Tutbury
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Tutbury

Tutbury
Tutbury - Ye Olde Dog & Partridge.jpg
The Dog & Partridge
Tutbury is located in Staffordshire
Tutbury
Tutbury
Location within Staffordshire
Population3,076 2011 Census
OS grid referenceSK211285
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBURTON-ON-TRENT
Postcode districtDE13
Dialling code01283
PoliceStaffordshire
FireStaffordshire
AmbulanceWest Midlands
UK Parliament

Tutbury is a large village and civil parish of about 3,076 residents in the English county of Staffordshire. It is 5 miles (8.0 km) north of Burton upon Trent and 20 miles (32 km) south of the Peak District.

History

Tutbury is surrounded by the agricultural countryside of both Staffordshire and Derbyshire. The site has been inhabited for over 3,000 years, with Iron Age defensive ditches encircling the main defensive hill, upon which now stand the ruins of the Norman castle. These ditches can be seen most clearly at the Park Pale and at the top of the steep hills behind Park Lane.

The name Tutbury probably derives from a Scandinavian settler and subsequent chief of the hill-fort, Totta, bury being a corruption of burh the Anglo-Saxon name for 'fortified place'.

Tutbury Castle at dusk
West front of St Mary's Church (circa 1160)

Tutbury Castle became the headquarters of Henry de Ferrers and was the centre of the wapentake of Appletree, which included Duffield Frith. With his wife Bertha, he endowed Tutbury Priory with two manors in about 1080. It would seem that Tutbury at that time was a dependency of the Norman abbey of St Pierre-sur-Dives.[1] Quarries near Tutbury once produced Nottingham alabaster, used for monumental carvings. The Priory Church, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, has a unique west door with the only known alabaster arch (circa 1160) in the country.[2]

One of the Royal Studs was established in the area round the castle by Henry VIII but had to be abandoned after the Civil War.[3]Mary, Queen of Scots, was imprisoned in Tutbury Castle in 1569.[4]

Until the 18th century, Tutbury was the site of an annual Court of Minstrels.[5] There was even a "King of the Minstrels" and an annual Tutbury bull run.

There are some fine Georgian and Regency buildings and the half-timbered Dog and Partridge Hotel. There are antique and craft shops in the village, some of which have been run by the same families for many years.

Tutbury and Hatton railway station was opened by the North Staffordshire Railway on 11 September 1848. It then closed during the 1960s but was reopened in 1989. It is on the Crewe to Derby Line.

Until 2006, Tutbury Crystal, a manufacturer of high-quality cut glass products, was based in the village. However, production was transferred to Stoke-on-Trent as the existing factory was very old and was thought to be too small for the modern company's requirements. The old factory was demolished and flats were built on the site, but a factory shop still operates in the village. Despite this, the tourism trade survives thanks to the long history of the church and castle.

Media

The Natural History of Tutbury describing the fauna and flora of the district surrounding Tutbury and Burton on Trent, by Sir Oswald Mosley and Edwin Brown, was published in 1863.[6]

The village of Tutbury was featured in the Most Haunted spin-off series Most Haunted: Midsummer Murders, in which the team investigated a murder over hidden treasure.[]

Notable people

  • William de Ferrers, 3rd Earl of Derby (died 1190), an English earl, lived in Tutbury Castle, and Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby (1239-1279), one of his descendants, was born there.
  • Ann Moore (1761-1813), the notorious "fasting-woman of Tutbury", claimed to have eaten nothing at all from 1807 to 1813, but her claims were eventually shown to be a hoax.
  • Benjamin Brook (1776-1848), an English nonconformist minister and religious historian, was the first pastor of the congregational church at Tutbury in 1801.
  • Walter Lyon (1841-1918), an English cricketer who played first-class cricket for Cambridge University between 1861 and 1863, moved to Tutbury in 1865 with his younger brother Charles to take over the cotton mill, and died in Tutbury.
  • John Henry Davies (c. 1864 in Tutbury - 1927), a wealthy British brewery owner who took over Manchester United F.C., then called Newton Heath, in 1902, was born in Tutbury.
  • Thomas Richardson (1865-1923), a cricketer who played first-class cricket for Derbyshire in 1895, was born and died in Tutbury.
  • George Harris (born 1877), an English footballer who played 71 professional games, became the landlord of a public house at Tutbury on retirement.
  • Air Vice Marshal William Staton, CB, DSO & Bar, MC, DFC & Bar (1898-1983), a British airman in World War I and later Japanese PoW in World War II and senior RAF officer, was born in Tutbury.
  • Joseph Nelis (1917-1994), Belgian footballer, was born in Tutbury.

See also

References

  1. ^ Marios Costambeys, 'Ferrers, Henry de (d. 1093x1 100)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, May 2007 [ 61, accessed 28 Oct 2007]
  2. ^ "CoPAA - Conservation of the Priory Alabaster Arch". St. Mary's Priory Church, Tutbury. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ "Some Notes on Foundation Breeders and Early Running Horses". Thoroughbred Heritage. Retrieved 2011.
  4. ^ Weir, Alison (2008) [2003]. Mary, Queen of Scots and the Murder of Lord Darnley. London, England: Random House. p. 484. ISBN 978-0-09-952707-7.
  5. ^ Mosley, Oswald, Sir. History of the Castle, Priory and Town of Tutbury, in the county of Stafford.
  6. ^ Mosley, Oswald; Brown, Edwin (1863). The Natural History of Tutbury.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Tutbury
 



 



 
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