The wooden church of Tuusula
Location of Tuusula in Finland
|o Municipal manager||Hannu Joensivu|
|o Total||225.45 km2 (87.05 sq mi)|
|o Land||219.51 km2 (84.75 sq mi)|
|o Water||5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi)|
|Area rank||254th largest in Finland|
|Elevation||63 m (207 ft)|
|o Rank||29th largest in Finland|
|o Density||175.89/km2 (455.6/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|o Finnish||96.4% (official)|
|Population by age|
|o 0 to 14||22.2%|
|o 15 to 64||67.1%|
|o 65 or older||10.7%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||18.25%|
Tuusula (Finnish pronunciation: ['tu:sul?]; Swedish: Tusby ['t:sby:]) is a municipality of Finland. It belongs to the Helsinki sub-region of the Uusimaa region. The municipality has a population of 38,609 (31 January 2019) and is by far the third largest municipality in Finland after Nurmijärvi and Kirkkonummi that doesn't use the town or city title by itself.
Tuusula, lying on the shores of Tuusulanjärvi lake, is located in the province of Southern Finland and is part of the Uusimaa region. It covers an area of 225.45 square kilometres (87.05 sq mi) of which 5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi) is water. The population density is 175.89 inhabitants per square kilometre (455.6/sq mi).
Tuusula has three population centres. The administrative centre is Hyrylä (about 19,500 residents), other two are Jokela (5,300 residents) and Kellokoski (4,300 residents). The remaining 4,400 residents are distributed to the rural areas outside of municipal centres. The most significant main road connection between Hyrylä and Helsinki is the Tuusulanväylä motorway.
The area in what is now Tuusula was located in the larger municipality of Sipoo. In 1643, it became a separate parish in the municipality, and in 1653, it became a separate municipality. Tuusula's boundaries have not always remained the same: in 1924 the municipality of Kerava split from here; in 1950 the municipality of Korso was split between Tuusula, Kerava, and Sipoo; and in 1951 the municipality of Järvenpää split from here.
During the Crimean War (1853-1856), a Russian garrison was stationed in what is now Hyrylä. The modern parish mostly developed around it.
The area had always been a fairly fertile area, thus encouraging farming. The development of other industries began in 1795, when an ironworks was created in Kellokoski that functioned until the 1980s. The establishment of a railway in Jokela furthered the growth.
Soon after this industrial time another aspect of Tuusulan history was realised. The Tuusulanjärvi lake attracted many artists who wanted to paint the beautiful landscape. Following the footsteps of Aleksis Kivi, the Finnish national poet who spent the last years of his life in a hut on the shores of the lake, Jean Sibelius, Juhani Aho, and Pekka Halonen even established their main residences here. Recently these houses have become tourist sites, especially Sibelius' house Ainola. Also, Tuusula Lake Road on the eastern shore of the lake is an outside museum.
The Jokela rail crash was a rail crash which occurred on 21 April 1996 here.
Tuusula, in the Helsinki suburbs, has been in a positive balance of population, with it more than doubling in size since 1970.
The municipality is officially Finnish. Swedish was the second official language until 1943. Today only 2% are Swedish-speaking.
|Party||Percent of the council||Seats|
|National Coalition Party||26.2%||14|
|Tuusulan Puolesta (Eng. "For Tuusula")||25.2%||14|
|Social Democratic Party of Finland||25.1%||13|
|Swedish People's Party||1.1%||1|
Tuusula is twinned with:
Due its proximity to the Helsinki, Tuusula is, for the most part, a commuter town. Tuusula itself has around 10,000 jobs. 66% of the jobs are in the service sector, 31% in the workforce, and 1.5% are farmers. The unemployment rate amounted to 3% (2007), far below the national average.
From the centre of Tuusula, Hyrylä, there are good bus connections to Helsinki, via the Tuusula motorway. There are also two train stations in the main railway line of Finland, Jokela and Nuppulinna. Nuppulinna, however, was discontinued in 2016.
Tuusula's network of schools include: