to Army major West Hawaii Today; October 13, 2015
  43. ^ PHOTOS: Rep. Tulsi Gabbard Promoted from Captain to Major by Hawai?i Army National Guard Archived December 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine House Office of Rep. Tulsi Gabbard, October 13, 2015
  44. ^ "Tulsi Gabbard Full Biography". Archived from the original on July 19, 2013.
  45. ^ Cocke, Sophie (August 7, 2018). "Some Gabbard campaign material runs afoul of military ethics rules". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved 2018.
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  49. ^ Blake, Aaron; Sullivan, Sean (September 7, 2012). "The 10 Biggest Surprises of the Conventions". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012.
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  53. ^ Gabbard Tamayo, Tulsi (July 6, 2010). "Hawaii Veteran Tulsi Gabbard Tamayo Runs for Honolulu City Council". Hawaii Reporter. Retrieved 2012.
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  56. ^ "Parking restrictions eased for food truck vendors". KHON2. April 3, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
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