Tunstall, East Riding of Yorkshire
Get Tunstall, East Riding of Yorkshire essential facts below. View Videos or join the Tunstall, East Riding of Yorkshire discussion. Add Tunstall, East Riding of Yorkshire to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Tunstall, East Riding of Yorkshire

Tunstall is a village in Holderness, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England, close to the North Sea coast.

Geography

Cliffs and beach at Tunstall beach

Tunstall village is located in the civil parish of Roos in Holderness, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) north-west of the town of Withernsea, and less than 0.6 miles (1 km) from the North Sea coast, at a height of 10 to 15 m (33 to 49 ft) above sea level, and close to the Greenwich Meridian.[1]

The coast at Tunstall is eroding at an average rate of 1.1 to 2 m (3 ft 7 in to 6 ft 7 in) a year.[2]

To the south-east of Tunstall is a 126 acres (0.51 km2), 550 pitch caravan holiday park, Sand le Mere Holiday Village.[3][4]

History

Tunstall was recorded in the Domesday Book as "Tunestal", within the manor of Withernsea.[5] The church of All Saints was originally of Norman construction, with many later alterations in the 13th and 14th centuries, primarily of beach cobble with stone dressings; a tower was added in the 15th century.[6]

A number of buildings in the village date to the early 18th century, including the cobble-built Town Farmhouse, Manor Farmhouse and nearby barn. The brick-built Hall Farmhouse was constructed in the later 18th century,[7] An enclosure act for the land around the village was passed in 1777.[8] The Kings Arms public house dates back to at least the 1850s.[9]

In 1823 inhabitants in the village numbered 163. Occupations included eight farmers, two shopkeepers, a tailor, a corn factor, and the landlady of the Cock public house. A carrier operated between the village and Hull on Tuesdays. Tunstall was close to the coastal Sand le Mar, an area frequented by neighbouring village inhabitants collecting sand and pebbles for the repair of roads.[10]

During the anti-invasion preparations of the Second World War a number of fortifications were constructed near Tunstall, including: a minefield north of the village, a weapons pit, several coastal pillboxes,[11] and tank traps.[12]

After the end of the Second World War, one of the pillbox structures was re-used as a nuclear explosion monitoring post (Royal Observer Corps Monitoring Post) during the Cold War period.[13]

The Greenwich meridian was marked by a re-sited trig point in 1999; the marker fell into the sea in 2003 as a result of coastal erosion.[14]

In 2016, a 'Golf-Ball' style weather station was installed near the village to monitor weather conditions around the Westermost Rough wind farm. The inhabitants of Tunstall would like to see its removal as they believe its radar has been the cause of a number of rare cancers in the villagers. A report by East Riding County Council determined the radar extended a 60° beam outwards across the sea and the nearest homes were outside the field of this beam. Ørsted, the Westermost Rough wind farm operating company, have stated that the radar is within international guidelines and have applied to extend the life of the station to 2019.[15]

Governance

Tunstall forms part of the civil parish of Roos and is represented locally by Roos Parish Council[16] while at county level is in the South East Holderness ward of the East Riding of Yorkshire Council.[17] At a parliamentary level it is part of the Beverley and Holderness constituency which is represented by Graham Stuart of the Conservative Party. While at European level it is in the Yorkshire and the Humber constituency.

References

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey, 1:25000, 2007
  2. ^ "Erosion & Flooding in the Parish of Roos". www.hull.ac.uk. East Riding of Yorkshire Council data sets, posts 71-79. Retrieved 2013.. Figures from 1950 to early 2000s.
  3. ^ "We'll tow our caravan park to the top!: New owners have plans for seaside site". This is Hull and East Riding. 15 October 2010. Retrieved 2012.
  4. ^ "About Sand le Mere Holiday Village, East Yorkshire". www.sand-le-mere.co.uk. Archived from the original on 5 December 2012. Retrieved 2013.
  5. ^ Tunstall in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1216255)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2012.
  7. ^ There is a barn to the rear of a bus shelter, which is 17th century or early 18th in date.
  8. ^ Tunstall Enclosure Bill. Journals of the House of Lords. 35. 17 March 1777. pp. 89, 17 Geo. III.
  9. ^ Historic England. "The Kings Arms (1545854)". PastScape. Retrieved 2013.
  10. ^ Baines, Edward (1823). History, Directory & Gazetteer of the County of York. p. 396. ISBN 1230139141.
  11. ^
  12. ^ Stacey, Andrew. "Holderness : Tunstall". Retrieved 2012.
  13. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 932200". PastScape. Retrieved 2013. Built on top of a Second World War lozenge shaped pillbox, see Historic England. "Monument No. 917371". PastScape. Retrieved 2013.
  14. ^ Dolan, Graham. "The Greenwich Meridian : Tunstal". www.thegreenwichmeridian.org. Retrieved 2012.
  15. ^ Mitchinson, James, ed. (12 December 2017). "Village fears weather station causes cancer". The Yorkshire Post. p. 7. ISSN 0963-1496.
  16. ^ "Parish Description". Roos Parish Council. Retrieved 2014.
  17. ^ Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 11.

Sources

  • Gazetteer - A-Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 11.

External links

Media related to Tunstall at Wikimedia Commons


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Tunstall,_East_Riding_of_Yorkshire
 



 



 
Music Scenes